Volume 2016, Issue 3, Winter 2016, Page 1-477


The scholar Majd Al-Din bin Al-Atheer, his biography and scientific effects

Badei M. Ibrahim; Majeed M. Naief

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 1-40



Mosul dawned many scientific families that have contributed in providing the scientific movement in various different sciences and the arts, was among the most famous of these families family ether. The father of the owner of the mark the glory of religion research, which is the focus of the study, as we see this family has produced three of the top scientists of their time, they are both the eldest son of Abu Saadat Majid Aldin, and of the second son Izz al-Din bin ether, and the younger son Minister Ziauddin . And both of them specialize branch of scientific disciplines. The biography of the study and raised the Majid Al-Deen and interspersed study of scientific and professional life and his status among his peers of scientists, or the rulers and princes in Zankia and functions State which emulated. As well as the elderly and his students, and raised scientific. Until his death in (606 A.H.)
 

 

The city of Augustus (a study in its general conditions)

Ismael M. Hamad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 41-58

We are in this research shed light on one of the cities that developed in Africa which have had a significant role to be throat Commercial arrived in North Africa, namely Aodgst City The research is divided into ten themes we dealt with in the first axis different historians call it the second axis of its geographical location On the third axis the beginnings of its inception in the fourth axis social structure that formed Alaudgosti society and in the fifth axis religion of the people of the city and in the sixth axis and the system of governance and political developments in this city and the formation of a royal where the rule of the seventh axis side of Urban In the eighth axis agricultural side and its importance and its nature and in the ninth axis the health aspect and finally in the X axis and the business side, which form important axis in the life of her family.
 

 

The contributions of the family of Al-Taoos in the intellectual movement during the seventh and eighth centuries

Abdulmunem H. Abed Ali; Abdulwahed M. Mohammed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 59-75

Al-Taoos is a scientific family of scientific It emerged in Iraq during the seventh and eighth centuries AH / thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and left a clear impact on the course of the intellectual life, It is attributed to her grandfather's Supreme Abi Abdullah Mohammed bin Al-Taoos bin Ishaq Peacock title Al- Taoos for good and beauty of his face, This family has taken out a group of scientists in articles seventh and eighth for Migration, And contributed to widespread efforts in the fields of knowledge, And provide the results of the Arab- Islamic culture from the minds of her sons venerable literature that covered multicultural aspects, And she had a bookcase full of family status has a special index called ((Al-Ibanah for the Treasury wrote)). This family and served a wide knowledge of a time warp was desperately needed, Some scientists this venerable family has held positions were not granted to others where he was assigned to each union Atalibaan and responsible Al-Hajj delegation.
 

 

The study is dedicated to define lbndakiq –Al Eed and his scientific role preserving judiciary system

Mushtaq K. Agol; Ammar M. Allawi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 76-107

As well as shedding th light on his attitudes versus the mamluki policy represented by his attitude of miniterlbnsaloos regarding the case of judge lbnBint AL-A, A2R-his attitude from the sultanate deputy MinCumet were he claimed that there were an unknown person who was the brother of amerchant died and left a for tune with no heir but that personAlso his attitude against the sultan after issuing taxes upon people to ovevcome the expenses of war against Mongols also his rejection to a decision judge to demoluh was churches accepted . finally his attitude as a witness and Supporter for the Caliphate of Mustkfi
 

 

Growing up of Alhajjaj and his early life and their effects on his position from the Omayyad caliphs

Hammad F. Hammadi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 108-134

Al Hajjaj belong to BaniAwof bin Thaqeuf, his father was religious man and he spent most of his life in Taif educate his sonAlquranAlkareem , and he has close relationship with the family of Marwan Ibn Al Hakam. he joined with his son Alhajjaj in the army which sent by Marwan to Ibn-Alzubair . Yousif held several positions until he died and he didn't leavewealth that point out to his goodness.As the mother of Al Hajjaj were a woman from Thqeuf ladies ,and AlHajjaj was proud of his origin.When he was young, Al hajjaj disciplined at the hands of his father. IbnKadonedescribed him as one of SADAT Thaqeaf, and honorable. AL Hajjaj learn religionsscience, even he learnt AlquranAlKareem and kept in mind , he was the best in reading Alqraen early life as shepherd and also worked in leather tanning. There is no doubt that his growing up as virtuous person. Left its effects on his ethics and his characters. So his life that he spent it with generosity, honesty, truth, avoiding Alkohal and major sins.
 

 

The Al Shahid family and its administrative, military and intellectual role in Andalusia

Mudher A. Al. Jughaifi; Basheer S. Awwad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 135-153

The research tackles the history of one of the Andalusian famous families which appeared in Andalusia and played an important role in the events that took place in that era . Therefore, the research is entitled as The Family of Al-Shaheed and Its Administrative, Military and Intellectual Roles in Andalusia . It has thus observed the most prominent Administrative, Military and Intellectual roles played by this family . The members of this family occupied important administrative and military positions in Andalusia . The family had presented an important intellectual role through the intellectual productions left behind by the men of the familyThe research is divided into an introduction, four sections, and a conclusion . The first sections deals with the biography of Al-Shaheed family, in terms of their ancestry, origin, characteristics and morals . The second focuses on their administrative role, while the third section highlights their military role . The fourth section clarifies the intellectual role of the family . The research is ended with a conclusion which included the most important findings of the research
 

 

The Abu Risha family and their position on the Ottoman control over Iraq during the sixteenth century

Sabah M. Wayies; Ahmed R. Madab

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 154-164

This research studies the one Arab Emirates semi-stable between Iraq and Bilad Al-Sham, which has set up Amadarabha in pubic during the sixteenth century, specifically in the city of pubic, which was able to form a strong emirate and contributed to the help of the Ottoman Empire in the expulsion of the Safavids from Iraq and participated in the Ottoman campaigns in Basra and was able of strengthening its economy by imposing taxes pedestrians across its territory where it controlled Amarthm on the road link between the Arab Gulf and Bilad Al-Sham.
 

 

The Simgur family and their political, military and scientific role in Khorasan

Iftikhar A. Rajab; Alaa M. Taieh

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 165-189

Al-Scimenjurionwas one of the Kharasanianfamilies in the political, the administrative and military area. They belonged to their grandfather, SamahorAldoati, who was a boy of princes ofSamanids, and then he was used as prince on many of Islamic east cities which were belonged under their direct authority. He was succeeded by his sons and grandsons in this area, and they were scientists, writers, princes and military leaders. They have got a long history of political things and the administrative and military in Khorasan. The Samanids ruler used them on the emirate and management of Khorasan and areas belongs to it, as well as in the leadership of armies. They managed the region using their political experience and the administrative and military. They had contributions in the scientific and cultural aspects, they were good speakers, writers and teachers.
 

 

Sufi tombstones at Tekaya Baghdad

Saadi Ibrahim Al Darraji

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 190-222

This paper deals with the study of writing evidences that decorates the graves of Sufi in Baghdad takyas specifically , Al-Khalidiya and Al-Bandanijya. The researcher tried to read and inspect these evidences after graph them to appear the kind of using line and the nature of painting their letters exactly , it was written with Al-Neskh line and appeared as prominence letters on the clay .This study emphasized that more of writing evidences that had decorated the graves of sufi in Baghdad had lost because of neglecting them, or by wars or because of modernization, this may happen because these evidences can not be recognized their historical and civil importance described them as a serial Islamic memories writings .
 

 

Indicators of climate change and their impact on the hydrological characteristics of Lake Habbaniyah / Anbar Governorate / for the period from 1986-2014

Nadheer S. Hamad; Laith M. Khalifa

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 223-251

Results of the specific analytical factors related to coefficient of determination (R-Sq), regression coefficient (R ) and standard deviation (STDEV) implemented on AL-Habaniya lake from the period (1986-2014) indicated that there were fluctuation in the degree of influence for each climatic factor on hydrological properties of the lake as the inclination of averages of climatic factors in the study area showed continuous increasing with time period simultaneously with the phenomenon of(climate warming), whereas effect of changes in averages of temperature via coefficient of determination and regression coefficient were about (34.9,-59.1%) with standard deviation (17.0),while averages of wind speed showed increasing in influence factors and regression coefficient (4.8,-20.2%) for each one, signals of humidity rates revealed presence of direct proportion between humidity and levels of water in the lake as any increasing means rising in raining and reduction in evaporation then as a result increasing water, as its effects reached (37.6%) with high regression coefficient (61.4%) while changes in raining rates recorded strong direct proportion with water levels, as the influence factor recorded (41.6%) and regression coefficient (64.5%) with standard deviation (16.1%) while rise in evaporation proportioned inversely with water levels with both influence and regression coefficient (37.2,-61%) for each one.
 

 

This study aimed to show and analysis the change in wheat production in Arbeel

Kamal S. Kazkoz; Faten O. Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 252-276

governorate from (2000 to 2015 ) and to detect the change happening in the planted area ,tha yield and production of the this crop, and the ability of agricultural development within the study area especially that Arbeel governorate has natural ingredients that suit planting of wheat crop. where a group of natural ingredients cooperate such as the surface, the climate , the soil and water resources. In addition to that the role of human components which have an effective role in planting wheat crop and the main factor is the labor in addition to government policy , capital , transfer, marketing, equipments,machinery and other .Where the study is allocated to check the amount of change in place and time and offer a number of suggestions and prospects for future by which we can put a geographic base , according to plans, and future development programmes in order to upgrade the production of wheat crop in the study area.
 

 

Analysis of the development potentials available for the development of agricultural industries in the district of Amiriyat al-Fallujah

Ismael M. Khalifa

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 277-310

This research dealt with the study and analysis of the available developing possibilities of Amiriyaht AlFallujah district in order to develop agroindustries in this region. The research whipped the study and analysis of industrial development in the study area for the importance of industrial development among different regions by focusing on the following axes:First, determine the type and size of the developing qualifications available in Ameriyah district with an indication of the spatial distribution and its economic and industrial importance and how to invest towards the achievement of the agro-industrial integration among the various districts in the study area.Second, determine the direction of future strategies for developing the available development possibilities that form an anchor for the development of agro-industries in the study area.Third, determine the direction of future strategies for developing theagroindustries in accordance with modern economic trends and show the districts in which the development of the agro-industrial can be developed according to the available developing qualifications Through the results that have been reached during the search, they showedthatAmeriyah district still industrially backward in spite of the rich developing qualifications available that are distributed within the districts of the study area, and this requires the need to identify appropriate developing strategies to achieve industrial development within the different parts of this region
 

 

Analyzing the efficiency of the spatial distribution of educational services in the city of Al-Rutba using geographic information systems Gis

Yonus H. Alewi; Belal B. Ali

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 311-340

Education is the main necessities of human life as the only way to achieve development in all forms, and this was looking to study the efficiency of spatial distribution of educational services in the Rutba city using GIS technology to provide this technique of spatial statistical analysis capability can show places defect in the distribution of these Services
 

 

Sedimentary geomorphological shapes that are formed in the course of the Euphrates River between Hit and Ramadi, a study using the program Earth Pro Google

Waleed H. Hamad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 341-373

In this research We have done the studying of sedimentation forms of Euphrates river valley between Heet and al Ramadi cities which extend for 75 k. m by using google earth pro and topographic maps which contain the stream if Euphrates river so the river will get fast then get slow down gradually The most important sedimentation forms are Island River that count 35 islandwhich differs from its extend and the way between the bank river so it takes different shape circle oval or lengthy or misshaping. In additional the flood plain which lays on the both sides of the Euphrates River which gets bigger and narrow according to the nearest and furthest edges of the Jazera plateau in the left bank and the western plateau in the right bank.Sedimentation forms has positive print on the different human activity such as housing different economical like Agricultural. The study area are represents the begging of Mesopotamia in Iraq. It has a simple decline towards east and north eastern.Through analysis sedimentation of land scape forms. It shows river minders, river cross section, lithology, natural vegetation and human factors contributed in evolution the river islands while river island, river flood and the changing of river streams consider effective factors in the made a being evolution the flood plain
 

 

Evaluating the suitability of some of the water wells in the Al- Rutba area for human use within the Western Desert of Iraq

Abdulkareem M. Al Alwani; Basem A. Zaidan; Ahmed F. AL.Enizi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 374-395

This study was carried out assessing the suitability of ten water wells in the Ar- rutba - Dabaa area spend within the western region of the country for human use. Water samples from each well were collected and by quarterly model within the year 2012 - 2013 and for a full year to make some chemical analyzes and bacteriological them and assess their quality by properties studied human purposes depending on the foundations laid under by the American Perfusion Society , (WHO, 1984), and the limits of health services specifications in the United States (U.S.P.H.S).The results of the analysis for salinity and values of the total content of salts and the degree of interaction and the concentrations of magnesium, potassium and negative ions and trace elements as being within the permissible limits for human use, the study pointed bacteriological as very clean and healthy water for not diagnosing coliform them
 

 

Analysis of the efficiency of recreational services in the city of Sulaymaniyah

Hasan K. Abed; Maan M. Mohammed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 396-419

To already the recreational services were from studious goals the detection about nature local balance the distribution for the recreational services city of Al-Sulaimaniya wish of the acquaintance during response this services for requirements of the inhabitants and the acquaintance on qualification just as and kind of dependency on the graphic criteria, with specification refuges of the defect in all category from her categories and to wish of the detection about the service laziness met on degree satisfaction of the inhabitants about nature performance and qualification of this services the occurring and his treatment in what spike eases from and the descriptive work on estimate futuristic needs of the city through the use of the method and analytic and deductive . The study showed on that city of Al-Sulaimaniya corrodes me on different kinds from the recreational services, to that she local breath of the time from maltreating in distribution suffers in her and randomization in the distribution of which prefers ease arrival of the inhabitants looted on to her, just as and that she nqS in the areas suffers from of which prefers share of the individual looted on from her . Indicator degree of the satisfaction about the services came recreational in results the negative low reality reversed have fun and lack afforded her on complying requirements of the inhabitants
 

 

The degree to which the reading book and texts for the second intermediate grade in Iraq include creative reading skills: (Analytical study)

Sua'ad A. Al.Waeli; Saken A. Jasem

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 420-439

This study aimed to reveal the degree of including the creative reading skills in the reading and texts book for the intermediate second grade students, and the degree of acquiring them by the students.To achieve the study objectives, a list of creative and stability, and analyzing it, the researcher analyzed the reading and texts book for the intermediate second grade, and observing the analysis results, and after conducting the needed statistical analysis, the analysis results showed that the reading and texts book for the intermediate second grade included (465) repetitions of the creative reading skills, since the fluency skill came at the first rank (291) repetition, followed by relatively great deference the expansion skill (84) repetitions, then came the originality skill (60) repetitions, then the flexibility skill (30) repetitions.In the light of the study results the researcher introduced a set of recommendations.
 

 

Shyness and its relationship to psychological loneliness among primary school students

Altaf A. Hadi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2016, Volume 2016, Issue 3, Pages 440-477

Psychologists and Sociologists regard shyness and psychological loneliness of social and psychological diseases if dominated on the individual feelings and his sense since childhood undoubtedly will affect the scattering of intellectual potential and distraction his creative potential and mental abilities and his ability to control his behavior and his actingtoward himself and community where he lives.The family has the main effect in creating a trend of shyness and psychological loneliness We can specify the search problem with the following question:Is there a correlation between shyness and psychological lonelinessamong primary school pupils?The current study, aim to:1-Identify the level of shyness among students in primary stage.2-Identify the level of shyness among primary school students.The case study is determined by (400) students for elementaryschools were selected randomly.shyness scale ,which consists of (23) paragraphs.As for the scale of psychological loneliness consists of (50)paragraphs and I've been checking the validity of two scales by finding their virtual truth.For reliability has been using (Alpha Kronbakh) equation to extract the reliability coefficient and amounted to the scale psychological loneliness( 0,85) and social shyness scale reached (0, 87) had using (SPSS) and to show that the growing relationship between the social shyness and a sense of psychological loneliness.