Volume 2021, Issue 5, Spring 2021


The possibility of recycling household waste for agricultural purposes in the city of Fallujah

Diane H. Suleiman; Khaled A Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 1-25

The process of recycling household waste is of great importance to preserve the environment and reduce waste of raw raw materials and reduce environmental pollution as well as providing workers with opportunities for the population, and since the city of Fallujah, like other Iraqi cities, suffers from a problem of household waste, the researcher has studied the amount of waste produced by the city Its quantities were measured by the amount of city waste from waste through the collection of waste by a sample consisting of ten different families in their economic level and the number of their members for a week As the amount of waste produced by the city reached (84,646) kg / day and the per capita waste generation reached (48,875) g / day and these large quantities of waste are wasted without treatment as they are disposed of in the landfill of the city of Fallujah (behind the refrigerated warehouses) and that The largest amount of waste that is disposed of is organic waste that can be used for agricultural purposes, so the researcher conducted an experiment to produce organic fertilizer from the waste, as the amount of what the city produces from organic waste reached (64248) kg / day, which is enough to meet the need (8220) Acres of agricultural land of fertilizer and tablet Jeh (26667) sheep / day and(1390) cows

Spatial variation of the deprivation levels of services surrounding the home in Hit

Shaima G.A; Amjad R. M; Thaer S. M

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 26-56

Variation in levels of infrastructure services at the neighborhood level and drawing a map for this difference. It became necessary to analyze the reality of those services according to the index (and the negative phenomena around housing). The city of Heet suffers from a disadvantage of getting rid of the negative phenomena surrounding the house and by (43.4)% at the level of Throughout the city, and this ratio varies from one neighborhood to another. A statistical method has been adopted to measure the level of deprivation and knowledge of the most disadvantaged neighborhoods using the Carstairs Index, which has recently gained great importance and fame, as nine variables were studied that reflect the negative phenomena surrounding housing and the most impact on the comfort and reassurance of the city's residents. They are (noise, smoke, bad smells, insects and rodents, stray dogs, standing water, security risks, thefts and killings) It was noted that the city in general suffers from the impact of these phenomena at a rate of (12,832).

Spatial variation of fruit trees in Heet district for the period 2009-2019

Moaz R. Nassar; Taha A. Abdel

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 57-94

The research deals with a study and analysis of the spatial variation of fruit trees in the Heet district for the period (2009_2019), and identifies the rate of change between them, by discussing the natural and human characteristics that led to geographical variation in the cultivated areas and the numbers and varieties of its trees and production quantities, which affected its variation The spatial location of the regions of the study area at the level of the administrative units (the districts), and upon analyzing the spatial variation of fruit crops and their varieties, it was found that the geographical distribution of them in terms of their area is taking the same distribution in almost all aspects of the study area with an area of (10689) acres, with a percentage (0.4%) of the area DRA area The total capacity of 2632000 dunums is varied and varies in terms of their number also between one region and another, while some areas are crowded with the number of trees, the other suffers from a shortage. This number is characterized by a decline from one period to another, and fruit production reached (14305) tons for the year 2009 and (8571.2) Tons for the year 2019 CE with a negative change rate for the same years amounted to (-40.1) and the presence of a clear spatial variation in the characteristics of geographical distribution at the level of regions.

Evaluating the change in agricultural production for strategic crops in Anbar Governorate

Jameela N. Sabbar; Amna J. Muter

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 95-116

The need to expand in the cultivation of strategic crops (wheat, yellow corn, barley) is one of the necessities of the present and future human life in order to link these crops with food and feed millions of them, unlike the regions of the globe, and this expansion comes by following a set of methods such as vertical and horizontal expansion in production It is one of the best ways to properly balance the amount of production and productivity, and what the province possesses from large areas of land not yet used, including what is close to the course of the river, and some of it is far from it represented by desert lands

The Geographic Ability of Public Services of the Countryside in the Outskirt of Rawa.

Noor Yassen; Abd ulrzzaq M. Jabbar

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 117-141

Rural services and what it contains in terms of uses of land and services of both types: the societal and central are complementary to the city. So it is necessary to pay attention to the countryside because it achieves this integration, especially the countryside of Rawa district which possesses great capabilities and the availability of vacant lands. These uses and services are the measure of the progress of the countryside for this reason the services were studied in both their societal and mainstay aspects, the population study for which services are established. Thus one of the most important aspects of rural development is providing services to the people who live in those countryside and districts and sometimes it goes beyond that.That is it provides serveces to the inhabitants inthe other places and cities. The study found that there are many districts empty of residents and other activities due to the security situation.Some of them have a population density of less than one person per square kilometer.Furthermore,there is a shortage of health services, especially if we know that the share of a single health center is less than 2,500 people because it is a branch health center.

Population Growth n Iraq Impacts and Challenges

Shaker Mahmoud Aeal Al-ameeri

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 142-166

The Research resumes the growth of Iraqi population between (1947-2018) and the consequences resulted in growth average and the influence of fertility. This influence was represented in a number of demographic and population changes such as death levels fluctuate for infants under five as well as maternal mortality during pregnancy, Knowing the levels of using family planning methods for Iraqi women, the effect of high population growth in the sectors of education and health and the interrelationship between them.The Research concluded a set of outcomes, the most important of which is that the size of the population in Iraq doubles once every twenty years: annual rate of (2.58) % in (2018) as well as a low fertility rate of 3.9 live births.At the level of the education sector, it was found that the size of pupils in primary education is growing (4.3) % compared to the number of primary schools, which increased (3.4) % between (1997-2017).The Research showed a decrease in the number of health institutions compared to the growth of population. The percentage of increase in public hospitals reached (3.2) %, while the growth rate population was (5.3) in (1977-2016)

The effect of the relief factor on the (main) transport network In Al Sulaymaniyah province

Samah Alwan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 167-190

The natural factors have an impact on transportation network, especially the relief factor and the topographical nature of the region, which is reflected in the accessibility the various district centers in the Sulaymaniyah province , as well as the detour of roads due to that relief nature. The study of this features is of great importance in planning studies to construct roads and solve city problems, And its development. The research used satellite images and geographic information systems programs in measuring the lengths of roads in the province and topographic mapping to show the impact of relief on the turn of the roads as well as applying accessibility index. The research found that the Sulaymaniyah center is the most accessible according to the minimum distance standard and is the closest nodes for other nodes according to the standard number of connections of the nodes Also, the main methods of province falls into the first and fourth classes when applying the index of curve or curve coefficient.

An Evaluation for the Efficiency of Educational Services at Al-Fallujah City at 2019-2020 (A Study in Geography of Cities)

Huda Hussain Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 191-221

Educational services are one of the pillars of the social andcultural development, the study dealt with the efficiency of the educational governmental services at AL-Fallujah city in 2019-2020 depending mainly on the empirical study and analytical approach, by many planned standards, and local Iraqi educational indicators and their application to check its efficiency and suitability to meet the needs of its people. After examining the educational services and its geographical distribution as well as the comprehensive survey of all the governmental kindergartens and schools that fell on the visible satellite (WorldView-3), accuracy(30cm), extension(JPEG) in 2017 and the empirical study in August 2020, it was generally noticed that the averages of the schools and classes of the students are higher than the specific standar. In addition, the education suffers from a shortage in the school’s buildings which caused an overcrowding, duality and increasment in the number of students in the class that it is in return block the process of proper education. This is can be due not only for a decreasment in its number but also for the lack in planning for future which overlooks the increase in the number of people. Then, the researcher has reached for certain results and recommendations.

Parental involvement for high school students

Thaar A.K; Yasser K. R

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 222-259

The current research problem has been identified in the following questions:- Is there a parental involvement For high school students ?- What is the role of some variables in determining each of them ?The researcher adopted the relational descriptive approach in his research, and the research sample consisted of (374) male and female students from high school students in the city of Ramadi for the academic year 2019-2020. The sample was chosen according to Stephen Thompson's equation.The researcher prepared the Parent Vein Scale, which consists of (3) main fields divided into (36) items with four alternatives (always applies, sometimes I apply, apply to me rarely, never applies to me).1 - The presence of parental involvement at the students stage Preparatory and with a high indication.2 - There are statistically significant differences between the mean scores of students on the Parent involvement Scale according to two variables (male, female), in favor of males, and the branch (scientific, literary) in favor of branch scientific.

Psychometric properties of the obsessive compulsing symptoms scale in asample of Baghdad university students

Asiar Fakrie rahomie

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 260-292

The present study aimed at detecting local item dependence (LID) between the test item pairs using Q3 index; identifying the percentage of item pairs that appear LID under different levels of examinees ability, and identifying the relationship between two Item Response Theory (IRT) assumptions: Uni-dimensionality and Local Item Independence, according to the 2Parameters Logistic Model (2-PLM). To achieve this, the researcher used data available about of obsessive compulsion scale, (OCS) prepared by Baghdad university, which is used to measure the freshman students’ level when joining the (BA) program in 2007/2008. The test consisted of (81) items measure some computer skills. The sample of the study consisted of (1108) examinees, distributed into five different sessions on the same test. To analyze the collected data, the researcher used three statistical programs (SPSS, Bilog-MG3, LDID) respectively.The results of the study indicated that the percentage of item pairs that reveal LID, using Q3 index, estimated at about 0.135. The results also indicated that the percentage of item pairs that reveal LID, using Q3 index, increased with increased examinees ability level. Finally, the results indicated that the two item response theory (IRT) assumptions: Unidimensionality and Local Item Independence were equivalent assumptions.

Attention Control for Postgraduate Students

Mohammed Kh. Rashid; Safi Ammal Saleh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 293-323

The aims of the research are:1- Attention control of postgraduate students.2- The significance of the differences in attention control according to the variables of the type (male, female) and specialization (scientific, humanistic) among postgraduate students.The researcher has adopted the relational descriptive approach in his research. The sample of the research consists of (276) male and female students from postgraduate students at Anbar University for the academic year 2019-2020, and the sample was chosen according to the Stephen Thompson equation.He also adopted a measure of the attention control Eysenck & Calvo (1992). It consists of (3) fields with (48) items that have five graded alternatives. The researcher has verified the validity of the apparent scale and the validity of the scale construction by finding the correlation between the degree of the item and the overall degree of the scale, and the relation between the item and the field that belongs to. The stability of the scale has been verified by two methods: (test - retest).After completing the application of the two measures on the participants of the sample under the supervision of the researcher, the results show:1. Postgraduate students are characterized by attention control with high-level.2. There is no statistically significant difference according to the type variable (male, female) in the attention control.3. There is no statistically significant difference according to the specialty variable (scientific, human) in the attention control.prison.

The Effect of the Divergent Thinking Strategies in the Achievement of the second Intermediate Class Female Students in Mathematics

Elaf Gany Khaleel; Ilham Jabbar Faris

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 324-350

The research`s goal is to realize The Impact of Divergent Thinking Strategies In achievement and multiple intelligences, and to achieve the research goal, the experimental research method was adopted and a partially controlled experimental design was used for two groups equivalents, using the post test for both achievement and multiple intelligence. The research community was students of the second intermediate class in schools of the General Directorate of Education in Anbar, for the academic year 2019-2020. The sample of the research consisted of (64) students from (Al-Raja Secondary School for Girls). It includes three sections. Department A was chosen as an experimental group comprising (31) students and (b) the group as a control group consisting of (33) students. The two groups were an identity in some variables, experiment requirements were prepared, scientific material was analyzed, content was analyzed, behavioral purposes formulated, and teaching plans prepared And search tools (Achievement test in mathematics, multiple intelligence test) The achievement test consisted of (35) items that included (11) article paragraphs and (24) objective paragraphs.

The effect of a teaching strategy on the Needham constructivist model in achievement In Mathematics for fourth-grade students

Themina J.Oudah; Ilham J. Fares

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 351-373

The aim of the research is to know the effect. of a teaching strategy according to the Needham constructivist model in scientifically achievement in mathematics for fourth-grade students . It was adopted on Experimental mothed with the post test for achievement test to achieve the aim. The research community that represents the preparatory and secondary schools for boys has been identified within the General Directorate of Education in Baghdad / Karkh II, the research sample was selected (65) students from the fourth scientific grade from the Al-Hakim Preparatory School for Boys at random, and the sample was distributed into two groups, an experimental group and a control group :the experimental group (33) students was studied according to the Needham constructivist model. The control group of (32) students was studied according to the traditional method.The researchers made balance between. the two research. groups in some variables such as (time age, previous achievement, previous information, intelligence level), The achievement. test was built on the basis of the test map that was prepared after the content was analyzed according to the knowledge included and set (150) behavioral purposes according to the results of the analysis that was concluded, and the test is in its final form of (40) test items of two types, the objective and the number of paragraphs ( 35) The subjective and the number of its paragraphs (5). The experiment. was applied in the. first semester of the academic year (2019-2020) with (5) lessons weekly. Its plans were prepared after presenting samples of them.

Factors affecting the recruitment of a faculty member for the electronic class of physics in university teaching

Samira Adnan Tharthar

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 374-397

The objective of the research (factors affecting the employment of a faculty member for electronic classes of physics in university teaching) for the academic year (2020-2021), where the researcher followed the descriptive analytical approach as she used a questionnaire as a tool to collect information that was distributed directly to a sample consisting of ( 81) One of the faculty members and the researcher followed up sending the questionnaire by sending a personal email to each faculty member, according to the test's desire. The data were processed statistically using appropriate statistical methods, and the results showed that the general average of the level of knowledge possessed by faculty members at Anbar University (College of Pure Education and The College of Agriculture) on the importance of employing electronic education for electronic classes in university teaching, and the research ended with a set of recommendations, the most prominent of which was the need for faculty members to possess the technical and technical skills in dealing with electronic classes and adopt them as the most important technical innovations in contemporary university educational practice of the Corona crisis to increase the effectiveness of university teaching.

The effect of using the listening triangle strategy on improving the skill of microscopic reading health among a sample of students with primary learning difficulties

Ismael Abdal Hasso Mustafa

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 398-433

The current research aimed at identifying the effect of using the listening triangle strategy to improve the skill of microscopic reading health among a sample of students with learning difficulties in the primary stage, where the sample of the research reached (16) male and female students from the fourth primary class (special education) and both sexes in the Hamdaniya district Affiliated to Nineveh Governorate for the academic year 2019-2020, distributed equally to two groups: experimental and controlling by (8) students in each group, then the researcher rewarded statistically between the two groups in variables (time age, average rate, students ’grades in the Arabic language, educational level of parents And the mothers of the students, the degree of skill of reading aloud. The researcher prepared a test to measure the skills of reading aloud (the health of reading) for these students. For the test by presenting it to a group of arbitrators to know the extent of its readiness to apply and then the researcher extracted stability in the way of re-testing, while the research results showed that there is a statistically significant difference for the benefit of the students of the group Pilot who studied according to the strategy of the listening triangle and its superiority over the control group that studied according to the usual method.

The effect of the Jigsaw strategy on the skillful thinking of second-grade intermediate students

Hala Adeeb Dawood

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 434-452

The aim of this research is to study the effect of Jigsaw strategy on the skillful thinking of second-grade intermediate students in science. Where the researcher formulated the hypothesis of the study as follows: “There are no statistically significant differences at the level of (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group of students studying the science subject according to the strategy (Jigsaw in smart thinking) and the average scores of the control group of students studying the same subject according to The traditional method for their educational attainment.”The research was conducted at a school in Taglob in Ninawah, and included 59 students in two groups: the first was a control group, and the second was an experimental one. The first was 29 students, and the second 30 male students, in order to find out the effect of the Jigsaw strategy on the students' smart thinking, the researcher conducted the pre-post test. The validity of the tool was confirmed by presenting it to specialized arbitrators, and it was with a reliability factor (86). As for the coefficient of stability for subtle thinking, it reached (81), and as the results showed the superiority of the teaching method based on the Jigsaw strategy in skillful thinking surpassed the traditional method of teaching in the achievement test for the science subject of the second intermediate grade, and the researcher presented a number of conclusions, recommendations and proposals

The impact of the use of brainstorm strategy on the score of 5th year-scientific section students in Mathematics

Shaimaa’ Hikmat Ahemd Quaba

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 453-476

This study aims at knowing the impact of the use of brainstorm strategy on the score of 5th year-scientific section students in Mathematics. To get that, the zero hypothesis has been used as such: there is no difference of a statistical relevance at (0,05) between the average of some targeted students’ scores who studied by the brainstorm strategy and students of the organized group who studied by the common method as far as the score test is concerned. This experiment was applied on a group of 5th year-scientific section students at Hims High School in Mosul in 2019-2020. The study target included 68 students divided into two groups: one is experimental (33) students who studied by the brainstorm strategy, and another organized one (35) students who studied by the normal method. Both groups were in equivalence with (age, general average, Mathematics score of 4th year-scientific section class, and intelligence score). To check the study hypothesis, the researcher made a statistical test in Mathematics which has 10 objective items, and checked the consistency and difficulty coefficient in addition to the activity of the error alternative of the test questions.

The degree of availability of historical thinking skills in the history book of the class of the fourth literary in Iraq

Salwan Mohammed Hussein

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 5, Pages 477-511

The aim of this study was to determine the degree of availability of historical thinking skills in the history book for the fourth grade in Iraq and to mention some variables (type, educational level, teaching experience). The researcher prepared a questionnaire of 65 teachers and the researcher prepared a questionnaire consisting of 47 paragraphs divided into seven skills