Volume 2020, Issue 2, Winter 2020


The Social and Educational Rights of the Child in Ancient Iraq in the Light of Cuneiform Texts

Hussein Ahmed Salman Al-Bawi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 1-28

The child is an important element in ancient societies as it is today, because the woman’s association with a man does not flourish except through the process of having children whose survival depends on caring for both sexes for them, but the mother bears the greater part of the responsibility, especially from the beginning of her pregnancy until She puts it on his breasts and watches over his comfort, and after he leaves her bosom she and her husband teach him good habits and reject bad habits, and even after he reaches the age of majority, the mother remains keen on her son and fears him of any bad that may befall him.

The Phenomenon of Excluding Scholars and its Effect in the Arab Islamic State

Bashir S. A; Abdul Sattar M. D

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 29-44

Many scholars and writers have been exposed to exclusion and the reasons and charges that led to their exclusion have varied. Some of them were politically motivated or contrary to the orientations of the authorities according to their concept. Torture and beatings, this research sheds light on those boycotts and their implications for the state and its policy

The wives of the Messenger of God Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, to Al-Nuwair fi kitabah nihayat al'arb fi funun al'adabi

Taha Mekhlef Abdullah Ahmed; Eman .M. H

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 45-70

God Almighty has honored his Prophet Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, that his bounty over the prophets, as he singled out many characteristics, including marriage to more than four wives, and they were mentioned by al-Nuwayri with eleven wives who entered them, and we have devoted the first section of this research to mentioning them, taking into account the sequence The history of their marriage with each one of them being mentioned in a separate biography from her marriage until her death, starting from his first wife, Khadija bint Khuwaylid, may God be pleased with her, and the story of her marriage to the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, as one of the women of her people in terms of money and lineage, so she offered herself to marry the Messenger of God May God bless him and grant him peace, because of the qualities of honesty and trust that she knew about him, so the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, accepted to marry her, so her father Khuwaylid took over her marriage and the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, did not marry her in her life until God passed away.The second topic of this research mentioned the women who married and did not enter them, and we have detailed the discussion about them according to the sequence that was mentioned by Al-Nuwairi.

L-Mutamid Bin Abad in Agmatprison

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 71-95

In the history of political and literary Andalusia, Ibn Abad has emerged as a king in the battlefields and poets who sing the generations of his poetry. His political and military news has been of interest to historians and researchers, which has led to an expansion in the narration of the incidents that Ibn Abad contributed to its making. I chose this king and poet to be the subject of my research. The fulfillment of a man gave history a lot of events painted his image of weakness of the kingdom of Seville and the history of the kings of the communities in general as he employed all his actions in his poetry and in the diagnosis of his suffering especially the plight of families that returned from the tribulations of the bone that caused deep pain in the life of the adopted son of slaves and was the life of Two stages of ascension to the glory of the political life and history since he sat on the throne until his fall, and then the second stage in which he photographed his life inside the prison and the suffering heived and the positions that he suffered until his death

The Role of Self Influence Arabic Islamic Civilization

Wafa’a M.Sahab

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 96-113

The Role of Self Influence in Helding The Arabic Islamic CivilizationThe Concept of Civilization differed by the difference of its view from person to person and from society to another . According , its definition varied which reflected on the role of the self-influence in helding a wide civilization . A Civilization was will an essential source for all world civilization that is , The Arabic Islamic Civilization .Knowing the role of the self – influences , need studying them even though briefly in order be able to benefit from them properly .This research will deal with these influences which was a direct reason in helding the Arabic Islamic Civilization . Thereby , made it the greatest civilization throughout history which were the important basis in the prosperity of it which reached to its highest level of developments.This paper includes dealing with fine of these self – influence and how was its role in constructing the Arabic Islamic Civilization

hristian evangelization and its impact on local Hawaiian traditions as a model

Enas Saadi Abdullah; Osama Adnan Yahya

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 114-135

The Hawaiian Islands are located in the center of the Pacific Ocean, Its capital Honolulu, Called the first time Sandwich Islands, It is of volcanic origin surrounded by coral reefs. Its population is ethnically ethnic Polynesian. Discovered by Captain James Cook (1728-1779) Who lost his life during his third and last trip during an armed conflict with the local population. Hawaii became part of the United States in 1898. The evangelization of Hawaii began at the hands of American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (1820). These missions have had a significant impact on the local traditions of the inhabitants of these islands, Have appeared remarkably in their local legends, some of which were influenced by the Bible as will be seen from the present study

Sheikh Mohan Al-Khair Allah: His Life and Political Impact in Iraq1890-1956

fahad Imusslim Zghayer

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 136-172

one wise man said. In this sense, many researchers and historians are interested in the biography of the historical figures who made or influenced the historical event, and this was one of the motives for writing about the personality subject of this research. Sheikh Muhan al-Khairullah he is one of the clan figures who appeared on the political stage in the last Ottoman period (1869-1918) and the beginning of the British occupation and monarchy age (1920-1958), he did not receive the required attention, he had a prominent role in Iraq revolution of 1920, and was described as " nightingale of the House of Representatives", where he was a member of the Council for more than two-thirds of the election sessions of the Council. The research included an introduction, two topics and a conclusion that included the most important conclusions. The first topic reviewed the personality of Sheikh Mohan Al-Khairallah and his social composition. The second topic was devoted to knowing its political impact

raq and the International Competition in the Middle East after 2017

Arkan Ibraheem Adwan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 173-193

The study reviewed the most important factors that determine the Iraqi position on the American-Iranian competition, and the most important effects on Iraq. Also, reviewed the competing powers strategies, and the official Iraqi position, and the policies that the Iraqi government can follow, and its results. Finally, The study concluded that; the Iraq because of its geographical location, and the political, security and economic reality, it is at the "HEART" of the crisis, and that its potential repercussions will affect more than one side. Therefore, the Iraqi government must not support any side, and support all efforts that seeks to find peaceful solutions through diplomatic means

The water project of the Israeli Middle East channel and its geopolitical repercussions on Arab water security

Faris Mazloum Makk

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 194-227

Jordan and Israel agreed to establish a water navigation project linking the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. The agreement stipulated a peace agreement between them in 1994 and the project is the largest economic cooperation between the Zionist entity and Jordan for decades, on a huge project represented in establishing a water link with a length of two hundred kilometers. Between the Mediterranean, Red Sea and Dead Sea, the lowest point on the surface of the earth, and they signed a formal agreement, the cost of a project that could reach eleven billion dollars with a clear and influential presence of the World Bank and the United States as sponsors of the agreement and donors from among the countries financing the project, and gave my Israelis An incentive for Jordan to sign represent fifty million cubic meters water annually provided by Tel Aviv to Amman from Lake Tiberias additional share of water

The mosque and shrine of the prophet joshua in Baghdad with its importance in religious tour

Saadi I. Al-Darraji

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 228-243

this paper is dealt with the studying of one of the hidden shrines in ancient Baghdad cemetery which is the mosque and shrine of the prophet joshua according to its biggest historical importance by describing it as one of the prophet who is mentioned in holy Quran , the study concentrated on the building in all historical stages limited specially on the repairing works in that era . the research aims to document one of the important religious status in Baghdad which is the descriptive study depending on the fields visit and putting diagram clears the form of shrine and accurate measuring in addition to enhance it with photographs and it had considered as the inherited civil of Baghdad . the study had arrived to results that must be useful in the field of specialist academic study about Islamic heritage that it had also considered as discovering the important sides in religious architecture because it had made a series of shrines recorded in the field of architecture

Geographical Analysis of Deprivation by Infrastructure Indicators in Al - Rutba City

Amjad Raheem Mohammed Al- Kubeisi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 244-266

In recent decades, various indicators and statistical methods have been developed to measure deprivation levels in the economic and social fields. These indicators aim to identify the areas that are deprived in some of these areas, in order to know the development needs of these areas, and thus to focus their development and development processes. The infrastructure of any city represents the cornerstone of it because it is the basis of urban growth The research dealt with the indicators of infrastructure in a marginal city in the far west of Iraq within the province of Anbar, it is administratively important, to indicate the rates of deprivation in infrastructure services for that city, that the availability of these services efficiently contributes to The formation of a healthy and peaceful environment for the city through which the daily exercise of human activities, which reflects on the development and progress of the city of humid administrative importance of being a gateway to the country overlooking the three sister countries in addition to the fact that it has seen an increase in its size, which reflected on the increasing demand for services Ne infrastructure The field study was adopted and the application of planning criteria to measure those services to determine the deprivation and deficiencies of those services in the city and from the application of those standards it became clear that the city suffers from a clear deprivation and large proportions of many of these indicators, while some of them are almost completely zero, which required the study and a set of solutions And alternatives to address the deprivation in infrastructure services and development in order to achieve the welfare and social justice of the residents of the city of Rutba

Ageographical Analysis of landfill Sites in the City of Ramadi and the Possibility of Investing in the Production of Electrical Energy

Salah A. M; Nazeer S. H

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 267-295

The study aims to study sanitary landfill sites in the city of Ramadi, as the problem of solid waste is the main problem that is of concern to the management of all municipal councils, especially cities, due to the narrow land area, the amount and size of massive solid waste, and negative consequences, on public health, linking the uses of the population The quantities of waste generated in the city of Ramadi, and showed the geographical distribution of landfills in the city of Ramadi and the environmental impact on the city of Ramadi. The study included studies on extracting energy from solid waste and the amount of energy generated from solid waste in the city of Ramadi Y reached by the following equation (thermal value of the material = (kj / kg)] × 10-3), as the total heat capacity of solid waste in the city of Ramadi 525,097.333105 (kW.h / year) kWh

Cultivation of grape trees in Bani Hashish District and the Economic Reality

Daris Abonashtan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 296-334

Grapes are considered to be of great economic importance in the exploitation of low fertile lands and deep lands. It is also important in stabilizing soil and preventing erosion. Natural elements of the Directorate and the extent and suitability for the cultivation of grape trees, and clarify the methods used for planting, and to identify the economic role of the grape product in creating economic and social dynamism in the Directorate. We conducted this study on a random sample of 50 farms representing 10% of the grape growers in the Directorate, and conducted a series of interviews in the field of grape cultivation in the Directorate, and relied on the descriptive analytical and statistical approach in addition to processing statistical data from tables and figures through the program spss, and ArcGIS 10.2 to make and produce the appropriate maps. The study reached a number of results, including: The revenues of the grape sector in the Bani Hashish Directorate represented a positive economic reality. . Finally, a number of recommendations were made which will contribute to the development of the grape sector in the Directorate

Geographical Analysis of Educational Services in the Golan Neighborhood in the City of Fallujah

Abdul-Razzaq Muhammad Jabbar Al-Muhammadi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 335-358

Service generally ,including educational services and one of the fundamentals of the commity or society ,whether at the level of the city or region or their parts ,and the study area was one of the Fallujah parts that it is revival of city area and population and it is older ,that has 21school speard over all stages incuding kindergartens ,immunity elementary and intermediate stage and that are newly opaned ,it is elementary school wither the others are intermedeat secondary schools and junior high school . so the discussion dealt with the following topics

Geographical distribution of the illiterate population in Anbar Governorate for the years (1997 and 2018)

Omar N. A.M; Iyad M. M

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 359-388

The research deals with the Geographical distribution to the population Illiteracy in Anbar province for the years (1997 And 2018 ) the results of the census for the year (1997) and the field study (questioner) were adopted as the data for the numbers of illiterate people for the year (2018) are not available. The research concluded that the decrease of the percentage of illiterate people is due to many reasons (social and economic) and many more besides. The research ended with many Conclusions and recommendations that may help these responsible for eliminating illiteracy in the province

Geographical Analysis of Population Growth Trends of Al-Anbar Province Population and its Future Prospects for the Period (1947 - 2007)

Omar F. K; Caesar A. A; Hussein A. A

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 389-427

The research aims to reveal population growth trends for the population of Anbar province. The importance of population growth is highlighted because it helps to know population changes in the past, present and future, which provide the planners with the necessary data to use in order to set general lines for planning programs in various areas of economic and social life, Therefore, population growth has become one of the phenomena emphasized by the geographers of population. Thus, it addresses the natural characteristics of Al-Anbar Province, which are the ground upon which the phenomenon of population growth trends emerges for the population of Anbar province. It also detects some variables affecting the variance of the population growth of the province population and its analysis in time through identifying the methods of measuring population growth rates. The study found out that the natural characteristics played a major role in affecting the population characteristics, in addition to the decrease in males numbers versus the increase in females number. It also concludes that there is a continued growth of the population of the province with high growth rates and in a stable level during the study period. The study recommends to balance the population growth rates during the study period, and to educate families about the importance of recording births at the time of their occurrence to have more accurate and realistic data. It recommends too that the state’s population policy should be clear and announced in regard to reproduction in order to be consistent with the society perspectives and the aspirations of the Iraqi state

Climate changes and its impact on change of crop structure in Al –Anbar from the period (1980-2014)

Laith Mhmood Khalfh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 428-460

The research aim to study the impact of climate changes on the growth and productivity of wheat crop in Al Anbar province . to achieve that the analytical approach is adopted to clarify impact of the climate elements and phenomena are represented by solar radiation the minimum and maximum temperature ,wind ,atmospheric humidity, rains and evaporation in wheat production and maturity date, the geographical distribution of the area invested in agriculture ,the quantities of its production and its role in the agriculture economy. as well as the compatibility of the climatic characteristics in the study are with requirements of agriculture and quantity of wheat produced in quantity and quality as the food of people that depend on it is beside the great economic importance .the research relied on the data of three climatic stations in the study area it is {Ramadi-Haditha and ASl Qaim } over a period from (1980 -2014) as a well as agricultural data matching to total duration of the study

Problems & challenges that facing the transport sector at Al-Anbar Governorat

Huda Hussein Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 2, Pages 461-490

The aim of research is to findout some suggestions and solutions for problems of transport sector, which has a major rule as one of fulcrum sectors in settingup aground base infrastructures, and as the origin of development process especially at Anbar governorate at which other sectors would suffer alot of challenges if transport sector would not rise up. At the level of Anbar governoate transport sector can enhance trading, growing up trading exchange, increase chances for investment, enhancing the economic and commercial relationships with other governorates and the external world, Anabr governorate has an important strategic location, as it is the borderline outlet to Aqaba bay (Jordan) which constribites in exporting oil, industrial and service products,importing goods and services in addition to traffic connection with Jordan and Syria, that make it an important commercial trading provincial center to raise the level of commercial activities inside the governorate, increase the population income and improve the standard of living, even it's possible to connect Aqaba bay with Basra seaport. To focus on land transport problems, especially vehicles that occupy first rank in transport at the governorate which has a large surface area and population significance, thence population activities increment especially vehicles on their different types, sizes and numbers mainly at city centers which suffer from land employements overlapping, street networks maladjustment, traffic jams and lack of parks, and to elicit agroup of solutions and suggestions to develop and evolute transport at the governorate, reduce traffic jams and to restrain road traffic accidents