The study relied on GIS software represented by the (Arc Map) program based on a corrected satellite imagery captured from the American satellite (Quick Bird), with a discriminatory accuracy (0.60 cm) for the year 2010, as it dealt with the analysis of spatial distribution modeling and mapping of urban settlements. Objective, after preparing the geographical database for those layers. The aim of the research is to analyze the spatial distribution modeling of human (urban) settlements in Anbar Governorate and to determine the form of their spatial extension, through the use of modern statistical methods related to the study of these patterns and their analysis through the available technical capabilities represented by the standard distance and the neighborhood link. The research concluded that urban stability in Anbar Governorate is linked to the human relationship with his environment, where stability reflects the control of geographical factors (natural and human) to a large extent in the spatial distribution pattern of urban stability centers, in terms of their spread, distribution and sizes, and that the spatial distribution of them has taken multiple forms and according to the control Geographical conditions in that distribution. The study recommended the need to develop a comprehensive database for human settlements and to expand the use of geographic information systems for the parties concerned with the process of planning human settlements.