Volume 2021, Issue 7, Summer 2021


Abdul Aziz Al-Douri and his approach for writing history

Alaa Nafi Jassim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 1-40

Professor Abdul Aziz al-Douri is considered one of the most prominent thinkers who studied history, wrote it, or rewrote it. The historical writing of al-Douri was a progressive goal that advances the Arab nation and liberates it from backwardness to occupy a prominent position among the developed nations.Dr. Abdulaziz views history as an important factor in clarifying identity and defining its reality, and it is considered a fundamental issue for the Arab nation. Moreover, our historian has remained faithful to national thought, searching for its historical roots in the Arab economy and society.Since Al-Douri is one of the pioneers of Iraqi and Arab historians in modern and contemporary history, it became necessary to study his approach to writing history. The research was divided into his life, the positions he held, his scientific activities, his membership in scientific institutions, his books and his death, as well as his reading of history, his criticism of Western approaches, and his approach in Writing history through his two books - Introduction to the History of the Origin of Islam and the Book of the Origins of the Science of History for the Ara

The commercial role of women in the first Abbasid era

Abeer H. Al.fahdaei; Zaban K. Nawaf

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 41-55

Women had a noticeable role in the practice of trade during this era, but it was not at the level of the role of men in trade, as senior statesmen were ministers and princes originally from prestigious commercial houses, as well as the practice of scholars and jurists to trade largely and there are many examples of that, and the reason This is due to the urge of Islam to trade, as the woman practiced the role of trade indirectly, as she made her way in the handicraft of the yarn craft, and it was one of the most trades that women practiced in this era, because it was one of the crafts, and there are many models mentioned in the search for women who They possessed money and gold, especially the women of the caliphs, to name a few. The research mentioned Mrs. Bamboo, wife of the Caliph al-Mahdi.Women participated in the trade in livestock and in the slave trade, and they have a role in building bridges, arches and digging wells to secure drinking water, charitable works and writing and calligraphy.

The Separation Policy at the Bowayheans Princes Towards their Ministers 334-777 H. / 945-1055 A.D

Bashir Sabah Awad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 56-71

The interest in the Administrative system in the Islamic Arab State is of so important matter. This study entitled ( The Separation Policy at the Bowayheans Princes Towards their Ministers 334-777 H. / 945-1055 A.D.) sheds light on the nature of that policy which was followed by Bowayheans towards their princes under the weakness of the power of the State following to the control of the external powers on it and seizing it which led to the death of many ministers after separating them of their posts and bringing them to the jails as well as confiscating their funds and properties. Some of them were assassinated in an ambiguous way, in addition to appointing two ministers for the Bowayhi prince in the same time which caused many of plots to overthrow the opponents that confused largely the institutions of the Islamic Arab State.

Basalt Buried scenes in Iraqi museum

Saadi Ibrahim Al Darraji

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 72-96

The study of Buried scenes considers one of the important fields that the professors take care in the field of heritage, history and arts because what it had contained of scientific data especially in the field of studying the history and developed of Arabic graphs This paper summarizes the study of six scenes , that one of them is made from , but others made from black Basalt stones that had kept in Iraqi museum , the matter encourages the researcher to document it by scientific study to be serial Arabic scenes written by Kufi manuscript in Islamic world . All Basalt examples appears non organized and written in dry kufi and what make it specialize is its neglected letters and the written is soft because of softness of stones. the scripts of fifth scenes are similar , thus, they came back to 6th century or the beginning of 7th one, in addition to the similarity of stones and the unity of texts as well as the similarity of styles

The issue of imports of temple properties in the peninsula in the first millennium BC (sacrifices and vows)

Anmar M. Hindi; Ziyad O. Sewedan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 97-114

The issue of imports of temple properties in the peninsula in the first millennium BC (sacrifices and vows) is one of the important topics in the history of the ancient East in general and the history of the Arabian Peninsula in particular, as this institution played a major role in managing the affairs of economic life, within decisions related to the aspect Since its foundation to organize the revenue collection process, and because the temple possesses various resources, as priests played a major role in organizing and managing this money in line with religious thought in the Arabian Peninsula and in line with their personal inclinations and their acquisition of a large amount of these properties, and thus a social class emerged. A new one known as (the religious class).

The philosophy of civilization is applied to the civilization of Yemen Section two - architecture (civil architecture)

Anmar N. Abdullatif

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 115-151

On of the bases of civilization is architecture; the philosophy of applying architecture on the ground is considered the base of it's growth. Yemen had an important role in building a civilization of its own, it's main features were decided by two factors. The first is water and the ability to provide it by building irrigation facilities like dams, canals and small irrigation ducts. The second is architecture all this system to write a wonderful civilised philosophy, its outcome was a distinguished civilised role which lasted long era in the history of old Yemen, that a lot of its features are still standing and proving the greatness of Yemen civilization and the depth of its philosophy

Estimation of the surface water runoff of the Wadi Al-Qaim basin in the western Iraqi plateau

Mash'al Mahmood Fayaad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 152-169

The research aims to estimate the amount of surface runoff in the Wadi Al-Qaim basin depend on the rain falls and the morphometric characteristics of the basin, using the formulas designed by the US Soil Conservation Service (SCS-CN). So is the Berkeley method for estimating the volume of runoff. The search area (Wadi al-Qaim Basin) is located in the western Iraqi plateau within the Anbar Governorate. The valley ends in the Euphrates River at the city of Al-Qaim. It is located between latitudes (34° 9´ 55̋) and (34° 21´ 55̋) north, and longitudes (41° 7´ 10̋) and (41° 21´ 20̋ ) east. The depth of surface runoff for the Wadi Al-Qaim basin was calculated for several years from 2010 to 2019 using the SCS-CN equation depending on the characteristics of the land cover, the hydrological properties of the soil and the amount of rain fall. At the Rutbah station, the minimum runoff depth was 5.97 mm on 3/26/2010, depending on the rainfall amounting to 25 mm. As for the volume of runoff, and for the period between 2010 and 2019, the highest amount was 5239630 m³ on 19/10/2018 and the lowest amount was 1431606m³ on 26/3/2010

The Historical Development of the Concept of Areal in Geography

Salar A. Khedher

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 170-195

Chorology - Region - Landschaft - Landscape - Geosphere - Compage, all of these terms represent the historical stages of the development of concepts of geographical Areal. In this research, which is within the field of geographic thought, discussing these terms and the geographers' view of them. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, the topic of the research was divided into two parts. The first section dealt with the historical stages of the development of the concept of geographical Areal, which are each of the territory, the landscape and the landscape, down to the compage and the term space geography. The second section dealt with the study, analysis and discussion of the concept of the region throughout history in terms of definition, the topics of the region, the defects of the region, the borders of the geographical region, and the size of the geographical region.

Evaluating the efficiency of the central business district in Ramadi city and determining the paths for its spatial expansion

Omer J. Badda; Meshal F. Ghadhib

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 213-233

He dealt with the study (the central business district in the city of Ramadi), as it is one of the important geographical studies that highlights its role in providing the city with life and vitality, and because it is the economic nucleus of each city. The study of the central business district in the city of Ramadi aims to show its commercial personality and its historical and cultural importance, and to know the changes that have occurred to it and the problems it suffers in it. The study is in a state of development since the city of Ramadi was established in 1869 AD until the present time, as its area has expanded to reach (39.27) hectares after it was in 1950 AD

Problems of developing land uses in the Abu Flis area

Younus H. Oleiwi Al-Dulaimi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 234-251

The research dealt with land uses in the Abu( Flis area) with a focus on the most important problems that hinder their development through the field study, to propose remedial alternatives that would advance the development of the reality of the region, according to the opinions of experts in this field after evaluating them according to planning criteria, from which the appropriate alternative was chosen (Partial development), to present it to the stakeholders to take the appropriate decision to ensure its development, then the research concluded with the important conclusions and recommendations.

Spatial variation in the causes of the illiteracy phenomenon according to the environment in Anbar Province

Ayad Mohammad Makhlef Al- Adwan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 252-272

This study investigates with the causes of the phenomenon of illiteracy in Anbar Governorate from Iraq who are ten years old or more in the year 2020، whose data were obtained through a field survey. Therefore، the aim of the research was to find out the reasons that led to the spread of the phenomenon of illiteracy in Anbar Governorate and its geographical distribution،and the research reached several Results of the causes that contributed to the spread of illiteracy، which are the social causes،which accounted for two-thirds of the total percentage and the economic reasons،and its percentage was approximately one-fourth of the percentages of the total causes and various other causes that constituted one-tenth of the percentages of the total cause

A geo-political analysis of the role of women in positions of power and decision-making

Shaima’a Mohammed Jawad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 273-288

This research demonstrates the historical progression of the women’s rights in society, and how women started having their voice heard by going out to the streets, parading and starting the Suffragette movement in the USA in 1848. The movement moved later to Europe and kept calling for greater freedoms until the right of vote was granted, in addition to many key roles in the governments that women play today. The paper shows also the role of the Arabic women in the suffragette movement, the wide steps they took to prove their presence in the three main branches of authority; legislative, executive, and judicial, and how much more work they need to do to enhance and strengthen their performance in the future governments.

Visual pollution in Fallujah city

Salah Adnan Mejawl Al.Dulaimi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 289-310

The study examines examining the problem of visual pollution in the city of Fallujah with an academic vision, in seeking to analyze its manifestations, causes and health effects within the city, whether in buildings, markets or streets, and the accumulation of garbage and solid waste in it, as it is expected that the problem of visual pollution will take an effective dimension that increases the depth of problems The urban environment for the city of Fallujah, as it is one of the modern indicators for assessing the urban environment.

The efficiency of health services in Al-Baghdadi city

Maan M. Mohammd Shareef

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 311-324

The health services are of great importance in societies for their direct contact with the lives of the population by providing a healthy environment suitable for them and working on the development of the society of all directions, and this requires that the process of the distributing of health services appropriately with the population numbers because the increase in size of the population generates great pressure on Services and reduce the efficiency of their performance, so you must be the distribution of these services are efficient and commensurate with the reality of the city. The aim of this study is to look for of competency of this service in AL_Baghdadi city in a year 2019 .Through investigating its locative circulation then showing its effective criteria ,when comparting with the local criterion as a degree of approval . Also it shows its deficiency when there is a laclcage of its employees and bad location , beside the absides the absence of emergent hospital to treat the critical cases , above all the disapproval of many people of being so far from these healthy service.

Early maladaptive schemas for high school students

Thaer A.K M. T; Yasser K.

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 325-365

The current research problem has been identified in the following questions:- Is there a early maladaptive schemas For high school students ?- What is the role of some variables in determining early maladaptive schemas?The aim of the current research is to identify:3 - early maladaptive schemas For high school students.The researcher adopted the relational descriptive approach in his research, and the research sample consisted of (374) male and female students from high school students in the city of Ramadi for the academic year 2019-2020. The sample was chosen according to Stephen Thompson's equation.also adopted a measure of the early non-adaptive charts of (Jeffrey Young) the short form (YSQ-S1) consisting of (5) fields with (75) paragraphs, with five alternatives: (Strongly agree, totally agree, somewhat agree, not completely agree, Strongly disagree).After completing the application of the two scales on the individuals of the sample under the supervision of the researcher, the results showed:1 - Lack of early maladaptive schemas For high school students , because the average variable for early adaptations is less than the level of statistical significance.2 - There were no statistically significant differences between the average students high school on the scale of the early non-adaptive scales in variable (male, female), and the branch (scientific, literary)

Internet addiction (Facebook as a model) and its relationship to family disintegration among Tikrit University students

Zakaria Abdel Ahmed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 366-400

Research summary: The current research aims to:1- Knowing the level of addiction to Facebook among university students2- Identify the differences in addiction to Facebook according to the specialty variable (scientific) (human)3- Knowing the level of family disintegration among university students4- Knowing the correlation between Facebook addiction and family disintegration among university students.For the purpose of achieving the above goals, the researcher built the two measures of addiction to Facebook, family disintegration, by following the necessary scientific procedures. The researcher chose a random stratified sample of university students, which is the (second) and (third) grade, and the researcher used the appropriate statistical means to build the two scales and extract the results from them. . The T-value, QA square, percentage, T-test for one sample, T-test for two independent samples, Pearson correlation coefficient, and the following results were shown:

Habits of mind among graduate students

Mohammad K. R; Safi A. Saleh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 401-431

The level of mental habits of postgraduate students.. The significance of the differences in the habits of the mind according to the variables of the type (male, female), specialization (scientific, humanistic) among postgraduate students.The researcher has adopted the relational descriptive approach in his research. The sample of the research consists of (276) male and female students from postgraduate students at Anbar University for the academic year 2019-2020, and the sample was chosen according to the Stephen Thompson equation.The researcher depends on the scale of mental habits of Costa and Kallick (2000). It consists of (16) mental habits, with (96) items with three alternatives (always, sometimes, rarely).After completing the application of the two measures on the participants of the sample under the supervision of the researcher, the results show:. The presence of habits of the mind of postgraduate students at a high level.. There is no statistically significant difference according to the gender variable (male, female) in the scale of habits of mind.-There is a statistically significant difference according to the variable of specialization (scientific and human) in the scale of mental habits in the following habits: (thinking flexibly, thinking about thinking, seeking for accuracy, applying previous knowledge in new situations, thinking and communicating clearly and precisely, responding with astonishment and fear, having responsible risks, finding humor) for the benefit of scientific specialization.

Constructing the measurement of social solidarity among students in the preparatory stage

Ahmed A. Salim; Ahmed W. H. Al- Taryya

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 432-457

The aim of the research is to create a measure of social solidarity among middle school students . The research sample consisted of (320) students from grades four and five in its branches (scientific and literary) from middle schools in the city of Mosul, the center of Ninawa Governorate. To achieve the goal of the research, the two researchers constructing the scale of social solidarity that In its final form, it consists of (36) paragraphs with (4) alternatives after verification of the psychometric properties of apparent validity and construct validity, as well as the consistency extracted by the methods of retesting and Alf Cronbach of (80.0) (83.0) respectively. The data were treated statistically using (the T-test for two independent samples, the Pearson correlation coefficient, the Fakronbach equation). The purpose of the research was verified through the steps of constructing the social solidarity scale that were mentioned above within the research procedures, and based on that, a set of conclusions, recommendations and proposals were determined.

Measuring the CuIturaI intIIigence of university Students

Doaa S. Jasim; Safaa H. Turki AI-Rashed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 7, Pages 458-484

The research aims at recognizing cultural intelligence for university students, in order to achieve the the goals of the research, the researchers constructed a tool for measuring the cultural intelligence that consisted of (45) items distributed in three areas (15) items for the cognitive field, (15) items for the emotional field and (15) items for the behavioral field. The psychometric properties of the scale have been calculated by applying the scale to a sample consisting of (300) male and female university students. The cultural intelligence scale stability has reached by the half- split method (0.82) and Al- Fakir and Nabakh's equation (0.88). After that the scale was applied to a sample consisting of (150) male and female students for the purpose of calculating the results of the research and it has been shown that university students have a high cultural intelligence level with a T-value of (16.83). There are no statistical significant differences according to the demographic variables. The researchers recommended increasing the communication opportunities between the university students and the other universities in order to be acquainted with other cultures.The researchers also suggested conducting a study to recognize the relationship between the cultural intelligence and the psychological adjustment