Volume 2018, Issue 4, Spring 2018


Moderation of Religious Discourse & its Impact on Achieving the goals of Sustainable Societal Development: An Analytical Perspective

Mohammad Hussein Al-Hajj

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 1-17

There is no doubt that the discourse in general and its religious nature are not merely words that have been received throughout the ages, but rather a message of intellectual, religious and social content that has its objectives, purpose and implications for human thought. The era and its developments. This research aims at addressing the required roles of moderate religious discourse in order to achieve the objectives of sustainable community development, by presenting the foundations and characteristics of this discourse in an analytical study. The importance of the research stems from its approach to the concept of moderate religious discourse and its relation to achieving the objectives of comprehensive community development by promoting the innovative path of moderate religious discourse and highlighting the role and impact of moderate religious discourse in achieving the goals of comprehensive community development. The researcher relied on the analytical descriptive approach by returning to the references and researches that were subjected to the subject of the research, whether direct or indirect, to reach the researcher to a number of results, the most important of which is that moderate religious discourse can contribute effectively to support and strengthen the efforts of the state for development Comprehensive community. The researcher also recommends in his research to work for the renewal and development of religious discourse to receive ears and hearts conscious, and work on the exercise of jurisprudence with all the confidence and otherwise, we remain in terms of we do not change and not renew and compelling dependency and underdevelopment

 

The Importance of Governmental Expenditure in achieving Human Development to curb extremism: “Malaysian experience as a Model”

Ismail Hammadi Mijbil

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 18-33

The study aims to identify the experience of Malaysia in eliminating the ethnic and sectarian war that broke out in the country in 1969. This calls for a return to self, especially by the government to know the causes of these war , as well as the diagnosis of the sites of imbalance in order to evaluate and deal with them. "Moderation" is a comprehensive Islamic culture that affects the lives of individuals, society and the state. The process of human development must be consistent with the prevailing values and concepts and should not be Conflicts with mushrooms And Malaysia has a pioneering experience in eradicating that situation. This experiment is worthy of study and application to countries that have witnessed such a situation .

 

The Political and Religious Role of Moderation Discourse in Fulfilling Development and Social Prosperity

Mahmood Saleem Abdulrahman Al-Shuat

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 34-49

The social media and communication imposes themselves on contemporary international society. They become an integral part of everyday life for individuals and different groups. Today, human beings cannot live without engaging with events around him, whether these events are local or international. The relationship between human beings and recent communication is mutual and interactive. No doubt, these communications are of importance to provide people with knowledge and sciences. However, if these modern technologies are employed appropriately in creating a moderate and sober political and religious discourse, peace and stability will be achieved. This situation will lead to a peaceful world with developed economy and social prosperity for all humanity. This proved that the role of social media is important in mitigating the political and religious discourse to achieve moderation, interaction and coexistence among the individuals in human societies, organizations and states in different walks of life. Here, the most important thing is how to invest these means of communications in creating a moderate political and religious discourse to achieve mutual and common understanding among different followers of religions. As we know, the problem lies not within religions but their followers. Religions cannot be going in fighting, but their followers do. The problem of the study is represented by setting up an international and media treaty which can be translated into principles by which conciliation and coexistence took place among societies. These principles should incriminate any media article which touches beliefs, political and religious figures, which, in turn, encourages argumentation and hatred among religions. These strategies should be done to guide means and media of discourse into mitigation of their political and religious discourse. It also meant to raise people’s awareness to deception and investigate truth. Moreover, there should be serious attempts to present sound discourse which brings together the different viewpoints of religions. This case will lead to create a healthy environment of investments which produce a strong economic reality. To achieve the above-mentioned aims, the researcher depends on a descriptive approach to describe theoretically the phenomena under study and to show its characteristics. The analytical-induction approach will also be employed to study the reality analytically. The reasons for this phenomenon will be revealed to diagnose the suitable solutions for the above aims. The study concludes that Islam religion is not a religion of hatred for others. Instead, it bears respect for other holy religions. According to Islam, Muslims should believe in other religions and messengers. So, it is important to employ modern means of communication and social media to achieve coexistence and love, and avoid hatred, extremity and killing. The researcher recommends that the laws of those countries and institutions where hatred and racism discourse are rife against Islam and Muslims should be studied to stand against them in courts. Therefore, individual actions should not be connected to particular group, religion, and nationality or ethnicity, especially actions of terrorism. There should be an international and media treaty which can be translated into principles by which conciliation and coexistence took place among societies. These principles should incriminate any media article which touches beliefs, political and religious figures.

 

Values of Moderation in Jahiliate Poetry and the Holy Quran

Tarraf Tarek Alnahar-Adiyaman; khamees Fazah Omair

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 50-65

The study aims at investigating the values of moderation in pre-Islam literature and comparing them with those included in the Holy Quran. Images in pre-Islam literature represent an important aspect of the values of the social and moral moderation common in the Arab society before Islam which continued hereafter. Islam has acknowledged these values and added another dimension by equating them with the reward people adhering to them get in the afterlife. These values and morals are represented by the word ‘prowess’ which includes assisting neighbors, maintaining ties with kinsmen, cooperation, solidarity, altruism, courage, generosity and faithfulness. To achieve its objective, the study adopts the descriptive and historical approach represented by analyzing texts to arrive at results. The most important findings of the study include;-Pre-Islam literature includes recurrent references to social and moral values.-The Holy Quran adds to these values by the rewards people adhering to these values get in the afterlife.-Arabs were famous for respecting these noble virtues whereas other neighboring nations were living in dark ages. This has qualified the Arabs to carry the message of Islam and disseminate it worldwide.-Adhering to these values and morals represented a controlling variable for the human behavior which by people in the community acknowledged and it participated in disseminating cooperation collaboration among them. The most important recommendations of the study include,-Directing the attention of scholars to focus on the Arab heritage to highlight the values and morals it embraces. There is a great need to revive these values and diffuse them in our communities. -Conducting an extended study on the values of moderation and comparing them with those in the Holy Quran, noble Prophet Sunnah and Islamic literature.

 

Political Discourse in the Age of Prophecy and the Righteous Caliphs

Karim Ajeel Al-Jubawi; Israa Tareq Al-Jubouri

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 66-87

The present paper aims at finding out the objective reasons behind depending Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and the righteous caliphs after him on a positive discourse. Moreover, it investigates the reasons of using negative discourse which are mostly adopted by their political enemies and knows the consequent results behind adopting those two discourses. We mentioned examples for a positive discourse from above mentioned ages. We choose examples of political discourse for leaders of Mecca and several contemporary kings whose discourse was not identical. For example, the discourse of non-believers of Mecca, king of Kisra, the king of Sassanian State was a negative discourse while the discourse of Al-Muqawqis, king of state of Abyssinia was a positive one. It has shown that the positive discourse by which Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) and the righteous caliphs depended on achieves a cultural transition in the reality of the state and society’s affairs in addition to its relation to other societies. So, Islam is spread in Medina (Al-Madinah al-Munawwarah) and Mecca (Makkah Al-Mukarramah) among Arabs of Arabian Peninsula. Though different tribes, they obey one state, the state of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) and then the state of the righteous caliphs which follows the same positive discourse and values of Prophet’s state. In doing so, they preserve the political, ideological and societal unity which is achieved during the age of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). They make it a reality which is prevalent with security, ideological freedom, and social justice. In such society, everything is available to all. The opportunities of good life, cultural and ideological development which enable the individual according to his abilities to ascend the social ladder in society are there. The same goals are fulfilled in the Levant, Iraq and Egypt because they depend on the same political discourse which is translated into tangible reality in the life of people. They live in a prosperous way in contrast to those states which lack human values, human positive discourse and just legislations whose target is society not particular class or individual. The positive discourse which is adopted by the Negus, king of Abyssinia succeeds in achieving the same results. The rule of this state continues and establishes good relationships with Islamic-Arab state and other states. Contrastingly, the negative discourse, among other reasons, brings about disastrous results for the states which are going through the state of Prophet (PBUH) and the righteous caliphs. Among these states are the state of Persia which confronts Prophet’s discourse with negative discourse and steps. Consequently, its rule is vanished in the time of the righteous caliphs while its people bestow with luxury and prosperity. This proved the saying of the Holy Quran, “O mankind. Indeed, We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted”.

 

The policy of moderation in the Arab world The Policy of Moderation in Arab Homeland

Ayad Nadum Jassim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 88-98

This paper is about the enhancement of moderation policy in Arab Homeland in view of the events and variants on the Arab scene, notably, contradictions, ideas, and opposing policies that led to marginalize the other under successive governments in power. The paper seeks to answer the question of how to empower the policy of moderation in Arab Homeland and the form of such policy that Arab project can adopt in the face of current challenges.The problem the paper addresses is that the establishment of a moderation policy in Arab Homeland is a goal that many seek to achieve because the current conditions of the Arab countries, such as crises and wars, prove to be a barrier to such a policy. The foundation of a policy of moderation is up to the regime in power as the extent of applying such a moderation policy depends on the Arab governments. The role of these government lies in enhancing moderation policy and realizing its religious, legal, and social aspects, which are themselves the goals of the Arab peoples. This is where this paper starts as an attempt to enhance such a moderation policy to help Arab people ascend to the highest values of moderation and away from extremism that comes to mark Muslims nowadays.The paper uses the theoretical approach through the investigation of the experience of Arab countries in facing challenges like terrorism and extremism.The paper seeks to construct a unified policy that Arab countries can adopt to face such challenges as the crisis of extremism and establish a constructive dialogue among all sides of community to form an effective government that can face all dangers and establish political, social, and legal justice. Major among the findings and recommendations of the paper are that the original inception of Islam is to establish social justice and bring justice to the oppressed. It emphasized all forms of cooperation and that the establishment of political stability can lead to moderation. This can lead to democracy and the desired end of achieving societal security and observation of human rights. The more these values were rooted in Arab communities the closer we approach the conception of security and stability. Any breach of these conceptions can deteriorate our security and social situation. These are not a trait that a given group, movement, or Islamic party can monopolize. It should be a trait of the whole Islamic nation.

 

The Language of the Two Revelations as a Model

Mohammad Hadi Mohammad Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 99-117

By reading the language of the two revealations (the Holy Quran and the Prophet's Hadith) we find that it was and remains an example to be followed in the calm of the discourse and the power of persuasion and can benefit from this linguistic energy by using its means to call the community and guidance in order to achieve the community peace, was the title of research (means of language in common Moderate social discourse, the language of the Wahines as a model)The aim of the research: To stand on the linguistic approaches in the language of the Wahhabis, which has been used in the prevalence of moderate discourse between society and its statement to our society in order to benefit from it.The problem of research: There is confusion and inaccuracy in addressing people and understanding the texts of revelation, the researcher wanted to study the methods of the language of the Levines in order to activate them and take their role in benefiting from them in directing people.Research Methodology: The analytical descriptive approach by means of a sample that is studied with the meanings of the language of the Holy Quran and the Hadith. The research was divided into four demands preceded by an introduction and followed by a conclusion. The first is the path of moderation in society. The third is dialogue (the path of persuasion in society), and the fourth (the purposeful story for the welfare of society).Research findings and recommendations: The study found that the linguistic method in the language of the Levites has a special character in guiding people and calling them according to their status, status and status by example (dialogue, exposure, story). The aim of the language of the Levites was to correct the error that occurs directly, This is a mistake, and the language of the Levites deals with the community groups and individuals that they have rights and duties, and one of the most important rights of the right to them before demanding to comply with the orders of God and his companions, but the recommendations are dealing with Islamic communities that they are guaranteed rights, a The methods of the language of the Holy Quran and the Hadith in the call to God and its application, and the dissemination of national awareness and alert Muslims to intellectual risks and methods of prevention.

 

The Effect of Linguistic Indication on the Interpretation of Ayahs of Moderation into ‘Justice’ in the Religious Discourse

Hatim Hamdan Ibraheem Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 118-138

The study aims to associate the linguistic meaning with its associative meaning in the mind. This is because interpreters, in their understanding of the meaning of the Holy Quran, depend on linguistic indications (lexicographical, grammatical, morphological) in terms of language. This is what logicians call equivalence between the form and its exact meaning, for example, the expression ‘middle’ means to be between two things. Moreover, the text has an interpretation carried over by the utterance in terms of meaning. This is called consistency as in the interpretation of the word ‘middle’ to mean ‘justice’ as associated in the mind with the linguistic meaning. In this light, the study aims at exploring the linguistic meaning of expressions of moderation as truth conditions and their interpretations as meaning ‘justice’ as associated in the mind. To achieve this objective, the data for analysis (moderation expressions; middle, in the middle, average, moderate and midst) have been collected from five Ayahs. The study adopts the analytical approach by analyzing the expressions as understood on the basis of the mentioned indications. The most important findings of the study include;-The expression ‘middle’ means ‘in the middle’ as its identical meaning, which is its truth condition. In addition, it means ‘justice’ as understood from the consistency indication or what is so called metonymy. Hence, the expression ‘middle’ is derived as a root for emphasis purposes without interpretation or deletion. Also, in the declension of the prepositional phrase ‘from the average’, there are two opinions. The one stating that they are adjectival for the second object was preferred because the exact meaning is incomplete without it. The recommendation to be derived from the study is the need not to separate between the linguistic indication and the probable meaning of this indication. Moreover, the study also recommends the need not to separate between the three indications in deriving the potential meaning of the text.

 

The Role of Social Discourse in the Prophet's Age in Boosting the Culture of Moderation among Members of Society

Mustafa Farhan Awad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 139-157

Societies nowadays suffer many social crises like extremism, sectarianism, antagonism, corruption, exaggeration, Youth's cares, disrespect to parents, and many others. This paper seeks to find solutions to these problems from the great heritage of Prophet Mohammad (Allah's peace & prayer be upon him).The paper aims to boost the values of moderation among the members of society by presenting samples of the speeches and commandments of Prophet Mohammad on social concerns and their practical applications.The researcher collected the relevant Prophet's sayings, speeches, and commandments to analyze their impact on the members of society like what the Prophet imperative not to harm neighbors and other texts.The paper seeks to enhance the unity and familiarity among the members on society and neighbors and abandon enmity and antagonism. The paper asks for a close adherence to Prophet Mohammad's tradition because it is the heal and solution to all problems. The findings of the paper can be used to promote the spirit of peace and to save society from the woes of sectarianism and antagonism. The findings of the paper are solely concerned with achieving the aim of boosting the values of moderation among the members of the society. The paper recommends the formation of a committee of university staff members, divided into subcommittees in each province of the country to achieve the following goals:•Reconciliation of people in antagonism and enmity by convincing them to embrace forgiveness and conduct many meetings to achieve this end.•Convincing rich people to help in the marriage of poor young people in order to fortify the youth of the nation.•Conducting seminars and meetings on campus and on the media to educate people and promote the spirit of forgiveness and abandom violence and sectarianism.•Openness to all social classes and identifying the problems between partents and sons and between neighbors in order to convince them to follow the Prophet's advices and sayings as a model to be imitated and to promote the spirit of love.

 

The Moral and its Impact on Societal Peace (Tolerance as an Example )

Akrm Obeeied Frah; hameed Atwan Salih

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 158-179

This study deals with the approach of moderate behavior adopted by religious discourse which calls for moderation. The negative outcomes of intellectual invasion led to deviation of societal behavior of both individual and community level which made thought extremism. The study aims to put forward initiatives on strengthening the dialogues between the spectrum of civil society, and its varied impacts. Moreover, the study relates to the Islamic holistic view of humanity which confirms the rights and duties of society members, in turn, leads to the achievement of unity among Muslims, reunification, and joint work, as well as , preventing fragmentation and morals deviation. In addition, the study confirms the high Islamic conception of all positive behaviors which include the societal tolerance and forgiveness , as, people respond to the high tolerant morals more than aggressive and severity. Therefore, the moral and its impact on peaceful community is the most important behaviors issues to eliminate the extremism of thoughts and societal behavior, where, tolerance bridges Muslims viewpoints gap.

 

Moderation in the Discourse of Prophet Muhammed and its Effect on Changing the Civil society

Abdullah M. Fahad; Intissar Sami Ibraheem

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 180-194

It is acknowledged that discourse has a great effect in directing people and preparing their potentials to confront the different changes in life. Hence, this type of noble prophetic discourse has been dedicated to polish ideas, correct conduct, and develop social standard, which are the main goals of change. Since several reformation attempts have failed because they lack the simplest requirements for directed discourse, this study attempts to introduce a real historical experiment in making a remarkable change whose implications can still be seen today. This experiment has been achieved in a short time due to the real stae of the society before and after change. Since moderation in reformers’ discourse aims to achieve comprehensive societal change, it should be based on solid pillars which positively affect spirits. It should encompass all groups and people being the cornerstone in building the society. The purity of discourse means the security of the whole society. Accordingly, Prophet Muhammed used to take utmost care of the Muslim in his discourse. In light of this, the study exposes samples of the Prophet’s discourse being the first founder of the Islamic state. It explores how these discourses handled the most fatal issues in his missionan in an outstanding moderation. Thus, tolerance, integration and coordination have replaced extremism and violence, making a civil social change despite the various religions and groups. Hence, effect of discourse on the spirits and minds was stronger than any other force. The findings of the study include;Directing contemporary religious and political discourse to propose solutions and Islamic alternatives for all phenomena and handling religious discourse with reason not violence. Moderate discourse has a great role in fighting disructive ideas which threaten the peace and security of the society. Raising the community can be done through reforming teaching curricula and introducing live model in all types of discourse to achieve change. The role of our Islamic heritage should be highlighted due to its mediating and moderation which represent the approach of life since they lead to safety.

 

The Forum of Religious Moderation and Its Ideology: An objective study: Iraq is a model

Ammar Al-Zwaini Al-Husseini

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 195-205

The religious moderation platform contained an objective study of great appeal. It included the religious and social dimensions. The article included an objective study of the Islamic media represented by the religious forum at the religious and social levels because of its importance. It includes three forums: the questionable, failure, and working forum. The questionable forum is the one which leads nation to hatred, killing and anger as Allah said, “And of mankind there is he whose conversation on the life of this world pleaseth thee.”(Al-Baqarah 204), and Al-Hail, i.e., Al-Mana ', which is the pulpit that rests on the myths and the one who is against the truth and does not know the meaning of the Qur'an as in “And among mankind is he who worshipeth Allah upon a narrow marge…” (Al-Hajj 11), and the working forum, i.e., the successful performer, which is the conscious platform that keeps abreast of the developments and requirements of the current circumstances. From unifying of people, and the collection of the word and work on the missionary assets in attracting the nation's members and the balanced and moderate speech aimed at respecting everyone, not forgetting the original goal:  people dream of the same person (cow / 207), or: Both of them (Al Imran 64). It also includes what the fiancé of the religious pulpit, as well as the goals and aspirations of the pulpit and the aspirations of Islam and its role in solving social problems. One of the findings of the article is: attention to the role of the religious platform in moderation, the use of sincere ideology away from superstition, as well as effective methods and attractive in attracting the recipients, and the dissemination of a culture of moderation and tolerance among them

 

The Words of Moderation and Tolerance in the Prophet's Hadith Saheeh al-Bukhari as a model”: A Symantic Approach “

Tagrid Hreiz Mohammed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 206-119

The linguists take different approaches to know the meaning of the word and explore its secrets, whether by taking them from the Arabs or Arabic tribes and asking them about the meanings of what is vague or the narration about the scholars.Since the Prophet's Hadith is one of the principles adopted in the statement of Islamic concepts, the usefulness of this paper is to limit the meanings of the words of moderation and tolerance expressed by the Messenger of Allah in Saheeh al-Bukhaari, follow the lexical meaning of each word, the relationship between them and the meanings used in the Hadith, as well as the clarification of the meanings and the precise differences between it and the rest of the word The paper presents an analytical study of the meanings of the two terms of moderation and tolerance in the Hadith through the presentation of the Hadiths, which indicate a basic or secondary meaning of these two words, the linguistic and linguistic concept of each word, and the extent to which it relates to the reality of Muslims in order to spread peace and establish the principles of peaceful coexistence between Muslims and others. The results of the paper are no less important than the bases on which it was based. It should be pointed out that the principles of the Islamic religion are moderate and tolerated with all its sub-meanings. It is not a jurisprudence or a political decision but an Islamic legislation that is not subject to circumstances or human jurisprudence. The foundations on which the rights of Muslims and non - Muslims in Islam is a deep link to the origin of faith. Therefore, we find the sons of Adam since the first sight of creation are equal in the rights and duties. The most important recommendations through which to make this paper successful are:_ The Prophet's Hadiths include an integrated approach to deal with the problems of human life. This may be represented in dealing with the violators and acceptance of the other, as well as the human dimension in social relations. This can only be achieved through the study of these honourable Hadiths._ Working on the development of the educational and learning systems with faitful framework in the light of the presentation of these Hadiths that show moderation and move away from extremism and extravagance. They should set up the principles of tolerance, forgiveness, kindness and facilitation which help to guide the community properly and sensebily._ The need to encourage scientists, preachers, university professors, teachers and community leaders to study the biography of Prophet (Sera) in all its dimensions and to show human and civilization values in the Prophet's Hadiths. It is also done to explain the basis of the biography and how to benefit from it to face the challenges facing the reality of Muslims in the world._ Interest in the curriculum, especially with regard to the science of the Quran and Hadith and avoid the indoctrination which is not associated with the work. Moreover, there is a need to activate the methods of analysis and description, development and conitive study. Students should be obligated to follow them in their stages of study in an attempt to solve the problems of the Islamic community

 

Ahmed Muhammad Al-Numan and his Political Role in Yemen (1909-1996)

Muneer Abood Jedia’

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 220-244

Ahmed Muhammed AL-Numan is an educated politician who played a vital role in the modern history of Yemen. He left a clear touch that can be observed by whoever concerned in the Yemeni situation. The first political activity he did was the establishment of a school, as a tactic to emphasize the significance of education and its approach. The policy of modernization he adopted had contributed in the emergence of the republic regime in 1962. However, he soon found himself in a dispute with the republican revolutionists themselves, hence, he chose exile. He was appointed in different positions including the dean of education in Taiz in 1941, minister of agriculture in 1948, permanent representative of Yemen in the Arab League from 1963-1967 and prime minister for two terms; the first in 1965 and the second in 1971. The objective of the study is to highlight the moderate diplomatic role adopted by Al-Numan. For that end, the study adopts the analytical descriptive approach of references, documents and different journals to arrive at the historically documented truth to meticulously investigate the stances taken by this character. The findings of the study show that Al-Numan adopted moderation in his political and cultural work. His rich experience is Egypt is the best evidence for this. However, he faced criticisms from religious and national Marxist bodies that fell short of forcing him to retreat. Moreover, the findings show that this character has passed through two stages; the religious bringing up within a traditional society and the political prominence and the move to a new stage towards a moderate diplomacy influenced by the near Arab illumination and the reformation call for which he has devoted most of his life. This has left clear effects on the Yemeni society.

 

The Media Discourse between the Manufacture of Extremism and the Treatment of Deviation

Belhassan Al Yahyaoui

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 245-256

The media institution has become one of the most influential things in the formation of a culture of a society and directing public opinion which reflects negatively or positively on the movement of development. This is so from what the media represents as a discourse dealing with the variables and components of social reality and its basic issues which is related to the mechanisms of dialogue, its systems and industry in relation to the nature of social forces, their modes of thinking, its beliefs and guidance in a changing world. This study seeks to analyze the modern media discourse and dismantle its mechanisms by exposing its motives, revealing its objectives, and showing its impact on society, its functions and general characteristics which is formed according to economic, cultural, and political changes in our current time.This issue has been the focus of many intellectuals and writers who draw the attention to the mechanisms of disinformation and manipulation of minds and moods with the aim of producing a typical consumer object in the power of the new global extremist regime. This regime is extremist in its speech and practices and the possession of authority and mechanisms of guidance and industry of public opinion. Working in media section is a helpful factor in implemeting this papr in addition to the works that dealt with the media discourse of criticism, analysis and dissocition, including: The Manipulators of the Minds by Herbert A. Shiler and The Pyscholgy of the Masses by Gustav Le Bon, especially The Trap of Globalization by Hans Peter Martin and Har Dushman. It has shown that the need for a moderate speech is an urgent need to preserve the cultural gains and to provide an conducive environment to confront the challenges and difficulties that face the nation in its present and future. It is therefore necessary for cultural and media institutions to formulate a speech that emphasizes the option of moderation and centrism. It should stand as an impenetrable barrier against the soft war that targets the individual and society. At the ame time, it quenchs the sedition that engenders hatred and hostility between the components of one body. In addition to all the wars witnessed by the Arab geography and the billions of dollars that afflict our peoples in the multiple forms of death by bullets and bombs, instead of buildings, factories and fields, there is another war that looks soft, attractive and shiny, but its danger and damage is greater. This situation requires us to exert a great effort to stand against this impending war, otherwise, we will not be able to avoid harm.
 

 

Moderation and Standards: A Search in the Theoretical Greek and Contemporary Fundamentals Assist.

Abd_alkarim_ inayat

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 257-280

Average as a mathmatical concept is not always useful in all individual cases of differences among individuals, communities, cultures, and historical contexts as well. As a consequence a problem arises concerning the ability of unifying the criterion of moderation in the light of the relativity domineering everything. Thus, the problem arising from this situation is : In the light of our differences on more than one respect how can we think, correct, and reconcile views in order to make an agreement on the criterion of moderation ? It seems that thinking of employing philosophy as a means of education for moderation, forgiveness, and coexistence, whether on local or international levels, is something necessary. Thus, we conjure the experiences of philosophers who tried to move philosophy from contemplation to action, i.e., from science to ethics.The methodology adopted in this study is philosophical analysis that dismantles the subject into its simple ingredients in order to acquire accurate knowledge on elementary cases. We also used the structural approach and the comparative approach to assist in exploring various differences and contradictions among various criteria of moderation.
 

 

Forms of Violence in the Media and Ways to Confront it

Hafud Yaseen Al-Hiti

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 281-300

The forms of violence being introduced through the media have turned aggression and crime into almost daily practice, which is seen by the public as a transient event and familiar as part of a general situation in our lives.The flood of violence and its potential effects are of particular importance for addressing this issue and identifying its causes. The problem of research has been identified with a fundamental question about the forms of violence in the media and the mechanisms of acquiring it, leading to a general media plan to deal with its various forms.The research is a descriptive study aimed at following up and analyzing a specific situation and uncovering its elements and their implications and evaluating and analyzing them in order to obtain sufficient information about them and draw useful indications from them.The study deals with the phenomenon of violence and its forms in general in the media and then addresses the most prominent effects of media violence on the public, followed by an explanation of the mechanisms to acquire violent action.The researcher pointed out that the degree of the impact of violence depends on the recipient's circumstances and personal characteristics. One of the most important effects is the loss of the sense of suffering of the victim, the growing fears of the surrounding world and the promotion of aggressive tendencies. The researcher presents an information strategy to deal with media violence
 

 

The Role of the University in Building the Values and Behavior of Students To Maintain Communal Peace and Security

Abdul Aziz Khader Abbas Al-Jassim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 301-318

The system of values within the university center is one of the basic pillars of the preservation of the social fabric inside and outside the university from cracking and deviation from the right track and should be taken care of by the researchers and those responsible to reach the desired goals of those values. The research dealt with the university policy in building values and behaviors of students towards the best. The problem of research was: How can the university help students develop values towards positive change? In order to maintain peace and social security? Through research, we present a matrix project of values for community peace and security. Anbar University is the pioneer in the application in this field and then disseminates this experience to other universities.The research was divided into three main sections:The First Topic: addressing the general description of some definitions, including values and what are the most important values for students in addition to the behaviors practiced by the students and the definition of the University Citizen.The Second Part :is the role of the university in promoting positive values, focusing on Anbar University and answering the question presented above. This part is also addressing the most important problems facing the university in order to preserve the Value System from collapse and the impact of globalization on the values and changes that have taken place in society.The Third Part: focuses on the recommendations and the initiative of the matrix (The Values for Peace and Community Security), which the university must take in consideration and take the lead to activate it at the level of university students. The project can be adopted by The Strategic Studies Center of the Anbar University. And when success is achieved it could be adopted by other universities to achieve community peace and security.
 

 

Media Discourse of Non-Governmental Organizations on Human Rights Issues in Iraq

ali Abdul-Hadi Al-Karkhi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 319-331

Media discourse of non-governmental organizations is one of the most important communicative activities to promote their efforts, fields of interests, and the important issues they target in their human activities in order to elevate human rights in accordance with international humanitarian law in a world of successive crises that affect humankind greatly. This led non-governmental organizations, notably Red Cross, to activate their role in the Arab world to defend Man and his/her rights. This created the need for these organizations to promote and present their efforts and raise awareness through the use of media, notably "The Humanitarian" Journal as part of their media strategy to address Arab audience by covering their activities through this journal in order to shape its media discourse. This paper studies the most important arguments of this discourse by adopting a survey method, random analysis instrument, and a comprehensive survey of all the issues related to human rights in Iraq published on "The Humanitarian" Journal for the years 2015,2016,2017 in order to extract the most important issues of human rights in Iraq. Major among the findings of the paper are: * Media discourse, as expressed in "The Humanitarian" Journal, focused on the efforts of the International Committee of Red Cross in presenting humanitarian help to refugees and displaced Iraqi and the attempt to provide acceptable living conditions in the refugees camps.* this media discourse brought tp prominence the impact of violence, forced displacement, and security crises on Iraqi in the provinces undergoing security crises and untable living conditions.These findings proved that this media discourse, which focus on human rights in the provinces in crisis and instability, needs rehabilitation to convey the real situation to the international community and public.
 

 

Role of Media in Spreading Religious and Political Moderation in Arab World

Majid Abdul-Aziz Essa Al-Khawaja

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 332-351

This study aims to identify the role of the media in presenting the image of Islam as a major contributor to the achievement of world peace and security and in spreading political and religious moderation. The study showed that the media has a great role in how to present the Islamic scene to the world. To distort the image of Islam and accuse Muslims of being terrorists because they are Muslims, and the study dealt with the nature of the new media and tools and the degree of its spread and impact on the world, as the study showed the naivety of the media discourse directed by the Islamic world to the world as a whole. And that the defenders of Islam and his acquittal from the pollution of terrorism, do not do what is required and effective form that works to change those stereotypes about Islam and Muslims.The research ended with several results that showed the need to work on creating Islamic cultural and professional media strategies that can cope with the communications revolution and cope with the knowledge explosion in the world. Otherwise, the Islamic nation will continue to decline.At the end of the study, recommendations based on the results of the study were developed

 

The University and its Role in Enhancing the Students' Moderate Intellectual Security

Ammar Saleem Abdul-Hamza; Noori Sadoon Abdullah

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 4, Pages 352-371

The human mind is scientifically formed as a result of the impact of several institutions and the most important educational institution,This highlights the role of the university, which not only provides knowledge and information, but also removes the abnormal ideas and deviant attitudes from the minds of students and immunize them with sound ideas that result in positive behavior.- The problem of research / general goal is reflected in the recognition of the role of the university in achieving moderate intellectual security in the student, by identifying the effectiveness of its basic elements in this area and the use of traditional means to strengthen the thought and maintain the integrity of intellectual disinformation through destabilizing the security inside University and put Western ideas do not fit the Iraqi reality.Sample Survey: A sample of the research: The community and sample of the research in the University of Babylon included a sample of the teaching staff, from the scientific and humanities colleges, and the sample studied was (120) respondents "of both sexes. Field and field data disaggregation by means of the questionnaire. The most important results are:-1 believe that the administration entrenched values of respect for thought within.2- The largest proportion are those who interact with what is exposed to the community of intellectual issues 3 - The largest proportion believe that the university curricula develop a sense of homeland security.Recommendations:3. Activate the role of the university to enhance intellectual security as it seeks to immunize young minds of distorted thought.4. Enable faculty members to do their part in guiding young people towards sound and safe ideas.5. Enhance the curriculum with analysis, synthesis and reasoning skills.Conclusion: They believe that the administration entrenches the values of respect for thought within it from the teachers who are interacting with the intellectual issues that the society is exposed to. And promote the role of sound belief, and also believe that university curricula develop a sense of homeland security