Volume 2020, Issue 6, Spring 2020


International Cooperation in Combating the Recruitment of "Ione Wolves" on Social Media

Ramzi Odeh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 1-30

According to the large development in the use of social media sites and its wide spread among segments of society and large groups of people, especially young people, many extremist groups have used these sites to recruit terrorists and push them to carry out terrorist activities within their countries. This growing phenomenon is known as the phenomenon of lone wolves through social media sites.Hence, this paper aims to identify and investigate the methods for global collaboration in a particular territory of cybersecurity, specifically countering the recruitment of lone wolves through social media sites. As international regulation is still limited to the development of a set of rules, regulations and agreements against the recruitment of lone wolves. Indeed, this study, through using of analytical qualitative approach, concluded that the phenomenon of the recruitment of lone wolves is a transnational phenomenon that cannot be contained without creating agreed rules of international action; in order to combat the spread of this phenomenon through social networking sites.The study also found out that the capabilities of many countriesin the field of combating the recruitment of lone wolves is relatively weak due to the weakness of the expertise and technological capabilities of cybersecurity in its security firms, which are usually expensive, complex and intertwined.The study recommended the importance of establishing an "electronic army" by state and not only technical units, which is equipped with the latest technology and equipment and able to monitor SPAM and recruitment of terrorists

Iraqi youths use of the Internet and the gratifications obtained from it

Hassan Abdel Hadi Abdullah; Jalela Abdullah Khalaf

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 31-60

The use of the Internet and the saturation of Iraqi youthIraqi youth use of the internet and the saturation of it ,The Internet has recently become a very important medium of communication that cannot be abandoned for many individuals. It has spread widely among different audiences for various reasons, the most important of which are its features that differ from other means enabling it to provide many services. For its users, whether as a means of communication or as a source of information in various political, scientific, economic, health, social, and other areas of interest to individuals.Faced with the increasing penetration of the Internet in the Arab world in general and in Iraq in particular, heightened fear of the impact of this network on the formation of young people. They matched the fear of all-new since the printing press entered the live TV. It has been reinforced under the prevalence of the normative vision of the means of communication and their uses, which stands in describing the phenomenon, and the classification of its consequences according to the following bilateral: positive and negative In this light, youth use of the Internet raises a number of problems related to the nature of the use of the network on young people in Iraq, The research sample consisted of 103 respondents distributed

The social problems of returning IDPs "A comparative field study between Mosul and Ramadi

Iman A.Musa; Rabah M. Al-Hiti

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 61-119

The research aims to identify the causes of displacement from the cities of Ramadi and Mosul and to identify the similarities and differences in the social, economic, educational and other problems faced by the returnees to the cities of Ramadi and Mosul. The researchers used the methods of social survey and comparative approach. Part of the research community, namely, the interview, the observation and the questionnaire, and was based on the "non-probabilistic" sample of 200 displaced persons returning to Mosul and 200 displaced persons returning to Ramadi. The researchers found several results, the most important of which is that there is a similarity between the displaced in the reasons of their displacement between the two cities, in order to feel safe and with many problems, including: the inability to adapt, the cost of rent allowances, begging, homelessness, alcohol and drug addiction, Family relations, the spread of epidemics, diseases, etc., and distrust of the central government in achieving security. However, there have been many differences in the problems experienced by the returnees, the difference of sectarian, demographic, tribal and other nature between the two cities

Street children causes, results and their impact on Iraqi society

Qasem M. Nada; Shalal A. Khlaf

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 120-136

From the current research we identify:1- The impact of some demographic variables in pushing children to the streets depending on the variables:A)Age (6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17) years.B)Sex (males, females).2-The effect of some variables related to family conditions depending on the variables.the period in which the child is present in the street; Daily income.The sample of the current research was composed of (300) respondents. The data were collected through the preparation of a questionnaire and through the interview and observation. The researchers may investigate the psychometric characteristics of honesty and persistence

The effect of the listening triangle strategy on the cognitive representation of information among fifth-grade students in literature and texts

Huda A. M; Yasir K. Rashed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 137-171

The aim of the research is to identify (the effect of the triangle strategy in listening to the cognitive representation of information among students of the fifth grade in literature and texts),The research sample consisted of (62) female students of the fifth grade of biological sciences in the secondary school of Raja for girls in Ramadi / Al Anbar province for the academic year 2018-2019. They were equally divided into two experimental and control groups with 31 students in each group. Between the two groups statistically in the variables (age, intelligence test, language ability test, and previous information test), and a measure of the cognitive representation of the information consisted of 36 paragraphs distributed evenly over 6 domains. Sometimes, rarely, never), and grades (1,2,3,4,5) were given on the Wali, has verified the validity of the scale and stability, and after applying the scale to the students of the two groups showed the results: There is a statistically significant difference between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied the listening triangle strategy and the average scores of the students of the control group who studied the normal method in the cognitive representation measure for the benefit of the students of the experimental group

The Prevailing Behavior and Dietary Habits of the Preparatory year Female Students at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University

Ayat Mustafa Soliman Al Share

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 172-193

The aim of the research is to identify the prevailing behavior and dietary habits of the preparatory year female students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, and to achieve this, the study was conducted on a sample of (290) students of the preparatory year female students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University. Behavior questionnaire was applied to them to identify their prevailing behavior and dietary habits. The results of the study indicated that the general nutritional level of the respondent mean (3.30) and standard deviation (403). In addition, there were no statistically significant differences attributed to the college variable (Humanity, Scientific)

The effect of Daniel's model on the achievement of fifth-grade literary students in history and their motivation for achievement

Ismail A. Hussein; Sabah A.Ahmed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 194-225

The aim of research paper is to recognize the impact of Daniel’s model on the students’ achievements of fifth grade literary in history, and their motivation to accomplish.The research sample consisted of 70 students. Divided into two groups. The first group is called experimental group, how studied by Daniel’s model. The second group is called control group, who studied by traditional method.The equivalence was made between both groups according to the flowing variables (chronological age, intelligence, the last achievement and the academic achievement of the students’ parents).The researcher has used two tools. The first is achievement test and the measure motivation achievement. The researcher has extracted the psychometric properties. The researcher used appropriate statistical means. As a result, he found that there are statistically significant differences between the average of the achievement and motivation achievement for the both group.The benefit was made for the experimental group who studied according to Daniel’s model is better than it for the control group, who studied according to traditional method. Although they are both studied same subject

Crystallized intelligence and its relationship to the personality traits of middle school students

Ahmed . l A; Abdul Karim O. Juma

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 226-253

The current research goal is to identify the degree of crystallized intelligence, to identify personality traits (responsibility, emotional balance, Self-Discipline, sociality) among students in the preparatory stage, the significance of the differences in the variables of the research is accordingly to the gender and specialization variable, and to identify the strength and direction of the relationship between crystallized intelligence and personality traits. The sample was of 400 students (males and females).The researchers used two tools: Test of crystallized intelligence for Dr.Kamal Ibrahim Morsi 2001 and personal traits measurement, Prepared by the researchers, The appropriate statistical tools available in the statistical package (Spss) were used.Several results found in this study:1.weakness in the crystalized intelligence of the preparatory stage students with statistical significance by (0.5)2.As for gender and specialization variables, there were statistically significant differences between the variable of specialization and the scientific interest, while there were no differences in the gender variable.

The effectiveness of an educational program for the development of remembering aid among pupils in primary school

Nameer Ibrahim Hamid Al-Sumaidaie

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 254-270

The research aims to identify the effectiveness of an educational program in the development of habits of recall among primary school students. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher built the program according to the strategies of remembering aids. Several hypotheses were formulated to verify the effectiveness of the program. The scores on the scale of remembering aid, which were randomly distributed into two groups: an experimental group (males - females) and a control group (males - females). The researcher also built a visual and audio tool in measuring the level of remembering, and the results reached the effectiveness of the program in improving the level of remembering for fifth grade pupils, the research has made a number of recommendations and suggestions.

The Effect of a Strategy based on the System Approach in the Achievement of Students of Educational and Psychological Sciences for the Computer subject

Ahmed Luay Ghanim; Awsam Khalid Thunoun

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 271-300

The research aim at investigating the effect of a strategy based on the System approach in the achievement of students of educational and psychological sciences for the computer subject. The sample consisted of (74) students of the second stage in the Department of Educational and Psychological Sciences divided into four equal groups depending on the variables of the method of teaching and gender, The two experimental groups were studied according to system approach strategy and The two controlling groups were studied by traditional method. The researchers prepared the research tool for the subjects studied during the application of the experiment and it was essay test be of (50) paragraphs, Validity and reliability were tested. The results showed that there was a statistical significant difference between the average of the achievement of the two experimental groups and the two control groups for the benefit of the two experimental groups, The results also showed statistically significant difference between the male and female averages in achievement for the benefit of the Male. There is also a statistically significant difference the interaction between the variables of method and gender for the benefit of the experimental group (Males). And In the light of the results, a number of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions were reached.

The logical thinking of the students of the University of Tikrit

Heba R. Asmaell; Layla K. Kudeir

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 301-334

The study was designed to identify the logical thinking of the students of Tikrit University and to identify logical thinking according to the variable of the mathematics specialization. The sample consisted of (202) students randomly selected from the Mathematics and Physics Departments, Faculty of Education for Pure Sciences, Tikrit University, The researchers used the following statistical methods: (Alpha-Cronbach equation, T-test for one sample, T-test for two independent counts). The following results were reached:1- The students of the University of Tikrit enjoy a high level of logical thinking.2 - The level of logical thinking among students of the Department of Mathematics is higher than the students of the Department of Physics.

The impact of Schamber's strategy in the acquisition of psychological concepts and the development of the adequacy of cognitive representation of fifth grade literary students

Qa"d Mahmoud Abdul Sheikh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 335-361

The aim of the research is to know the effect of Schamber's strategy in acquiring the psychological concepts of the fifth grade literary students and developing the adequacy of their cognitive representation. Two research hypotheses were developed.The research community, which represents the secondary and middle schools within the General Directorate of Education of Salah al-Din - Department of Science Education, was selected (63) students from the fifth grade literary students from Ibn al-Atheer school intentionally, and the sample was divided into two experimental groups and control group:- The experimental group (32) students studied according to the strategy of Scumber.- A control group (31) students studied according to the usual method. Parity was made between the two groups in some variables such as (chronological age, previous attainment, intelligence level, parental attainment) which the researcher believes that it can affect dependent variables with independent variables

Academic learning difficulties among a sample of first grade students in Erbil governorate

Amal Ablahad Abbo

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2020, Volume 2020, Issue 6, Pages 362-382

The present research aimed to identify the students who suffer from academic difficulties in (writing, reading and math) among the first grade students who are displaced in Erbil province. The study also aimed to know whether these difficulties vary according to gender (males and females). The research sample consisted of (75) pupils, (36) M (39) F. For the purpose of verifying the research objectives, questionnaire , was adopted, the psychometric properties of the questionnaire was created by Abduial 2012 presenting it to a number of the fields of education, psychology and special education. The most important academic learning difficulties, it has been shown from the research results that pupils (Naz While those who suffer from academic and arithmetic difficulties came first in terms of size and importance, followed by difficulties related to writing, and finally difficulties related to reading, while, did not show significant statistical differences between males and females in academic learning difficulties. The researcher ended up with a number of conclusions, recommendations and suggestions in the light of her research findings.