Volume 2022, Issue 2 (Issue 2, Vol. 2, 2022), Spring 2022, Page 1-550


Solid Waste and its Relation to the Efficiency of Municipal Services in Ramadi and Fallujah - A Geographical View

Salah A. Mejwal; Natheir S. Al-muhemdi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 1-33

This research sheds light on the most important services performed by the municipality in the cities of Ramadi and Fallujah associated with solid waste and the problems caused by the efficiency of the performance of municipal services in it requires a detailed study of the uses of land in the city in all sectors, which will lead to know the size, quantity and quality of waste for collection Residential and commercial areas, industrial areas, hospitals, health clinics, parks and parks are among the most urban areas that generate solid waste. Jobs within Ramadi and Fallujah vary considerably due to Activities which are experiencing interference in the residential and commercial activity in both cities and the resulting residue nature related Bhaven sectors.

Geographical distribution of the oil and gas industry in Anbar Governorate

Majed S. A; Subhi A. M

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 34-65

This research aims to study the geographical distribution of the oil and gas industry in Anbar Governorate, as well as study the distribution of oil industries in the governorate from the oil refineries represented by Haditha refinery and pumping stations represented by the K3 station and Tewan station as well as the refining plants in the province represented by the Anbar plant, Al-Zaidan plant, and Akkas gas field.

Spatial analysis of the characteristics of health services and their areas of regional influence in the Heet district

Karim A. Hamed; Riyadh A. Ahmed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 66-89

The distribution of any phenomenon on the surface of the earth is the essence of geography because geography is concerned with the spatial distribution of phenomena on the surface of the earth as all phenomena are linked to each other and health services are an important and necessary human geographic phenomenon in development plans, and health services are represented by health institutions that are concerned with public health and health The individual being part of the community that the optimal signature of health services contributes to finding ease of access and increasing the efficiency of using them for the majority of the population of the judiciary, a goal that the research seeks to achieve according to geographical technologies.

Spatial analysis of the age structure of the population of Haditha District for the period 1997-2020

Mahmoud J. Abbas; Dr. Ahmed Salman Hammadi Salman Al-Falahi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 90-114

The study of the age structure is an important element to follow the changes between different population groups, and based on that, the aim of the study was to study the age structure and its indicators for the population of a modern district with its administrative borders(1997-2020).
 The study showed that the age structure is constantly changing, as the general trend of the younger age groups is decreasing, which led to a decrease in the proportion of the youngest group (0-14) years.  While the middle age groups (15-64 years) their percentages tended to increase.  As for the elderly category, it was the least variable in the amount of the ratio and the most volatile and unstable in the direction of change. The relative change in the age structure contributed to the change in the dependency ratio, median age and aging index. The dependency ratio tended to decrease in all its types.  As for the median age, as a result of the increase in life expectancy at birth and the increase in the number of the population in the middle age groups, this contributed to raising the median age. 

The qualitative characteristics of the water of Lake Habbaniyah

Yazan J. Y; Qassem A. Raml

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 115-144

The presence of lakes has some advantages and disadvantages, which are reflected on the quality and quality of water, and then restrict it to some different uses. Lake Habbaniyah worked on changing the properties of the water in it and raising the values ​​of most of the elements, and it affected the water quality of the Euphrates River, as the value of the salts increased from (431) mg / liter at the entrance to the lake, to reach (597) mg / liter when it exited the lake at the canal The flies regulator, as all sites indicated bacterial contamination of the lake water, the number of colon bacteria ranged between (930-300) cells/mm. Most of the water ions fall within the permissible limits for drinking purposes (human-animal), as for biological pollutants (colon and fecal bacteria), their presence is conclusive evidence of microbial contamination of water, which restricts the use of lake water for drinking purposes. For agricultural purposes, and for building and construction purposes, as for industrial purposes, there is a limited restriction for some industries that require water of certain specifications that are not available in lake water. As for the presence of coliform and fecal bacteria, it restricted the use of lake water for some uses, especially for drinking purposes.

The educational level of the parents affected the size of the family in Anbar province

Ayad Mohammad Makhlef Al- Adwan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 145-174

The research aims to verify the impact of the educational level of parents on the size of the family in Anbar province, using the results of the field study, where a questionnaire form was prepared for this purpose, and reached a decrease in the average size of the family in 2021, from 1997, the average urban was lower than the countryside, the average varied between the province districts, and came high in the districts of a rural nature, and the educational level of parents had an impact on the size of the family, and in reverse proportionality with the high level of education, and came the impact of the educational level of the provinces For the mother is higher than the influence of the father, where the high level of education of the mother contributed to the decrease in the size of the family more than the contribution of the educational level of the father.

The role of climatic elements in traffic accidents in Anbar Governorate

Mohanad Abed HAMMAD

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 175-199

Climatic phenomena are one of the most important problems facing the Iraqi environment in western Iraq, specifically Anbar Governorate, especially dusty phenomena, rain, fog and temperatures, which have greatly affected the increase in the number of traffic accidents in Anbar Governorate, because it is related to the visibility of vehicle drivers, and based on the responsibility that falls on the geographer's responsibility was chosen as a study that shows the size of the problem and its close relationship to the climatic and environmental factors that cause traffic accidents.
    Through collecting and analyzing the data of the General Traffic Directorate, it was found that 1076 traffic accidents for the period from (2010-2018) 148 accidents were due to bad climatic conditions. The transport departments in Anbar Governorate indicated that the phenomenon of dust storms has a negative impact on the movement of transport, especially the Ramadi-Rutba, Ramadi-Al-Qaim, Haditha-Baiji roads, where dust storms caused 47 accidents, representing 4.3% of the total accidents, and fog recorded 63 accidents, or 5.8%, while accidents were caused by rain and temperatures 31 and 7 by 2.8% and 0.6%, respectively.

The role of population characteristics in the life cycle of residential neighborhoods in Ramadi City

Enas Mohammed Saleh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 200-238

The city is a changing living organism characterized by  membership . activates , movement , growth and its membership is affected by a set of ecological variables that change in nature according to each stage of the cites growth . the competition , a series of social and residential mobility begins within the boundaries of the urban and space and the social space of the city itself , which makes the cites neighborhoods go through stages of development and growth in its physical variables represented in the size of population and their characteristics , the special space of its units , the price of land and the morphological shape of the neighborhood , as it begins with birth ( the emergence of the neighborhood ) then the youth ( maturity and stability in the residential neighborhood ) then the agene stage ( the resdantal neighborhood decays ) after which the stage of re – youth and recovery begins  ( the stage of renewal and revitalization ) .

Spatial distribution of telecommunication network services (Zain Iraq) in Al-Ramadi city and its efficiency by using the Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Furat H.S; Jinan M. M

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 239-265

The research aimed is studying telecommunications networks (Zain Iraq) in Al-Ramadi city, in terms of spatial distribution to know its efficiency. The western part of the city with unserved areas up to (688 hectares) of the total area of the city, at a rate of (11،6%). This research is based on setting a realistic future vision for improving the network performance and reaching upgrading the telephone services to an acceptable degree of efficient communication, locative distribution and redistribution of towers, and opening new axes that can deliver the service to areas of population and economic importance for achieving social justice. From here the aims of the research that came out have been crystallized to the extent of the importance of geographical information systems (GIS), which gave another dimension to digital databases in terms of spatial linking of information, indicating land uses and studying changes that contribute to the optimal planning of the city.

Educational contents derived from the hadith of the Prophet about the three people, who were closed by the rocks, affecting the social interactions

Talal Ali muthanna Ahmad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 266-294

A study entitled: Educational contents derived from the hadith of the Prophet about the three people, who were closed by the rocks,, Using the deductive method, and the method of content analysis, to reach the goal of the study which is: To devise educational contents, from the hadith about the three people who had been blocked by the rock, the most important results of the study:
•The virtue of supplication and resorting to God by doing good deeds, favoring the righteousness of parents and maximizing their rights, favoring abstinence and distance from the forbidden, favoring honesty, and charity to the workers, and giving them their wages.
• The hadith included an educational approach to the relationship of a person to his father and mother, kindness to them and their righteousness, and their preference over anyone and their care and spending on them
•  The hadith included an educational approach to the relationship of a person to with a foreign woman, beware of being alone with her, and avoiding the exploitation of her need, chastity, and the pursuit of a legitimate bond with the woman.
• The hadith included an educational approach to the relationship of a person to with those who work for him in observing their rights, giving them their work wages as soon as the work ends, and preserving their dues.

The effect of employing the flipped Classroom on developing creative thinking skills and the attitude towards self-learning in mathematics among the tenth grade students in Palestine.

Abdul Karim M. Farajallah; Samir Musa Al -Najjar

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 295-323

This study aimed to reveal the effect of employing the flipped classroom on developing creative thinking skills and the attitude towards self-learning in mathematics among tenth grade students in Palestine, and the researcher used the experimental approach. The study sample consisted of (76) students, from Abdul Karim Al-Aklouk Secondary School For boys. The study tools consisted of creative thinking skills test and the scale of the attitude towards self-learning. The study concluded that (1) there are statistically significant differences
 (α ≤ 0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental group students and their peers in the control group in the creative thinking skills post-test, in favour of the experimental group. (2) There are statistically significant differences
 (α ≤ 0.05) between the mean responses of the experimental group students and their peers in the control group on the scale of the attitude towards self-learning in mathematics in the post scale evaluation. Therefore, the study recommends that in-service teachers should be given training on modern strategies, including the flipped classroom strategy

The Effect of the Divergent Thinking Strategies in the multi lntelligence of the second Intermediate Class Female Students in Mathematics

Elaf G. Khaleel; Ilham J. Faris

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 324-350

The research`s goal is to realize The Impact of Divergent Thinking Strategies In achievement and multiple intelligences, and to achieve the research goal, the experimental research method was adopted and a partially controlled experimental design was used for two groups equivalents, using the post test for both achievement and multiple intelligence. The research community was students of the second intermediate class in schools of the General Directorate of Education in Anbar, for the academic year 2019-2020. The sample of the research consisted of (64) students from (Al-Raja Secondary School for Girls). It includes three sections. Department (A) was chosen as an experimental group comprising (31) students and (B) the group as a control group consisting of (33) students. The two groups were an identity in some variables, experiment requirements were prepared, scientific material was analyzed, content was analyzed, behavioral purposes formulated, and teaching plans prepared And search tools (Achievement test in mathematics, multiple intelligence test) The achievement test consisted of (30) items that included) objective paragraphs, honesty, consistency and other psychometric characteristics were found using statistical means (T- test for two samples Two independent terms, the Alpha-Cronbach equation, And the coefficient of distinction difficulty The effectiveness of the alternatives for calculating the psychometric properties, the Levin test for two independent samples, and the Pearson equation), the following results were reached:
 There is a statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students and the scores of the students of the control group in the Multi lntelligence test and for the benefit of the experimental group..

The development of secondary schools using the concept of the educated school

Sarab F. Mukhiber; Muthana I. Turky

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 351-381

         Employing the dimensions of the learning organization contributes to a solid foundation towards developing the performance of secondary schools, resuming the original growth of the confirmed competitive advantage, because the old model based on the higher grant is thinking and other administrative levels are no longer useful.  Change in learning, learning, learning, learning, learning, learning, learning, change, change, big change, and the learning association ... Its development is through a continuous spiral movement that learns from the livelihood of the organization and teaches others.  The two researchers believe that public schools need more modernization and development after the appearance of good marks in private schools, which are required to obtain strong competition in growth rates and advancement. The educational matter necessitated correction of modern restrictions by the administrations of those schools and the transformation from traditional organizational structures to time organizations  Other surviving new institutions that were successful in this institution.
  Research objective Study objective and objective from the perspective of growth and objective in secondary schools and its transformation

The effect of brain-based learning on the achievement of fifth grade students in mathematics and their attitudes towards it

Entithar A. Al. Hamdani

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 382-417

The aim of the current research is to identify (the effect of brain-based learning on the achievement of fifth-grade female students in mathematics and their attitudes towards it); The sample of the research consisted of (70) female students of the fifth scientific grade, and they were distributed equally into two experimental and control groups, with (35) students for each group. Lateral Thinking Test), the researcher prepared an achievement test consisting of (30) objective items of the type (multiple choice), and a measure of attitude towards mathematics consisting of (30) items with five alternatives (strongly agree, agree, disagree, disagree Strongly agree), distributed over six domains (attitude towards the nature of mathematics n direction towards the value of mathematics, towards enjoyment of mathematics, direction towards learning mathematics, direction towards mathematics school, and direction towards success in mathematics). The researcher taught the two groups, and after the experiment ended, the two tools were applied to the two research groups, and the results showed:
* There is a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied using brain-based learning and the average scores of the control group students who studied in the traditional way in the achievement test in favor of the experimental group.
* There is a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied using brain-based learning and the average scores of the control group students who studied in the traditional way in the measure of attitude towards mathematics in favor of the experimental group.

The effect of using the Newton educational platform on the achievement of fifth-grade literary students in the subject of the Noble Qur’an and Islamic education and their attitude towards e-learning

Wissam Kafi Hammoud Sharqi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 418-441

The aim of the research is to identify the effect of using the Newton educational platform on the achievement of fifth-grade literary female students in the subject of the Noble Qur’an and Islamic education and their attitude towards e-learning. The research sample, in an intentional manner, consisted of (30) female students for each group. The equivalence between the two research groups was verified in the following variables: (the chronological age of the female students, the degrees of Islamic education for the previous year, and the intelligence test); To achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher prepared an achievement test of the type of multiple choice consisting of (40) items, by defining the scientific material, and formulating (120) behavioral objectives according to Bloom's classification of the cognitive domain, and a measure of the trend towards e-learning consisting of (30) items with three alternatives, And study plans were applied to the two research groups during the duration of the experiment, which lasted (12) weeks, and the validity and stability of the paragraphs were confirmed. It reached the following results:
- There is a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) between the average of the experimental group and the control group in favor of the experimental group that was taught using the Newton platform in the post-achievement test and the measure of attitude towards e-learning

The academic identity of the faculty members at the University of Anbar

Noor R. Al.Alosi; Safi A. Saleh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 332-471

The current research aimed to identify:
1. The academic identity of the faculty members at the university.
2. Identifying the academic identity according to the following variables:
a. Gender (male – female(
B. Specialization (scientific – humanitarian(
c. Academic title (assistant teacher - teacher - assistant professor - professor)
Dr.. Age (30-39 years), (40-49 years), (50- and over(
     The research community included the faculty members at the University of Anbar for the academic year (2020/2021), whose number is (1669), of whom (1408) are teachers, and (261) are teaching, from whom a sample of (400) male and female teachers were chosen. By preparing the academic identity scale, verifying its psychometric properties, and after using appropriate statistical means, the research reached the following results:
- The faculty members have a high academic identity and are statistically significant
- There are no statistically significant differences in the academic identity of faculty members according to the gender variable (males - females), and the results also showed the presence of statistically significant differences in the academic identity of faculty members according to the variable of specialization (human - scientific) and in favor of the human, as well. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences in academic identity according to the academic title variable (M.D.M.D.A.M.D.A.D.), and the results also showed that there were no statistically significant differences in academic identity according to the age variable (30-3, 40-49.50 and above) for faculty members.

Rejection sensitivity of middle school students

Hanan M. Hamza; Shaima S. Hussein Al.Obaidy

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 472-500

The current research aims to identify the level of rejection sensitivity of intermediate school students according to the gender variable (males, females) and the grade variable (first, second, and third), and the sample consisted of (504) middle school students in Baghdad, who were chosen by the random method. The two researchers built a rejection sensitivity scale suitable for the age stage in the current study, and the scale consisted of (24) items. The validity and reliability of the scale were verified, as the two researchers used the following appropriate statistical methods: the T-test, Fakronbach, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and the re-application method. . The following results were obtained: Intermediate school students have an above average level of rejection sensitivity.

The relationship between the difficulty and discrimination coefficients according to the two traditional measurement theories and the latent features of the items of the logical reasoning test among the sixth grade students.

Bilal T. Hussein

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 501-529

This study aimed to find the correlation between the factors of difficulty and Discrimination in the Classical Test theories and the Latent Trait Theory (Two-Parameter Logistic Model), and the researcher relied on the logical reasoning test prepared by the Assmentday Foundation, which is specialized in issuing various psychological tests in Britain in 2018. The researcher carried out the translation of the test instructions from English into Arabic because the paragraphs are forms, so he does not need to verify the validity of the translation because it crosses culture. The test was applied to a sample of (650) male and female students who were randomly selected from the sixth grade students. The statistical analysis of the items was carried out according to the two traditional measurement theories and the latent features, depending on the two-parameter model in analyzing the test items, as calculated by the Bilog-mg3 program, and no item was excluded from the test according to the two measurement theories. And discrimination according to the two measurement theories and it was found that the value of the correlation coefficient for the parameter of difficulty according to the two measurement theories (0.907) and the value of the correlation for the teacher of discrimination according to the two measurement theories (0.813), and all the correlation coefficients are positive and statistically significant at the level of significance (0.05). Some conclusions, recommendations and suggestions.

Flexible thinking and its relationship to some demographic variables among middle school students

Majid L. Abdulrazaq; Marwa S. Al-Rawi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 2, Pages 530-550

The aim of the research is to identify (flexible thinking and its relationship to some demographic variables among middle school students); The sample consisted of (370) male and female students from the preparatory stage for the fifth and sixth grades in their (scientific and literary) branches in the preparatory and secondary schools of the General Directorate of Education in Anbar, including (197) male and (173) female students, and (243) male and female students represented the scientific branch, and (127) students of the literary branch; The researchers prepared a flexible thinking test of (30) items (attitudes) with three alternatives, and they verified its psychometric properties; The results showed: middle school students are characterized by flexible thinking, and there are no statistically significant differences in the test due to the two variables (gender, branch of specialization).