Volume 2018, Issue 6, Spring 2018, Page 1-314


The Impact Of Pressure System Arab Gulf On Iraq Weather and Climate

Sabah M. Ali; Khalid A Attiya

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 1-22

Iraq weather is affected by pressure systems formed over the Arab Gulf, the holistic approach was used in analyzing the maps to address this effect. The research concluded that the Arab Gulf slip recorded (940) repetition for Iraq most of them were secondary slips formed from the Indian seasonal slip, while Arab Gulf elevation recorded (58) repetition controlling Iraq. Repetition of both systems recorded (998) rate (12.4) % of the total number of observations for the period (1992_2002) which was (8034). Relative humidity rate related to the elevation and slip of Arab Gulf was lower than the general rate of same month repetition. Elevation and slip of Arab Gulf recorded on their repetition a temperature rate and wind speed accompanied higher than the general rate for the same month repetition. Arab Gulf slip recorded on repetition (24.2) ml/year as a rate of total rain on the studied stations while Arab Gulf elevation recorded (18.2) ml/year. .

 

Natural Geographical Dangers of Musel Haditha Damps .

Mahmood I . Muteb; Aws T. Masha'an

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 23-45

In recent years, a number of modern techniques have emerged that have helped to obtain the required information with greater precision and relatively shorter time. In this study, we have taken advantage of the most advanced techniques (GIS) in handling digital elevation models (DEM) and determining spatial distribution of sediments As well as the use of models of digital elevations in the determination of the limits of the basins of water reservoirs of the dam and the modern and calculate the hydrological variables of them. The study concluded to determine the levels of risk for the Mosul dams and the recent in terms of the identification of places unsafe during the period of floods and areas of decline, and also reached areas of vulnerability tectonic and threatened by continuous seismic activity.

 

- Geographic Analysis of the Server of Education ( the School of Displaced People in Shaqlawa ) .

Abd Al Rzzaq M. Gabbar; Hussian A. Abd Al Rawi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 46-59

One of the important facilities in both cilivzed and rural milieus are that of education. Displaced people suffered hard conditions represented in the displacement. This needed the availability of some necessities particularly the education. Shaqlwa is one of the cities that polarized thousands of displaced people. This urged the responsible people to provide services especially schools. Fifteen schools were opened in eight buildings distributed everywhere in the city and there were many problems. The reasons behind these problems are the unstable state of the displaced people, most of them moved into the outskirts of the city and most of the schools were, in origin, tourist complexes rented from the federal ministry of education and these complexes are unsuitable to be used as schools .The study recommended that the ministry of education should have a strategy to face the crises which are related to the schools that need special services in the places that witness any kind of tensions .

 

The effect of climate on behavior of bees in Iraq

Dhiyaa Saib Ahmed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 60-80

medicine and its international economical value, this research was performed( effect of climate in bees activity in Iraq, the study period depended on climate cycle(11) years and for four climate stations distributed throughout Iraq( Al- Mosul, Baghdad, Rutba and Basra) and focus on the most important effected climate elements on bees activity represented by( light period) for working hours of bees connected with light period, means that work of bees at day and not at night thus the daily maximum temperature was studied and calculating better months suitable for bees work and identifying the months effected on their activity lead to stop the bees from work and occasionally leads to their death, the general rates of wind speed and relative humidity and rain quantity and number of days for each station besides monthly contrast. The period light hours increased, and the general average of max. temperature does not differ among the stations and Mosul, Baghdad and Rutba stations, bees could work during autumn , winter and spring seasons and some of summer season for each station, as for Basra station bees work stop in summer and autumn months for temperature increase as for wind speed which is suitable for bees work in all stations for all months as for relative humidity whose percentage in the given stations is suitable in spring and winter and some of autumn months and the rain quantity is rare at Baghdad, Rutba and Basra thus it effected on the plant growth and they are in satisfied quantities in Mosul plant which are suitable to some extent in plant growth, as for the number of rainy days which are in general very rare in all plants and more rainy days in Mosul, rain in Iraq is fluctuated of short time, occasionally it is at night and it is time bees don't work, thus we could say that rainy days of an effect on bees work, and could overcome some of the climate problems effect on bees work thus bees are put in rural areas and digging water pools near them, and put beehive in a shadow or among trees, to decrease heat and avoid rain to fall on them and decrease one wind speed and increasing relative humidity.

 

The Effect of the Earthen Declivities on the Human Activity in Shaqlawa by the Use of RS and GIS .

Mishal Mahmoud Fayyad; Ameer M. Kh.

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 81-105

The The paper concluded by the use of the remote sensing,R.S and geographic information system, GIS and classifying the earthen cover that the human inhabited area is(23.4 sequer K.M.) what equals(%1.3) of the total area of the study. The employment of the agricultural land is(484.1sequer K.M.) ,(%27.2) while the employment of the pastoral land is(518.3 sequer K.M.),(%29.2), the humid land is(351.3 sequar K.M.) ,(%28.3),deserted lands make an area of(241.1 sequer K.M.),(%14.0) of the total area of Shaqlawa. The roads are varied in length and its total length is(351 sequar K.M).The reason of the length is that these roads are not straightforward due to the effect of the mountain declivities like the declivities in Berman, Saffeen ,Hareer,Siblik and Shakrok mountains . The classification stated that the inhabited and agricultural areas are small in comparison to the pastoral area because a large area of the land in Shaqlawa could not be used for inhabitation or agriculture because of the declivities so it is used for other purposes such as posterity

 

Analysis of the relationship between topographic characteristics and spatial growth and distribution of land use in a haditha city using geometrics

Bilal B. Ali; Ziyad B. Jassam

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 106-131

The study analyzed the relationship between the growth and distribution of land uses and topographical characteristics in a Haditha city by relying on a set of geomorphological indicators affecting the growth and sustainability of the city by deriving the extent of the city's growth over the geomorphological phenomenon. The geomorphological indicators showed the absence of symmetry in the growth and distribution of uses Land on geomorphological units, and urban indicators showed that kinetics had a significant role in the growth and distribution of land usesThe effect of the regression factor on the growth and distribution of land use in a Haditha city, as well as the effect of topographical characteristics on the residential, industrial and commercial uses of land, was also analyzed
 

 

The spatial variation of age structure indexes (total independence ratio and aging index) between Ramadi and Falluja cities for the period from 1997 to 2016 .

Omar F. Kimel; Ayad M. Mukhlif

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 132-152

The study aims to explore the spatial variation of age structure indexes namely, total independence ratio and aging index for the population in Ramadi and Falluja cities for the period from 1997 to 2016. It consists of three parts, the first studies the population in Ramadi and Falluja cities in terms of the development in their population, its rate of growth, environmental distribution (urban – rural) and aging structure. The second part focuses on the aging index in these two cities regarding the total aging index, aging index of the urban population and aging index of the rural population. The third part deals with the total independence ratio in the two cities. It tackles the total independence ratio, the total independence ratio of the urban population and the total independence ratio of the rural population.The findings of the study show that the change in the aging index was less than (1%) and its path was not altogether positive from 1997 to 2016, rather it was negative. This was due to the low percentage of aged people in 2016. The increase in this percentage was due to the remarkable decrease in the percentage of young people number in the same year, not as a result of the effect of the percentage of aged people. As for the variation, it did not exceed (1%) in the urban of rural areas for the whole population. The findings also show a decrease in the total theoretical independence ratio in the two cities, it was more than (30%) in the urban areas and more than (40%) in the rural areas as well as the whole population. This was due to the decrease in the percentage of the young and aged people and the increase in the percentage of the medium aged group. The independence ratio in the rural areas was higher than that in the urban areas. Moreover, the variation between the two cities was less than (5%) in the rural, urban areas and the total number of the population.
 

 

The Creative Chaos and its effects on Arab Republic of Egypt A study in Geopolitics

Ahmed D. H; Abdul Rahman H

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 153-172

It is clear from our study that the theory of creative chaos was formulated on the basis of a number of academic and strategic thinkers as a strategic theory, which was applied in the Middle East countries, especially in Egypt. It used the media, which was instrumental in stirring up events, What is noticeable in this study is that the United States has changed its policy towards Egypt, sometimes supporting the demonstrators and sometimes supporting those who suppress the demonstrators. Therefore, the United States of America overrides its interests over others, regardless of the effects of its policy towards other countries.Therefore, the chaos of the Egyptian people has left several traces, summarized by the study, including what is political and economic and social, which will have future effects on Egypt. The Egyptian people will suffer for many generations of these effects, if not the situation, and contain the crisis, , Overcoming this crisis requires the people's solidarity with the state.
 

 

Hydrological groundwater in the Province of Penguin

Mahmoud I. M; Bushra A. A

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 173-200

Water is a one of the key ingredient for the development of the various concepts of past and contemporary economic and social development, representing the basic pillar of the activities of human all, therefore, must be to improve water use the adoption of methods to ensure protection from the loss so as to ensure the current needs and the needs of future generations.The water problem and what is expected of them in the future is the growing demand for water resources are increasingly under the scarcity of surface water resources, so ensure Find hydrological groundwater in terms of forms and hideaways, movement and feeding sources also addressed the depths and attributed and productivity of the wells.In conclusion showing that the amount of groundwater in the Province of Penguin many and good quality so that they can provide economic projects, as well as adequate water supply its population with the necessary water for all uses.

 

Investment elements in the city of Habbaniyah n

Ahood Naji Abood; Mohamed Gharkan Hayes; Subhi Abdul Ghafoor Jarwa

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 201-216

Through this study it became clear that investment is one of the important projects that should be taken care of investment with in the study area, which encouraged investment on the other hand.The Dream City project is one of the most important projects that have attracted the interest of specialists in reducing the population buildings and the provision of housing services of the first class.The success of this project encouraged other projects to be invested.

 

Tartoushi: his life and intellectual views

Riyadh Saeed Lateef

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 217-245

The idea of research revolves around the issue posed by d. Fahmi Jadan in his book The Foundations of Progress among the Arab thinkers and his claim that the world Tartoushi was a proponent of negative progress, and the text of the book of the Siraj Kings, go Safo time and remained Kderh, we loved through this research to investigate and investigate and proof that we found that the opposite, His views, which we highlighted, that he shares his brothers from the scientists of positive civilization, such as Aljahiz and Ghazali ... to the last procession, details of that in the folds of.
 

 

Abu Bakr Mohammed bin Zakaria al-Razi (d.313AH)and his efforts in chemistry.

Iman Saleh Mahdi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 246-257

Served Arab chemistry Arab human vrst advanced productsconfirm that the chemical work was not purely coincidence or partial trials truncated , but a sserious work based on solid foundation to include the advanced thought of scientific and scientific achievements, its contributions and inventions, which have dazzled the world for what this mentatily has created and proven by research and experimentation secrets of science that have benefited all humanity, especially in the discovery of chemistry, which represented a huge scienthfitc revoluation that shook the world . in this research, we will discusswhat the great scientist Abu bakr Muhammad ibn Zakaria al-Razi created in this science

 

Imam Ibn Hazm Al-Andalusi (d. 456 AH / 1064 AD) Historian

Jana Qahtan Jameel

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 258-283

Imam Ibn Hazm AL-Andalusi is considered one of the famous men of the Islamic Arabic civilization and one of its universal encyclopedic Pioneers. His scientific and cultural signs were clear in its various works and were studied by many scientists. But the researcher has her opinion to study him as a historian, thus in her research titled (AL-Imam Ibn Hazm AL-Andalusi as a Historian), the researcher shows his personality as a historian in the Islamic Arabic history through the following two sections:First Section: his name, surname, origin, family, features, study, sheikhs and students, works and his scientific rank, death.Second section: Ibn Hazm as a historian, his sources and means in writing history, criticizing narrations, his encyclopedia in intellectual fields, prophetic career and origins, his course in his historical writings and the authoritative properties of it.
 

 

The Historical Development of Roman law and Islamic Jurisprudence (comparative study in legal history)

Nowzad Abbas Ahmed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 284-296

The Purpose of the study of ancient civilizations is to derive lessons from them in the various issues needed by the society during its development and take a picture and idea of what these provisions were since its early days. It is not possible to understand the development of the various fields of Science, including law , at present without reference to the study of the history of these civilizations , which were the cause of their establishment and development , including the historical development of state authority representing by the rule of law , and then to look forward to the future , the present is son of the past and the future is son of the present.

 

The heritage houses in Fallujah and its effect on modern architecture

Saadi Ibrahim Al-Darragi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2018, Volume 2018, Issue 6, Pages 297-314

Fallujah had stayed keeping some examples of heritage buildings where built near the river through ancient district known Alsaray ,many of them were as groups of shops,houses coffees and others specially it appeared when Fallujah was small village near Saqlawiya and then it would be district connected with Delliam that followed to Baghdad .The unconscious of importance heritage and lost of formal organizations and assembly and it participated in spreading culture that make architecture heritage distraction. many factors collected to vanish many samples of its buildings as wars which made Fallujah as a theatre of military operations .the importance of the subject concentrated on the remaining of some houses that no one of researchers can document and study it thus, the researcher tried to document these buildings and took photos for them added to describe and analyze them .