Volume 2021, Issue 2, Winter 2021


The effect of baths in public life in Arabic Islamic city with reflect on health situation

Saadi Ibrahim Al Darraji

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1-23

The research sheds light on baths in Arabic Islamic city and its effect on public life that every civilization contain this phenomenon specially Arabic one , many Arabic sources signs to Arabic recent through pre-Islamic centuries then , it had developed through two Amway and Abbasid centuries as well as it became part of civil planning for the Arabic Islamic city sited in the nearest market of mosque as it sited in towns , it planned by division around three halls ,cool, warm and hot . The most baths in cities is a guide on social ,economic developing for these cities , the importance of this organizations dose not return to religious reasons related to cleaning , but return to more ones as ,investment , and encouraging the authority owners as a role of recovering various types of sick

Urban and intellectual aspects during the reign of Sultan Abi Amr Othman (d. 839-893 AH)

Sabri A. Abed; Othman A. Saleh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 24-38

The study of the important historical personalities in which the history of the Arab Islamic state was celebrated is a window through which we look to grope the most prominent civilized contributions made by these personalities, as well as studying the events that it embodied and modernized, especially in the history of the Islamic Maghreb that was celebrated by rulers and sultans who had great exploits in all The political and civilizational fields, hence my desire to write about one of the rulers of the Islamic Maghreb, who left a great impact upon assuming power, which is Sultan Abu Amr Othman Al-Hafsi Al-Hantati Al-Masmudi 839-893 in the city of Tunis in particular and the Islamic Maghreb in general.

The positive aspects in the writings of some orientalists on the Prophet Muhammad

Zaynab Mahdy Raaowf

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 39-61

The study of the positive aspects in the writings of some orientalists on the Prophet Muhammad was of great importance in our research in to find out their opinions and sayings in the Messenger, and in the principles that Islam brought forth, and what emerged from these positive studies in the Messenger of Other reflections. The research was divided into an introduction and two topics, the first topic: the half of some Western orientalists in their writings on the Prophet Muhammad , the second topic: the impact of the positive writings of some orientalists on the Prophet Muhammad and its implications on Islamic studies

Al-Sakhawi's comments (d. 902 AH) in quoting his resources in his book (Al-TUHFA Al-LTEFA FY TAREKH AL- MADENA AL- SHREFA)

Fatima Zabar Anazan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 62-87

Sukhawi lived in the ninth century AH and is considered one of the prominent scientific figures in Mamluk history in particular and Islamic in general, as he reached the highest scientific ranks of the underdeveloped sciences. Therefore, this book is a huge scientific encyclopedia included in its translations of various methodological trends through the texts contained in the narrations and comments made by Within the translations of this writing using various formulas expressions on them, and was reported according to systematic formulations did not deviate from the general framework of the book in general and what the author provides in these subjects in particular, we see the same approach that he followed in covering this subject including Ara E, including those referred to in the various directions and contexts of the methodology contained in those translations as each of them came to a particular approach revealed the motives and factors found in the translations, including the transfer from one of the sources from which he was transferred, or convey a phrase has a kind of doubt He refers to the manner in which he has reached him through that information about his translator, denies the validity of some of the novels that he receives, and confirms their validity through his information or sometimes denies it

The considered factors of the policy of rule in the Maghreb in the era of conquest and governors (the factors of leadership, administrative and religious competence as a model)

Mohammed H. M; bediee M.I

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 88-103

The policy of rule differed with the different regimes that existed in the Maghreb. When the Muslim Arabs liberated Morocco, many leaders and governors came to take over its affairs, the way they took over. The workers and employees. As the people of Morocco appoint those in whom they find the competence to lead them until the caliphate sends them a ruler to manage their affairs, just as tribal fanaticism played its role by appointing some governors, employees, workers and army commanders in Morocco, and accordingly the factors considered for the policy of rule in the countries of the Maghreb varied according to the different circumstances that led to the selection of Whoever is entrusted with the task of guardianship and leadership, as there must be one or more factors that can distinguish who is chosen to be at the head of the state that he is charged with managing its affairs, and for the succession to be reassuring to the ruler. His role in managing its conditions and preserving the authority of the caliphate .

Scientific Aspects in the Thought of the Brothers of Safa

Majeed M.trad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 104-127

Al-Safa Brothers are a philosophical group that appeared in the fourth century AH. They gathered and wrote fifty-two treatises in various scientific and philosophical fields known as the letters of Al-safa Brothers and during the death they are considered a continuation or a complement to all human knowledge and sciences of their time. The scientific aspect represents the most important thing in these letters, which is the subject of research that focused on their classification of the sciences and their views in the mathematical sciences in terms of number, geometry, and music, and a statement of the most important findings in astronomy, the study of planets and stars and their movement, and their explanation of the most important physical concepts of place, movement, stillness and time, their views in the science of chemistry and their talk about metallic elements and their types and their formal and internal transformations that lead to the emergence of elements Worthy of their action and their statement in other chemical processes in which they approached the modern results of these sciences down to the most important thing in the scientific aspects of their messages, which is their statement of the process of creating organisms that alternate in time from the lowest to the highest and the precise connection between these organisms according to a series of evolution linking the lower ones with the higher ones. On their knowledge of the roots of the process of evolution and elevation of organisms, which later became one of the most important theories in modern science

Civil Architecture in Zaragoza in The Era of sect kings 422-481 Ah

Latif K. Muhammad; Rehab H. Yassin

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 128-149

We have discussed in this research the most important Andalusian cities that are Zaragoza, which the Arabs entered without a fight in the year 94 AH, and they settled in them, and they built a mosque for Muslims in order to perform their prayers, and when navigating the folds of the city we found the Andalusian Islamic architecture that had no parallel in Europe nor The neighboring countries in terms of arrangement, construction, motifs, and shapes that were present in it. The best evidence for this is the Jaafari Palace, which is still standing until the present time, but a change in its uses and it became a place for storing weapons and ammunition used by the Spanish state, and we found in the folds of the city besides the palaces of the hotel S and the cells divided according to order and organization second to none

Metals in the Arab and Islamic heritage, a study in the physical properties and methods of operation

Riyadh S. Lateef

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 150-163

This search aims to shed light on one of the important tool of reviving and enlightening civilisation that is a metal.It is clear that is a metal is the secret of rise and survival of civil thus the contemporary European one is called industrial revolution of metals .We as ourselves a question Dose Islamic Arab civil is benefited from the mineral or not The answer is achieved by the this search and the details of which will come to you

The curriculum for lbn Rafea Alasalamy and sources In his book called “muntakhab AL mukhtar”

Alaa Nafeh Jassim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 164-197

Civilized nations do not forget their scholars and thinkers because they have a great role in the nation’s present and future. Therefore, in our Islamic history there are many scholars, meaning important scientific figures who helped advance the advancement of Arabs and Muslims over other nations.Therefore, this study of these scientific figures acquired a special and important character in which he deals with introducing the historian and his method of writing and the resources from which he drew his information.Here, the study sheds light on the historian “Ibn Rafea al-Salamy” and his book “The History of Baghdad’s Scholars,” called “The Mukhtar Al-Mukhtar”, especially identifying the tails of Ibn al-Najjar’s history, introducing the book and its importance, name, nickname, title, upbringing, writings and death, as well as its method and resources.

Communicable diseases in the book (Al-Mansouri in Medicine) by Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakaria Al-Razi (251-311 A.H)

Ahlam Mohsen Hussein

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 198-220

his book, Al-Razi devotes sections that deal with a comprehensive explanation of infectious diseases affecting different parts of the human body, with no distinction between male or female, nor between childhood, youth, or old age.In his book, Abu Bakr Al-Razi presented a description of no symptoms of communicable diseases, accompanied by prescriptions, and sometimes ways to prevent them, such as:* Skin diseases: such as leprosy, itching, and scabies. He says about leprosy that it is easy to treat at the beginning.He attributed the cause of the itching and scabies to the individual’s addiction to eating blood-spoiling foods, such as salt, pomegranates, hot spices, garlic, honey and others, in addition to fatigue, staying up late, and lack of bathing. For treatment of them, he recommended phlebotomy and drinking drinks.He also mentioned smallpox and measles, which both boys and boys often afflict, and ways to treat them.* Tuberculosis: a transmissible disease that affects the human body, and may lead to death. Its symptoms include emaciation, and chronic cough, accompanied by hemoptysis. Al-Razi advised the injured person to eat good, beneficial foods, such as milk and meat, and to go to the bathroom regularly

Scientific links between Aldskra and cities of the Islamic East During the Abbasid period (132-656 AH)

Saddam Jassim Mohammed al-Bayati

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 221-241

The importance of Aldskarh in the intellectual and scientific side, it is located on the Khorasan road, which is one of the important roads linking the city of Baghdad, the center of the Abbasid Caliphate with other Islamic provinces, Valdskrh landing different convoys from all the provinces of the East as a result of this important geographical location within which. And Aldskarh which is the focus of our village in the way of Khorasan near Shahrban or Muqdadiya district, which is the king's office, was Hormuz bin Sabur bin Ardashir son of Babak frequent place so I called it because the name Aldskarh as a district or village was called on more than one place, including Dskrh in Basra and Dskrh in Baghdad and Dzakra KhuzestanThe Khorasan road was famous in the Abbasid era very much and the state's interest in it was evident through the khans, rest houses and water basins that are located on it because it is the route of Hajj caravans, and so named because of the frequent pilgrims who pass it in addition to the scientific and commercial trips that pass through it and the city descends For comfort and overnight and take care of the bandits

Military aspects in the middle dictionary of al-Tabarani

Abdulrahman M. H; Wael M. S

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 242-272

Researchers in Islamic history began to extract historical narratives from the books of the Prophet’s Sunnah. In addition to their authenticity, the books of the Sunnah only mentioned many historical aspects that were neglected in history books, biographies and classes. If the narrations are mentioned in the books of the Sunnah and the history books alike, we find that the books of the Prophetic Sunnah add many details to the historical narration, and this supports the historical narration and presents it to the fullest. From this point of view, I chose an important aspect of the historical aspects included in the books of the Sunnah as the subject of my research, which is (the military historical aspects in Al-Tabarani’s Middle Dictionary). Military in the middle dictionary of al-Tabarani.

The Grand Mosque of Qurtuba AL- Andalus is a Cultural

Abeer Enayat Saeed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 272-303

A heritage of Umaygads in Andalus grand mosque of cordoba which was an idenrical merit of elegance. During the seven generation of its construction and it’s affinities then expansions and rehabilitation ,the mosque became a witness of prosperity and cultural wealth. Its location and area help turning the mosque into hypostyle shape of encased is squared and magnified geometry tired with striking symmetrical arches.The mosque grandness reflects lslamic power and quests. Lslamic architecture was unique in its rmosaic designs and roman engravements which make the Great Mosque of cordoba a prime example of brilliant international heritage its walls was engraued by Arab skills mixed with andulsian and roman trouches. All to say is a human oreativity reflects the state system of Caliphate economy. Monetary powers and cute architect. The mosques designs and fresco's; historic mantling show its Arabic indentity which ever, never can be modified or misshaped.

Alsahabiu Aljalil Safwan bin Bayda' (2h/623m) Dirasat fi Siratih Alttarikhia

Khaled Daijel Najm

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 304-318

This research included the study of the life of a great companion of the Companions of the Messenger of God, peace be upon him, that companion Safwan bin Bayda, one of the media among the companions and a prominent figure of Islam who carried the banner of jihad, heroism and leadership in science and knowledge and left after him prominent traces counted for him in the forums and glories of Arab Islamic history. Being one of the eminent men of the first generation of the Companions that generation that immortalized us and for subsequent generations the Islamic history with its immortal effects, so they were the good role models that were followed throughout the ages and times, the research included the definition of the term Companion linguistically and idiomatically, on the other hand, the research dealt with the name and lineage of the companion Safwan bin Bayda.

Industrial development in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1981-1995

Ali A. Mahanna; Ahmed S. Khalifa

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 319-335

Industry is one of the vital sectors on which the economy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is based. It includes industries related to oil production and refining, petrochemicals, minerals and war industries, in addition to cement, construction, equipment, and food industries, among others. Industry in Saudi Arabia began with the succession of oil discoveries in the thirties of the twentieth century AD, and the establishment of Aramco, and before that it was limited to traditional crafts and handicrafts. The era of King Fahd bin Abdulaziz witnessed a major industrial development, as a result of the five-year plans developed by the Saudi Ministry of Planning.

The French Position of the Assyrians in lraq for the Period (1932-1933)

Anfal J. Ahmed; Ali H. Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 336-357

The colonial countries used the pretext of minorities protection as a tool of intervening in the internal affairs of the other countries in order to achieve the interests they were aiming at .The best example is France ,which has taken the instigation of the Assyrian Minority against, The Iraq government in (1933), as a means to interfere in the internal affairs of Iraq as a reaction a gainst the kings support to the French invasion .The research PaPer was devidad in to two basic axis ,the First spoke about Frances policy towards the minorities in Iraq up to the year(1932). While the second discussal Farnces role in Assyrian rebellion in (1933).The study relied on arrange of Sources the most important of which was (Basrah in French documents)by sadiq yassin AL-Hilo and (The making of modern Iraq )by Henry Foster.

Bahauddin Nouri Al-Shirawani his life and political role in Iraq 1897-1960

Drfahad Imusslim Zghayer

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 358-382

Addressing the studies of contemporary history of Iraq through the personalities that contributed in directing the course of its historical events politically and militarily, is one of the important faces to study the history of Iraq and in line with the "History from above" approach. Based on this, the research titled "Bahauddin Nouri al-Shirawani his life and political role in Iraq 1897-1960" is an attempt to establish this method by studying the figures, and draw a clear picture of one of the heroes of the Iraqi army and their political and military role. The research included an introduction, two axes or topics, conclusion as well as a list of sources.

Jordan's position regarding the establishment of the Palestine Liberation Organization until 1967

Mohammed Rashid Ghafel; Jamal Faisal Hamad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 383-404

The Palestinians had representatives in the League of Arab States since its founding in 1945 despite its occurrence under the British Mandate, and the representatives of Palestine in that era were Musa Al-Alami, Abdul Karim Al-Alami, Ahmed Hilmi Abdel-Baqi and Ahmed Al-Shugairi, respectively.In the first Arab summit conference in 1964 called by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, the Palestine Liberation Organization was created to express the will of the people of Palestine and for there to be a body demanding their rights and self-determination. The conference mandated the representative of Palestine, Ahmed Al-Shugairi, to contact the Palestinians and write a report on that to be submitted to the following Arab summit conference, Ahmed Al-Shugairi made a tour during which he visited the Arab countries and contacted the Palestinians there. During his tour, the draft national charter and the articles of association of the Palestine Liberation Organization were drafted. Here are lists of the names of candidates for membership in the first Palestinian conference, which was held in Jerusalem between March 28 and June 2 of 1964 and was opened by King Hussein bin Talal. The conference was known as the First Palestinian National Council for the Palestine Liberation Organization.

Party life in Egypt and its impact on the political reality (1986-1989)

Alaa M. Sulaiman; Muath H. Jasem

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 405-436

The partisan life in Egypt during the period (1986-1989) was experiencing a state of development, especially in the methods of the democratic opposition, and the partisan life witnessed the emergence of political Islam on the Egyptian political scene after it was monitored by the security services because of the suspicions that some extremist Islamic groups “that split from the Muslim Brotherhood” "Secretly linked to the Muslim Brotherhood, this on one side and on the other side, the main parties were exerting pressure for the transfer of power and governance and to allow more political freedom and democracy, which was restricted due to the laws established by the Egyptian government with the support of the ruling party that has been leading the government since the beginning of its establishment, so the existing parties were The ruling party is opposed to the way in which the affairs of the country are managed, and it seems that the ideology of some parties has undergone a clear and significant change. We note that there are parties that have changed their ideology to a completely different ideology and may be incompatible as some parties have shifted from the left to the extreme right, not believing in the principles of the right, but To enter and win the general parliamentary elections because the right-wing, and specifically the “Islamists” had a wide resonance in the people Take care of the Egyptian politician and they have great popularity that the government or the ruling party fears, in that they can pull the rug out from under their feet and rule the country by giving way and political freedom as it is known that the Islamists have the ability through which to mobilize large masses with their shining religious speeches. It was old, but it was not able to confront political Islam, because their ideas, programs, speeches, and the leaders of the parties themselves over the past years did not offer anything that could be betted on, and even their opposition to governments was not at the required level, because they are few in front of the ruling party with regard to political representation in Parliament or in the popular base. on which the party is based in the general elections.

Al-Iraq newspapers atitude on the inauguration of Prince Faisal as the King of Iraq

Jebran Iskandar Rafeeq

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 437-474

One of the results of the Twentieth Liberation Revolution in Iraq was that it convinced the British that they could not rule Iraq directly as they had hoped. They were convinced of the necessity of involving the Iraqis in governing their country, so they began to think of finding a king on the throne of Iraq from the sons of their ally, Sharif Hussein, and their choice fell on Prince Faisal. Here, Al-Iraq newspaper began its role in alerting the Iraqi public opinion to the importance of accepting and supporting this decision because of its positive repercussions on the Iraqi reality from the political and economic point of view, which explains the newspaper's keenness to shed light on this decision. The role of the Sharif family, especially the role of Prince Faisal in the events that occurred in the Arabian Peninsula, Syria and Iraq that accompanied the First World War, and the follow-up of the stages of his arrival in Iraq, his visits to cities, and his visits. Meetings with prominent Iraqi personalities and following up on the details of the referendum on taking the throne to declare him king of Iraq

Social life in Baghdad Language of the Arabs magazine (model)

leqaa Amer Ashoor

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 475-493

The Iraqi Language of the Arabs is one of the most prominent Arabic magazines issued in the early 2000s، which painted a picture of the cultural، intellectual and social life of the country in that historical period. It is also considered one of the well-known magazines that enriched Arab thought and culture with important topics in various different fields.

Using new technology to discover archeological remains

Ruaa Zuhair Zaidan Alcurwi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 494-511

The aim of discovering remains from underground mainly to protect the remains and to recognize and study them, by this new technology fact concluded about the archeological sites and the centuries passed over. Using new techniques and equipment’s during excavation and digging is to protect the pieces of the remains and all possible information’s about them and the possibility maintain them. And avoid any possible damage to them