Volume 2021, Issue 10, Autumn 2021


The effect of the Quranic story on Ethics

Anas Isam Ismaeel

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 1-23

The Quran is the read universe, and it contains all what mankind need in their life such as administrative, theological and worship systems. Among those system and the one which the Quran has made it integral with Faith is the ethical system. Many verses in the Quran urges about good ethics and rejects bad ethics. I have rather preferred to study the effect of the Quranic story on the ethics because the stories have a different effect from the direct commands. When a Muslim reads a Quranic story, he gets engaged with its events, pictures its scenes, and gets affected by its results. Therefore, there is no doubt that he will be affected by the ethical events that happened within the scenes of the Quranic story. Hence the idea of writing this paper in which I deal with (the effect of the Quranic story on ethics) in which I dealt with some of the scenes of the Quranic stories and not all the details of the story. Because there is no space to deal with all the events of the story here. Most of the ethical scenes that I dealt with came from the story itself. Such scenes made explicit or hidden reference to the moral aspect. In any way, these scenes has a great effect on the reader heart. Most of the ethical scenes that I have found was in the stories of Joseph and Moses (Peace be upon them). After them, was the story of Ibrahim. I have not found in all of prophets’ stories who are mentioned in the Quran incidents or scenes that has an effect in the ethical aspect. It suffices us that we have roamed between the lines of the Quranic stories and extracted some valuable jewels

Cultural Specificity in the Visual Industries between Originality and the Contemporariness . A study in anthropology of arts

Harith Ali Hassan Al-Obaydy

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 24-42

Visual industries can present impressively useful and pleasant forms. The main practice of the visual industries, i.e. pictures and words does not only implicate their aesthetics or the aesthetic taste influence, but also their capacity to understand and contain the psychological and sociological reality in a comprehensive, integrated and meaningfull manner as well as their capacity to reveal both the masked human world and the embellished external world. The dialectical analyses of the relation between Art and Society is related at the same time to the principal of aesthetic analysis regarding the social function of Art . Each of them form (together with philosophy, sociology and ethics) in its own manner a fundamental part of people's social consiousness. The visual industries are not created for pleasure and entertainment as much as they are created to reflect the human knowledge of the universe and life. They are an intellectual knowledge that enables to go deeper into the society as a reflexion of the informations and expressions acquired from the natural and social worlds. Nowadays, we see them enter in the society of knowledge in all their manifestions and results on a manner that can be an expression for cultures with their varied and multifacted characteristics. That is why the researcher decided to do this study in order to try to find out what visual industries are as well as to identify the pattern of their role in the society of knowledge by relying on a multiple methodology based on the multiple approaches for briefing and exploring the most important aspects of the topic. The study has reached many results of which the most important is that the visual industries represent an important area in the daily social life of the people and society. Human beings have turned to the image industries because of their importance as intellectual products that enable people to satisfy their multiple needs.

Social networks and their role in political participation (a field study on Anbar University students)

Jamal I. Ghazzai; Moayad M. Mahmoud

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 43-63

Social media is one of the most important innovations that changed the course of many people's attitudes in society, it has an effective and important role in organizing and coordinating many political events and because of the social need and the exchange of ideas and opinions and the transmission of events and facts, in addition to its effective role in the participation of individuals in elections and the contribution of individuals towards Political issues within the communityThe importance of the study lies in two aspects:The first aspect is the theoretical importance that reveals the social networking sites and the extent of their impact on political issues and the extent of their suitability for university youth, while the second aspect is the scientific importance that lies in the field framework of the study and the results expected from itThe study also relied on the social survey method to reach the goals of the study, by adopting the tool (questionnaire) which was distributed to a sample size (200) male and female to Anbar University students on a number of colleges, four of which are human and three of which are scientific

Social variables of high divorce rates after returning from displacement - a field study in the city of Ramadi

Zaid M. Al.Hamdani; Nouri S. Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 64-92

The phenomenon of divorce is a thorny issue because of the specificity and sensitivity of the problems involved in it, and the difficulty of obtaining neutral information regarding it from both parties to the conflict, as the researcher did everything possible to achieve his desired goal. The increase in divorce cases and their high rates have become a clear feature in the modern era and in most of the developed and developing societies, as we see the disintegration of families and the deviation of children from the right path. Societal cohesion, especially for families who have lived through the bitter experience of displacement, and the tragedies and suffering that resulted from it, which is not felt except in the midst of its horrors, and was harmed by the harsh conditions and material and moral losses as a result. Our study is one of the field descriptive studies, and the researcher relied on the social survey method by using the questionnaire tool that was distributed to a sample of the people who were searched for and their number (150) is absolute and absolute, in addition to conducting personal interviews with some individuals from the Customs And specialization

 

Portrayal of Women to Men-Case study in Psychoactive and Social effects for Marital Infidelity from the Man's Point of View in Mosul

Ibtehal Abduljawad Kadhim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 93-120

The mental portrayal of things and people is determined by the social experience, and the nature of the individual, by which subjects are characterized by certain assessments.The government's decision to withdraw the woman from the state of the country is a sign of the government's commitment to the constitution. At the intersection of the mental image and the reality, a man may try to adapt one to fit the other or it may adopt intellectual and behavioral alternatives, through infidelity, which is caused by various psychological and social influences.The purpose of the research is to reveal the portrayal of women in men in the context of identifying the psychological and social effects of the betrayal of the husband. The results showed that the psychological and social effects of marital infidelity made men paint the image of women according to the satisfactions they desire

 

Striving to Maintain Dignity and Aggression among University Students

Safa’a Hamid Turki Al- Rashid

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 121-159

This study aims at revealing the relationship between striving to maintain dignity and aggression in University students, through, 1-Measuring the striving to maintain dignity in University students. 2- Comparison in dignity according to gender variable (Male-Female) 3-Comparison in dignity according to specialization variable(scientific-humanitarian).4-Measuring aggressive behaviour in University students.5-Comparison in aggression according to gender variable (Male-Famle).6- Comparison in aggressive behavior according to specialization variable (scientific-humanitarian). 7- Finding a relation between dignity and aggressive behavior.As for the purpose of measuring the research variables, the researcher has built two tools , one for measuring the striving to maintain dignity ,which is made up of(28) item ,and the other for measuring aggression ,which is made up of (44) items.To make sure that the two tools are valid ,the researcher has calculated the plausible validity by presenting it to a group of psychology arbitrators, and the validity of construction through finding the correlation factor,item degree of the total scale , also the discrimination of the two scale items has been calculated according to the Vakronbach method , the correlation factor of the scale of the striving to maintain dignity has reached to (0.79) and the aggression scale (0.90), and it has been applied on a sample that consists of 200 University students (Male-Famale) , then they were chosen in a simple random way, and the data was gathered by using a suitable statistic way

 

The meaning of life among students of the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences at the College of Education for Humanities/ University of Anbar

Ammar A. Farhan Al.Obaidi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 160-184

The research aims to identify the level of meaning of life among students of the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences in the College of Education for Humanities / University of Anbar and to identify the differences in the meaning of life according to the gender variable (males - females) and the type of study (morning - evening), and to achieve the objectives of the research was selected a sample of (101) students, the number of students from the morning study (51) students, where the total number of males (27) and the total of females (24) students, and the number of students from evening study (50) students, the total number of males) 27) and the total female (23) students. The researcher built a measure of the meaning of life, which consists of (24) paragraph in its final form, and extracted the sincerity and stability of the scale, the research reached the following results: The level of meaning of life among students of the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences is high and statistically significant (0.05), there are no differences in the level The meaning of life according to the gender variable and the significance (0.05), there are no differences in the level of meaning of life by type of study (morning, evening) and significance (0.05), and in the light of the results of the researcher put a number of recommendations and proposals. Keywords: meaning of life, university students, educational and psychological sciences

 

Perceived Negative Effects of Congestion and Their Relationship with Life Satisfaction Among Faculty Members

Haider Fadiel Hassan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 185-210

The current research aims to measure the negative effects of congestion and life satisfaction among faculty members and compare them with their gender variable (male - female). And find the correlation between the perceived negative effects of congestion and life satisfaction in faculty members. The sample of the research consisted of (50) males and (50) females from Baghdad University’s faculty members, representing both the scientific and the humanities. The results of the research showed that university teachers have a high level of perceived negative effects of crowding and have a life satisfaction. There were also no significant differences between males and females in the perceived negative effects of congestion and in life satisfaction. The results also showed a significant negative relationship between the perceived negative effects of congestion and life satisfaction with the sample. The research reached a set of recommendations and proposals based on its results.

 

Psychological security and its relationship to suicidal behavior among students of the College of Education – Tarmiyah

Hanan khalid ibrahem Al- salhi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 211-228

The study aims to reveal the level of psychological and suicidal behavior. As well as to know the relationship between psychological security and suicidal behavior Among students of the College of Education - Tarmiyah, I built tow tools to measure psycho security and suicidal behavior, and both tools and suicidal behavior, and both tools were validated and trusted. The sample number reached (200) university students, and after analyzing the data statistically, the results showed a high level of psychological safety of students, and a low rate of suicidal behavior. There is also an inverse correlation between psychological security and suicidal behavior, and the correlation coefficient reached (0.78) at a significant level (0.01), and in light of these results I reached a number of recommendations and proposals

 

The Impact of Social media on family communication from the parents' point of view A field study in Mosul

Haitham Saeed Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 229-257

The aim of the research is to know the impact of social networking sites on family communication from the parents' point of view, and to achieve the goals of the research, a questionnaire was designed consisting of (13) paragraphs. After confirming the honesty and consistency, it was applied to a sample consisting of (60) respondents from individuals representing heads of families, male and female. (Father. Mother) in the city of Mosul, with its left and right sides, they were randomly selected, and after statistically processing the data, the research reached a number of results, the most important of which is that social media in the city of Mosul is a method that has reduced family communication within the family and that it is a direct cause in multiplying social family relationships , And there were many differences in the relationship between the spouses within the family, as it did not meaningful dialogue and caused freezing of feelings and emotions and contributed to widening the gap between the children.

 

Cognitive Beliefs and their Relationship to the Test Wisdom of Anbar University students

Marwa Ali nafe; Abdul Karim Juma Al Kubaisy

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 258-289

The aim of the current research is: Identifying the level of cognitive beliefs among university students, Identifying the level of experimental wisdom among university students, Identifying the significance of differences in cognitive beliefs among university students according to two variables: gender (male, female) - specialization (scientific, literary), Identifying the significance of the differences in the experimental wisdom of university students according to two variables: gender (male, female) - specialization (scientific, literary), and the nature of the relationship between cognitive beliefs and the experimental wisdom of university students ,Identifying the extent of the contribution of cognitive beliefs to the experimental wisdom, To achieve these goals, a sample of 300 students from Anbar University was chosen ,They were applied to the research sample so the most prominent results are the following:The level of cognitive beliefs in the research sample is high in all dimensions, There are statistically differences between males and females in favor of males in the first and second dimensions. The absence of differences between males and females in the third and fourth dimensions in cognitive beliefs, The absence of indicating differences according to the variable of specialization (human - scientific) in cognitive beliefs ,The study sample has a high degree of experimental wisdom ,Statistically, there are no differences in the test wisdom between males and females, Statistically, there are indicating differences according to the variable of wisdom test and in favor of scientific specialization ,Cognitive beliefs with their four dimensions are related to experiential wisdom ,Cognitive beliefs with their four dimensions differ in their predictive power of experimental wisdom.

 

Educational design according to metacognition strategies and its impact on achievement Sixth students of applied science in mathematics and their smart thinking

Haider Abdul Karim Mohsen Al-Zuhairi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 290-326

The aim of the research is to identify (educational design according to metacognitive strategies and its impact on the achievement of the sixth applied science students in mathematics and their intelligent thinking). They studied mathematics by instructional design according to metacognitive strategies (stereotyping strategy, inverse strategy, total quality strategy, and planning strategy); and (33) students in the control group who studied the same subject in the usual way, and then rewarded them statistically in the variables (chronological age, intelligence test, and previous information test); He prepared a test for achievement in mathematics of (50) objective items, and a test of intelligent thinking of (30) objective items, and both tests were of a multiple-choice type, and he verified their psychometric properties.

 

Obstacles of e-learning in teaching Sharia science subjects from the point of view of specialists in curricula and methods of teaching the Holy Quran and Islamic education

Basema H. Abood

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 327-360

The current research aims to identify the obstacles to e-learning in teaching Sharia science subjects from the point of view of specialists in the curricula and methods of teaching the Holy Qur’an and Islamic education. The research sample reached (44) specialists in curricula and methods of teaching the Noble Qur’an and Islamic education, and to achieve this, the research followed the descriptive and analytical approach, where a questionnaire consisting of (40) items was developed after verifying its validity and consistency, and it was distributed to the study sample from the faculty members Appropriate statistical analyzes were carried out, where the results of the study showed that the paragraphs of the tool as a whole formed obstacles to e-learning facing faculty member, Where the obstacles for teachers and students were the biggest obstacles, followed by the obstacles of the administrative and material aspects (infrastructure and technical support). Obstacles to the university curriculum came in third place, and they were followed by the obstacles of experience in the field of e-learning. Curricula and methods of teaching the Noble Qur’an and Islamic Education, and in light of the results of the study, the researcher presented a number of recommendations and proposals

 

The impact of a training program based on constructive learning based on sustainable development for physics teachers on their scientific cultures, achievement and mental motivation for their students

Samira Adnan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 361-393

The impact of a training program based on constructive learning based on sustainable development for physics teachers in middle schools ,Know the effect of training physics teachers on their scientific culture, Know the effect of training physics teachers on the mental achievement and motivation of their students, The second and third goals can be verified by testing the following two null hypotheses:- There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average grades of physics teachers (the experimental group) who participated in the training program and the grades of the teachers (the control group) who did not participate in the training program in the scale of scientific culture.- There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the mean scores of students of physics teachers, the experimental group, who participated in the training program, and the grades of students of physics teachers in the control group who did not participate in the training program in the academic achievement test and the motivation scale The research sample included (34) physics teachers for the fourth scientific grade, and it was distributed randomly between the two groups that participated in the training program. It included (16) schools and teachers, and the other officers included (18) schools and teachers who were rewarded with variables (certificate, gender, qualification, previous experience Training courses) and the research community included (340) i.e. (160) students of the experimental group teachers and (180) students of the control group by (10) students for each school and teacher, who were rewarded in the variable (mental motivation).

 

The Effect of the flipped classroom strategy in the achievement level of first-grade Intermediate students in Mathematics

Riyadh Jumaah Algylany

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue 10, Pages 394-421

The research aims to identify the effect of flipped classroom strategy in the achievement level of first-grade Intermediate Students in mathematics. “The research consisted of first-grade Intermediate Students, (2019-2020), and the sample of the research consisted of (65) student, they were chosen intentionally from Al Elem-Al Nafaa Secondary School for Boys, divided into two groups. One of them represents the experimental group which contains (32) student, who studied according to flipped classroom strategy, and the other is the control group which contains (33) student, who studied according to the traditional method. The valency had been made between them in number of variants”.To achieve the research objectives, the researcher prepared a test of achievement, the final version of the test consisted of (50) items of the type of multiple choice, the items have been characterized by validity, discrimination, and reliability. The experiment was applied in the first semester, the two research groups were taught according to the plans prepared for each group and then applied the achievement test. After collecting data and analyzing it statically, the result shows: - There is a statistical significant difference (at level of 0.05) between the mean scores of the two research groups, as a whole and in understanding and application, in favor of experimental group students in the test of achievement.- There is no statistical significant difference (at level of 0.05) between the mean scores of the two research groups, in the remembering level in the test of achievement. The researcher came up with a number of conclusions. One of these conclusions is that the flipped classroom strategy is effective in the achievement level of first-grade Intermediate Students in mathematics compared to the traditional way.