Volume 2018, Issue 3, Winter 2018


Bani Hadir family and its political, administrative and intellectual role in Andalusia

Othman Abdul Aziz Saleh Al_Mohmedi; Mohammed Rashid Ahmed Al_Obeidi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 1-11

The study concerned the study of the history of a family of famous Andalusian scientific families, which had an important role in the scientific life witnessed by Andalusia in the two emirates of the emirate and the Umayyad Caliphate. The political, administrative and intellectual role of the Bani Hadir family was discussed in the important political, military and administrative positions in the Umayyad In Andalusia, added to the intellectual role of scientists from the Bani Hadir family in providing the scientific movement with a distinctive intellectual production represented by participation in the scientific renaissance through the creation of works and scientific books in various sciences and literary creativity, especially in poetry and eloquence.The second section includes the political role played by members of the Bani Hadir family in the Umayyad state in Andalusia. The third topic dealt with the administrative role and the administrative positions held by the sons of the Bani Hadir family in the country. The fourth topic was devoted to clarifying their intellectual role. The conclusion included the main findings of the research.

 

The methods of housing in al-Maqdisi in his book are the best in the knowledge of the regions

Zabin Khalaf Nawaf; Lama Faeq Ahmed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 12-22

In this research we discussed housing and houses in Maqdisi , The building has been Known since ancient times and is characterized by its simplicity , When the construction of cities appeared, the public building of the people was a residential neighborhood with combined houses and converged The houses were built of stones and clay, wicker and wood and of lint .The houses were built according to the strata of society, The houses of the poor class were narrow and lacked amenities, Where the rich class houses are large, spacious and elegant . The rich in their homes also used inscriptions and decorations to enhance their splendor and splendor so They built luxury palaces.Housing is a necessity of living is a symbol of stability for all families .Through this research, we discussed the houses and houses in the Holy Quran, and for the ancient Iraqis and housing in the Hijaz, Basra, Kufa, Wasit, Mosul, Fustat, Kairouan, Damascus , Khorasan and other places , Translation errorWe also talked about the inadequacies of the rich and the housing in the lint houses

 

Rights and duties of women in the Koran "women model"

Ahlam Mohsen Hussein

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 23-45

Islam has been the priority in history between the calls and other religions to raise the status of women and give them their rights and duties, at a time when non-Muslim societies lagged socially and biased against women, Islam ensured equality between men and women in religious and social rights and duties only in some situations, National responsibilities and women have rights to marriage as well as duties. A man has the authority and leadership of the family. She has the right to choose her husband because she is not forced to marry those she does not want. And the right to request divorce if he does not perform his duties properly as given by Islam the right of financial independence, and the right of inheritance, although its share varies according to the circumstances and other rights and the right to work if it needs him and duties as the request of science, and has the forefront in the love of her children and their care in exchange for that paradise under The feet of mothers.

 

Manuscripts and Methods of Protecting the Manuscripts Study in the collection of the Husseini and Abbasid pillars of the two supervisors

Ghaleb Yassin Farhan

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 46-69

Manuscripts are a scientific material for studies and research in order to identify the previous civilizations and their sciences, arts and crafts among the members of those times, and the preparation of such a study is an effort to know the necessary and important issues associated with the tools of writing manuscripts. In view of the emergence and development of hand-made paper industry in the workshops, as well as the manufacture of wood, cardboard and leather coverings in manuscript processors, we find that the history of these industries and the arts are under review and review by the owners of industries and crafts through manuscripts.The lack of resources that speak about the tools of the manuscripts made us rely in this research on the full field visits to the treasury of manuscripts in the walls of the holy Husseiniya and Abbasid to obtain information, and what is important to show that this research field in the holdings of reservoirs and museums attached to the thresholds. We have established a source for the reality of the manuscripts of Iraq and the methods of writing and its time in the period from the tenth century to the thirteenth century of migration.

 

Contribution of scientists in the development of medical science in the Islamic Levant During the Abbasid period a historical study

Saddam Jassim Mohammed Al - Bayati

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 70-88

The humanities, religious, jurisprudence, history, language, and other sciences have received a great deal of attention from historians. The literary sources have given great information about these sciences and enriched them with criticism and saturation in search of them, After that, researchers and historians were obliged to delve into the pure sciences. We chose from this science the science of medicine for its importance and its close connection to human life, and to explain what the scholars of the Islamic Orient have presented in this field of knowledge. Muslims and others since ancient times and increased interest in it by the successive states in the Arab Islamic state since the beginning of Islam until the end of the Abbasid year (656 AH) until it rose and became the duty of the caliphs and princes and ministers to take care of it through the education of people and the building of the The patients' treatment rooms were other study halls, and the caliphs were keen on getting the money and giving it to doctors and learners. The Islamic Mashreq has a special status among the other Islamic countries because of its geographical spread, diversity of its environment, its origins, and the existence of a medical foundation in it. It is the Jassab Yassabur school, where many of the bright doctors of the Mashreq and humanity have gone out.

 

Assessment of the climatic efficiency of the streets of buildings (A comparative study of Azizia and Andalusia)

Firas Fadel Mahdi Al Bayati Firas Fadel Mahdi Al Bayati

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 89-99

The residential localities streets are varied in their planning. Some of them seem just an imitation of western designs which are not appropriate to Ramadi climate specially in summer season and different from the ancient planning which has a geometric pattern of streets achieving a local, nice and appropriate for human beings. The study aims at illustrating the planning reality of streets net in two localities; the first is the ancient Al-Azizyah having the organic pattern of streets and its comparison with Al-Andalus locality having the modern net pattern. Also investigating the climate efficiency for both localities in hot and dry summer season. Locally, the study utilizes the climate observations to measure the temperature, humidity and the wind speed during night and day for July so it arrives at: The streets net having the organic pattern in Al-Azizyah has recorded decreasing the maximum temperatures more than the modern net pattern in AlAndalus about (4co), the wind speed has been less than (0.5)M/S and increasing the humidity about (5%). These values would be closer approximately to achieve the climate efficiency for our cities in summer. The study recommends concerning planning indicators which appropriate to Ramadi city. The better direction of the streets net is North-Northern East to SouthSouthern West with triangle (30o) from the line of geographic North. This direction is an appropriate to the housing units in the city.

 

The efficiency of the spatial distribution of telecommunications networks services (Zain Iraq) in the district of Al-wetba using geographic information systems G.I.S

Abdul Hamid Wali Abd Butti

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 100-126

The study concluded by using geographic information systems (GIS) with inefficient spatial distribution of the telecommunication network (Zain Iraq). There are vast areas Without service of 64.9% deprivation of the total area and 27.3% It has become incapable of achieving spatial and demographic coverage for the entire desert region. A realistic vision has been developed to improve the performance of the network and reach an acceptable level of communication efficiency and spatial distribution by adopting modern technologies and redistributing towers and opening new axes that can deliver service to areas of demographic and economic importance to achieve justice. Wage Socialism.

 

Sanitary sewer services in the city of Ramadi

Mashaal Faisal Ghadeeb Al_Mawla; Talib Madab Khalaf Al_dulami

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 127-150

The research through multiple axes provides a definition of scientifically important Btabieih sanitary sewer services in the city of Ramadi, starting from its founding until the reality of 2013. And stand on the role of the service, with the identification of the nature of the distribution and the discrepancy between the parts of the city and the coverage rate for this service at the level of city housing and the main problems that stand or advancement reality deteriorating for this service, as well as preview of the causes of the problem and stand on the proposed projects to circumvent this problem by adopting methods scientific solid favorite in identifying projects, the most prominent research methods is approved and interviews as well as field survey method of distribution of a questionnaire to a random sample of 95% confidence level. The main findings of the research is that of neglect, mismanagement, corruption and a lack of specialist and trainee staff and policy prosthetic solutions of non-futuristic look and style of typesetting problems stacked and lack of sense of responsibility and weak supervision are behind the palaces and the deterioration of exchange services, has been crowned Find futuristic vision, notably the introduction of the city of Ramadi within development programs, where he received negligence as well as the need for the formation of diverse disciplines working group to discuss Scientifically the proposed projects and to determine the trade-offs, including the decision of this study, we identified under the proposed fourth away from diligence.

 

Impact of dust storms on the movement of work in the city of Ramadi for the year 2017

Firas Fadel Mahdi Al Bayati; Nourh Abdul Khalek Shaker Aldouri

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 151-160

Sandstorms affect Ramadi district negatively especially works and general activities. This study indicated the increase of this phenomenon in 2013 at Ramadi station. The main aim of the present study is to explain the harm resulted from these sandstorms on man's physical and psychological abilities and its negative impact on his daily activities which decreases his/her productivity.The study adopted a form of questionnaire including workers of major professions: employees, students, free professionals t conclude the harm resulted and its negative impact on the generalactivitieso

 

The morphometric characteristics of Wadi Zarawa basin

Shaima Majid Khalaf

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 161-186

The purpose of this research is to reveal the morphometric characteristics of zeraoh valley basin using geographical information systems. These characteristics are: (surveying, morphology, terrain, water drainage, etc.). The geological map and the map of the boundaries of the study area were used (1: 1000000). (Arc Map 10.3) was used for contour maps and methods of quantitative analysis of various surface phenomena. A database of the basin was constructed, with a basin area of ( 392) km2 and a length of( 30.5) km. The basin consists of a collection of 488 ponds and three types of water drainage were identified

 

The indicators of imbalance in the titles of radio and television research and its comparison with the rest of the research media specialties A Comparative Evaluation Study of Letters and Notes of the College of Information, University of Baghdad, 1988 - 2018

Raad Jasim Al Kaabi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 187-207

Defect indications in the titles of research of radio and TV. Comparing with other specialties departments . " comparative evaluation study of theses and dissertations of faculty of information ( 1988 – 2018 ) " .The importance of media research will be subjected to several conditions , the most important is the title should be adhered to scientific conditions from one hand and including variables of the research and referring to accurate specialties and scopes of research . The researcher feels that titles of research of radio and TV. Do not meet the conditions of good research title .Accordingly the researcher chose (660) titles of theses and doctorate dissertations since 1988 till 2018 , which represented total research society since establishing of higher studies in 1988 till 4/01/2018 in which he accessed to faculty site .The researcher chose ( 257 ) titles according to selecting the size of the sample basing of exploratory study of the chosen research society . Also the researcher chose regulated random sample to provide opportunities to represent the variables in research society sample in suitable method with more accuracy . The researcher adopted analyzing of the content depending upon , categories and units agreed upon by experts .Also made initial analysis to ensure the existence of categories and its appearance in the sample in correct way by choosing intention sample.The researcher has adopted comparative method to identify the important differences between the defect in titles of researches of radio and TV. And other media specialties researches . The most important questions of the research as follow:-What is the size of correlation relations in radio and TV researches and comparing them with rest of information specializations?To what extend the accurate specialization referring to?The most important aims of the research as follow:-Identifying the correlation relation size in titles. Specifying the extent of the precise specialization existence in titles. Achieving these aims presenting importance of the research which is not studied previously and this is represented via studying correlation relations, the most important hypotheses referred to them as follow:-There is consistence between the precise specialization of information researches and the correlation relations. There is statistical significance between the precise specialization of information research and concepts of the studied researches. The researcher depended the comparative approach for its suitability with the research nature and achieving scientific comparison among the titles of radio and TV researches indexes and other specializations of information. The most important results which the researcher has reached that 78% of the research titles not included correlation relations that 60% of them miss the special scope and 15% are free from special scope and the radio and TV researches less using of research concepts.

 

News Trends on Women's Issues in the Independent Iraqi Press ((News in Al - Zaman newspaper)) model

Abdulrahman Ali Hamad Al-Fahdawi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 208-226

After the US occupation to Iraq in 2003 in accordance with the new political philosophy to manage his rule in governing the country, They started their policy on calling for equality and freedom for all social groups in community through using the media of visual and audio-visual media and printed material. They tried to offer many issues for people in an attempt to establish their new values and concepts. One of the most important issues was the marginalization of women, which should be taken as an integral part of society's issues. So the they work to integrate women in all political, economic and social activities. The new philosophy emphasized the idea that the advancement of society will be achieved only through the participation of women and men in building the new life. The importance of this research stems from the focus on what Iraqi independent newspapers have addressed to the issues of women presented in Al-Zaman newspaper to show the trends of the news presented towards women right, especially after the American occupation after 9/4/2003. The problem statement of current research lies in the main question is whether the Iraqi newspapers have given an appropriate area of their concerns to the issues women rights in society While the main purpose of the study is to show the readers the importance of the press in raising women's issues and to investigate the ideology of Al-Zaman newspaper on dealing with the women's issues. The study employed the descriptive analysis (contextual Analysis) to investigate the meaning beyond written discourse of aforementioned newspaper. The study adopted a new sampling design to analyse the written Articles based on the comprehensive inventory method in the temporal boundaries of research from 41/1/2009 to 31/12/2009

 

The attitudes of public relations practitioners towards the use of the YouTube site in defining the societal role of educational institutions

Haitham Akkab Attieh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 227-247

This study deals with the issue of public communication issues, namely the attitudes of public relations practitioners towards the use of the YouTube site in the definition of the societal role of educational institutions in both Baghdad University, Mustansiriya University and the Iraqi University, and social access sites are one of the means used by the public in general, Different in terms of the content that affects the increased knowledge of the recipient whether scientific, cultural, religious, political, documentary, sports or artistic in its various forms, news, facts, daily events, recreational or advertising Other where he was the recipient. YouTube is the most flexible means of transmitting and receiving information in audio and video. YouTube is unique in documenting events, news, and topics that traditional media can not do. The site can also broadcast the views of groups and individuals that differ from opinions broadcast through other media. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, a sample of (30) respondents was selected by (20) employees and (10) female employees in a comprehensive inventory method of public relations practitioners working in the public relations departments at Baghdad University, Mustansiriya University, and the Iraqi University. Using the YouTube site, the researcher prepared a questionnaire of theoretical literature and previous studies consisting of (10) verbs. The validity of the measure was verified by the Virtual honesty

 

The impact of a training program for teachers and teachers of the Arabic language for the preparatory stage in acquiring critical thinking skills and acceptance of the program

Abdul Aziz Abdul Qader Al-Subaie

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 248-286

The present study is aiming at identifying (The Impact of Training Program for Intermediate Arabic Language Teachers on their Acquisition of Critical Thinking Skills and their Acceptance of the Program) in order that the teachers can use these skills in the cogitation, formulate questions and stimulating their students. It is also significant to improve learning skills by students.

 

The level of technological enlightenment among students of the College of Education Pure Sciences

Samira Adnan Tharthar

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 287-307

The objective of the current research is to identify the level of technological sophistication of the second grade students in the physics department of the Faculty of Education To achieve the research objective ,a set of question was raised ,which included the question about the level of technological enlightenment and the level of its dimension among the students the research community included (42)of the students of the department and after excluding (10)absenteeism ,the study sample was (32)and 76%of the students in the academic year2018 ,the researcher built the technological enlightenment standard which consisted of (80) paragraphs divided by its dimensions (6) and verified its veracity which reached 80%it was calculated as a constant curve ,which was o,89.it is considered a high constant ,After applying it to the research sample and processing data using the 2013 program ,finding the arithmetic averages and percentage percentages of the student grades the results were explained and recommendation and suggestion for research and experimentation were developed

 

Effect of the strategy (P.O.S.S.E) in the direction of students fourth grade scientific English language is a foreign language

Ibtisam پ پHussein Fayyad; sajaa muhamad jasim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 308-324

The study aims to apply the (P.O.S.S.E) strategy to the fourth preparatory grade students' attitudes toward EFL reading comprehension. To achieve this aim, the researchers conducted an action research. The total number of the samples is 73 students' from Ajindin preparatory school for girl at Al-KharaKh General Directorate of Education / Baghdad. Pre-post questionnaire was used to collect the quantitative data of the study. The results showed that there were positive statistical significant differences between the control and experimental group's attitude in the post -questionnaire in favor of the experimental group.

 

The Effectiveness of Teaching with Plan's Strategy on Qualitative Achievement and Saber Thinking among Grade 5 Biological Biology Students

Qusay Qassim Jaid Al Rikabi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 325-345

The aim of the present research is knowing (effect of using strategies of Plan in the acquisition of biology concepts and the Literacy for Fiverth Scientific Class Students), To achieve this aim, the following two zero hypotheses were made . 1-The first hypothesis: There is no difference at the level of 0.05 between the average number of students .0.05 between the average number of students .0.05 biology. 2-The second hypothesis: There is no difference at the level of significance 0.05 between the average ratios of lack of psychology (convergent) in the higher standards (analysis, synthesis, and evaluation) to the first degree 3 -The third hypothesis: There is no significant difference at the level between the average number of students by level in the preparation )communication 2017 -2018) of (32 schools, and the pool number 3468 of the Directorate of Education of Baghdad Rusafa 3 and The researcher chose randomly (the method of drawing) preparatory (Abi Dhar al-Ghafari for boys) for boys to the Department of Education Rusafa third to represent a place to inspect his experience. The researcher prepared a tool, the first evaluation (multi-test), and the acquisition of the stability of the test paragraphs using the equation of Kyoder-Richardson - 20 radio (88.0, and the second instrument (the measure of the basic thinking has been updated from ( Hamdani 2015) - 20 fields of knowledge and skill, and Alpha Kronbach for the emotional field 0.81 English language course the previous thinking In the light 0. 840 of the results of the research, a set of results was reached.

 

Ethical issues and the importance of inclusion in the book of biology third grade in Iraq from the point of view of the teachers of the article

Amer Awad Jassim Al Dulaimi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 3, Pages 355-372

This study aimed at revealing the bioethical issues included in the biology textbook for the third intermediate grade from the point of view of the biology teachers in Iraq. Study sample reached (250) male and female biology teachers teaching the third intermediate grade in the schools pertaining to Al- Anbar directorate of education. To achieve the study goal, a questionnaire has been prepared which consisted of (23) issue in tripartite stepwise distributed to (4) basic fields. Results have revealed that the level of inclusion in the biology textbook for the third intermediate grade of the bioethical issues from the point of view of the biology teachers in Iraq was medium. The study recommended the necessity for increasing the inclusion in the biology text book of the bioethical issues.