Volume 2021, Issue 2 (Vol 18- Issue 2- 2021), Spring 2021, Page 1111-2745

The effect of baths in public life in Arabic Islamic city with reflect on health situation

Saadi Ibrahim Al Darraji

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1111-1136
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171378

The research sheds light on baths in Arabic Islamic city and its effect on public life that every civilization contain this phenomenon specially Arabic one , many Arabic sources signs to Arabic recent through pre-Islamic centuries then , it had developed through two Amway and Abbasid centuries as well as it became part of civil planning for the Arabic Islamic city sited in the nearest market of mosque as it sited in towns , it planned by division around three halls ,cool, warm and hot . The most baths in cities is a guide on social ,economic developing for these cities , the importance of this organizations dose not return to religious reasons related to cleaning , but return to more ones as ,investment , and encouraging the authority owners as a role of recovering various types of sick

Urban and intellectual aspects during the reign of Sultan Abi Amr Othman (d. 839-893 AH)

Sabri A. Abed; Othman A. Saleh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1137-1153
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171381

The study of the important historical personalities in which the history of the Arab Islamic state was celebrated is a window through which we look to grope the most prominent civilized contributions made by these personalities, as well as studying the events that it embodied and modernized, especially in the history of the Islamic Maghreb that was celebrated by rulers and sultans who had great exploits in all The political and civilizational fields, hence my desire to write about one of the rulers of the Islamic Maghreb, who left a great impact upon assuming power, which is Sultan Abu Amr Othman Al-Hafsi Al-Hantati Al-Masmudi 839-893 in the city of Tunis in particular and the Islamic Maghreb in general.

The positive aspects in the writings of some orientalists on the Prophet Muhammad

Zaynab Mahdy Raaowf

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1154-1178
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171384

The study of the positive aspects in the writings of some orientalists on the Prophet Muhammad was of great importance in our research in to find out their opinions and sayings in the Messenger, and in the principles that Islam brought forth, and what emerged from these positive studies in the Messenger of Other reflections. The research was divided into an introduction and two topics, the first topic: the half of some Western orientalists in their writings on the Prophet Muhammad , the second topic: the impact of the positive writings of some orientalists on the Prophet Muhammad and its implications on Islamic studies

Al-Sakhawi's comments (d. 902 AH) in quoting his resources in his book (Al-TUHFA Al-LTEFA FY TAREKH AL- MADENA AL- SHREFA)

Fatima Zabar Anazan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1179-1206
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171387

Sukhawi lived in the ninth century AH and is considered one of the prominent scientific figures in Mamluk history in particular and Islamic in general, as he reached the highest scientific ranks of the underdeveloped sciences. Therefore, this book is a huge scientific encyclopedia included in its translations of various methodological trends through the texts contained in the narrations and comments made by Within the translations of this writing using various formulas expressions on them, and was reported according to systematic formulations did not deviate from the general framework of the book in general and what the author provides in these subjects in particular, we see the same approach that he followed in covering this subject including Ara E, including those referred to in the various directions and contexts of the methodology contained in those translations as each of them came to a particular approach revealed the motives and factors found in the translations, including the transfer from one of the sources from which he was transferred, or convey a phrase has a kind of doubt He refers to the manner in which he has reached him through that information about his translator, denies the validity of some of the novels that he receives, and confirms their validity through his information or sometimes denies it

The considered factors of the policy of rule in the Maghreb in the era of conquest and governors (the factors of leadership, administrative and religious competence as a model)

Mohammed H. M; bediee M.I

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1207-1225
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171389

The policy of rule differed with the different regimes that existed in the Maghreb. When the Muslim Arabs liberated Morocco, many leaders and governors came to take over its affairs, the way they took over. The workers and employees. As the people of Morocco appoint those in whom they find the competence to lead them until the caliphate sends them a ruler to manage their affairs, just as tribal fanaticism played its role by appointing some governors, employees, workers and army commanders in Morocco, and accordingly the factors considered for the policy of rule in the countries of the Maghreb varied according to the different circumstances that led to the selection of Whoever is entrusted with the task of guardianship and leadership, as there must be one or more factors that can distinguish who is chosen to be at the head of the state that he is charged with managing its affairs, and for the succession to be reassuring to the ruler. His role in managing its conditions and preserving the authority of the caliphate .

Scientific Aspects in the Thought of the Brothers of Safa

Majeed M.trad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1226-1250
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171391

Al-Safa Brothers are a philosophical group that appeared in the fourth century AH. They gathered and wrote fifty-two treatises in various scientific and philosophical fields known as the letters of Al-safa Brothers and during the death they are considered a continuation or a complement to all human knowledge and sciences of their time. The scientific aspect represents the most important thing in these letters, which is the subject of research that focused on their classification of the sciences and their views in the mathematical sciences in terms of number, geometry, and music, and a statement of the most important findings in astronomy, the study of planets and stars and their movement, and their explanation of the most important physical concepts of place, movement, stillness and time, their views in the science of chemistry and their talk about metallic elements and their types and their formal and internal transformations that lead to the emergence of elements  Worthy of their action and their statement in other chemical processes in which they approached the modern results of these sciences down to the most important thing in the scientific aspects of their messages, which is their statement of the process of creating organisms that alternate in time from the lowest to the highest and the precise connection between these organisms according to a series of evolution linking the lower ones with the higher ones.  On their knowledge of the roots of the process of evolution and elevation of organisms, which later became one of the most important theories in modern science. 

Civil Architecture in Zaragoza in The Era of sect kings 422-481 Ah

Latif K. Muhammad; Rehab H. Yassin

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1251-1273
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171392

We have discussed in this research the most important Andalusian cities that are Zaragoza, which the Arabs entered without a fight in the year 94 AH, and they settled in them, and they built a mosque for Muslims in order to perform their prayers, and when navigating the folds of the city we found the Andalusian Islamic architecture that had no parallel in Europe nor The neighboring countries in terms of arrangement, construction, motifs, and shapes that were present in it. The best evidence for this is the Jaafari Palace, which is still standing until the present time, but a change in its uses and it became a place for storing weapons and ammunition used by the Spanish state, and we found in the folds of the city besides the palaces of the hotel S and the cells divided according to order and organization second to none

Metals in the Arab and Islamic heritage, a study in the physical properties and methods of operation

Riyadh S. Lateef

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1274-1289
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171393

This search aims to shed light on one of the important tool of reviving and enlightening civilisation that is a metal.It is clear that is a metal is the secret of rise and survival of civil thus the contemporary European one is called industrial revolution of metals .We as ourselves a question Dose Islamic Arab civil is benefited from the mineral or not The answer is achieved by the this search and the details of which will come to you

The curriculum for lbn Rafea Alasalamy and sources In his book called “muntakhab AL mukhtar”

Alaa Nafeh Jassim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1290-1325
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171394

Civilized nations do not forget their scholars and thinkers because they have a great role in the nation’s present and future. Therefore, in our Islamic history there are many scholars, meaning important scientific figures who helped advance the advancement of Arabs and Muslims over other nations.Therefore, this study of these scientific figures acquired a special and important character in which he deals with introducing the historian and his method of writing and the resources from which he drew his information.Here, the study sheds light on the historian “Ibn Rafea al-Salamy” and his book “The History of Baghdad’s Scholars,” called “The Mukhtar Al-Mukhtar”, especially identifying the tails of Ibn al-Najjar’s history, introducing the book and its importance, name, nickname, title, upbringing, writings and death, as well as its method and resources.

Communicable diseases in the book (Al-Mansouri in Medicine) by Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Zakaria Al-Razi (251-311 A.H)

Ahlam Mohsen Hussein

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1326-1349
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171395

his book, Al-Razi devotes sections that deal with a comprehensive explanation of infectious diseases affecting different parts of the human body, with no distinction between male or female, nor between childhood, youth, or old age.In his book, Abu Bakr Al-Razi presented a description of no symptoms of communicable diseases, accompanied by prescriptions, and sometimes ways to prevent them, such as:* Skin diseases: such as leprosy, itching, and scabies. He says about leprosy that it is easy to treat at the beginning.He attributed the cause of the itching and scabies to the individual’s addiction to eating blood-spoiling foods, such as salt, pomegranates, hot spices, garlic, honey and others, in addition to fatigue, staying up late, and lack of bathing. For treatment of them, he recommended phlebotomy and drinking drinks.He also mentioned smallpox and measles, which both boys and boys often afflict, and ways to treat them.* Tuberculosis: a transmissible disease that affects the human body, and may lead to death. Its symptoms include emaciation, and chronic cough, accompanied by hemoptysis. Al-Razi advised the injured person to eat good, beneficial foods, such as milk and meat, and to go to the bathroom regularly

Scientific links between Aldskra and cities of the Islamic East During the Abbasid period (132-656 AH)

Saddam Jassim Mohammed al-Bayati

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1350-1373
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171396

The importance of Aldskarh in the intellectual and scientific side, it is located on the Khorasan road, which is one of the important roads linking the city of Baghdad, the center of the Abbasid Caliphate with other Islamic provinces, Valdskrh landing different convoys from all the provinces of the East as a result of this important geographical location within which. And Aldskarh which is the focus of our village in the way of Khorasan near Shahrban or Muqdadiya district, which is the king's office, was Hormuz bin Sabur bin Ardashir son of Babak frequent place so I called it because the name Aldskarh as a district or village was called on more than one place, including Dskrh in Basra and Dskrh in Baghdad and Dzakra KhuzestanThe Khorasan road was famous in the Abbasid era very much and the state's interest in it was evident through the khans, rest houses and water basins that are located on it because it is the route of Hajj caravans, and so named because of the frequent pilgrims who pass it in addition to the scientific and commercial trips that pass through it and the city descends For comfort and overnight and take care of the bandits

Military aspects in the middle dictionary of al-Tabarani

Abdulrahman M. H; Wael M. S

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1374-1406
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171397

Researchers in Islamic history began to extract historical narratives from the books of the Prophet’s Sunnah. In addition to their authenticity, the books of the Sunnah only mentioned many historical aspects that were neglected in history books, biographies and classes. If the narrations are mentioned in the books of the Sunnah and the history books alike, we find that the books of the Prophetic Sunnah add many details to the historical narration, and this supports the historical narration and presents it to the fullest. From this point of view, I chose an important aspect of the historical aspects included in the books of the Sunnah as the subject of my research, which is (the military historical aspects in Al-Tabarani’s Middle Dictionary). Military in the middle dictionary of al-Tabarani.

The Grand Mosque of Qurtuba AL- Andalus is a Cultural

Abeer Enayat Saeed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1407-1441
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171398

A heritage of Umaygads in Andalus grand mosque of cordoba which was an idenrical merit of elegance. During the seven generation of its construction and it’s affinities then expansions and rehabilitation ,the mosque became a witness of prosperity and cultural wealth. Its location and area help turning the mosque into hypostyle shape of encased is squared and magnified geometry tired with striking symmetrical arches.The mosque grandness reflects lslamic power and quests. Lslamic architecture was unique in its rmosaic designs and roman engravements which make the Great Mosque of cordoba a prime example of brilliant international heritage its walls was engraued by Arab skills mixed with andulsian and roman trouches. All to say is a human oreativity reflects the state system of Caliphate economy. Monetary powers and cute architect. The mosques designs and fresco's; historic mantling show its Arabic indentity which ever, never can be modified or misshaped.

Alsahabiu Aljalil Safwan bin Bayda' (2h/623m) Dirasat fi Siratih Alttarikhia

Khaled Daijel Najm

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1442-1460
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171399

This research included the study of the life of a great companion of the Companions of the Messenger of God, peace be upon him, that companion Safwan bin Bayda, one of the media among the companions and a prominent figure of Islam who carried the banner of jihad, heroism and leadership in science and knowledge and left after him prominent traces counted for him in the forums and glories of Arab Islamic history. Being one of the eminent men of the first generation of the Companions that generation that immortalized us and for subsequent generations the Islamic history with its immortal effects, so they were the good role models that were followed throughout the ages and times, the research included the definition of the term Companion linguistically and idiomatically, on the other hand, the research dealt with the name and lineage of the companion Safwan bin Bayda.

Industrial development in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1981-1995

Ali A. Mahanna; Ahmed S. Khalifa

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1461-1479
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171400

Industry is one of the vital sectors on which the economy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is based. It includes industries related to oil production and refining, petrochemicals, minerals and war industries, in addition to cement, construction, equipment, and food industries, among others. Industry in Saudi Arabia began with the succession of oil discoveries in the thirties of the twentieth century AD, and the establishment of Aramco, and before that it was limited to traditional crafts and handicrafts. The era of King Fahd bin Abdulaziz witnessed a major industrial development, as a result of the five-year plans developed by the Saudi Ministry of Planning.

The French Position of the Assyrians in lraq for the Period (1932-1933)

Anfal J. Ahmed; Ali H. Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1480-1503
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171401

The colonial countries used the pretext of minorities protection as a tool of intervening in the internal affairs of the other countries in order to achieve the interests they were aiming at .The best example is France ,which has taken the instigation of the Assyrian Minority against, The Iraq government in (1933), as a means to interfere in the internal affairs of Iraq as a reaction a gainst the kings support to the French invasion .The research PaPer was devidad in to two basic axis ,the First spoke about Frances policy towards the minorities in Iraq up to the year(1932). While the second discussal Farnces role in Assyrian rebellion in (1933).The study relied on arrange of Sources the most important of which was (Basrah in French documents)by sadiq yassin AL-Hilo and (The making of modern Iraq )by Henry Foster.

Bahauddin Nouri Al-Shirawani his life and political role in Iraq 1897-1960

Drfahad Imusslim Zghayer

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1504-1532
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171402

Addressing the studies of contemporary history of Iraq through the personalities that contributed in directing the course of its historical events politically and militarily, is one of the important faces to study the history of Iraq and in line with the "History from above" approach. Based on this, the research titled "Bahauddin Nouri al-Shirawani his life and political role in Iraq 1897-1960" is an attempt to establish this method by studying the figures, and draw a clear picture of one of the heroes of the Iraqi army and their political and military role. The research included an introduction, two axes or topics, conclusion as well as a list of sources.

Jordan's position regarding the establishment of the Palestine Liberation Organization until 1967

Mohammed Rashid Ghafel; Jamal Faisal Hamad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1533-1557
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171403

The Palestinians had representatives in the League of Arab States since its founding in 1945 despite its occurrence under the British Mandate, and the representatives of Palestine in that era were Musa Al-Alami, Abdul Karim Al-Alami, Ahmed Hilmi Abdel-Baqi and Ahmed Al-Shugairi, respectively.In the first Arab summit conference in 1964 called by Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, the Palestine Liberation Organization was created to express the will of the people of Palestine and for there to be a body demanding their rights and self-determination. The conference mandated the representative of Palestine, Ahmed Al-Shugairi, to contact the Palestinians and write a report on that to be submitted to the following Arab summit conference, Ahmed Al-Shugairi made a tour during which he visited the Arab countries and contacted the Palestinians there. During his tour, the draft national charter and the articles of association of the Palestine Liberation Organization were drafted. Here are lists of the names of candidates for membership in the first Palestinian conference, which was held in Jerusalem between March 28 and June 2 of 1964 and was opened by King Hussein bin Talal. The conference was known as the First Palestinian National Council for the Palestine Liberation Organization.

Party life in Egypt and its impact on the political reality (1986-1989)

Alaa M. Sulaiman; Muath H. Jasem

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1558-1590
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171404

The partisan life in Egypt during the period (1986-1989) was experiencing a state of development, especially in the methods of the democratic opposition, and the partisan life witnessed the emergence of political Islam on the Egyptian political scene after it was monitored by the security services because of the suspicions that some extremist Islamic groups “that split from the Muslim Brotherhood” "Secretly linked to the Muslim Brotherhood, this on one side and on the other side, the main parties were exerting pressure for the transfer of power and governance and to allow more political freedom and democracy, which was restricted due to the laws established by the Egyptian government with the support of the ruling party that has been leading the government since the beginning of its establishment, so the existing parties were The ruling party is opposed to the way in which the affairs of the country are managed, and it seems that the ideology of some parties has undergone a clear and significant change. We note that there are parties that have changed their ideology to a completely different ideology and may be incompatible as some parties have shifted from the left to the extreme right, not believing in the principles of the right, but To enter and win the general parliamentary elections because the right-wing, and specifically the “Islamists” had a wide resonance in the people Take care of the Egyptian politician and they have great popularity that the government or the ruling party fears, in that they can pull the rug out from under their feet and rule the country by giving way and political freedom as it is known that the Islamists have the ability through which to mobilize large masses with their shining religious speeches. It was old, but it was not able to confront political Islam, because their ideas, programs, speeches, and the leaders of the parties themselves over the past years did not offer anything that could be betted on, and even their opposition to governments was not at the required level, because they are few in front of the ruling party with regard to political representation in Parliament or in the popular base. on which the party is based in the general elections.

Al-Iraq newspapers atitude on the inauguration of Prince Faisal as the King of Iraq

Jebran Iskandar Rafeeq

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1591-1631
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171408

One of the results of the Twentieth Liberation Revolution in Iraq was that it convinced the British that they could not rule Iraq directly as they had hoped. They were convinced of the necessity of involving the Iraqis in governing their country, so they began to think of finding a king on the throne of Iraq from the sons of their ally, Sharif Hussein, and their choice fell on Prince Faisal. Here, Al-Iraq newspaper began its role in alerting the Iraqi public opinion to the importance of accepting and supporting this decision because of its positive repercussions on the Iraqi reality from the political and economic point of view, which explains the newspaper's keenness to shed light on this decision. The role of the Sharif family, especially the role of Prince Faisal in the events that occurred in the Arabian Peninsula, Syria and Iraq that accompanied the First World War, and the follow-up of the stages of his arrival in Iraq, his visits to cities, and his visits. Meetings with prominent Iraqi personalities and following up on the details of the referendum on taking the throne to declare him king of Iraq

Social life in Baghdad Language of the Arabs magazine (model)

leqaa Amer Ashoor

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1632-1652
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171409

The Iraqi Language of the Arabs is one of the most prominent Arabic magazines issued in the early 2000s، which painted a picture of the cultural، intellectual and social life of the country in that historical period. It is also considered one of the well-known magazines that enriched Arab thought and culture with important topics in various different fields.

Using new technology to discover archeological remains

Ruaa Zuhair Zaidan Alcurwi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1653-1671
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171410

The aim of discovering remains from underground mainly to protect the remains and to recognize and study them, by this new technology fact concluded about the archeological sites and the centuries passed over. Using new techniques and equipment’s during excavation and digging is to protect the pieces of the remains and all possible information’s about them and the possibility maintain them. And avoid any possible damage to them

The components of agricultural production and their role in agricultural development in Anbar Governorate - a geographical study

Kamal S. Kazkoz; Dhiaa Kh. Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1672-1702
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171585

Anbar province, which is located in the central part of western Iraq, is one of the areas where most of the agricultural production is available, especially the natural ones, such as the Euphrates River, lakes, good soil in the Euphrates River Basin and even the desert areas can be used to grow some crops suitable for their environmental conditions.This research is one of the studies directly related to the population, especially as it is related to its food. The problem lies in the lack of balance between agricultural production and consumption in Anbar province, which reflected on the standard of living and unequal agricultural varieties in achieving food security.The research aims to identify the constraints of the balance between the production and consumption of basic agricultural crops through the realistic data and the reasons that have shown these constraints, as well as to identify the most important treatments and proposals that lead to some acceptable data or at least reduce the gap between the two variables.

obstacle's to agricultural -- industrial integration and it's future vision to words solutions to them in Anbar Governorate

Abdul S. Aref; Subhi A. Mikhlif

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1703-1731
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171588

There are many problems and obstacles facing agricultural activity, which determine its expansion and development horizontally and vertically, including the study area, which is characterized by low agricultural production and arable and actually cultivated lands, especially the weak production of industrial crops, and the lack of interest in agricultural industrialization due to the weakness of industrial development, which resulted in a set of problems affecting agricultural-industrial integration Therefore, the research came and through the field study to show these obstacles and put forward solutions to be a program for correct planning and decision-makers to achieve agricultural-industrial development that leads to agricultural-industrial integration in Anbar Governorate

Geo-economic analysis of the spatial and sectoral distribution of the human workforce in Anbar Governorate for the period 1997-2019

Qilal S. Abdulrasul; Yaseen Hameed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1732-1750
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171589

The study of the reality of employees and their spatial and sectoral distribution at the level of Anbar Governorate is the main pillar towards achieving a balanced spatial development between the districts of Anbar Governorate, and it is evident that there is a discrepancy in the distribution of the workforce among the districts of the governorate and the existence of a sectoral variation in its distribution at the level of the basic sectors (agriculture, industrial and service), the population of the region Economic, while the size of the workforce of the human force in all economic and service sectors has reached (38.3%) of the total economically active population, and this means that there is a major imbalance in the economic statistics to maintain the spatial and sectoral distribution of the human resources

The effect of diseases and pests on fruit trees in Anbar Governorate and ways to treat them

Karim A. Mukhlef; Khaled A Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1751-1778
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171590

The research dealt with the effect of diseases and pests on fruit trees in Anbar Governorate and the ways to treat them, in order to identify the most important diseases and pests that affect fruit trees in the study area and the impact of these diseases on the amount of production in order to identify the most important problems that work to defeat fruit trees in terms of productivity, as it aims to Search to find out the most important ways and means of treatment for those diseases that affect various fruit trees in order to reduce the impact of these diseases on the quality and quantity of fruits

Climatic Water Balance for Al-Rutba provine - Western Iraq

Ammar Y. Awwad; kasim A. Ramal

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1779-1809
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171591

The research aims to review the climatic elements controlling the water balance in Al-Rutba provine, one of the Anbar governorates within the western plateau with an area of (92.753) km2, through analyzing data for the studied stations for the period from (1988-2018), and it became clear that the temperature rates ranged from (19.8-23) o, and the total rain between (91.81-141 mm). Wind speeds ranged between (2.9 - 5.3) m / s, and the annual actual evaporation ranges from (2906 - 3245.9) mm. The Thornthwaite equation was used to calculate the corrected transpiration evaporation and it became clear that the totals of the values ranged between (1055.6-1236.8) mm, and the (TOOD 2007) equation was applied to calculate the water balance and it was found that there were three months in which a water increase occurred at a rate of (23.7)%, and nine months occurred Water decrease by (96.3)%. The Thornthwaite drought equation was also used, and it was found that all studied stations are located in the dry climate with a coefficient ranging between (7.4 - 8.2)

Spatial Analysis Of The Reasons For Divorce In Anbar Province For The Year 2018

Inas M. Saleh; Bilal B. Alhiani

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1810-1843
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171592

Marriage Is One Of The human bonds of great sanctity. Thus Marriage And The Consequent Aim which Is Establishing A family , has become one of the most important pillars of the establishment of societies . but when the marital life loses the most important pillar of its resurrection , which is affection and mercy between the spouses the crack in this entity of human bond begins to increase with the passage of time so that the matter of ending this marriage becomes the right solution to avoid what is harmful and ends in divorce . The research on the reasons leading to divorce is extremely important as knowing the cause of the problem is the first step in treating it and limiting its spread . Also , identifying the causes of divorce is an extremely difficult matter , And accumulation is known , as it is known that divorce does not come for On reason

Categorizing of soil viability of the sedimentary plain for agricultural production in Ramadi district

Hanan K.M; Khaled A Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1844-1869
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171593

The study aims to Categorizing the validity of the soil of the sedimentary plain in Ramadi district, as it included the physical properties (apparent density, real density, soil porosity), and the chemical included (organic matter, the degree of soil interaction, electrical conductivity, and some positive and negative ions), it was taken Samples from 23 provinces on both sides of the river, with a depth of (0-30) cm. The study found that the soil of the study area was classified into three varieties according to its suitability for agricultural use

Application of Aridity Indices in the Eastern Region of the Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaMohammed Hasan Mheisen

Muhammad A. Al-Qasim; Mukhtar M. Al-Nour

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1870-1903
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171595

The foundations and criteria for the definition of aridity and the identification of dry regions varied from one researcher to another, the objective of this study is to measure the degree of aridity in the Eastern Region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and climatically classified. The methods followed by the study are the regional, historical, descriptive analytical and inductive approaches. The study relied on climatic data that were obtained from Meteorological Service and Environmental Protection for five meteorology stations, Qaisumah, Dhahran, Al-Ahsa, Hafr Al-Batin, and Dammam, during the period from 2000 to 2012. Six aridity indices: Lange, de Martin, Cousin, Thornthwaite, Koppen and Wilmey were applied to monthly, seasonal and annual rainfall and temperature rates. The results revealed that all months in the Eastern Region and all stations are classified as dry months according to the Kossin and Thornthwaite. The results also show that the seasons were characterized by varying degrees of aridity. With regards to seasons, the summer was the driest, followed by the autumn, while the aridity decreased during the winter and spring seasons. The study area was also characterized by the annual aridity according to the application of the Lang, de Marton, Koppen and Wilmy. The study recommended that the necessity of activating water-harvesting projects to make the most of varying rainfall rates, rationalize water consumption, and conduct studies concerned with the applied climate

Spatial analysis of the model car in the Iraqi city (Fallujah)

Abd ulrazzaq Mohammed Jabbar

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1904-1931
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171597

Car parking places are one of the most important components of the Iraqi city, as these places are a component of urban transport and the same components of community services. Since the number of cars increased, the city suffers from the problem of unavailability of parking places and the reason is due to the failure to take these places into consideration when developing and implementing base diagram. The city of Fallujah suffers from the lack of parking spaces for the car, so some investors or owners of ramshackle residential plots have temporarily converted them into parking spots awaiting their conversion to commercial use as the research dealt with a general description of the car parking areas, as well as the description of the study area and its division into three areas: the market area or the city center and the second region, the popular clinics area and its adjacent therapeutic medical uses, industrial and commercial uses, and the third area the hospital and its neighboring uses, then dealt with Distributing parking places for the car and then comparing it with the planning standard (housing standard) and then analyzing the questionnaire form that was distributed to the three reviewers of the study area, and then analyzing the closest neighbor to the distribution shape of those places and it was found that the distribution is random. The study found that there were no parking places and became an obstacle to the movement of citizens in their movement and daily life, which led to the difficulty of obtaining the necessary services, especially the treatment trip, the shopping trip, the work trip, and the prevailing type of parking in the study area is parking outside the main street, this type is characterized by safety And the flow of movement and the lack of traffic congestion

An analysis of the ecological characteristics of the population of Heet district for the period 1997-2018

Buthaina Rahim Shawkat Al-Muhammadi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1932-1959
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171598

The environmental composition is the distribution of the population according to the environment between the urban, rural and Bedouin. The research is limited to the study of the urban and rural population without addressing the Bedouin population because of their small numbers in the judiciary. The study of urban and rural population is very important in population studies because it illustrates the differences between them In terms of distribution, growth and composition, which is the result of different economic, cultural and social level, in this regard it is necessary to refer to the foundations and criteria used to differentiate between urban and rural.The study of the population of the district of Hit and know their demographic characteristics and their spatial and temporal differences for years (2018, 1997) revealed to us that the population of the judiciary was increasing numerically during the three census years. This increase is due to several factors including the development of economic activity, The increase in the natural growth rate of the population (ie, the increase in the number of births) as well as the migration to the judiciary.It is possible to say that some of them are due to natural conditions or their differences from one place to another. That place to provide the necessary necessities to live in it.

Geomorphometric Analysis of Abu Dalaih Valley Basin Using Geomatics Techniques and the Possibility of Investing it for Water Harvesting Purposes

Saja A. Barakat; Khalid S. Mohammed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1960-1996
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171600

The study included a hydrogiomorphological evaluation of Abu Dalaya basin in Al-Jezira region for the water harvesting purposes, which an area reached (227 km2). Abu Dalaya basin contains three secondary basins, which are almost similar in their morphometric and hydrological characteristics, and most of them are close to the rectangular shape. The researcher used the integration between several data, such as Remote Sensing (RS) data, climate and ground data for the study area and its region, whereby the outputs from maps and figures were obtained by using Geographic Information System (GIS). For the purposes of water harvesting, the study adopted (SCS-CN) model to estimate the volume of surface runoff, and the results indicated that the study area is characterized by high runoff due to the presence the soils type(C) that are characterized by their inability to infiltrate water into the soil.The hourly data for the season (2018-2019) showed that the amounts of rain were large, ranging between (652-761 mm). Thus, this amount of water must be preserved, and thus four sites were chosen for the construction of earth dams in the study area. In addition, the results of those proposed dams for water harvesting proved that the quantities of water storage in them are uneven, but very large and sufficient for the various types of future investments

Model building of vegetation cover changes in Abbasid sub-district using SABI and NDVI algorithms

Mohammed Mohsin Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 1997-2031
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171602

The current study focuses on building a model for vegetation changes in the Abbasid sub-district using the SABI and NDVI algorithm, as the research focused on studying the natural and human factors that affect vegetation cover, and then building digital models that depend on the mathematical algorithms obtained through satellite visuals in a region Spectral, through ARC GIS-based software processors and the Model Builder Extension, to make these models ready tools for obtaining the density of vegetation cover in any geographical area. When applying the two models, it became clear that the SABI model for the derivation of vegetative indices and algae was more accurate than the NDVI model for also deriving vegetative indices. The second model on two scales are (Band 4, Band 5) in Landsat 8. In addition, the SABI model works on deriving aquatic plants as well, while the second model cannot. From the application of the two models to monitoring the change of vegetation cover, it became clear that the region was experiencing a significant change during (30) years for the period (1990-2020) at the level of its agricultural provinces.

Morphometric Characteristics Of Al-Ratqa Valley Basin In The Western Anbar Plateau

Saadoun Musharraf Husain Jadei Al-Shabani

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2032-2062
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171603

Al-Ratqa Valley is located in the western part of Iraq within the western Anbar plateau, and it occupies an area of (5509) km2, and it consists of six secondary basins and they differ in all morphometric characteristics. The study also included the natural characteristics of the area that have an effect on the spatial and morphological characteristics and the characteristics of the drainage pattern. And the geomorphological processes and the types of soils in the region, as for the general slope of the basin, it is from the west and southwest towards the east and northeast, as for the general climate of the region, it is desert, hot dry in summer and cold rainy in winter, and the number of basin ranks reached seven ranks, and that the quantitative method was followed in the geomorphological and morphometric analysis By relying on digital data obtained from topographic maps, aerial photos and satellite lmages, in the analysis of the morphometric characteristics of the basin drainage pattern and the spatial, morphological and topographic characteristics of Al-ratqa Valley basin

Dust storms and their environmental impact on the neighborhood's residential site (Anbar University)

Inam M. Ayed Inam M. Ayed; Inam M. Ayed; Ali M. Raja

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2063-2080
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171618

Dust storms consider as a climate phenomenon that occurs most frequently in arid and semi-arid aries with a dry desert climate , and this applies to study area to the study area , particularly Anbar Governorate has the largest area of up to a third of the area of Iraq ,therefore it considers as a scene for the occurrence of dust storms , so its topographic composition and astronomical location contributes to their occurrence of the storms as well as the other effects of the pressure zones, longer dust storms can be consider as a negative indicator in terms of environment and life . The questionnaire shows especially in these two subjects that the predominant percentage of the population affected by their health , and this effect includes cases of suffocation , causes disturbances in the psychological composition of human person

Estimating the hazards of floods in the Gulasur Basin in the Sulaymaniyah Governorate - Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Jinan Rahman Ibrahim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2081-2101
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171619

The indicators values of the Morphometric Analysis of the Gulasur Basin, which has an area of 556.02 km2, as the ratio of elongation, rotation ratio and form factor, indicated that it is a highly rectangular basin. While the values of the relief aspects, which are represented by the relief ratio, the relative relief and Ruggedness number, indicated the high runoff and the low percentage of leachate in the basin. In addition to other indicators such as stream frequency, drainage density and bifurcation rate. And other hydromorphometric indicators had a hydrological response that reflected the volume of runoff, leg time and discharge rate, which led to a decrease in the reservoir potential of groundwater, and a high contribution to surface runoff. Thus, increasing the chances of water gathering in the main riverbed leads to an increase in the chances of flooding, however, the length of the distance traveled by the water from the top of the basin to the downstream makes the running water, moderately hazards waves with a late arrival.

Presenting preparatory students to educational channels on the Internet and the gratifications achieved from them

Hafidh Y. Al.Hiti; Mohammed S. Jbab

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2102-2143
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171620

Among the alternatives made available by the Internet, we find educational sites and channels that contributed to maximizing the communicative impact of the educational process with its available readable, audio and visual elements, which enabled the student to benefit from their content effectively and in an easy and comfortable manner. The importance of this topic comes due to the multiplicity of educational programs on The Internet to include most of the disciplines and the expansion of the number of students’ audience who view these programs and follow them constantly to increase their understanding and understanding of their subjects or to use them as a complete substitute for the teacher and teacher due to the shortage of teachers or because of the weakness of teaching in general. The programs constitute an additional importance for what it will provide of theoretical knowledge on this subject, and what it will provide in the practical side of realistic results that the providers of these programs will benefit from in improving their level of performance and degree of efficiency in presenting lessons and scientific materials to the audience of preparatory students

Nazi Propaganda in Iraq 1933 – 1941

Abdulsalam Ahmed AlSamer

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2144-2174
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171621

This research Seeks To study the German Nazi Propaganda activity in Iraq as a British sphere of infiuence, in which Germany seeks to gain the Iraqi public opininon to support its policy, aiming to confuse the British Policy in the region and achieves German interests.The time for this research extends from 1933 when the Nazis took power in Germany until 1941 and the movement of May ied by Rasheed Aali Al-Qaylani which failed letting the second British occupation start after that.The research aims at uncovering the trends of Nazi Propaganda in Iraq and how it was able to find a link between it and the Iraqi society, so as to gain standing up with the Nazi Movement disgruntling on the British policy, which is in control of things in Iraq after its occupation in 1941.The current research’s function is based on the use of historical approach depending on the description and analysis of historical data available.One of the most important findings of research is that the Nazi propaganda in Iraq outweighed the British Propaganda by its infiuence because it came in line with the national issues that were at the heart of the Iraqi people’s interest as well as the sympathy of Germany and its support for the demands of Iraqi people for dependence and Arab unity

University Youth’s Adoption of Social Networking Sites and its Implications for Social Alienation

Othman Mohamed A

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2175-2203
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171622

This study aimed to identfy the effect of the use of social- networking sites on the social alienation of young people. The researcher used descriptive method in his study and relied on the question aire as a research tool in collecting in formation about the respondents and chose an objective sample consisting of (200) samples. The study concluded anumber of results 1-The withdrawal of the unviersity young people from their families and societies, and their sense of non-belonging to the red real reality and preference for virtual reality which ful filled their selt – being as they clain.2-The university young people tend to use sites more than other aetivites.

Habits and patterns of university students’ exposure to television programs on fitness and beauty, a field study of a sample of Baghdad University students

Salah Gh. Nouri Al.Hasani

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2204-2233
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171623

The media is developing at an imaginary speed, and television is often the most widely used means by the general public, and one of the most important contemporary means of communication that man uses continuously (From the Kaiser family foundation). Therefore, the viewer is exposed to television and uses it, but for a certain purpose, and this use differs from one person to another. There are those who are exposed to television to develop the political dimension, so they find politics is the demand that they seek and want to satisfy, and we may find another person who loves sports and loves football or car racing. Others watch, and some viewers tend to have fun and fill their free time in any way, so they find entertainment is the best way to fill their time, and so on.This has led to the emergence of specialized satellite stations that seek to focus on one aspect of life, with interest in other aspects, but to a lesser extent. We have political, religious, sports, economic, lyrical, entertainment channels, etc., each of which specializes in its field. Its exposure, and with the spread of these specialized satellite channels, sports and cosmetic channels that focus on specialization in a large way, especially with regard to university students from a physical point of view, including sports channels specialized in fitness, diet, skin care, and other such channels, and the goal of this specialization is to attract the largest Number of viewers committed to these programs.

Iraqi radio Programs ' Violations of Social Values Analytical study of radio programs after liberating Iraqi lands from terrorism and start of elections

Safad Husam Hamoudi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2234-2262
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171624

At a time when the radio stations are supposed to play an important role in promoting social values due to their role as  a  moral factor which is responsible of the relationship among individuals in societies, the production of radio programs  in Iraq has been subjected to political, security and even technical influences. This led to commit frequent violations of such set of values. By submitting to the agendas of the influential forces in Iraqi society, and keeping pace with the changes in the media environment that required the following up of technical acceleration in order to reach the largest number of participants and followers of radio programs, regardless of professional media standards that involves respecting those values.
The current study, titled (the Iraqi radio stations violating social values) addresses a very important issue, reflected by in the great challenge facing those values in Iraq, as a result of those radio stations' performance.  This challenge escalates with the state of continuous change that Iraq is experiencing, in the security, political and social fields. As such, the researcher chose the temporal boundaries for his sample in an era that witnessed two contradictory variables successively. The first was represented by the official announcement of the liberation of all Iraqi lands from terrorism in the second half of 2017, which prepared for an unprecedented national rapprochement in recent years in the media discourse. The second was pivoted towards the beginning of political conflict, that proceeded the preparation for the legislative elections, shortly thereafter, at the early start of 2018.

The relationship between the United Nations an regional organizations and its impact on settling disputes by all means of settlement

Mazin S. Nassar; Fatima H.Salloumi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2263-2292
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171625

There is no doubt that the international and regional organizations are of great importance as they are considered to be the active and supportive actors in the maintenance of international peace and security . the jurists differed over their importance , especially regional organizations . there are jurists who are supporters of those organizations who went on to claim that those organizations are important as they play important roles in the international community . it has contributions to achieving the goals of the international community in terms of development, as well as in maintaining international security and peace, in addition to its contributions in other fields that contribute to the development of international relations, whether political, economic, social, humanitarian, and other various fields. The work of these organizations through various means to reach a settlement acceptable to the parties to the conflict. As there are many such means, between peaceful and coercive, and between political and legal

The effect of the Quranic story on Ethics

Anas Isam Ismaeel

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2293-2318
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171730

The Quran is the read universe, and it contains all what mankind need in their life such as administrative, theological and worship systems. Among those system and the one which the Quran has made it integral with Faith is the ethical system. Many verses in the Quran urges about good ethics and rejects bad ethics. I have rather preferred to study the effect of the Quranic story on the ethics because the stories have a different effect from the direct commands. When a Muslim reads a Quranic story, he gets engaged with its events, pictures its scenes, and gets affected by its results. Therefore, there is no doubt that he will be affected by the ethical events that happened within the scenes of the Quranic story. Hence the idea of writing this paper in which I deal with (the effect of the Quranic story on ethics) in which I dealt with some of the scenes of the Quranic stories and not all the details of the story. Because there is no space to deal with all the events of the story here. Most of the ethical scenes that I dealt with came from the story itself. Such scenes made explicit or hidden reference to the moral aspect. In any way, these scenes has a great effect on the reader heart. Most of the ethical scenes that I have found was in the stories of Joseph and Moses (Peace be upon them). After them, was the story of Ibrahim. I have not found in all of prophets’ stories who are mentioned in the Quran incidents or scenes that has an effect in the ethical aspect. It suffices us that we have roamed between the lines of the Quranic stories and extracted some valuable jewels

Cultural Specificity in the Visual Industries between Originality and the Contemporariness . A study in anthropology of arts

Harith Ali Hassan Al-Obaydy

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2319-2338
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171735

Visual industries can present impressively useful and pleasant forms. The main practice of the visual industries, i.e. pictures and words does not only implicate their aesthetics or the aesthetic taste influence, but also their capacity to understand and contain the psychological and sociological reality in a comprehensive, integrated and meaningfull manner as well as their capacity to reveal both the masked human world and the embellished external world. The dialectical analyses of the relation between Art and Society is related at the same time to the principal of aesthetic analysis regarding the social function of Art . Each of them form (together with philosophy, sociology and ethics) in its own manner a fundamental part of people's social consiousness. The visual industries are not created for pleasure and entertainment as much as they are created to reflect the human knowledge of the universe and life. They are an intellectual knowledge that enables to go deeper into the society as a reflexion of the informations and expressions acquired from the natural and social worlds. Nowadays, we see them enter in the society of knowledge in all their manifestions and results on a manner that can be an expression for cultures with their varied and multifacted characteristics. That is why the researcher decided to do this study in order to try to find out what visual industries are as well as to identify the pattern of their role in the society of knowledge by relying on a multiple methodology based on the multiple approaches for briefing and exploring the most important aspects of the topic. The study has reached many results of which the most important is that the visual industries represent an important area in the daily social life of the people and society. Human beings have turned to the image industries because of their importance as intellectual products that enable people to satisfy their multiple needs.

Social networks and their role in political participation (a field study on Anbar University students)

Jamal I. Ghazzai; Moayad M. Mahmoud

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2339-2360
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171737

Social media is one of the most important innovations that changed the course of many people's attitudes in society, it has an effective and important role in organizing and coordinating many political events and because of the social need and the exchange of ideas and opinions and the transmission of events and facts, in addition to its effective role in the participation of individuals in elections and the contribution of individuals towards Political issues within the communityThe importance of the study lies in two aspects:The first aspect is the theoretical importance that reveals the social networking sites and the extent of their impact on political issues and the extent of their suitability for university youth, while the second aspect is the scientific importance that lies in the field framework of the study and the results expected from itThe study also relied on the social survey method to reach the goals of the study, by adopting the tool (questionnaire) which was distributed to a sample size (200) male and female to Anbar University students on a number of colleges, four of which are human and three of which are scientific

Social variables of high divorce rates after returning from displacement - a field study in the city of Ramadi

Zaid M. Al.Hamdani; Nouri S. Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2361-2392
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171739

The phenomenon of divorce is a thorny issue because of the specificity and sensitivity of the problems involved in it, and the difficulty of obtaining neutral information regarding it from both parties to the conflict, as the researcher did everything possible to achieve his desired goal. The increase in divorce cases and their high rates have become a clear feature in the modern era and in most of the developed and developing societies, as we see the disintegration of families and the deviation of children from the right path. Societal cohesion, especially for families who have lived through the bitter experience of displacement, and the tragedies and suffering that resulted from it, which is not felt except in the midst of its horrors, and was harmed by the harsh conditions and material and moral losses as a result. Our study is one of the field descriptive studies, and the researcher relied on the social survey method by using the questionnaire tool that was distributed to a sample of the people who were searched for and their number (150) is absolute and absolute, in addition to conducting personal interviews with some individuals from the Customs And specialization


Portrayal of Women to Men-Case study in Psychoactive and Social effects for Marital Infidelity from the Man's Point of View in Mosul

Ibtehal Abduljawad Kadhim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2393-2421
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171740

The mental portrayal of things and people is determined by the social experience, and the nature of the individual, by which subjects are characterized by certain assessments.The government's decision to withdraw the woman from the state of the country is a sign of the government's commitment to the constitution. At the intersection of the mental image and the reality, a man may try to adapt one to fit the other or it may adopt intellectual and behavioral alternatives, through infidelity, which is caused by various psychological and social influences.The purpose of the research is to reveal the portrayal of women in men in the context of identifying the psychological and social effects of the betrayal of the husband. The results showed that the psychological and social effects of marital infidelity made men paint the image of women according to the satisfactions they desire


Striving to Maintain Dignity and Aggression among University Students

Safa’a Hamid Turki Al- Rashid

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2422-2462
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171742

This study aims at revealing the relationship between striving to maintain dignity and aggression in University students, through, 1-Measuring the striving to maintain dignity in University students. 2- Comparison in dignity according to gender variable (Male-Female) 3-Comparison in dignity according to specialization variable(scientific-humanitarian).4-Measuring aggressive behaviour in University students.5-Comparison in aggression according to gender variable (Male-Famle).6- Comparison in aggressive behavior according to specialization variable (scientific-humanitarian). 7- Finding a relation between dignity and aggressive behavior.As for the purpose of measuring the research variables, the researcher has built two tools , one for measuring the striving to maintain dignity ,which is made up of(28) item ,and the other for measuring aggression ,which is made up of (44) items.To make sure that the two tools are valid ,the researcher has calculated the plausible validity by presenting it to a group of psychology arbitrators, and the validity of construction through finding the correlation factor,item degree of the total scale , also the discrimination of the two scale items has been calculated according to the Vakronbach method , the correlation factor of the scale of the striving to maintain dignity has reached to (0.79) and the aggression scale (0.90), and it has been applied on a sample that consists of 200 University students (Male-Famale) , then they were chosen in a simple random way, and the data was gathered by using a suitable statistic way


The meaning of life among students of the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences at the College of Education for Humanities/ University of Anbar

Ammar A. Farhan Al.Obaidi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2463-2491
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171744

The research aims to identify the level of meaning of life among students of the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences in the College of Education for Humanities / University of Anbar and to identify the differences in the meaning of life according to the gender variable (males - females) and the type of study (morning - evening), and to achieve the objectives of the research was selected a sample of (101) students, the number of students from the morning study (51) students, where the total number of males (27) and the total of females (24) students, and the number of students from evening study (50) students, the total number of males) 27) and the total female (23) students. The researcher built a measure of the meaning of life, which consists of (24) paragraph in its final form, and extracted the sincerity and stability of the scale, the research reached the following results: The level of meaning of life among students of the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences is high and statistically significant (0.05), there are no differences in the level The meaning of life according to the gender variable and the significance (0.05), there are no differences in the level of meaning of life by type of study (morning, evening) and significance (0.05), and in the light of the results of the researcher put a number of recommendations and proposals. Keywords: meaning of life, university students, educational and psychological sciences


Perceived Negative Effects of Congestion and Their Relationship with Life Satisfaction Among Faculty Members

Haider Fadiel Hassan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2491-2517
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171746

The current research aims to measure the negative effects of congestion and life satisfaction among faculty members and compare them with their gender variable (male - female). And find the correlation between the perceived negative effects of congestion and life satisfaction in faculty members. The sample of the research consisted of (50) males and (50) females from Baghdad University’s faculty members, representing both the scientific and the humanities. The results of the research showed that university teachers have a high level of perceived negative effects of crowding and have a life satisfaction. There were also no significant differences between males and females in the perceived negative effects of congestion and in life satisfaction. The results also showed a significant negative relationship between the perceived negative effects of congestion and life satisfaction with the sample. The research reached a set of recommendations and proposals based on its results.


Psychological security and its relationship to suicidal behavior among students of the College of Education – Tarmiyah

Hanan khalid ibrahem Al- salhi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2518-2538
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171747

The study aims to reveal the level of psychological and suicidal behavior. As well as to know the relationship between psychological security and suicidal behavior Among students of the College of Education - Tarmiyah, I built tow tools to measure psycho security and suicidal behavior, and both tools and suicidal behavior, and both tools were validated and trusted. The sample number reached (200) university students, and after analyzing the data statistically, the results showed a high level of psychological safety of students, and a low rate of suicidal behavior. There is also an inverse correlation between psychological security and suicidal behavior, and the correlation coefficient reached (0.78) at a significant level (0.01), and in light of these results I reached a number of recommendations and proposals


The Impact of Social media on family communication from the parents' point of view A field study in Mosul

Haitham Saeed Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2539-2571
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171748

The aim of the research is to know the impact of social networking sites on family communication from the parents' point of view, and to achieve the goals of the research, a questionnaire was designed consisting of (13) paragraphs. After confirming the honesty and consistency, it was applied to a sample consisting of (60) respondents from individuals representing heads of families, male and female. (Father. Mother) in the city of Mosul, with its left and right sides, they were randomly selected, and after statistically processing the data, the research reached a number of results, the most important of which is that social media in the city of Mosul is a method that has reduced family communication within the family and that it is a direct cause in multiplying social family relationships , And there were many differences in the relationship between the spouses within the family, as it did not meaningful dialogue and caused freezing of feelings and emotions and contributed to widening the gap between the children.


Cognitive Beliefs and their Relationship to the Test Wisdom of Anbar University students

Marwa Ali nafe; Abdul Karim Juma Al Kubaisy

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2571-2605
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171750

The aim of the current research is: Identifying the level of cognitive beliefs among university students, Identifying the level of experimental wisdom among university students, Identifying the significance of differences in cognitive beliefs among university students according to two variables: gender (male, female) - specialization (scientific, literary), Identifying the significance of the differences in the experimental wisdom of university students according to two variables: gender (male, female) - specialization (scientific, literary), and the nature of the relationship between cognitive beliefs and the experimental wisdom of university students ,Identifying the extent of the contribution of cognitive beliefs to the experimental wisdom, To achieve these goals, a sample of 300 students from Anbar University was chosen ,They were applied to the research sample so the most prominent results are the following:The level of cognitive beliefs in the research sample is high in all dimensions, There are statistically differences between males and females in favor of males in the first and second dimensions. The absence of differences between males and females in the third and fourth dimensions in cognitive beliefs, The absence of indicating differences according to the variable of specialization (human - scientific) in cognitive beliefs ,The study sample has a high degree of experimental wisdom ,Statistically, there are no differences in the test wisdom between males and females, Statistically, there are indicating differences according to the variable of wisdom test and in favor of scientific specialization ,Cognitive beliefs with their four dimensions are related to experiential wisdom ,Cognitive beliefs with their four dimensions differ in their predictive power of experimental wisdom.


Educational design according to metacognition strategies and its impact on achievement Sixth students of applied science in mathematics and their smart thinking

Haider Abdul Karim Mohsen Al-Zuhairi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2606-2645
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171752

The aim of the research is to identify (educational design according to metacognitive strategies and its impact on the achievement of the sixth applied science students in mathematics and their intelligent thinking). They studied mathematics by instructional design according to metacognitive strategies (stereotyping strategy, inverse strategy, total quality strategy, and planning strategy); and (33) students in the control group who studied the same subject in the usual way, and then rewarded them statistically in the variables (chronological age, intelligence test, and previous information test); He prepared a test for achievement in mathematics of (50) objective items, and a test of intelligent thinking of (30) objective items, and both tests were of a multiple-choice type, and he verified their psychometric properties.


Obstacles of e-learning in teaching Sharia science subjects from the point of view of specialists in curricula and methods of teaching the Holy Quran and Islamic education

Basema H. Abood

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2646-2682
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171753

The current research aims to identify the obstacles to e-learning in teaching Sharia science subjects from the point of view of specialists in the curricula and methods of teaching the Holy Qur’an and Islamic education. The research sample reached (44) specialists in curricula and methods of teaching the Noble Qur’an and Islamic education, and to achieve this, the research followed the descriptive and analytical approach, where a questionnaire consisting of (40) items was developed after verifying its validity and consistency, and it was distributed to the study sample from the faculty members Appropriate statistical analyzes were carried out, where the results of the study showed that the paragraphs of the tool as a whole formed obstacles to e-learning facing faculty member, Where the obstacles for teachers and students were the biggest obstacles, followed by the obstacles of the administrative and material aspects (infrastructure and technical support). Obstacles to the university curriculum came in third place, and they were followed by the obstacles of experience in the field of e-learning. Curricula and methods of teaching the Noble Qur’an and Islamic Education, and in light of the results of the study, the researcher presented a number of recommendations and proposals


The impact of a training program based on constructive learning based on sustainable development for physics teachers on their scientific cultures, achievement and mental motivation for their students

Samira Adnan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2683-2716
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171755

The impact of a training program based on constructive learning based on sustainable development for physics teachers in middle schools ,Know the effect of training physics teachers on their scientific culture, Know the effect of training physics teachers on the mental achievement and motivation of their students, The second and third goals can be verified by testing the following two null hypotheses:- There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average grades of physics teachers (the experimental group) who participated in the training program and the grades of the teachers (the control group) who did not participate in the training program in the scale of scientific culture.- There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the mean scores of students of physics teachers, the experimental group, who participated in the training program, and the grades of students of physics teachers in the control group who did not participate in the training program in the academic achievement test and the motivation scale The research sample included (34) physics teachers for the fourth scientific grade, and it was distributed randomly between the two groups that participated in the training program. It included (16) schools and teachers, and the other officers included (18) schools and teachers who were rewarded with variables (certificate, gender, qualification, previous experience Training courses) and the research community included (340) i.e. (160) students of the experimental group teachers and (180) students of the control group by (10) students for each school and teacher, who were rewarded in the variable (mental motivation).


The Effect of the flipped classroom strategy in the achievement level of first-grade Intermediate students in Mathematics

Riyadh Jumaah Algylany

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 2, Pages 2717-2745
DOI: 10.37653/juah.2021.171756

The research aims to identify the effect of flipped classroom strategy in the achievement level of first-grade Intermediate Students in mathematics. “The research consisted of first-grade Intermediate Students, (2019-2020), and the sample of the research consisted of (65) student, they were chosen intentionally from Al Elem-Al Nafaa Secondary School for Boys, divided into two groups. One of them represents the experimental group which contains (32) student, who studied according to flipped classroom strategy, and the other is the control group which contains (33) student, who studied according to the traditional method. The valency had been made between them in number of variants”.To achieve the research objectives, the researcher prepared a test of achievement, the final version of the test consisted of (50) items of the type of multiple choice, the items have been characterized by validity, discrimination, and reliability. The experiment was applied in the first semester, the two research groups were taught according to the plans prepared for each group and then applied the achievement test. After collecting data and analyzing it statically, the result shows: - There is a statistical significant difference (at level of 0.05) between the mean scores of the two research groups, as a whole and in understanding and application, in favor of experimental group students in the test of achievement.- There is no statistical significant difference (at level of 0.05) between the mean scores of the two research groups, in the remembering level in the test of achievement. The researcher came up with a number of conclusions. One of these conclusions is that the flipped classroom strategy is effective in the achievement level of first-grade Intermediate Students in mathematics compared to the traditional way.