Volume 2020, Issue 3, Winter 2020

Al-Sakhawi’s Comments (D 902H) in his book “aldaw' alllamie of the Ninth Century” / Analytical Study

Fatima Zabar Anazan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 1-26

Sukhawi lived in the ninth century AH and is considered one of the prominent scientific figures in Mamluk history in particular and Islamic in general, as he reached the highest scientific ranks of the underdeveloped sciences. Therefore, this book is a huge scientific encyclopedia included in its translations of various methodological trends through the texts contained in the narrations and comments made by Within the translations of this writing using various formulas expressions on them, and was reported according to systematic formulations did not deviate from the general framework of the book in general and what the author provides in these subjects in particular, we see the same approach that he followed in covering this subject including Ara E, including those referred to in the various directions and contexts of the methodology contained in those translations as each of them came to a particular approach revealed the motives and factors found in the translations, including the transfer from one of the sources from which he was transferred, or convey a phrase has a kind of doubt He refers to the manner in which he has reached him through that information about his translator, denies the validity of some of the novels that he receives, and confirms their validity through his information or sometimes denies it

Jurists, scholars and authority In the Abbasid era during the two centuries (4 AH and 5 AH / 10 CE and 11 CE)

Oumelkheir Otmani

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 25-55

At the beginning of the second third of the fourth century AH / tenth century AD, the Abbasid Caliphate defined a critical period after the entry of the Daihoy dynasty to Iraq at the head of a foreign army that did not believe in the legitimacy of Arab Islamic rule and in the service of their narrow interests. They preserved the symbolic value of this caliphate; The outsider to the Abbasid society, despite engaging in political disputes with the institution of the caliphate, which wagered a great deal on the jurists, and the category of scholars, to contain boihi penetration.The scholars and jurists supported the caliph, and supported him in his various relations with the Bohai princes in the interior, which were not all hostile relations, and in his foreign policy, they maintained the symbolic sovereignty of the caliphs, and they met their actions with reactions of varying effects, by addressing these practices, which are the responses that Which did not have a significant positive impact

Councils of the Abbasid Caliphs and their role in education

Zeinab Kamel Karim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 56-80

The topic of the councils of the caliphs is one of the important topics in the field of Islamic history, because it has an impact in highlighting an important aspect of the life of the Abbasid caliphs, which is the positive and bright side of their biography, which we often find described as luxury and opulence that we describe as imaginary, and on the validity of that Or exaggeration, we must confirm in our research that the caliphs were also highlyhighly aware of the Qur’an and Sunnah and the news of the Arabs, language and literature and they were also narrators of the hadith of the Prophet and Arabic poetry, and their news with scholars is abundant in the stomachs of history and biographies, and given the length of the Abbasid era, I hope that Be searching Here about specifically the first Abbasid era, and that is for matters for the length of the Abbasid era as I mentioned beforeand because the second Abbasid era was more prominent in education and the role of the caliphs is much broader and is known in terms of the interest of the caliphs in building schools, which is well known in Baghdad and the rest of the Islamic provinces such as the regular school and the school Al-Mustansiriya and others. Also, the sciences began to emerge and emerge as the sciences of medicine, mathematics, chemistry and tricks, which means physics and other sciences, except that the first Abbasid era represented the first building blocks of development, the scientific renaissance and the early stages are very important to show and focus on for their study and collect signals that show us the role that the caliphs played With intent or unintentionally pushing the wheel of knowledge and making Baghdad the capital of science and scholars and a beacon of civilization at a time when the whole world was immersed in an applied ignorance

Wasit village scholars

Abeer I. Saeed; Aziza A. Jassim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 81-110

Wasit was distinguished by its distinguished geographical location, and its proximity to the Tigris River helped the emergence of many villages in it, some of which emerged from many scholars who had a distinct cultural impact. We will show the most famous scholars of its villages, whose news has been dispersed in the stomachs of some of the mothers of the books, in addition to talking about the villages that have ceased to be mentioned, and there is no mention of them except in the folds of the books of Islamic history, and we will discuss in it the scientific families that emerged from some of their villages

The Economic Life for the al-motemon in Makkah and Madinah during the Prophetic era and al-Rashidi

zuben k. n; Baydaa h. h

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 111-121

This study discussed (the economic life of the Al-Moteemon in Mecca and Medina during the Prophetic and Rashidi era), And gained this subject of great importance starting from the migration of the Prophet (God pray and greet upon him) to the Medina. We discussed the economic situation of the Al-Moteemon and highlighted the general economic situation in Mecca and Medina during that period, which was measured by the wealth and stature.In addition, the research dealt with the status of Al-Moteemon, economic development, the role of Al-Moteemon and their contribution to the developmental work that increases the value of their country and contributes to their economic growth, the economic situation of the Al-Moteemon has played a major role in the high social status of the society during that period. The rich in Islam were rich and stature. They came from high-ranking tribes in Mecca and Medina. Most of them had great wealth. Most of them had huge fortunes from the trade that was the pillar of the Makki and Medini economy of that period , In addition to the developmental work they have done, which has been the reason to strengthen the state of the economic situation

Theology and its development during the Buihi era (334 AH-447 AH) The Mu'tazila - the Imamate - the Ash'ari as a model

Omaima Qassem Yahya

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 122-145

AbstractʿIlm al-Kalām “Science of discourse” is one of the sciences that has spread widely during the period of Buyahids domination. This science had a great impact on society at that time, due to important factors one of them: awareness and maturity of the Islamic schools of thought and doctrines that were prevalent in this period, the most important of these doctrines that have emerged on the political and religious scene in that period are Mu'tazila, Imami Shiites, and Ash'ari. These doctrines have worked to develop this knowledge and expand it through the debates that were taking place between the scholars and jurists of these different doctrines, these scientific debates that took place from time to time refers to the religious and intellectual tolerance between these doctrines that represented the Baghdadi community in that period, which led to the progress of the intellectual movement and its prosperity significantly in spite of the bad political situation that the country was going through. This research highlights the most prominent sciences of that period, the science of discourse, that prevailed in Baghdad, and the most important doctrines and the scholars who fought in it through their writings, which were mostly responses to other writings that differ with them in the opinion

Dawood ibn al-Husayn (d. 135 AH / 752 A.D) and his historical narratives on the time of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Mudhir Abed Ali; Loay A. Dardouh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 146-169

The research dealt with the study of (Dawood ibn al-Husayn (d. 135 AH / 752 A.D) and his historical narratives on the time of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)), and the choice of this subject for its importance, as Dawood ibn al-Husayn is an important historical figures, which played a distinct role in Islamic history. The research included two topics that dealt with the first stories of the historical mission of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to the Prophet's migration, and the second section of the historical accounts of the Prophet's migration until the death of the Prophet (PBUH), and concluded the research with a conclusion containing the most important findings of the research, and most important sources references

The city of Khujinda and its intellectual impact in the Islamic lands in the Abbasid era

Samah Nouri Fadhel

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 170-191

The city of Khujinda is one of the works of Fergana of the Islamic cities or the province of the province beyond the river, but it suffered from historical neglect as it did not receive sufficient attention by researchers despite its leading role at the intellectual level, we find in various regions of the Islamic world who is teacher or student attributed to this city, and it seems that This is due to the small what was written about. Hence, this research came to shed light on the historical roots Khujinda in terms of naming and location, as well as economic conditions and steps to open Islamically, while the last axis of the research to show the progress and the translations of scientists and their impact in the Islamic lands

Niftawayh and historical Mroyate in Baghdad , the date of which relate to the Abbasid caliphs

Eyada A.A; Majid H. A

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 192-229

The research deals with topic of the grammarian Ebraheem in Mohammed Bin Arafa, known as Naftawaih ,The research focused on two major points,Introducing the personality of the grammarian Naftawaih, whose had a pioneering role in serving in the fields of grammar, poetry and history through the contributions he narrated in these fields ,Collecting and defining Naftawaih historic narrations which are related to the information, obituaries and achievements Abbasid Caliphs, from History of Baghdad book . This point also includes categorizing the narrations in terms of content and topic, in addition to authenticating them from other related resources .The research also includes his biography ,(birth, name, origin, upbringing , sheikhs and students, intellectual making, the opinions f the scholars about him . It also includes his categories which he made for different Islamic sciences .The study also reviews all his historic narrations in the History of Baghdad which had to do with information, works, and obituaries of the Abbasid Caliphs. These narrations reflected his historical and literary culture, his intellect, which made him one of the prominent scholars in the era

The Arab –Israeli conflict 1948-1973(Israeli testimonies)

Yousif Mohammad Edan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 230-260

The study included a historical follow-up to the Israeli testimonies relating to the Arab-Israeli wars of the period(1948-1973),which were drawn from personal memoirs of Israeli political and military leaders, as well as historical studies and Israeli newspapers translated from Hebrew. Dealing with Israeli certificates requires the researcher to be caution in documenting the information before reviewing it. the fact that most Israeli leaders prepare counter propaganda image aimed at weakening the opposite force achieving what is known as "psychological defeat" therefore it is observed by reading the Israeli personal memos for example it is emphasis on highlighting the Israeli superiority in various fields and trying to show the other late in civilization and technology, including military technology, and the Israeli view justified every Israeli military aggression as a legitimate duty to deter Arab excesses on the borders of the state of Israel, and that such military operation are necessary to achieve the safe borders of Israel

Khaleda Adib and her cultural and political impact in Turkey 1982-1964

Ameen Abbas Natheer

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 261-281

Political, academic, and preaching sermons have been established in the minds of the Turkish people for their great efforts against the invasion and occupation of the country by a number of countries of reconciliation at the end of the First World War and beyond, through speeches delivered on many occasions and in different directions, As well as the services provided to Mustafa Kemal on the front lines of the war of independence, and although a civilian citizen, but was considered a war hero and won a military rank, during the war also participated in the establishment of the Anatolia Agency and became its director, wrote many books, novels and plays and translated for senior Book in the world and many From works of cash, articles and speeches of enthusiasm and participation in the world's best universities by giving lectures, which transmitted the world through developments after the founding of the Republic of Turkey modern.

The position of the Iraqi press on the conference of the International Security Charter in 1925

Ali H. Ali; Emad K.Hamza

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 282-316

After the end of the First World War in 1918, the victorious countries Britain, France, Italy, Japan and the United States of America sought to rearrange the international situations according to their own interests, as soon those countries called for an international conference that started its work in Paris at the beginning of 1919, and the countries that Germany, which only severed diplomatic ties with it, fought without the defeated and loyal states attending the war. The conference resulted in a series of treaties in which the countries that lost the war were forced to sign, led by the Versailles Treaty on the twenty-eighth of June 1919, which was imposed on Germany as the main cause of the destruction that hit the European continent and the world, and in view of the provisions of the Versailles Treaty that was greater than Germany’s economic potential for compensation, disarmament, the loss of its colonies and the appropriation of its lands, especially for its rich in economic resources, soon emerged international problems again when Germany was unable to fulfill its international obligations to pay compensation with France’s endeavor to weaken its neighbor Germany to ensure its security, contrary to For Britain's policy to seek a state of international balance between the banks of the Rhine and Germany to ensure that the latter does not excel at the European level, this prompted the European parties, with the support of the United States of America, to hold a series of international conferences between (1920-1924), but without reaching satisfactory results To all parties to the conflict, until the conference (the International Security Charter) was held in Locarno, Switzerland 1925, the subject of the study, which is considered the first step towards international stability, because it is a guarantee of permanent security in the view of France and a return to the international community in the view of Germany and a collective endorsement of peace in the view of Britain, so there has become a real desire among researchers to know what took place between the negotiations among the participating delegations, In light of what was mentioned by some Iraqi newspapers (Alaistiqlal - the Arab world - The Baghdadian times - Almufid -Alfalah) that accompanies the time of the conference, which dealt with the title of this study with interest and with some detail, especially since many studies neglected many aspects of it or transferred a certain aspect From the conference and neglected other aspects.

Planning and architecture of the Iraqi city - legacy and connected

Habib Muhammad Farhan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 317-369

An attempt to uncover the urban and cultural heritage in the art of planning and architecture of the Iraqi city, starting with the old Iraqi city through the Iraqi city in the early Islamic times and assessing the extent of communication and preservation of heritage and originality in the planning and architecture of the Iraqi city through the past stations and stages to the analysis of the landscape and urban planning of the contemporary city Or in the direction of devising indicators that can be a tributary and specific to city planners and designers in the formulation of planning and urban models that represent the essence of originality in line with modernity and contemporary

Cyber security in the Gulf Cooperation Council states Froma Contenmporary geopolitical perspective

Ahmed.H. A; Suad.A. M

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 3, Pages 370-394

One of the national security policy of countries is Cyber security, many countries utilize their capacities that cyberspace provides for the considerations of security and military strength in which makes it to be included in its strategic calculations, the aim of this research is to study the geopolitics of cyber security for the Gulf Cooperation Council states as well as the most important owned pillars of cyber power by these countries. The problem of this study is; do the GCC countries possess the cyber power foundations that qualify them to adopt cyber deterrence strategies in the face of cyber-attacks. The outcomes of this research illustrate that the issue of cyber security has become a top priority for the national security issues for the Cooperation Council countries due to be safe from cyber threats, as can be realized that the high frequency of cyber-attacks in addition to the enlarged war against the Gulf Cooperation Council states through international information networks, this lets it to face threat to their economic, political and military security