Abstract The Effect of Social Media on Intellectual Extremity for University Students: A Comparative Study between University of Saida and University of Anbar
Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities,
2018, Volume 2018, Issue 5, Pages 241-259
AbstractThe means of social media have changed the path of communications because of modern technology, easy use of communicative sites and their abrupt spread which made the world a small village. These means become one of the essential factors which change orientations, behaviours and thoughts. The present paper aims at identifying the level of social media addiction and the intellectual extremity for students of Algeria and Iraq. Moreover, it reveals the effect of social media on intellectual extremity. The study has been performed on a sample which consists of (174) male/female student in both universities: University of Anbar in Iraq and University of Saida in Algeria. The sample of the study is chosen at randomly. To achieve the aims of the study, the descriptive approach has been used, depending on two criteria. These criteria represent the Social Media Addiction by safi Amani Mohammed (2017) and Intellectual Extremity by Ismael Rashad (2013). The data of the study have been treated statistically for social sciences by using T-Test for one sample; deviation and coefficient correlation of Person to estimate the validity and Alfa Krunpakh to estimate the stability. The study concludes that there is a high level of social media sites addiction where mathematical mean for the whole sample is 57.2701. It is bigger than theoretical mean 54 with statistical value 0.01. The study also arrives at the fact that there is a high level of intellectual extremity for students of Iraq and Algeria where mathematical mean is 82.5747. It is bigger than theoretical mean 78 with statistical value 0.01. The study proves that communicative sites affect intellectual extremity where interpretative power for the model (0.541) =R2. It is a high interpretative power which means that social media sites addiction interprets 53% of dependent variable (intellectual extremity). The results of the study are discussed according to theoretical framework, previous studies and the characteristics of the sample of the study. The researchers recommend that there is an urgent need to encourage youths to use social media sites in sound and secured way. The focus should be on educational aspects of these sites.
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