Volume 2016, Issue 2, Winter 2016, Page 1-541


Mo'een Addeen Solaiman Al-Brwanah and His Role in the Mongolian-Mamluki conflict in Roman Countries

مظهر عبد علی الجغیفی; عثمان عبدالعزیز صالح المحمدی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 1-49

The research dealt with the character of Mo'een Addeen Solaiman Al-Brwanah and His Role in the Mongolian-Mamluki conflict in Roman Countries, because this person had a big and influential role in the making of the historical events and played important role in Roman countries. He is one of the prominent historical figures who are deserved to research and study, and who had a great effect in the State of the Roman Seljuks in Asia Minor and played a major role in controlling the destinies of the Seljuk Sultanate and also contributed in feeding the Mongolian-Mamluki conflict.

The character of Al-Brwanah lived for long in the state Roman Seljuks. This character emerged at a time when that country has seen familial divisions and conflicts on the Sultanate, on one hand, and external interventions represented by Mongols and Mamluks, on the other hand. Thus, this character faced internal and external challenges which made him face them hard. He tried to establish a political glory and get benefits by retaining his position and in his policy of conciliation between the Seljuks and external forces that were conflicting on the region

العلاقات الاقتصادیة للممالک الساحلیة السوریة فی ضوء نصوص تل العمارنة

أحمد حسین أحمد الجمیلی; أحمد عبدالله فاضل الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 50-62

The Syrian Kingdoms through the fourth century before Christ represent the heart of the political and cultural events since it considers as theatre were all event are taken place, the reason behind this belongs to strategic and economic position that it enjoys with. these kingdoms don’t form the politic unit otherwise it represent cultural unit under the frame of Syria, so it couldn’t stand against the consequent attacks.
The discovered letters in (Tal-Emranah at Egypt) which sent by the rulers of kingdoms expresses, In terms of content, the political and economic situations in Syria and the attitude of rulers and nature of their relationships with Pharaohs of Egypt: Amenhotep III, Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton), also it illustrates the divisions among Syrian kingdoms and their allies to major political authority (Egypt empire, Mitanni and Hittite kingdoms) and their internal conflict which make the general situation of policy more stressful .

النسق المعرفی عند فوکو اللغة فی عصر النهضة أنموذجًا

وفاء کاظم علی رحیم

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 63-92

archeological method, It is a method of digging and research in the activities and Discourses of life for detect cognitive system that overned and organized it in one pattern. This approach is used by the French philosopher. Michel Foucault (1926-1084) in his research in European civilization and its subjects. He explained in his book "The order of Things" that westran thought is divided in to three historical periods, that system for each period. The Renaissance period is built up on a system of similarity which means that understanding discourses in the Renaissance is launched from this system. there discourses are as this bases that launched from them thinking and shaping, and through it in cognitive, political and artistic sdiscourses are made..etc. Them comes the classical period which includes the seventeenth and eighteen the contury, this period depends on the system of (organization andclassification) finally the modern period. In this period the history or historical human bing became is the subject of knowledge. What is concluded from this speech is that Foucault insists that in every historical period. The meaning of these words that Foucault asserts that there is not in every historical period system only one who regulates the knowledge and speeches in one shape.

الجهاز الإداری فـی الموصـل اثناء الحکم العثمانی 1623-1726م

عماد کریم عباس

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 93-125

على الرغم من الحرص الشدید الذی لمسناه فی اهتمام الدولة العثمانیة بولایة الموصل فقد عانى الجهاز الاداری فیها اثناء القرن السابع عشر خللاً کبیراً نتیجة للضعف الذی اصاب الاقتصاد العثمانی فی ذلک لقرن الامر الذی انعکس سلباً على الجهاز الاداری فی ولایة الموصل ذلک ان المناصب صارت تطرح فی الاسواق وفقاً لنظام الالتزام فصار هم الوالی والقاضی والمفتی منصباً على کیفیة جمع المال دون الاخذ بنظر الاعتبار تنظیم الامور الاداریة اذ تعرض بعض ولاة الموصل وقضاتها للرشوة لاسیما فیما یتعلق بالبت فی قضایا الارث فضلاً عن تجاوزات بعض ولاة الموصل على املاک السکان مستغلین بعد الولایة عن مرکز الدولة فی استانبول.

مؤسسات التربیة والتعلیم فی بغداد 1921-1933 دراسة تاریخیة

محمد یحیى احمد عباس; ثامر محمد حمید حسین

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 126-173

The historians, researchers and writers had dealt with the contemporary and modernist political history of Iraq in deep details, but they didn't make the cultural and educational history of Iraq as a part of their interesting. For this reason, the researcher wanted to study this subject and spotlighted on Education institutions in Baghdad, 1921-1933 (Historical Study). Evidently, Baghdad ranked as the top city among the Iraqi cities in the field of educational developments during that period.
The time-frame of the research started from 1921 and ended in 1933, which meant that the study included the monarchal period since the crowning of the prince Faisal as a king until year of his death. It was necessary to divide the research into: introduction, three sections and epilog, in order to cover the target period. Consequently, the first section dealt with the Primary Education representing by the small educational groups, kindergartens and the primary schools. In the same time, the second section specialized with the Secondary and professional Education as well as preparing schools and its expansion. The third section showed the Higher Education whence the colleges and institutes as well as the elements of its establishment, development and advancement.
Finally, the researcher came to logical conclusions through this research; in the field of education, the schools, were established in many types whether they were the kindergartens or primary or secondary or colleges and we could observe in this period that the education in all its different fields had been developed, but in a slow way.

اثر النفط فی تطور السیاسة الخارجیة لدولة الامارات العربیة المتحدة 1981-1991

احمد صالح خلیفة; حاتم احمد حسین

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 174-188

The foreign policy of the United Arab Emirates witnessed during the period 1981-1991m a remarkable development, as keen Emirates (UAE) to build a good and balanced relations with the countries of the region in particular and the world in general, based on cooperation and assistance and follow the balance policy in international relations and faith in the principles of freedom and independence, and was Politics UAE with the Arab countries list documenting the brotherly relations and supporting the Arab issues and joint coordination with everyone, especially with the countries of the Arab Gulf, which worked through the UAE to follow a foreign policy that is working on the settlement of outstanding disputes between them and access to solutions that meet the spirit of solidarity and solidarity among the countries of the Arab Gulf .

المــوازنة المـائیة والأقـالیم المناخـیة الزراعیة لمحصولی القمح والشعیر فی هضبة العراق الغربیة.

صباح محمود علی الراوی; مروان غالب یاسین فرحان الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 189-217


This research aims at providing clear understanding for the nature of climate water balance in the area of study by which the rainfall agriculture regions for both wheat and barley can be determined. And their availability in the required amounts is considered from the urgent necessities for the same nutrition especially in the western plateau of Iraq which is categorized as the driest and semi driest regions that needs urgent for a water-drop. Therefore, this study sheds light on the climate water balance which divides the area of study into three rainfall climate agriculture regions for each, through which future agriculture plans for consuming the guaranteed rainfall regions were decided, and finding the suitable solutions for the non-and semi- guaranteed regions for the sake of consumption the large areas that the area of study is examining, which is about 270,00 km2 which the agriculture sector depends significantly on the rainfall water.

Human Development Index and measurement methods in Anbar province

محمد دلف احمد الدلیمی; صلاح عثمان عبد العانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 218-234

The research deals with counting of index of the Human Development in dications in Anbar province 2014. To concludes the levels of human development to show the extent of disparity in the development indications in the mayorilties and the level of prevention in each mayority, And then paper sheds light on the reasons behind this disparity, the paper concludes several recommendations that can contribute to the rising the levels of human development and achieve justice the mayorities in the province.

الاتجاهات المستقبلیة لتنمیة ناحیة البغدادی

محمود ابراهیم متعب الجغیفی; أفاق حسن علی عنفوص الکبیسی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 234-266

regional studies including a vital owned by the possibilities of space and ensures its primary actor in the provision of the basic structure of spatial development role, here it is interesting, and the follow-up focus came fast variables.
Featuring hand-Baghdadi diversity of natural and human phenomena so it can through it to open up a wide range of plans for economic development, hence the idea of research (Future trends for the development of AL - Baghdadi District(.

الاهمیة الجیوستراتیجیة لخط أنابیب نقل النفط کرکوک – جیهان

عبد الناصر صبری شاهر الراوی; محمد یاسین احمد الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 267-290

The present paper was conducted to study the geo-strategic importance of oil transport pipeline Kirkuk – Ceyhan. The study focused on the importance of this pipeline for the two countries, Iraq and Turkey, through which the pipeline passes as it is considered one of the main factors that strengthen the political relations between Iraq and Turkey. Besides, its role in the establishment of economic relations between Iraq and the consuming countries, especially European ones. The study also shed lights on the province of Kirkuk and its economic importance which comes from being the host of oil fields that supply the pipeline with crude oil. This importance made the province a hotbed of internal conflict, in addition to the size of the dangers that accompanied the progress of the pipeline work on both sides, especially the wars fought by Iraq as the war of the Gulf. These wars, in addition to the occupation of Iraq, halted the work of the pipeline for a period of four years. Therefore, the process of oil exportation was affected dramatically to the degree that the oil quantities exported reduced.

Evironmental Assessment for state company of phosphe- Al Qaem – 2013

محمد عودة شلال; صباح عبید حمد; محمد طه نایل الحیانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 291-309

The thesis studied Environmental Assessment of state company of phosphate in Al-Qaem for year 2013 throgh wide study state the important of economic and social of company site from environmental remains on environment members through filling the direct Assessment matrix and gathering offered statistic data.

The change in the dependency ratio of the population of Anbar province for the period (1977-2014)

حسین علی عبد الراوی; أیاد محمد مخلف الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 310-329

Abstract
Calls for a study age composition of the population of the province, the use of standards (indicators) and other statistics to describe the state of society age, and these standards Dependency Ratio which is one of the important indicators that reflect the changing relationship between the different age groups, especially the categories of young people and the elderly on the one hand, The category of middle-aged people from second hand.
For more information on this indicator and clarify the structure and knowledge of its properties and changes in it, will be divided into three sections research dealt with first topic total dependency ratio, the second section and support their kids. The third section handled support their adults.

الطاقة وأثرها فی توطن الصناعات الإنشائیة الکبیرة فی محافظة الانبار

صبحی احمد مخلف الدلیمی; عمر خالد عبد الجابری

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 330-355

May represent a search to explain the concept of energy and its importance and sources of power generation and types also dealt with the study of energy sources in the study area such as oil and natural gas as well as the study of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power and hydropower thermal and electrical energy and turns through the study, said the study area has the availability of potential to invest this energy , also dealt with the study of the importance of energy in the endemic construction industries in Anbar province, and found through the study of energy one of the most important are the factors that helped to resettle construction industries in their current positions also dealt with the study of energy and fuel quality used in the construction industry, quantities, show that the construction industry in the study area suffer from a lack of processing their requirements of electrical energy and fuels, especially in recent years, research has concluded a set of conclusions and recommendations and finally sources.

الاثار التنمویة للمنشات الصناعیة الکبیرة فی ناحیة عامریة الفلوجة

صبحی أحمد مخلف الدلیمی; محمد طالب محارب العیساوی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 356-392

in this research we have studied Devlopmental effects for major in industrial facilities in Amiria district in Fallujah with put the suitable development strategies for futurism to develop the levels of place development in Amiria district in Fallujah . and that through the study of economic ,constructions and servicing effects in Amiria district fallugah .and through the results which we have got it discerned for us that the area of study has abig activities and distinctive which industrialized and has export characterupon the level of the country. Whereby that activities participated before 2003 ,by developing the economic structure and construction in the area of study .and this development backdown after the Iraq occupation for many considerations effected passively on backdown in role of that activities in enhancing the chances to develop the levels of place development in the area of study.

Sustainability of Infrastructure in Anbar province

مشعل فیصل غضیب المولى; أحمد محمود علی أحمد

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 393-419


The importance of studying the infrastructure services comes as been a main factor for constructed centers and it affects positively on the increase of the inhabitants movement within it. Infrastructure is considered one of main housing factors and one of the important and vital subject that is linked to the ability of the planner and executioner alike in the carrying of the objective plans and offering them to get the results that contribute to the filling the gaps and coming up with the recent scientific development. However the study sheds light on the infrastructure services in the urban center and the rural areas in Al_Anbar governorate. Studying the capacity of the infrastructure service became a standard for measuring the development of the countries. It is considered one of the bases of life (some call it the simplest rights of service). However, infrastructure suffered many technical and administrative problems and it stills unable to meet the ambition and under the required level.

The relationship between urban horizontal growth of the city of Ramadi, and topographic characteristics through the practical integration of modern technologies

ضیاء خمیس علی الدلیمی; بلال بردان علی الحیانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 420-436

The present research deals with the growth of the city and its topographic characteristics since the establishment of the city until the present time, I.e., for the period (1869 - 2013). that is by limiting the position of Ramadi city and to which ground units it is situated and the effect of each ground unit topographically on the establishment and stability besides the growth of the city and its continuity by applying the indicators. of the stability and continuity of the cities by constructing special database which has joined relations by using R.S data and G.I.S programmers.
A number of geomorphologic indicators and their applications have been modified to suit the urban geomorphological concept to interpret the nature of the relationship of the influence of indicators on the city of both sides (right and left) of the Warrar river the results of the relations for the indicators revealed that the left side of the city is more influential that the right side. this reflects the present and past reality of the expansion of the city of the left side during the early stages of its establishment. this is supported by the increase of population and the residential units in this side.

The effect of using cooperative learning in the collection of fourth grade students in literary history method

قحطان حمید کاظم; هناء ابراهیم محمد

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 437-455

The study aimed to know the effect of the use of cooperative learning in the collection of fourth grade students only way Dubai in history Limited search A sample Students from grade Waller dimensions literary first semester of the academic year 2014/2015 researchers used the experimental design a partial adjustment designed to look and the content includes three chapters of the book of history of the fourth year for grade corrupted the research community of all junior high school, which includes the fourth grade literary of the Directorate of Education Diyala girls were randomly choose Pleasing School for Girls, was selected Division (a) to represent the experimental group by way of random drag-and-Division (b) control group counting d sample individuals for the two experimental and control group (72 students) of (30) students in the experimental group and (32) a student at the control group had the researchers ruled out the students Alraspat by (5) a student from the experimental group (5) a student from the control group and bringing the number of the sample (62) student has kept researcher students excluded in the classroom in order to preserve the school system and ruled out the of the final results of the test to the belief of researcher The have previous experience on topics that are taught over the time the experiment was this experience to affect the accuracy of the search results. ITM Equality of the two groups in the variables (age in months, academic achievement earlier in history) after the search is completed in terms of the scientific material and determine the behavioral purposes, formulation and preparation of les plans prepared researcher search. Tool accessories (achievement test) in history where the number of paragraphs (20) paragraph of multiple choice and the researchers used samples test (T.test) and Chi square test and Pearson correlation coefficient
They found the following: There are significant differences between the scores of the experimental group of studied according to cooperative learning method and degree of control group which studied the usual way in the test grades for the experimental group. The researcher made a number of recommendations and proposals including the use of this method in the teaching of history and the opening of training courses for teachers and teachers on how to use and application of modern methods of teaching and conducting a comparative study between cooperative learning method and other educational methods

فاعلیة استراتیجیة التعلم المستند إلى جانبی الدماغ فی تحصیل طالبات الصف الخامس علمی فی مادة الریاضیات

الهام جبار فارس; احلام خاشع عبدو العانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 457-488

The goal of current research is to knowing The Effectiveness of learning strategy based on both sides of the brain in the achievement and Mathematic Flexibility for 5th year high school female students, the search sample consisted of 46 students were selected from two different schools , Aden preparatory female and Baghdad preparatory female during the first quarter academic year 2015-2016 for the application of the search experience. The sample was divided randomly by lottery into two groups the first is experimental group consist of 22student and the second control group is composed of 24 students ,the tow equivalent for material search based on several variables , including the academic achievement of the previous year ,the previous mathematical knowledge ,IQ test ,chronological age ,educational attainment of the parents, test the of brain control. The experimental group underwent to study experimental learning strategy based on both sides of the brain , while the control group traditional manner. Impose no difference is statistically significant at the level α= 0.05 between the average level students the experimental and control group in the mathematical achievement test.
It was built achievement test consisting of 25 paragraph divided by 18objective paragraph ,while the remaining paragraphs of the kind pans .In addition to be sure from the psychometric characters for each test through checking reliability and steadiness. After using the statistical materials for analyzing For example Pearsons Correlation Coefficient and Alpha Cronback. Dish test on a sample search and subject to the results of statistical processing by t-test for two independent samples. Results showed superiority of students in the experimental group who has studied depending learning strategy based on both sides of the brain to control group students learning strategy and that the traditional method adopted in the study ,and thus it became clear that the strategy followed her Effectiveness after extracting the magnitude of the impact in the collection of mathematics.

The study TRIZ to identify in the achievement of the scientific branch students fourth class in physics and reflective thinking

سمیرة عدنان ثرثار

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 2, Pages 489-511

The study TRIZ to identify the effectiveness of teaching compared to the traditional way in the achievement of reflective thinking and fourth class in physics find determined by fourth grade students the average of the province of Baghdad for the academic year 2014- 2015, the four chapters of the first semester of physics textbook for Grade Average Total sample (60) students in the fourth row average spread over two divisions and repeaters who have been excluded for the purpose of their colleagues more than cons for the purpose of verifying the equivalence of research groups have been rewarded in the verifieation of the foggowingvariadleschievementin science for the three row, the previous –information, intellingence, testreflective – thinking tribalandacadermic the study that the use of study TRIZ to indentify in the teaching of physics has Led to thezz