Volume 2020, Issue 1 - Issue Serial Number 2, Winter 2020


The Effect of the Listening Triangle Strategy on the Achievement of Fifth-Grade Female Students in Literature and Texts

Huda A. Mohsen; Yasir K. Rashed Al-Shujair

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 1-37

The aim of the research was to identify (the effect of the triangle strategy in listening to the achievement of the fifth grade students in literature and texts),The study sample consisted of (62) female students of the fifth grade of biological sciences in the secondary school of Raja for girls in Ramadi / Anbar province for the academic year 2018-2019, and was equally divided into two groups: experimental and female (31) students in each group. The researcher studied the two groups in statistical variables (age, intelligence test, language ability test, and previous information test). A collection test consisted of (40) objective subjects of a multiple choice type with four alternatives. The test on the students of the two research groups showed the results: There is a statistically significant difference between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied the listening triangle strategy and the average scores of the students of the control group who studied the usual method in the achievement test for the benefit of the students of the experimental group.

The Role of School Administration in Caring for Gifted Students from the Point of View of the Teachers of Dammam Eastern Province in Saudi Arabia

Nabila A. A; Rasha A- M; Nahed S. A; Noha A. M

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 38-58

The present study aimed to identify the role of school administration in caring for gifted students from the point of view of the teachers of Dammam Eastern Province in Saudi Arabia, the sample of the study consisted of (115) teachers, and a questionnaire was prepared as a tool to collect data. The results showed that there were statistically significant differences attributed to the variable of the educational stage and the differences were in favor of the intermediate stage. The results also showed that there are no statistically significant differences attributed to the variable of experience and scientific qualification

The Effect of Mind Mapping Strategy on the Achievement of Intermediate School Students in Arabic language

Zina Monem Saud; Suada Hamdi Swaidan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 59-82

The current study aims to discover the impact of the strategy of mind map on the achievement of the intermediate female students in Arabic language and their inductive thinking. To achieve this aim, The subjects consist of 62 female students of the second class 31 in each group. Study adopted the achievement test to get the results using the strategy of mind map in teaching the experimental group and traditional approach for controlling group. The data had been dealt with statistical
procedures like T-test for two isolated groups. The present study shows that There was a significant difference of (0.05) level between the average of marks of students of the experimental group which was taught by using the mind map strategy and the controlling group in favor of the experimental group. In the light of the results of the study, the study suggested some recommendations.  

Evaluating the Quality of Teaching Skills for Faculty Members in The University of Anbar

Ismail A. H; Tareq A. M

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 83-104

This study aims to evaluate the quality of teaching skills of University  of Anbar faculty members from their point of view, using a questionnaire designed for this purpose. The quality of university teaching skills was defined in five main areas: skill (formulation of goals, diversification of stimuli, feedback, reinforcement, formulation of questions) and these skills included (30) items. The questionnaire was distributed to a random sample of (144) teaching staff at the university. The results of the study showed that the arithmetic mean to evaluate the quality of teaching skills that are more prevalent in Anbar University by the study sample individuals is a skill (reinforcement, formulation of goals, diversification of stimuli, 'feedback, formulation of questions'), and a significant effect was found for the variable (gender, The scientific title, experience) on the faculty members ’assessments of the quality of teaching skills, while that effect was not found for the age and social status variables. The study recommended that the administration of Anbar University should enhance the quality of teaching skills. In addition to disseminating a culture of quality teaching skills at the university by holding training courses for all university teachers to introduce the importance of quality teaching skills, and the factors affecting them and establishing them among the faculty members

Training Students to Volunteer in Schools from the Point of View of Educational Counselors

Juma I. H; Asma F. Abdul

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 105-143

The objective of the current research is to identify the reality of training  in the development of voluntary work in schools in its three dimensions (knowledge related to voluntary work, community orientation, community decision-making skills) among primary school students. The two researchers used the descriptive approach. A questionnaire was prepared by them on a sample of (40) counselors in primary schools in the second Karkh education in Baghdad governorate. In light of the application of the research tool and processing the results of the application statistically, Obstacles to training on volunteer work The students' lack of awareness of the concept of volunteering and the lack of institutions supporting voluntary work programs and its importance and low rate of economic income of members of the community and the absence of the role of the media in relation to volunteer work.

The Impact of the Five Fingers and Traffic Lights Strategies on the Achievement of First Intermediate Grade Students in Mathematics and the Development of their Motivation Towards it

Muna Mohammed Mawlood Al-Khalidi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 144-174

The aim of the current research is to identify (the effect of the five fingers and traffic lights strategies on the achievement of intermediate first-grade students of mathematics and the development of their motivation towards it), by verifying the following two zero hypotheses:
. There are no statistically significant differences at the significance level (0.05) between the mean scores of the three groups' students in the mathematics achievement test.
2. There are no statistically significant differences at the level of significance (0.05) between the mean scores of students of the three groups in the motivation scale towards learning mathematics.
The research sample consisted of (99) students who were divided into three groups, the first experimental group (35) students, the second experimental group (33) students, and the control group (31) students. for the previous year, intelligence test, and pre-mathematics motivation scale). The sample was intentionally tested from (Omar bin Abdul Aziz Intermediate School for Boys), affiliated to al-Rusafa al-Ola Education Directorate, and the researcher prepared an achievement test in mathematics, which consisted in its final form of (30) items of the type (multiple choice), and the researcher relied on the motivation scale. Towards Learning Mathematics prepared by Al-Zuhairi (2014), consisting of (20) paragraphs with five alternatives (always, often, sometimes, rarely, never), and validity and reliability were extracted for both.

The Effects of Conflict Knowledge Maps in Systematic Thinking of Second Intermediate Grade Students in Sciences

Hadeel Salman Dawud

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 175-209

The current study aims at investigating : The Impact of Cognitive Conflict Schemes on Systemic Thinking for Students in the Second Intermediate Grade of Science; and to achieve this aim, the followingzero hypothesis was put:     
  There is no  difference  with  statistical  significance  at the  level  of  significance  (0.05) between the average of degrees  of  the experimental  group  students  who  study  the cognitive conflict schemes , and the average of degrees of the control group students who study with the normal method in  testing  the systemic thinking of science.
The  experimental  design  has  been  selected  with  partial  adjustment  (experimental  group and  control  group);  the  sample  of  research    consists of (86)  students  of  the  second intermediate grade.
It has been distributed into two groups: (experimental and control ) and both groups had been made equivalent in  the  variables:  (the  chronological  age  in months ,  intelligence , previous achievement in Sciences , systemic thinking test ).
A test of systemic thinking has been adopted which consists of (24) items according to the thinking skills restricted by the skill of (defining connections, systems analysis, systems installation, systems evaluation). The psychometric properties have been calculated, and the data have been analyzed and  processed  statistically  by  using  the  (Spss)  program  and  by depending on  statistical methods ( T-test  , alpha kronbach equation , Kieder-Richardson-20 equation and Pearson correlation  coefficient, and the  standard  deviation).

The Emotional Stability for Students at the University of Anbar

Juma S. Suud; Sabry B. Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 210-234

The aim of this research is to shed light on the emotional stability  for students in Al-Anbar university according to the gender and specialization
The sample of this research consists of 400 students from Al-Anbar university for humanitarian and scientific specialization . 200 students are males and 200 females.
 The researcher used the standard of emotional stability for Hamdan 2010 which is used in the college of education / Qazza/palestine . As far as the items of this  standard are close to the Iraqi culture, the researcher depends on it in his current research. .
 After analyzing and processing data  , the results show that students in Al-Anbar university have emotional stability and for the benefit of the humanitarian specialization and female gender.

Positive Thinking and its Relation to the (Extravert – Introvert) Personal Dimension of the Postgraduate Students

Zeinab H. Thyib; AbdulKareem U. Juma’a-

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 235-268

The aim of the current research is to identify the scale of positive thinking among graduate students, and to identify the personality dimension (extroversion - introvert) among graduate students, and to identify the significance of the statistical differences in the personality dimension (extroversion - introvert) according to the variables of the type (male - female) and specialization (Scientific - Human), and to identify the force and direction of the correlative relationship between positive thinking and post-personality (extroversion - introvert) among graduate students: The research sample consisted of (300) male and female students from graduate students at University of Anbar. The researchers used two measures: firstly, the scale of positive thinking (preparation of the researchers). Secondly, the measure of post-personality (extraversion -introvert (for  Eysenck,)). The researchers using appropriate statistical methods studied using statistical programs (SPSS) has reached a number of results, most notably:

The graduate students of the current research sample possessed a high level of positive thinking and statistical significance at the level (0.05).
Social students are more introverted, with a level of significance (0.5).
There is a direct relationship and statistically significant relationship between positive thinking and extroverted post-personality.

There is an inverse relationship and statistically significant difference between positive thinking and introverted post-personality.

The Strategies of Self-Presentation for the Postgraduate Students

Wasnaa M. Yousef; Fuaad M. Freh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 269-314

The scientists refer that self-presentation strategies give the individual an insight into the nature of personal interaction, where the individual in a specific situation acts more than one role and with each role his/ her strategies are differed in self-presentation, that is, the individual has to present himself/ herself in different ways according to his/her roles and all this can serve the purpose that others look at us as competent. So, we give them support, and show courtesy and focus on ourselves’ strengths. However, some of these roles and strategies may be desirable and others are undesirable. The current research aimed to identify the strategies of self-presentation prevailing among a sample of postgraduate students. it also tried to investigate the self-presentation according to some demographic variables (gender, field of study). To achieve the aims of the research, the researchers adopted the correlative method, and prepared appropriate measurement to measure the self-presentation strategies which consisted of (35) items divided into five dimensions that are (intimidation, acceptance, supplication, self-promotion, acting). The researchers examined the psychometric properties (reliability and validity) of the scale. The data were statistically calculated by using the appropriate statistical methods. The results indicated that there was a disparity in the use of self-presentation strategies, where the representation or idealism strategy was in the first rank, while the supplication strategy was in the last rank. The results indicated that there were statistically significant differences in the variables of self-presentation strategies between males and females and for all strategies, while there were no statistically significant differences between the participants according to the specialization variable. In light of the results of the current study, the researchers came out with a set of recommendations, including the establishment of lectures, training courses and activities that provide awareness of the self-presentation strategies, and the diversity in their use according to the life situations, 

The Reality of Youth Entrepreneurship under the National Agency for Supporting Youth Employment: Evaluation of the Agency's Activity in the Field of Establishing Micro-enterprises in the State of Tizi Ouzou, Algeria, from 1996 to 2018

Hamid Chaouche

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 315-336

In this paper, we have tried to expose the Algerian experience in the struggle against youth unemployment through the various government institutions created to involve this category in the field of entrepreneurship. Among these institutions, we have cited the ‘‘ANSEJ’’, created in 1996. And this article tries to make a review of the activity of this agency after two decades of exercice taking as a reference point the activity of the ‘‘ANSEJ’’ in the Wilaya of Tizi-Ouzou.
In the first point of the study, we wanted to give a historical dimension to the concept of entrepreneur and to reconstruct the historical background and the economic, political and legal conditions that favored the emergence of private entrepreneurs and entreprises in Algeria. And for the other points, we reserved them to the evaluation of the activity of this agency in the Wilaya of Tizi-Ouzou, by noting the number of small entreprises created and the sectors of activity which attract the young people of the region as well as the number of jobs likely to be created by theses entreprises

The Reality of Agricultural Activity (plant) in the District of Amiriya

Mohmmad E. Ismael; Kamal S. Kazkoz

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 337-368

Through studying the reality of plant activity in the judiciary, the possibilities have an effective role in the agricultural sector and achieve agricultural development in a way that ensures the increase of production and improve its quality. This can be achieved by farmers using the modern methods in the agricultural process of advanced techniques in irrigation and the use of fertilizers, seeds, pesticides and mechanization. As well as the government departments concerned with agricultural initiatives of loans and advances from agricultural banks, which are intended to encourage farmers to continue the agricultural operation and not neglect the agricultural land as well as paved roads linking the Za judiciary to facilitate the transportation of agricultural products and the preservation of the damage to the advancement of the agricultural sector (plant(.

Dust Storms and their Impact on Human Health in Iraq (Young People as a Model)\

Inaam M Ayed; Ismail A. Herat

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 369-387

Dust storms are a climate changes that effect on people health in general and respiratory diseases in particular. The recent years have witnessed an increase in the phenomenon of dust storms in the study area in general, which is impact on human health in general and on the youth in particular because they are the most active groups either to work or to seek knowledge in colleges and Universities. In order to know the real impact of dust storms on youth, questionnaire was adopted which included a number of questions. This form contains three axes: The physical, mental and psychological axes. The sample consists of 180 forms distributed to different universities in the study area in it's northern,  southern, and central sections. Thirty forms were distributed to each university, divided into 15 forms for males and 15 for females.

Water Resources Management Strategies in Anbar Governorate

Aws Talak Mashaan; Zuhair Jaber Mushref

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 388-421

      There is no issue more important and more dangerous in human life than the issue of water supply and food security for the people of society. Therefore, this issue is addressed by the current and future global attention. Water resources are the basic components of development in various concepts (human development, sustainable development and economic development). Water and its scarcity and the question of the ability to manage and regulate the available water resources and use them with scientific and economic efficiency is the main concern of economists and those interested in this matter. Therefore, the sustainable and comprehensive development of water resources and management is of utmost importance in order to avoid future crises that result from the lack of water. In this regard, this research aims to survey and analyze the water resources in Al-Anbar province and its management as the current challenge under the global system of water resources management.
Anbar province is located in the arid and semi-arid region characterized by low rainfall in the winter season and its absence in the summer, in addition to the large increase in the evaporation rate, which led to its insufficiency due to its interruption in this chapter. Guaranteed water This is the importance of this study in order to shed light on the importance of these projects in the investment of the Euphrates River. The title of this research is (resource management In the province of Anbar under the challenges of the future).

Measuring the Wind Pressure on the Soil Surface of the Deserted Agricultural Lands and the Soils of Sand Dunes in the Western Part of Nineveh Governorate

Mohammed T. H; Bashar F. A

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 422-446

Abstract
The wind pressure applied to the surface of the soil is closely related to the climatic data prevailing in the region such as high temperature, solar brightness, relative humidity during the summer months which contribute to increasing the evaporation rate and then dry the soil and make it responsive to wind erosion In particular in the southern parts of the study area Represented by al-Hadhar and al-baaj district. Therefore, the soil erosion process depends mainly on the knowledge of the force of wind pressure on the surface of the earth, the climatic susceptibility of wind erosion, soil susceptibility to wind erosion , And for the purpose of reaching the aim of the research , a number of relevant climatic equations were adopted (wind pressure strength (kg / m2), Zachar wind speed equation, Chepil and woodruff equation recommended by the Agricultural Research Authority of the Ministry of Agriculture America , In addition to collecting 12 models of the surface layer of the soil of the abandoned land and sand dunes within the study area and laboratory analysis in order to know the amount of flours transported by the wind in a quantitative level , Where the percentage of the surface layer content of the soil varied from the flours and the groups resistant to wind erosion less than( 1 mm) in diameter. The study reached several conclusions and recommendations

The Role of Social Media Networks in Promoting Civil and Community Peace Among Citizens: The Audience of Ramadi as a Model

Raad Khasha Hafez

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 447-466

One of the most prominent features of this era is the emergence of social networking sites and networks through the global information network. Where these sites and networks brought about a new wave of information revolution that began in the late last century AD, and with the spread of modern communication devices, humanity entered an unprecedented stage in the field of communication between individuals and other individuals and institutions. The world is no longer a small village as it was previously said, but rather this whole world has become at the tip of a person's fingers, regardless of his age, level of education and nationality.
The emergence of social networking sites has given the surfers a lot of space to express their views on the issues and problems they face in their daily lives. These sites have become part of the public opinion and the pressure of most decision makers from individuals and governmental and non-governmental organizations. Events and attitudes in Iraq in general and in Anbar province in particular varied the repercussions of the results of these sites, some of which has constituted a positive opportunity for the development and development of individual skills of the public, but others have adversely affected the events through the dissemination of rumors and events On the level of peace Ah Ahli and community and threaten the security structure of the community within the province of Anbar.
Therefore, this research came to highlight the role played by social networking sites in all their forms and types in promoting the civil and social peace in Anbar province, especially the province has recently emerged from the war was one of the reasons negative role played by social networking sites.

The Status of Colleges Libraries in the University of Anbar and the Ways to Develop them

Abed Sabar Abdulrhaem

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 1, Pages 467-485

Nowadays, information has become a commodity due to its importance and effective role in all fields of life. This has led businesses to monopolize and sell it just like other goods. From this stems the role of libraries and information centers in providing information. The college  libraries, as one type of university libraries, strive to pursue all scientific developments by means of organizing and classifying them in order to make them accessible to all beneficiaries .                                  
The current study has surveyed all the  libraries of all colleges of the university of Anbar and found that they require a lot of attention by the administrative staffs. Appropriate recommendations have been made to improve the facilities of these libraries