Volume 2019, Issue 3, Winter 2019

Hydrology Underground waters in Ramadi Qadaa and their Suitability for Agricultural Uses

Sinan Lateef Mahmood; Mahmood Ibrahim Mutib

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 1-39

Water plays some fundamental role in the national strategies for world states, and for the entire region or territory regardless of its total area. Since water constitutes the infrastructure for establishing all economic diversified activities including agriculture . Included four chapters, dealt with in chapter I natural factors affecting the subterranean water in the Al Ramadi Qadaa of the geological structure of the terrain, climate and soil and the extent of the impact of each of the quality of groundwater. Chapter II dealt with hydrological groundwater in terms of hideaways, and feeding sources also addressed the depths and productivity of the wells. the suitability of the four wells for human ,irrigation and animals use, by comparing these characteristics with the standards of world organization (FAO),and the Iraqi standard


Constituents and determinants of agricultural production in Haditha District

Hamza N. Bedewi; Firas F. Mahdi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 40-63

The need to the growth has become necessary for all the economic sectors. The agricultural growth is the basic motive for the economy to achieve the agricultural growth in Haditha that leads to the availability of the local production and contribute to the alimental need for people in Haditha in the present and future and guranting the continuity for the next generations. The paper explained that Haditha has human and natural components that make it able to achieve agricultural growth through rising the production and the investment of these resources without depletion in addition to the growth of the court side and rising its productive ablity.The spatial limits of the research are determined by astronomic data between latitides( 33 51 19 – 34 40 10 )north ward, and longtudes (41 57 27 – 42 47 27 ) eastwards.The time limits of the paper depeded on the data of 2016 .The paper shoed the natura components in Haditha represented by forms of survice,soil ,climate,and hydrologic resources.Human components thatb have great importance in the the agricultural growth represented in the number of populatation and advanced technicalities and their role in growth a,the agricultural circulation , the agrarian patterns, rehabilitation new agricultural lands,expanding agricultural areas and investing them in strategic agricultural crops.


Future directions for the urban expansion of Amiriyat al-Fallujah

Saeed Arak; Meshal F. Al-Mawla

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 64-87

This study addressed the future population growth of the city of AL-Ameria and the availability of required areas of the land for the future expansion of the city until the year of goal 2041 with a description of the limits of the urban expansion of the city as well as study the possibilities of expansion inside and outside the master plan of the city, with the development of several alternatives for expansion through the use of geographic planning methods, Inductive methods and statistical work. These methods include the Delphi method, the method of economic costs, weights, and some mathematical and statistical methods. The final results showed that the first alternative to the West is the preferred alternative for expansion Future of the city. Based on this, the principle of residential proximity was applied to the preferred alternative in order to create an urban fabric in this alternative according to geographical planning standards


Cartographic Representation for land used in ( Al-Khadara,s Flats) by Using Geographic Information System (GIS)

Khalid A. E. AL-Hadadi,; Roa'a R. Mahmood

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 88-111

The geographic information system considers one of the most modern methods to treat with data and provide many method to represent it on map and data, the urban land usage in Al-Khardraa apartments is characterized by variations and interference, the Anderson classification has been used to understand the interference composition and the possibility by which this land has used for functional purposes .The maps that represent the usage distributions has set with charts contained information for each use and use the scheduled data base in data order, the study requests to make a field study to collect the data about the study area.Also the make figures illustrate the measure of each use and its percentage regarding to other uses, al-Khadraa project like any other household project , whereas the usage of housing usage forms the larger usage of land use and entitled with many usages. Arc Map program is used for representation, and ArC Cataloge to create Shape file, and Excel program to draw figures and account area Proportion


Analysis of the efficiency of spatial distribution of educational services in the city of Khalidiyah

Yonis. H. AlDulaimi; ayad H. Alfahdawi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 112-128

The educational services in the city occupy an important and vital position, which is one of the pillars of the task that aims to develop the society. Therefore, this study is to analyze the reality of the spatial distribution of educational services in the city of Khalidiya using GIS technology to diagnose the problems which have reached their performance under the urban expansion and random areas Which the city witnessed


Hydrological evaluation of the Mosul Dam reservoir and its relationship to saline concentration.

Jwan sameen Ahamed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 129-146

Hydrological studies constitute one of the most important geographical studies concerned with hydrology and that the Mosul Dam Reservoir is one of the largest dams in Iraq, which is located northwest of Mosul, that the aim of the study is to know the impact of salt concentrations on the hydrology of the Mosul Dam Reservoir and what is the relationship of rain and rock awareness to the reservoir floor with concentrations Saline. The hypothesis came that the bottom of the reservoir had an effect on leakage of levels and consequently its decrease. The rainy capacity was extracted to the study area, and the study proved that it occurred within the areas of weak and moderate rain induction and that the highest intensity of rain erosion reached (123) in 1991


Water index NDWI to study the Variance of surface area of Haditha Lake from 1987 to 2018 duration Using RS Data

Ahmed S. Hamadi; Mushtak A. Gharbi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 147-171

Water resources considered as one of most important vital national resources factors. Thus, water possesses necessary role to grow and develop the life and city by exploiting for different agricultural, industrial, electrical and tourist activities. Monitoring the water resources by traditional methods is difficult and needs cost and time. Haditha lake is located on Euphrates 7 KM north in front of dam extended to western north up to Rawah. Water storing in lake began 1985-1986 with area of 503KM2. The study objected to investigate the changes of the surface area of the lake form 1987 up to 2018 depending on RS and GIS using Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) index for drought and using hydrological indices and its effect on surface area variation after lake establishment during 1985. Thus, the variation was represented in area using histogram which revealed that lake subjected to big losses in area at water. Results showed that the surface area possesses high variation. Thus, the surface areas was reduced from 341 and 432 KM2 in 1987 and 1990, respectively to 148 KM2 in 2018. Regression analysis indicated that each increase of water level about 1m caused increase of lake area of 18.07 KM2. Significant positive correlation between lake area and lvel was observed of 0.973**.


Characteristics of medieval cities in Western Europe

Entezar Jassem Jabor

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 172-195

Medieval Virus in Europe from the 5th to the 15th Century AD, Radio World War II. The problem is the absence of characteristics characterized by the cities of Western Europe during the Middle Ages. Are these cities stagnating and shrinking? And why? Did the urban scene flourish in Europe later? And whyThe most important conclusions: The urban landscape in Western Europe at the beginning of the Middle Ages was limited to Episcopal cities and feudal cities that were not cities in the proper sense. From the eleventh century onwards, the revival of cities and the creation of new cities began. Cities to discover the civilization of the country concerned and its political, economic and social systems because the city mirror the civilization of society because it is a human product reflecting the culture of society and the level of development of its systems


The Recurrence of the Pressure Systems in The Arab Deserts and Plateaus in Iraq and their Effect on Temperature.

Khalid Ali A AL-Karbouli; Ameer Mohammed AL-Dulaimi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 196-225

Iraq is affected by the recurrence of the pressure systems in the Arab desert and Plateau surrounding Iraq from the East and the south east. To know. The comprehensive text was used Synoptic the maps of the climatic in addition to the temperature by the weather forecast data to conclude the extent of this effect. The Reserch concluded that the pressure system above the Levantine plateau recorded( 12 Anticyclones ,18 cyclones) in a general average of temperature in all the Reserch centers (18.7 in case of antycyclones.19.7 in case of cyclones) between 1996-2000.Furtheermore the pressure system above Nefud desert recorded(20 Anticyclones,198 cyclones) in a general average of temperature in all the study centers(18 in case of anticyclones and 23.8 in case of cyclones). The pressure system above Najd plateau recorded(20 Anticyclones,141 cyclones) in a general average of temperature in all the study centers (21.7 in case of antycyclones.23.3 in case of cyclones) while the pressure system above the desert of the empty quarter recorded(4 Anticyclones, 471 cyclones) in a general average of temperature in all the study centers (21.1 in case of antycyclones.24.6 in case of cyclones).


Modeling of land cover change and agricultural areas in Haditha district using geographic techniques.

Ahmed Hilal Hmood

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 226-243

The study investigates the extent of the change in land cover and the decline of agricultural areas in Haditha district by using geographic techniques through the use of spatial satellite (Land Sat) for the research area, as the subject is inspiring geographers to search for the causes of change in the areas of land cover and agricultural areas In order to determine the extent of the change in land cover within the search area for the time period (1990) and the year (2018), the results were analyzed using new models of the level of change in the area (arcgis10.6). Search, and Door that led to the change.


Efficiency Evaluation of Spatial Distribution in Educational and Health

Ahmed Mahmood Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 244-271

The research tackled the functional efficiency of the educational and health services in the city of Rabea through comparing the actual reality of these services to the standards of planning of the Iraqi ministry of planning and analyzing data by using geographical information technology(GIS) to reach results with great objectivity and accuracy that in their turn lead to the knowing of the pattern of the spatial distribution via the nearest neighbor analysis that its value is (1.05) in primary schools,(0,83) in secondary schools and the standard distance with the values of (1,43),(1,23) for both phases and knowing the range of the effect of their services in the citywide. The results of the effect of these functional services are(%15,1) in primary schools,(%32,7) in secondary schools. These results make it possible to diagnose the weak points and then find out the suitable solutions and the right way of planning in the future


Untapped natural resources and unemployed human resources a future vision within the framework of sustainable development in the province of Anbar

Laith Mhmood Khalfh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 272-304

The study area is considered a rich in human resources and natural resources supported by the extension of the area and the multiplicity of available mineral resources, which reflected on the provision of investment opportunities depending on the diversity of its wealth in terms of quantity and type, despite the abundance of natural resources, but not invested for the purposes of spatial development balanced within the province to reflect this reality negatively on Agricultural activity in agriculture, animal breeding, water resources and climatic capabilities available if invested in the field of renewable energy. It is noted that most of these resources are almost semi disabled, which overshadowed the human resources which It is estimated that the total population of the study area amounted to ( 1,771,656 ) million, and equal to( 4.4% )of the total population of Iraq, distributed almost equally between urban and rural, including (873, 579) thousand workers, who suffer from increasing the phenomenon of unemployment in all kinds And high unemployment rates among young people on the back of poor development to reach( 30%) according to estimates of 2018. .


Impact of climate on human comfort in Diyala Governorate

Omar Ibrahim Hussein

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 305-331

The aim of the research is to know the effect of the climate on the comfort caused by high temperatures and low humidity and change of discomfort and hair, but rather alarming. Hence the title of our study (the impact of climate on human comfort in Diyala province) (3,33,35,60) north and between longitudes (44.22 45.56) east. The governorate is located within the central part of eastern Iraq bordered by the north and north-west of Sulaymaniyah and Salahuddin respectively. South Wasit Governorate The study was conducted through the use of B (19802017) and was limited to elements of climate and temperature Wind Relative humidity Solar brightness Influence on human comfort in the study area The problem of the study was that the Diyala climate is characterized by certain specifications Reflected negatively or positively on the welfare of people and is considered a tourist provinces, which is intended by a large number of Iraqis


Architectural heritage of the city of Baghdad in the book((Baghdad, a city of peace)) to Ibn al-Faqih Hamadani And its impact on sustainable development

Fatima Zabar Anazan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 323-342

Take historical studies relevance in Arabic writing Islamic Among these studies is the study of conditions heritage in a particular book to historian known, so the study of this book ((Baghdad City of Peace)) to Ibn al-Faqih Hamadhaani was formed in appearance one study are important for the study of the architectural heritage of the city of Baghdad, but in substance it is based on the study of Ibn al-Faqih approach in how this revenue architectural foundations of this special book of the city of Baghdad.


Slums between heritage and modernity and its impact on Iraqi society

Anas Essam Al-Zaidi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 343-353

Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, and prayers and peace be upon our master Muhammad and his family and companions.There is no doubt that the phenomenon of random housing has become of concern to the Iraqi society, and it harasses the successive governments in our country. Therefore, I started writing this research, And I dealt with the problem of random housing in our beloved country since its appearance in the thirties of the last century and so far, and addressed the most important reasons for their appearance in the economic, political, security and social aspects, And then I dealt with the specifications of random housing from all its aspects: urban, health, social and moral. To come up with the most important means through which we could eliminate or reduce this serious problem in our society


The extremist thought in Iraq is a historical study

Alaa Nafie Jassim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 354-370

Extremism is linked to a system that feeds terrorism and calls for isolation and isolation, and avoids principles and values. It affects the intellectual, political, economic, educational, cultural, and religious aspects of society.Extremism and moderation are accompanied by extremism, extremism and extremism. Moreover, extremism does not allow peace and tolerance, but generates violence and chaos, which helps to create the emergence of extremist Islamic political organizations that tend to be radical and excessive


The suicide phenomenon in Iraq between heritage and contemporary (social study)

Ahlam M. Hussein

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 371-390

The suicide phenomenon is a complex problem in ancient and contemporary heritage and there is various interpretations about it that had social ,philosophy and psychological ones , but, the instruments about it is either taking poison or fall himself from high or shooting himself and others .the most important reasons about suicide is the social ,psychological ,and spreading the internet , it seems that the ages of perverts in Iraq are between 13-35At last , research paper contains the introduction and define concepts with a glance of historical suicide . suicide in Islamic religion and others is forbidden


The art of photography in the manuscripts / Kalila, Domna and the positions of Hariri as model.

Zeinab Kamel Karim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2019, Volume 2019, Issue 3, Pages 391-412

The twelfth and thirteenth centuries AD was the flourishing of the art of photography on paper and manuscripts, where the Arab artist went to decorate literary and scientific books with drawings and pictures until he reached the level of creativity. These manuscripts represent the first Islamic photography schools in the Abbasid period, this indicates that Islam did not prevent the use of images unless they were distracted from worship and evidence that it existed in different Islamic eras.Kalila, DomnamakamatalHariri was the important books that decorate with drawings or what was called(almunamnamat) and The Arabic school was characterized by the Islamic character, and this was reflected in the features of the people and their clothes. It was also characterized by simplicity and distance from the complexity and the drawing of light halos around the heads of the people and away from the stereotype which is rejected by the Islamic religion.