Volume 2019, Issue 2, Winter 2019


Military, religious and service monuments in Juba city and the Ways to employ them in tourism.

Saadi Ibrahim Al- Darraji

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 1-23

The study deals with the heritage buildings that had been found in Juba land by describing it as an important event can be demolition as a result of nature factors and of its ancient age in addition to the architecture progress and limit expansion that had witnessed through the last years which indicates to modern it by using Cement and iron instead of bricks, it is not to mention as well as mention unlimited wars in Western region that destroy the prominence monuments as the ancient mosque in Juba that had destroyed by explosion in 27 /7/2015 .The researcher tried to concentrate on the survey study that contained The fortifications of juba city in addition to mention what kind of concern buildings as Neyair and water mills religious and serving built , houses represented by big mosque , minaret of Said Mohammad whereas the other heritage will document in other researches.

 

Iraq scientists in the book (from the tail of the history of Baghdad) (D. 749) and their influence in the scientific renaissance

Alaa Nafie Jassim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 24-45

The book "Benefited from the tail of the history of Baghdad" is a strong record of the prosperity of the intellectual movement and its evolution. It refers to the scientific level of the results of the scientific degrees and the teaching levels or the functions of the scholars of the various Islamic countries, including Baghdad, Mosul, Basra, Wasit, Anbar, Kufa and Samarra and their impact on the scientific renaissance.

 

The effect of sheikh Uday bin Musrafi Al-Hakari on the Yazidi reliogion /historical study

Wasan Hussein Muhaimeed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 46-71

Sheikh Uday Bin Musrafi considers as one of the most prominent Sufi sheikhs in Iraq . this research is divided into three sections , the first one discussed the definition of personal biography of sheikh Uday started from the name and his attributed to the Umayyad as well as the environment in which he was born and raised ,the second section concentrated on his scientific and practical biography as well as talked about his sheikhs in Sufi who the intended to their countries to study , then it signed to his way of Sufi and the way of Adawiya in which indicated to take acorner in the mountain of Haka Balaish for worship in order to make a prominence effect through his social surroundings , in addition to, sign towards students (Al-Maredoon) and what had from weaved from miracles in the healing of diseases and with nature , it has mentioned the miracles of recovering disease as well as in preaching and others. The third section dealt with the effect of sheikh Uday on religion to raise dust defined Yazidi , the status of sheikh Uday and their beliefs, it is mentioned the succession of sheikh Uday in his Sufism and how he began to exaggerate and deviation.
 

 

The critics study in achieving a book “ the history of Baghdadi scientists” which named “ Montakhab AI – Mukhtar” to Taqi Addin AI- Fasi AI- Makki AI – Maliky (B. 832H) achieved by prof .Dr. Mohammad Hussein AI- Zubaidy

Iman Saleh Mahdi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 72-90

The operation of criticizing achieving text comes after publishing, it is right sing and guide for noting and following.What is required in the achievement is the experience , Knowing and wide noting . the criticism of the text is based on the Knowledge that the person who achieved choses whish The two different directions follows:The first direction turn to output the text without any critic.The second direction seems to users the necessity of discovering the mysterious text

 

Ibn Said (d.658 AH) and His Method in the Short Book of Alkadh Almuala Fi Altarikh Almuhala

Wafaa mohammd. S

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 91-104

The technique as a topic is considered one of the significant matters that researchers have focused on in the modern ago.The technique as a topic is considered one of the significant matters that researchers have focused on in the modern ago.The interest of this research is the general plane and the organization of transliterations in Al-Khadah Al-Mouallah in Al-Tareekh Al-Mohallah's book of Ibin-Saeed (T 685 H).. I Talked briefly beginning about the scientific of Ibin-Saeed as there are specialized studies in this concern.Then I started Talking about a general description of the book and the general plane that Ibin Saeed prepared then the topic of the transliterations organization and the styles of their presentation .Then I clarified the bases on which Ibin Saeed depended on in his choice of translation.

 

History of Habeeb Al-Siar

Imad Aldeen A. Al-Abassi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 105-117

The history of Habeeb al-Siar is a history book, and at the same time is the most important historical book written in Persian after the Mongol era. The author is Ghayath al-Din bin Hammam al-Din al-Husseini, known as Khawand Mir, one of the greatest historians, authors and writers of Iran in the tenth century AH, and began to write in 927 AH and completed in 930. The historical facts from the beginning of human history to the death of Shah Ismail al-Safawi, 930 AH . This book is in three volumes, each folder comprises four sections covering different periods of history, At the beginning of the book the introduction of the first creatures , The first volume is the history of pre-Islam, the emergence of Islam and the conditions of the Righteous Caliphs , And the second volume in the virtues of the imams of the pure and the rulers of the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphs and classes of sultans who were contemporaries of the Umayyad and Abbasid ages , The third volume included the mention of sultans and rulers after the Abbasid caliphs, including the chains of the Mongols, the Timorese and others until the early era of Safavid and the days of the Shah Ismail until 930 AH . And for the importance of this historical encyclopedia, I thought that I translate the study, which was proven by Professor Jalaluddin Humaei as a preface to the book to acquaint those interested in historical studies with this important book .
 

 

British Navy and John Fisher's Reforms 1951- 1905

Hussein H abed; Doaa Ahmed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 118-128

was interested indeveloping its naval force as the firist line of defense and shild to protectits territory . Britain was interested in maritime industris and the organization of fleet especially in 1901 – 1905 where this period saw a great reform movement and devoted the British admiral efforts to develop and improve the fleet marin John Fisher was the most prominent in bringing theses reforms which represented areal revolution in the field of marin industries , John Fisher reforms were not limited to marin industries but included maritime laws as well us on going maritime maneuvers and a system of training seafarers to improve their performance and upgvade the British navy and to deal with their various ensure their a bility to face opponents especially Germany which began to compete with the British navy in the field of marine in dustries and owning new warships eduipped with the latest naval weapons, so the British navy to renew its activites continuously to maintain and dominace of the navy

 

Temporary weather changes and there effect on children respiratory diseases in Ramadi in the year 2017-2018

Firas Firas; Khalid A Attiya

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 129-136

Temporary weather changes and ther effect on children respiratory diseases in Ramadi in the year 2017-2018The study aims to show how respiratory diseases spread and its connation with seasanol weather changes, thtrough using the number of monthly cases of five diseases depending on the following results: 1. Each (1000) persons have (4.5) cases of Mups . the disease is active during spring, March and April . 2. Each (10000) persons have (0.03) cases of pertussis the disease is active during Spring and Summer ending in May and June . 3. Eavh (1000) persons have (0.04) cases of Poliomyelitis . the disease is active in Summer .4. Each (10000) persons have (1.7) cases of Chicken – pox . the disease is active Spring .5. . Eavh (1000) persons have (0.4) cases of Measles the disease is active in Spring / April and May

 

Geographic Analysis and Evaluation of the Big Ramadi Water Project

Bilal B. Ali Al-Hayani; Yassier M. Hassan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 137-163

This research included the analysis and geographical evaluation of the Greater Ramadi Water Project. The first part of the project focused on the analysis of the state of the Great Ramadi water project. The processoffiltering the drinking water is carried out by a series of stations, the cloud structure station, the extraction station, Or filters, the preparation and injection plant of the alum solution, the chlorine plant station, the ground reservoir station, and the propulsion terminalAnd addressed the residential neighborhoods, which is the project of water Ramadi large source of nutrition As for the second axis, it deals with evaluating the performance of the work of the Great Ramadi Water Project, which has reached 39%. The sedimentation process should remove the water from the plankton from 70-90% as efficient for removal, The service of the sedimentation ponds in the Greater Ramadi water project is due to the lack of adjusting the amount of alum added in the rapid mixing ponds, and the presence of some faults such as the stopping of the scraper (or so called bridge) in the sedimentation basins responsible for scattering the tiles from the sedimentation basinreached 59% and it did not reach the efficient limit of removal (91-100) due to the increase in the turbidity of the water entering the filter basins, the stopping of the air compressor which works on the reverse washing mechanism of filters, The assessment of the drinking water quality produced in the Ramadi Al-Kabir Water Project, which evaluated the physical and chemical drinking water specifications, also covered the chemical and bacteriological evaluation of drinking water in the residential neighborhoods fed by the Ramadi Al Kabir Water Project.

 

Morphological analysis of the characteristics of dry valleys in the area of Barwana and the possibility of investment in water harvesting projects.

Ahmed F. F. AL-Lhaibi; Saad H. F. AL-Namrawi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 164-192

The research problem, detects characteristics of morphological streams the dry valleys in Barwana and the possibility of exploited in the projects of bank water and benefit from the development of Barwana ,so it has been to rely on a systematic analysis of morphological streams the dry valleys and a group of the valleys descend different directions from which to determine the most suitable sites to set up Projects Water Harvesting through the analysis morphological watercourses that can be exploited in the expansion of agricultural area located in the north of the research area than can take advantage operations and storage and seasonal is represented sewage flowing in the river and benefit from while the valleys its waters in summer all of which is through the knowledge of the size of precipitation is the annual runoff rainwater

 

The best use of classification methods of population phenomena on spatial maps With equal values in Anbar province

ayad Mohammad mekhlef; Mizhir Mijbil Naher

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 193-224

The study aims to achieve a good level of quality in the classification of data into categories. There is a method or methods that are the best in achieving good classification according to the nature of the data, and not the classification of data into categories selectively does not achieve the required quality and determine the most appropriate statistical methods in the classification of the phenomena data Population to categories on the maps of areas with equal values for the population of Anbar province and avoid the misleading results that result from the use of methods in an unscientific manner. This study has chosen four different population phenomena in the distribution, each representing a form of distribution

 

The size and sustainability of urban soil pollution in the city of Mosul varied

Karami A. Ali Al-Hadeethi; Nishwan M. Jassim Al-Zaidi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 225-244

The surface of the earth is generally contaminated as a result of the accumulation of materials and residues produced by industrial projects by dumping liquid and solid wastes, which may be close to or far away, and become a place for animals and harmful insects. Contaminants mixed with agricultural soils lose their fertility and have a bad effect. Therefore, the soil of the city of Mosul is polluted by several factors that cause damage to the fertile soil layer of the soil, which covers a large area of the city area, but dealing with these pollutants is incorrect and abounds in the practices of man.

 

The Use of the Internet as an Educational Electronic Means of Communication"A study on a Sample of University Of Anbar students"

Mohammed Rafie Labid Al-Rawi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 245-271

The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which students of Anbar University have exposure to the Internet for educational and research purposes and the nature of this usage in terms of the number of hours that students are spending on Internet for learning or scientific research and what kind of devices they are using and the sites that accessed for this purpose.The study was directed at students of Al-Anbar University and a sample was chosen. The sample consisted of students from four faculties with different specialties, two of which were scientific and the rest ware humane. The sample consisted of (200) individuals selected from different stages in these colleges. The researcher made a comparison between the students of human specialization and scientific ones to reveal the nature of exposure to each in terms of the number of hours of exposure and the extent to which students benefit in each specialty of the Internet services as an electronic educational tool.The research included three chapters. The first chapter includes the methodological framework for the research in what we talked in the second chapter about the Internet and its uses as an educational communication method. The third chapter contains analysis of the research data and interpreting the results.

 

The effectiveness of the social dialogue program in acquiring the values of social cooperation and tolerance among the first year university students

Yousif O. Mohammed; Nahed A.Amed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 272-294

The current research aimed at investigating the effectiveness of the social dialogue program in acquiring the values of social cooperation and tolerance among the first year university students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The current research adopted the quasi- experimental method for assessing the effectiveness of the research program in developing the values of social cooperation and tolerance among the research participants. The research adopted the one-group design with the pre and post-test due to its suitability for the nature of the research. The present research developed a questionnaire as an instrument for collecting data in order to measure the levels of social cooperation and tolerance after assuring its validity and reliability. The sample of the research consisted of 79 university students who enrolled in the first year. The results of the statistical analysis of the data attained showed that the program presented was effective in developing the values of social cooperation and tolerance among the first year university students.

 

The Ethics of the Islamic Education Teacher

Nada Faisal

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 295-309

Teaching is considered one of the highest and most sacred professions because it deals with the finest creature on earth , that is man . Therefore , those who address human education must be on high level of moral promotion and spiritual highness to be worthy of this great task , how then if this teacher conveys the Divine Inspiration and Prophetic Directions because such a great task requires a highly qualified person with spiritual recommendation and moral highness to be able to convey the legacy of the prophets to the generations . the literature has indicated that the general ethics that must be available in the competent teacher for any material is not enough to be available alone to the teacher of Islamic Education , because its subjects is comprehensive for life as a whole , therefore , it is necessary for those who address to teach it to have qualification and preparing that commensurate with the nature of this article , because education is the vocation of prophets and messengers , therefore , whoever carries the trust of this profession must take the prophets and messengers as a model to follow . Therefore , the current study aimed to identify the ethics that the teacher must be characterized with to be qualified to teach Islamic Education

 

The Psychological Constructions and The Cognitive Distortion among the Displaced Students

Sabry Bardan Alhayany; Tayseer O. H

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 310-328

The study aims to identify the level of psychological construction and cognitive distortions in the displaced students. The researcher adopted the steps of the descriptive method and the random selection of the sample by 297 students from the internal departments at Anbar University. The study concluded that the students had a good level of psychological construction with a percentage of cognitive distortions, in addition to the relationship between the psychological construction and cognitive distortions were the opposite, and that's something Good

 

Traumatic Experiences of the War Disabled

Safi Ammal Salih; Saif Taqfeeq Midhe

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 329-352

The armed forces troops are exposed to sever psychological and physical conditions during the war, especially these who are exposed to sever physical injuries, which lead to a certain rate of disability and limits their ability to interact with the environment surrounding them, and the compatibility with people as they were can do before the injury. The war which leaded by Iraqi army against terrorist organizations a number of disabled people due to injuries during the war. And the important of these people in our society, and an attempt to present psychological help and assistance to them, to facilitate their adaptation with environment surrounding them, and to practice their lives in optimal manner and compatibility with the type and rate of disabilities. As well as, the present study presents indications of work in training .

 

Self-concept for stutterers and normals students in intermediate stage

Thamer H.R; Emaad E. F

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 353-370

The present study aims to find out the differences between Stuttering and normals in self-concept in a sample of in middle stage students, was strong (112) students, were the application of Self-Concept / Al-ashoal ,self- concept of scale (1984) was used descriptive approach comparative, and check out the imposition of the study test was used T. test to learn the differences between Stuttering and normals in self-concept, and the researcher to the following result: - There are significant differences between Stuttering and normals in self-concept in favor of the ordinary. Based on this result the researcher recommends the need to draw the attention of those in charge of education Stuttering not to rush to seek safety exits letters and syllables in a child's pronunciation, because accelerating and insist on safety exits letters and syllables and words would increase the child's tension psychologically and physically and it wakes defects uttered, which lead to increased confusion and complicate the psychological state and increases speech disorder, and suggests researcher conducting a study on the self-concept and its relationship to the quality of life in a sample of Stuttering.

 

Situational Remorse and its Relationship with the Personality Traits of University Students

Amer Kafi Talee

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 2, Pages 371-392

The present research aims to identify the level of situational remorse (Situational Regret) and the level of personality traits of the university students, also to identify the differences due to the type variable (male- female), also, to identify the correlation between the two variables. To achieve the aim of the study, the researcher adopted situational remorse scale for (Ansasy) which was maintained according to the Iraqi university students’ environment by (Al-Basrani, 2006). The scale items were 31 in its final form. The researcher adopted the personality traits scale which was developed by (Costa and Macri, 1992), and translated by (AbdulKhaliq 1997). The items in their final form were 35. The psychometric properties were measured, and both instruments were implemented to a sample consisted of 120 students who were selected from three faculties in the University of Anbar (Faculty of Science, Faculty of Arts and Faculty of Education for Humanities) for the academic year 2017-2018. The results of the study revealed the following:1-The sample of the study has situational remorse.2-There are no statistically significant differences between (males and females) in situational remorse.3-The participants have personality traits.4-There are statistically significant differences between (males and females) in personality traits for the favour of the males.5-The results of the statistical analysis showed a significant correlation between the current research variable and the personality traits according to the sample as a whole