Volume 2018, Issue 1, Winter 2018


The Critical Approach in the Book of the Dwarf in the Eighth Century Ibn Hajar al-Askalani ((852 e))

Fatima Zubar Allianz

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 1-23

This type of study takes its importance in the field of historical writing, as it highlights an important aspect of the methodological approach taken by our great historians because of their participation in the field of Arab Islamic intellectual heritage. Therefore, this study in this book(( Aldderr Alkamina fi Aiyan Almaa Althamina- Ibn Hajar al-Askalani "T 852 H" ))to reveal the life and literature and scientific Ibn Hajar and critical method in his book, and the importance of the subject of being engaged in several scientific journals through his books such as Hadith, jurisprudence and history. . . Etc. The book is also one of the most famous and most widely published works of his time, as well as one of his most famous works. He is the author of a compilation of translations that deals with different trajectories that contain a wound and an adjustment. The study of intellectual life in this era, which emerged many scientists and authors in various branches of science and knowledge

 

Baghdad's difficulty (history, planning, architecture)

Saadi Ibrahim Al Darraji

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 24-36

The importance of the study lies in the knowledge of reality schematic Qishla and its relationship to buildings nearby, and compared to planning, including the availability of information and diagrams and pictures about Akecl sync with her in the history of Iraq and the Arab world, including Qishla in each of Kirkuk, Beirut, Damascus and Benghazi. With a focus on the technical aspects to see how the incoming effects.Among the benefits of research is to confirm the identity of architecture-Baghdadi, who contributed to the construction, as is evident through the local materials used in the construction of walls and complementary elements. As well as the method of construction bricks, plaster and roofing methods Baloaqbih or wood.

 

Total mysticism in the statement bully "study and investigation"

wasan Hussein Mhaimeed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 37-58

The manuscript of Sufism in the Fatwa Statement by an unknown author is presented in three unrelated pages , the first contains (1A)deals with Al-Fatiha surat which had described as useful ring to everything whereas the two pages (2A,1b) contains talisman interspersed with Quranic verses explaining the usefulness of each of them, and we do not know the reason for their status and the scientific honesty we have been obliged to mention as they came. The author divides the manuscript into two parts. The first includes a letter in the statement of the bully that is folded into seven sections without naming the first part , as it begins with the name of the second and after the fifth part , He says the seventh part, which is supposed to be the sixth one ,but , The second section deals with 50 questions and answers from the books of Abdul Ghani al-Nabulsi, as the author points out, which makes us think that he lived in his age, ie in the century (12AH / 18AD). The benefit of the manuscript lies in clarifying the path of Sufism and the creation of the ethics of Sufism, which is based on asceticism and the purity of the human soul and its purity, so that man may enjoy the satisfaction of God in this world and win the blessing of others.
 

 

Canadian Chemistry

Ahmed Abdul Wahid Abdulnabi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 59-76

Our research, titled (Canadian Chemology), deals with a number of historical facts and incidents of a scientific heritage dimension in chemistry. As for our Canadian world, he was considered the first Arab Muslim scholar and philosopher to know the ways of the doors of knowledge, all natural and human, in addition to being the first Arab philosopher and mentioned by many Eastern and Western scholars and his preference for some Arab scholars who came after him.Al-Kindi cared and cared very much about the chemistry and because of his belief in the impossibility of precious metals to precious is not true. Many of the Arab and Islamic scholars worked before the Canadian and in his time in chemistry because of their belief in the idea of converting cheap elements into precious elements such as silver and gold. However, the Canadian did not believe in this idea and rejected it firmly and it is very likely that the Canadian was the first chemist in the Arabs and Islam rejected the idea This impossibility was not preceded by Arab scholars who were interested in chemistry

 

Supplementary investigation of the technical indexes of the animal book for protruding (225 e) model

Alaa Nafie Jassim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 77-88

investigators care as well as achieving the status text of the book indexes because it is the key to him, one of the subjects of the investigation supplements, without studying the book be difficult because they show Maaassab the researcher to guide him and reveal the error investigator or Shoh.The indexes old when Arabs in the books of men, biographies, countries, and language dictionaries, and indexes of Orientalists know they have credited flags indexes, tribes, countries, and hair, and days, and proverbs, and the books have been Arabs were taken, they said it many other broad spectrum.
 

 

The social dimensions of the journey of Ibn Fadlan

Majid Makhlaf Trad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 88-99

This research is an attempt to uncover the social dimensions of the journey of Ibn Fadlan to the Caucasus in 921 AD, which took a full year. He referred, in the book he wrote about the journey, to the social reality of the cities and areas that he visited, as a result of his accurate observations of many of the phenomena and customs and social traditions practiced by the inhabitants of these cities. The details of which reflect their daily life, expressed in this book by the most accurate expressions and were best described. His book was considered as one of the most important books on trips in the Arab-Islamic heritage

 
 

Women in a book to complete the completion of the completion of Ibn Sabouni

Rasha Issa Fares

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 100-109

Because of the similarities in the names specially in reading and in writing , the art of writing and differences through history art the record and documented is one of the necessity art to historian , writer and researcher , therefor , the scientists took care of this type of art since the The historical blogging crisis but when Ibn Nokta Al- Baghdadi had neglected , the other group also had neglected thus, Ibn Alsabony tried to write a book title (Ekmal Al-Ekmal fi Al-Ansab wa Al-Asmaawa Al-Alqab to prevent what he had neglected. The researcher took care of modern scientists as he classified them in addition to translate more modernism who were unique to find them . The research contained four axes , the first on deals with the scientific and subjective biography of Ibn Al-Sabony but the second deals with the descriptive of studying the book (takmelat Ekmal Al-Ekmal ) the third one deals with the style of writer in writing and the forth is about the biography of women in the book (takmelat Al- Ekmal in Al-Ansab wa Al-Alqab then , the conclusion references .

 

Biography of al-Bayt in the Book of gold and gold minerals of the essence of Masoudi (T 346 AH / 957 AD) / Analytical study

. .

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 110-133

(297 AH / 900 AD), I am interested in studying history, geography, natural sciences, ancient religions, faiths, sects and doctrines of jurisprudence, resorting to trips and travels in different countries and regions, drawing on his information. Through watching, to see cultures and other civilizations and to watch the nations.Al-Massoudi has written many books of various scientific books. These books are covered by various sciences, and are mentioned in his book "Mawrouj Al-Zahab and Minerals of Essence", a book in general history from the beginning of creation until 336 AH / 947 AD. And the historical events associated with them, highlighted the role of Ali bin Abi Talib in many of these events during the old period. Transfer of the event with an analysis and explanation of the core Biting them

 

Mohammed Abdo and his intellectual views

Anas Issam Al Zaidi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 134-149

Imam Mohamed Abdu is considered one of the most prominent innovators in the Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh) in modern era, and one of the advocates for reformation and an important figure of the modern Islamic Arab renaissance. He has contributed by his knowledge, intelligence, and independent reasoning to liberate the Arab mind from the stagnation that incurred it for several decades. He also contributed to the awakening of consciousness of the Islamic Nation to matters such as liberation, patriotism, as well as reviving the juristic deduction to cope with the rapid modernity in the world, and the improvement and development of the society in various political, economic, and cultural aspects.The Sheikh and the Imam also called for developments in various scientific, political, economic, and social aspects of the life. He called for the social unity (national and religious as well) and to collaborate all interests through deep Islamic perspective and moderate thinking. Considering his vast subjects that he studied in his works and writings, and the significance of critical matters that he dealt with by reviewing, checking and replying to extravagant people and heretics alike, he is considered one of the innovators in Islam.

 

The Baghdadi fashion in the royal era

Kamal Rashid Al-Oqaily

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 150-163

The costumes are associated with psychological, social and economic movements, clothes are then be a way For self-expression and to express the relationship of the individual to his society.So make up clothes and fashion city of Baghdad The scene of the total fashion areas of Iraq as a whole and the Central Region in particular has been the impact factor Economic, social and worker migration in this .otadd clothing in Iraq significantly even So observant diversity in the same city from the cities of Iraq, including the capital city of Baghdad, but this Diversity for many reasons, including geographical distribution such as the environment, space and economic situation of the population as well To the diversity of religions and the presence of some national minorities.It shows that the dress was always indicates the status of the wearer's social and location are of semantics Social, intellectual or distinctive signs of any social groups that fashion as display screens The reality of the case from inside or banners to authorize Absaa people want to know about him.It seems that the taste-Baghdadi as far as Palmbus good workmanship, and residents of the city of Baghdad are taking In general the Arab outfit.

 

The assassination of Abdul Razzaq al - Nayef 1978

Fahmi Ahmed Farhan al - Janabi; Alia Sabbar behind Khalidi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 164-176

The history of contemporary Iraq witnessed the emergence of a number of military figures, whose roles differed in terms of their size and the importance of the principles and ideas they presented.Abdul Razzaq al-Nayef is one of the prominent figures who played a role in the history of modern Iraq. He managed to establish a political movement known as the Arab Revolutionary Movement, which had a clear impact on the Iraqi government.

 

Plague in 1831 and its impact on public life in Baghdad

liqa' shakir alsharifi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 177-187

Iraq has suffered in general and Baghdad in particular from the dangers of the spread of epidemics and diseases, especially in the late eighteenth century, and was one of the most important of these deadly diseases plague, which had a large negative effects and devastating results lead to the destruction of people and the destruction of cities as well as paralyzing the movement of population and economic, Especially after the population began to escape and escape from this deadly epidemic for fear of injury, resulting in the destruction of agricultural crops to the absence of those who narrate, and the disruption of the economic movement of professionals and handicrafts because of their death or escape from the city, and the outbreak of plague epidemic stopped a And the lack of trade delegations, in addition to the decline of scientific movement because of the cessation of scientific flights and the death of many scientists to infect them with this disease The impact of the plague directly on political life, where chaos was caused by the death of many princes and employees or escape to escape the disease, hence came the idea of research to clarify the effects of the outbreak of the plague in 1831 on the overall life in Baghdad

 

Marriage contract in Judaism (Ketubah) and the extent of its influence on marriage contracts among the peoples of the ancient Near East (ancient Egyptian contracts model)

Majid Jassim Mohammed Ahmed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 188-207

The research aims to refute Jewish claims that the marriage contracts are product of Jews themselves by shedding light on to what extent have the these Jews influenced by the surrounding communities especially in Babylon and Egypt, whether in the written of the marriage contract or in the formulation of its conditions and what it contains of the rights, obligations and the financial obligations. There was a need to write the marriage contracts after the Jews had contacted with their neighbors in Babylon and Egypt. During the Babylonian captivity 586 BC, a large number of Jews were displaced to Egypt to Babylon and several of them were also displaced to Egypt too. While the Jews were allowed to return to Judah 538 BC - 462 BC, generations of Jews were reincarnated by the culture, civilization, and laws of the nations were they born and lived in. Thus, the Jews have re-drafted their laws in line with the developments of their economic, social and intellectual conditions

 

Problems and Future Directions for Agricultural Land Use in Rural Sulaymaniyah Governorate

Kamal Saleh Kzkuz Alani; Ammar Abdul Khalaf Dulaimi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 208-230

The objective of this research was to identify the most important natural and human problems that the agricultural land uses in the rural areas of Sulaymaniyah. The most important natural geographical factors are represented by geological composition, surface, climate, soil, water resources, human resources, population, labor, transportation, irrigation, agricultural credit and agricultural policy. On agricultural land uses in the study area. Where the most prominent natural problems is the lack of level of the surface of the study area within the scope of the mountain area there are large areas of agricultural uses of work in the production processes such as plowing and transport, which in turn leads to the reduction of cultivated areas in the study area, Start in the increasingly growing land (3).The human factors have had the greatest impact on the agricultural land uses through the negative impact, especially the urban overrun and the suspension of agricultural drainage, with the weak economic situation of many farmers. The land area was 7666 dunums, while the area of land was 24689 dunums. Were extracted from the area of arable land and reached the conclusions and the development of the most important solutions for the advancement of agricultural reality in the study area and achieve self-sufficiency and thus achieve agricultural development.
 

 

The climate of Iraq in the books of geographers

Salar Ali Khader Aldzai

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 231-255

Over the centuries, Iraq has visited many Arab and foreign geographers and travelers, who have mentioned valuable and useful information about the climate of the Iraqi cities they visited. Arab geographers and travelers have differed from foreign travelers in describing Iraq's climate.Arab travelers reported information on Iraq's climate using precise and concise statements, and their method was to compare the climate of other Iraqi cities. The foreign travelers also relied on describing the climate of Iraqi cities compared to the European cities they came from.Among the remarks made by foreign travelers about the climate of Iraq is that it is harsh but healthy because of the abundance of solar radiation, and the climate is very extreme in terms of hot summer, so it is not suitable for Europeans, while winter is cold, although the cold winter in Iraq does not resemble Winter in Europe is rather like the spring seasons. The lack of rain in the city of Baghdad helped to preserve the buildings and reduce the archaeological expenses spent on the maintenance of these buildings, unlike the heavy rain in Europe, which damage the buildings archaeological.Foreign tourists also pointed out that the climate of the marshes and nearby cities (Basra) is one of the climates that cause the spread of diseases.

 

Geographical Distribution of Livestock in Abu Ghraib District (2000-2015)

Taha Ahmed Abdul Fahdawi; Omar Abdel Karim Emahmoud

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 256-285

This research examines the geographical distribution of animal wealth in the ABI Gharib District, consisting of cattle animals (sheep, cattle, goats, buffalo), poultry and bees. Over the course of fifteen years (2000-2015), finding the relative change between them, as well as studying animal breeds for each type of Animal species, and indicate the impact of geographical factors in that distribution.The geographical distribution of animal wealth is greatly influenced by geographical (natural and human) factors and by the distribution and characteristics of the population. On this basis, the geographical distribution of livestock was mixed, with sheep ranked first in 2015 (73418), head Of the total number of livestock animals in the study area, 47.7% are in the second place, with 58364 (37.9%). Of all livestock animals in the study area for the same year, the third was the goat's share, with a total of 3845 (9%). Of all livestock animals in the study area for the same year, the Buffalo was ranked fourth, with a total of 8241 (5.4%). Of the total number of cattle in the study area for the same yearTo raise chickens is a food and economic importance in the study area, it is one of the important branches of animal wealth. The number of projects for the production of Chickens (174) has reached a field, and the bulk of these fields are parked as the number of parked fields (111) is a field, owing to the circumstances of the area Study, the working fields have been prepared (64) field .The breeding of bees is an important occupation in the study area, due to the small amount of space it occupies. The importance of honey comes through its multiple uses as a treatment for many Respiratory, skin and other diseases, with the number of hives in the study area (3137) cell .

 

Emotional understanding and its relation to the psychological steadfastness of university students

Omar Khalaf Rashid; Bilal Tarek Hussein

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 286-307

The Aim of the current research is to know the level of emotional understanding and psychological resilience and to know the relationship between emotional understanding and psychological resilience of al-Anbar university students.The research sample included Al-Anbar university Students for the academic year 2017/2018, they were160 (77) were male students, and 83 female students he applied to them the measure of emotional understanding prepared by Abdul Zahra, 2016. The researcher relied on the theory of Mayer, &salovey, 1997), which contains (36) a five-tiered paragraph and has using the two independent sample tests, and all the paragraphs were distinct, the computed values ranged from (2, 67-8, 70, the degree of relationship of the paragraph to the overall degree of internal consistency has also been created and has reached Tool persistency factor in alpha-crobbach (0.84), the final version of the scale (35) Paragraph was combined after the deletion of one paragraph because it was not linked to college degree, and to measure the psychological resilience applied by the researchers after a number of measurements and consisting of (34) Paragraph by Pentagram, In the current research, he extracted the apparent honesty and discriminatory force of the vertebrae, whose calculated values ranged from(2, 66-6, 40) The results of the computed T values show that they are all statistically function when compared to the indexed value (2, (a) the degree of relationship of the paragraph to the overall degree (internal consistency) and correlation transactions were all statistically function, and the coefficient of the instrument's persistency was alpha-Kroenbach ( 0.85). Research results in the measurement of emotional understanding revealed that university students had an emotional understanding of their average score (126.78) with a standard deviation (13.67), with the total measure being equal to (175). The results of the research on the measurement of psychological resilience also found that the average score for the research sample (73.5) was equivalent to a standard deviation (7.19) And this result indicates that the average student scores were above average. The results also showed a statistically significant correlation at the level (0.05) between the individual grades of the research sample in emotional understanding and psychological resilience. The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference at (0.05) level in the emotional understanding of psychological resistance depending on the type variant (male – female)

 

The Relationship between Mathematical Mathematical Knowledge and Mathematical Logic Intelligence in Second Stage Students Computer Science Department, College of Education for Pure Sciences / Ibn Al Haytham, University of Baghdad.

Ban Hassan Majid

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 308-330

The aim of the search is to identify the nature of the interrelationship between the mathematical knowledge of procedural and logical mathematical intelligence with the second phase of the students in the department of computer science, College of Education Pure Sciences / Ibn Al-Haytham, University of Baghdad. After determining the research community who is the College of Education Pure Science / Ibn Al-Haytham, University of Baghdad; been identified students phase II department of computer science arena to conduct the experiment, bringing the research sample of students size (86) students distributors by (31 males and 55 females). The researcher built the first test to measure the mathematical knowledge of procedure & the second to measure the logical-mathematical intelligence. After data collection and analysis research found that Students have mathematical knowledge procedural analogy premise average of the comparison has done. While outweigh the students to the students in the mathematical knowledge procedural test, which was prepared for the purposes of this research, and they have logical-mathematical intelligence compared to the average, which has by comparison & there's a correlation between the mathematical knowledge of procedural and logical-mathematical intelligence for students as a whole.

 

The artistic models of theatrical phenomenon in the Anbarian theater

Shaaban Rajab Abdul Razzaq

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 331-351

The research concludes with the idea of the most important artistic styles and the work of the artists in the theater of Al-Anbar province, through the spread of the themes and personalities of Anbarah, which worked on the podium, with creative force, to establish the birth of the Anbari Theater and a quiet path through which it grew and developed, but the spirit of the Anbarian thought, It has played an essential role in nurturing the new baby. It has acquired an art of its own models, bases and origins. It has provided this art with the opportunities that enabled it to produce the first generation of its giants, thanks to their understanding of the Theater nature. they understood that the dramatic value and the intellectual, social, psychological and moral content is the guarantee for the survival and sustainability of the movement. The disagreement about the theater as a theater project made the achievements of the theater movement very modest when compared to other projects in many creative fields. The researcher hopes to be able to identify the effort of these valuable pioneers, who succeeded in achieving despite all the great difficulties faced by the social media ignorant of the circumstances of the stage

 

The technical characteristics of the linear work of Hamed Al Amidi calligrapher

Abdulqader Nabih Mouloud Bakr

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 1, Pages 352-378

This is a study of the physiological line – Author - What is the technical expertise of the written work of Hamed AL Amidi calligrapher ?The limits of the preparatory research (1358 AH - 1393 AH), and the second chapter contains the theoretical framework and previous studies and duties of the initial procedures, and the adoption of the researcher descriptive analytical approach in his research, the fourth chapter and members and proposals .