Volume 2021, Issue 8, Summer 2021


Analyzing the Hydro morphometric Features and their Geomorphological Dangers in Al-Rahhaliya Town Anbar Governorate

Mohammed M. Hammadi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 1-32

The present study tackled the geomorphological perils of Rahaliya town, which is located in the southeastern part of Ramadi district within Anbar Governorate. It occupies an area of (2863 km2). The natural, morphometric and hydrological features were studied, and the impact of these features in determining the strength and quality of geomorphological perils within the study area was shown. However, the study used modern technologies and special mathematical equations in calculating the values of the variables required in order to draw maps of the perils to which the study area is exposed, as the study included determining the dangers of morphometric, hydrological and net flow features. studied. The basins in which the degree of danger is (1), which is of less danger, included one basin that is (4) to occupy a percentage (20%) of the total basins, while the basins in which the degree of danger is (2), which is of medium danger, occupied a percentage of ( 40%) of the total basins, to include basins (2, 5), while the basins with a degree of dangernet (4) and which are very dangerous occupied (40%) of the total studied basins, represented by basins (1, 3).

India's economic weight and future vision

Shahlaa K. Aboud; Vian A. M. Lawand

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 33-51

India is one of the countries with a large area that ranks seventh in the world in terms of area and the second in the Asian continent after China, in addition to having a strategic location in Central Asia, and a maritime continental country at the same time it has a strategic location overlooking one of the most important oceans, which is the Indian Ocean, one of the most important shipping lines gives India a marketing advantage, in addition to the importance of its astronomical position, which has given it a diversity of plants and crops with seasonal rains. India ranks fourth in the world in the production of minerals on the basis of size and India is the first in the world in terms of the rate of speed in economic growth, and it is the third largest economic power in the world after the United States of America and China, and the largest source of software in the world after the United States of America, it is the seventh nuclear power in the world after the United States, Russia, China, France, Britain and Israel, and the fifth world power in attracting investments after China, the United States, Britain and Mexico. It represents the third largest army in the world backed by reserve forces, and it has the seventh largest declared defense budget.

Manifestations of changing geopolitical influence in the Middle East at the beginning of the third millennium

Ahmed Dawood

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 52-84

The year 2016 represents a qualitative change in the regional and international geopolitical movement, as it represents the centenary of the 1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement on the one hand, and the beginning of the end for the terrorist organization Daash in practice. This has an impact on the geopolitical behavior of countries that are active in the international political decision or those that influence it regionally, and even those that want to be It has a current and future role for a stage that has its aftermath of changes.The geopolitical behavior in itself needs a renewed understanding, especially with the multiplicity and change of its actors on the one hand, and the different ways of expressing and representing it theoretically and realistically on the geographical area of the Middle East on the other hand.This research sheds light with a geopolitical vision on the changes taking place in the region in terms of traditional power actors and the desire of new powers to play a more important role in the geographical scope that they may affect.

Geographical obstacles towards sustainable agricultural development in the countryside of Ramadi District

Mohammed A. F; Saadoun D. K

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 85-108

The study aims to identify the role of agricultural policies in achieving sustainable agricultural development in the countryside of the Ramadi district and to identify the most important obstacles and policies that the rural areas of Ramadi suffers from, and through this topic we try to address the role of agricultural policies in achieving sustainable agricultural development and give priority to cultivating and using the land in the best way according to The available resources, which are natural and human resources, and the study set a future for sustainable agricultural development in the study area by trying to find an appropriate treatment for the obstacles facing this development on the one hand and strengthening its components on the other side

Estimation of the runoff volume of the Wadi Al-Wuj basin using the (SCS-CN) model

Hala K. Mohammed; Saadi A. Awda

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 109-138

The basin of Wadi al-walaj valley is located within the western Anbar plateau in its northwestern part, and it is one of the seasonal dry valleys with internal water drainage, its size is 4539 km. Depending on the American hypotheses of keeping soil (SCS-CN) to determine the amount of eloping of water. This depends on : the quality of soil, the amount of rain and the cover of land. The basin of al-malousi valley appears to be the most important secondary basin contributing to surface runoff this is due to the quality of the soil with low permeability and the quality of the land cover, which dominated by barren land.

Cartographic representation of the cultivation and production of grain crops in Ishaqi district, south of Salah al-Din Governorate

Muhannad F. Gzar; Abdulrazzaq S. Hammad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 139-167

The study of mapping occupies great place within geographical studies as well as other sciences for what it presented from accurate wide capacities such as presenting, investigating joining, explanting and recovering of the data base as a good and accurate way of explanation. Ways of mapping has a great deal or mean for explanation about the ideas and the relationships that occur within the same area.This study dealt with ((Cartographic representation of the cultivation and production of grain crops in Ishaqi district, south of Salah al-Din Governorate)) to show the importance of this science in the geographical study in preparing multiple maps. Preparing maps showing the distribution of phenomena (natural and human), as well as the distribution of agricultural crops in the form of quantitative maps, clarifying the discrepancy between agricultural provinces.

The effect of modern agricultural marketing systems on visiting production and achieving sustainable development Experimenting with agricultural marketing systems in major cities (malls as a model)

Mathil Arif Al. Saed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 168-186

The data of the field study were used for some large commercial centers in the countries of the Middle East, in addition to the data of the major European markets operating the (mall) system.For the purpose of determining the impact of modern agricultural marketing systems on the production visit and the achievement of sustainable agricultural development by the method of comprehensive inventory and field study, and it was found that (6) types of marketing systems exist in major commercial centers as well as the presence of (40%) to buy agricultural commodities and food products that are of primary source Agricultural production after conducting modern operations and marketing, and the results of the research concluded that there are (4) basic products: agricultural commodities, vegetables, and they are in great demand in varying proportions according to the attraction factors indicated by the part data .It concluded that there are some problems and obstacles, especially human problems and obstacles that have contributed to affecting the transportation and marketing systems of major commercial centers in different proportions .

Israel" and ISIS from the Euphrates to the Nile (Study in Geopolitical and Political Employment)

Ahmed Ajaj Mutar

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 187-215

Jewish nationalism as a biblical, Talmudic and historical specificity was the most important pillar of the Jewish state project since the nineteenth century, and it represented the dialectical relationship of the first Zionists between geography and the meaning of the land and what is meant here (Promised Land - Palestine) on the one hand, and religion and history on the other hand. During the first half of the last century, this project turned from a mere ideological national project to a Zionist settlement project in Arab Palestine, the heart of the vital field of the Arab Mashreq region, where the Jewish state arose on a geopolitical area covering the historical area of Palestine, and has the ability to transform into a geopolitical project that guarantees Excellence and control over the Arab biosphere, this project is based on four points: the Euphrates in the east (Mesopotamia), the Nile in the west (Egypt), the Mediterranean in the west (Bilad al-Sham), and the Red Sea in the (Arabian Peninsula)

Spatial variation of sheep and goats in Sulaimaniyah province

Jenan Majeed Mahmoud

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 216-255

This study is based on studying the geographical distribution of sheep and goats in the Sulaymaniyah governorate and analyzing their variance according to the districts، as sheep and goats are among the most important animals raised in Sulymaniyah to take advantage of their meat، dairy and wool، and on it this study tries to reveal the variables that explain sheep and goats geographically، And showing the effect of geographical factors on that distribution، as the geographical distribution of sheep and goats is affected by geographical factors (Physical and Human ) and by the population distribution , As the surface of the governorate is characterized by swaying and complexity in the northeastern parts, and this terrain permeates areas of mountain valleys plains, and the suitability of climatic conditions, which is characterized by moderate temperatures and winter rains that are sufficient for dry cultivation and intensive natural plant growth. However, the animal wealth suffers many problems, which requires several Among other things, improving animal breeds and working to increase the productivity of local animals by developing an artificial insemination program and paying attention to veterinary cadres and providing fodder through the cultivation of some fodder crops, through which the development and advancement of sheep and goat raising.

Challenges of Human Security in Al-Anbar City

Randa T. Khalifa; Hameed K. A

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 256-288

Security is the top priority for every country, and social security is inevitable necessity in society .Society does not advance without the presence of security ,that enhances belonging and loyalty to the country among individuals .They are the challenges that the Iraqi society As exposed to decades ago and its entry into a series of wars and internal and external conflicts , as well as the various crises , lack of o factors have led to obstacles to achieve social and human security in society .The research aims to identify the most important challenges facing human security in the Anbar community , as well as what social security is .As for the most important results of the research , they are summarized as follows :1-Poor human security in society has led to many problems in society .2-Young people suffer from serious social diseases that affect their social path

Taking on Social Responsibility and its Relation with the Existing Belief in the Justice of the World Among the Instructors of Tikrit, Al-Anbar and Al-Mosal Universities

Latif Gazi Maki; Sabah M. Manokh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 289-333

The current research aims for: 1. Identifying the measurement of taking on social responsibility among the instructors of Tikrit, Al-Anbar and Al-Mosal universities. 2. Identifying the measurement of the existing belief in the justice of the world among the instructors of Tikrit, Al-Anbar and Al-Mosal universities. 3. Identifying the differences of a statistical significant of the concept of taking on social responsibility among the instructors of a university according to the kind of variable (males- females). 4. Identifying the differences of a statistical significant of the concept of existing belief in the justice of the world among the instructors of Tikrit, Al-Anbar and Al-Mosal universities. 5. Finding out the associative relation between taking on social responsibility and the existing belief in the justice of the world among the instructors of a university. For achieving the objectives of the current research, the researchers have built a scale for taking on social responsibility depending on Glaser's theory (1965) and his definition to the concept of taking on social responsibility. The researchers' scale in its final forma consists of (25) valid items for measuring the concept of taking on social responsibility. Additionally, the researchers have checked the psychometric properties of the scale, where the validity of the research has been extracted by two means which are: face validity and construct validity. Also, they have extracted the reliability of the research by using other two means which are: re-test where the reliability coefficient is (0,80) and Cronbach's alpha where the reliability coefficient is (0,82). Besides, the researchers have built a scale for the existing belief in the justice of the world depending on the theory of (Lerner & Melvin) and their definition to this concept. The researchers have checked the psychometric properties of this scale where the validity has been extracted by two means which are: face validity and construct validity. In the same time, the reliability of the research has been extracted by two means which are: re-test where the reliability coefficient is (0,77) and Cronbach's alpha where the reliability coefficient is (0,79). The final forma of this scale consists of (22) valid items for measuring the concept of existing belief in the justice of the world. The two scales have been applied on the sample of the research which consists of (400) male and female instructors from Tikrit, Al-Anbar and Al-Mosal universities for the morning classes for the academic year (2010-2021).

The Effectiveness of Overlapping Waves Strategy-Based Program in Developing the Cognitive Engagement of Preparatory Level Female Pupils

Marwa M. Shalal; Iman S. Kareem

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 334-369

The present research aims to identify the effectiveness of overlapping waves strategy-based program in developing the cognitive engagement of pupils' cognitive engagement. The cognitive engagement scale of preparatory school pupils was constructed. The sample was divided into two groups of (22) pupils in the experimental group and (23) pupils in the control group. The overlapping waves strategy program is based on the theory of Seigler. The number of sessions reached (22) sessions, the duration of the session was (60) minutes, at a rate of three to four sessions per week. There is a statistical difference between the mean scores of the experimental group pupils and the mean scores of the control group pupils in the post-application of the cognitive engagement scale in favor of the experimental group due to the overlapping waves' effectiveness program in developing the cognitive engagement. According to the results, the researcher has made several conclusions, recommendations, and suggestions.

Self-Deception and its Relationship to Psychological Well-Being among University Student

Abdulrahman. I. M; Ammar Awad Farhan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 370-404

The current research aims to identify the level of both self-deception and psychological well-Being among students of University of Anbar according to the variables of gender and specialization, and to identify the correlation between self-deception and psychological contentment, where the researcher adopted the steps of the descriptive, associative approach, and the selection of the sample in a stratified random manner by (200) students To achieve this, the researcher built a measure of self-deception based on the theory (Taylor & Brown, 1988).The scale of psychological well-Being was prepared according to the theory (Seligman, 2002), and after applying the appropriate statistical procedures, the results of the research showed that the research sample possesses self-deception at a high level, and that there are statistically significant differences according to the gender variable and for the benefit of males, and that the members of the sample enjoy psychological well-being at an intermediate level, There are no statistically significant differences according to the variables of type and specialization, as the results indicated a direct correlation between self-deception and psychological well-being among students of University of Anbar, and in light of the results the researcher put a number of recommendations and proposals.

High-level thinking and its relationship to academic affirmation among university student

Kamal S. Hasan; Fouad M. Frieh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 405-440

High level thinking is considered as one of the most modern and abundant with knowledge resources in the field of cognitive psychology that cannot be dispensed in daily life. Through it, effective strategies can be implemented to face the renewed conditions of life, in order to achieve effective academic performance. The current research aimed to identify the level of high level thinking and academic affirmation among university students and it also aimed to identify the nature of the relationship between them. To achieve the aims of the research, the researchers developed two scales; the first one was designed to measure high level thinking, which consisted of (47) items with five-point alternatives which were distributed into three aspects; (analysis, synthesis, and evaluation), and the second scale was designed to measure academic affirmation which consisted of (58) items with five-point alternatives which were distributed into four aspects (self-confidence, social, academic, achievement). After ensuring the psychometric characteristics (validity and reliability) of the two scales, they were distributed to the main sample of the research consisting of (400) male and female students. The data were analyzed statistically using T-test for one and two samples, and the Pearson Correlation Coefficient. The results of the statistical analysis indicated that the university students have a good level of high level thinking (35.54) and academic affirmation (33.85). The results also indicated statistically significant differences in high level thinking according to the gender variable, in favor of males (2.36), and statistically significant differences in academic affirmation according to the gender variable in favor of males (3.83). In light of the findings of the current research, the research proposed a set of recommendations, including the participation of students in meaningful activities that would develop their knowledge structure and focus on aspects that improve their academic achievement.

The effect of the reading strategy (PQRST) on developing physical chemistry problem solving skills

Waad Ghanim Bdewi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 441-456

The aim of the research is to know the effect of the reading strategy (PQRST) in developing the skills of solving physical chemistry problems among students of the Department of Chemistry at the College of Education for Pure Sciences, University of Mosul. The research sample consisted of (70) students from the third stage of the academic year (2019-2020). Distributing them into two equal groups in number and equivalence in some variables, an experimental group whose members studied solving physical chemistry problems according to the (PQRST) strategy, and the second control group whose members studied the topics according to the usual method. And verify its sincerity and stability, and the final formula consisted of (5) problems in physical chemistry, all of which were characterized by honesty and stability, and after the researcher completed the experiment, the researcher used the test prepared for his research students, and after obtaining and collecting the results and conducting statistical operations on them by applying the appropriate tools statistically, the results showed that:At the level of significance (0.05) there is a statistically significant difference between the means of the problem-solving test for the members of the two groups and in favor of the experimental.

The effect of (STS) on the attitudes of middle school students and their achievement in the subject (Arabic grammar)

Hoda Muhammad Salman

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 457-468

The study aimed to find out the effect of (STS) on the attitudes of middle school students and their achievement in the subject (Arabic language grammar). The sample consisted of first-grade intermediate students. The experimental group included (72) students, and the control group (71) students. An achievement test was prepared in its final form, consisting of (8) paragraphs of the multiple choice type, (11) paragraphs of the type of completion, and (12) paragraphs of the essay type. A measure of trends was prepared that consisted of (31) items in its final form. Validity and reliability were verified and the value of the reliability coefficient for the scale was (0.85) and for the achievement test (0.86), so the test is valid for the study. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences between the average performance of the members of the experimental and control groups at the level of significance (0.05) in favor of the experimental group. The results of the post-trend scale also showed that there were statistically significant differences between the averages of the trends of the members of the experimental and control groups, at the significance level (0.05), in favor of the quasi-experimental group. In light of the results, the researcher concluded holding seminars and training courses for teachers to use the science, technology and society (sts) approach, encouraging Arabic language teachers to use (sts), and conducting studies similar to the current study on other materials

University Students' Perspectives Toward Using MALL in Learning English Language

Ali Sabah Jameel; Jinan Mohammed Abass

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 469-486

The researchers notice that mobile device has provided flexible environment to learn different subjects, English language is among these subjects. Thus, English Language learners' perspectives of using mobile in learning is one of the major factors for adoption Mobile Assisted language learning (MALL) applications in the university educational environment. The present study aims to investigate undergraduate students' perspectives (in the Department of Media- College of Arts -University of Anbar) toward learning English language as an ESP subject, to shift towards implementing MALL in teaching ESP instead of attending lecture at class. The participants were 32 male and female students who were enrolled in the Department of Media- College of Arts -University of Anbar). A questionnaire was used to collect the data of the study. The research tries to prove the following null hypothesis "There are no statistically significant differences in the mean scores of the students' perspectives towards learning English language that can be attributed to the MALL program". Mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the participants' responds. The findings reveal that there are statistically positive differences in the mean scores toward using mobile in learning English Language. Furthermore, the undergraduate students have positive perspectives towards using mobile in Learning English Language.

The educational behavior of teachers and its relationship to academic adjustment among middle school students

Saber T. Yaseen; Sarab A. M

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 487-506

The aim of the current research is to measure the level of educational behavior among middle school teachers and its relationship to the academic adjustment of their students. The first aim was to measure the level of educational behavior among middle school teachers, while the second aim was to measure the level of educational behavior among middle school teachers according to the gender variable (male-female) While the third objective is to measure the level of academic adaptation among middle school students, and the fourth aim is to find the relationship between the educational behavior of middle school teachers and the academic adaptation of their students. As for the study sample, two samples were selected (the first of the teachers (80) and the second Of the students (80), the apparent honesty and consistency were verified by using the re-test method and using the Pearson correlation coefficient of the educational behavior scale (0.83) and the coefficient of the academic adaptation scale was (0.87), and the measures were applied to the research sample and the results were extracted using T-Test for one, two samples and Pearson correlation coefficient. The results showed the following

Challenges facing male and female teachers in the distance education system In light of the Corona crisis

Rasha A. Khalaf

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 507-529

This study aimed to identify Challenges facing male and female teachers in the distance education system In light of the Corona crisis beyond within the variables (gender, years of service), by answering academic questions, the study population consisted of all teachers and teachers in the secondary stage in the city of anbar, and a class sample was chosen Randomized by (20) teachers in the secondary stage in the city of anbar. A questionnaire was developed based on the theoretical framework and previous studies. The validity of the study tool was verified and the appropriate statistical treatment was carried out. The study concluded the following:1-There are a number of challenges facing high school teachers in anbar in light of the Corona pandemic.2-There were no statistically significant differences at the significance level (α <0.05) in the challenges facing male and female teachers at the secondary level in anbar in light of the Corona pandemic within the gender variable

The Role of the New Media in Promoting Societal Peace Issues after the ISIS Terrorist(A: Study on the Public in Ramadi)

Abdul Sattar Hamid Judea

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 8, Pages 530-549

This research comes under the title (The Role of New Media in Promoting Societal Peace in Anbar Governorate - A Study on the Public in Ramadi). The main aim of this research is to identify the role that the new media plays in promoting societal peace in Anbar Governorate. My agencies:1-. Identify the highest role that the new media plays in promoting societal peace in Anbar.2- Investigate the most follow-up sites from the governorate’s audience.33-Disclosure of the best contents about societal peace, to be followed by the publicThe researcher relies on the survey method using the questionnaire tool to reach the results, and the research community was represented by the public of Anbar Governorate. As for his sample, it is from the city of Ramadi, the center of Anbar Governorate, and it reaches (250) respondents, and the research reaches the following results:11-Most of the respondents' answers indicated that the lack of a unified media discourse towards building a society with positive values among the negatives in the new media2- The results also proved that presenting ideas and opinions that stimulate a sense of true citizenship comes at the forefront of methods that have an impact on societal peace.