Volume 2015, Issue 2, Winter 2015, Page 1-585


The Importance of the Natural Features of Soil in the Planning of Geometrical Projects in Ramadi Municipality

خلف حسین علی الدلیمی; سعدون مشرف حسین الشعبانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 1-32


The research studies the general features of soil and rocks, the level of the sub-soil water, the topographic position and their effect on the planning of the geometrical projects and studying the population and the future need of land. Besides studying the physical features of soil in terms of water absorption, humidity, erosion and the level of the sub-soil water and their effect on the planning of the geometrical projects. In addition to studying the chemical features. It was made clear that the high ratio of sulphate ion and the soil content of gypsum, biotic materials and salts in some parts of the area of the study affects the planning of these projects. The research alsostudies the soil capability ofresistance. The study of these features is important in the planning of the geometrical projects.

دور الحرارة فی تحدید الفترة المثالیة لزراعة محصول العدس فی محافظة الأنبار للمدة 1981 – 2010

صباح محمود علی; زیاد خلف یوسف

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 33-50

This research aims to determine the effect of temperature in determining the period of growth and success of the crop. As it has been the study of the thermal requirements of lentil and thermal capabilities available in the province, depending on the climatic data relating to the subject of research where it was converted to curves and graphs and calculate what you need from the heat during the growing period grouped depending on some calculations. As the study found that there is a great harmony between the thermal requirements of the crop and thermal potential of the province, with temperatures provide grouped surplus to the minimum of the crop. As indicated by the thermal variation rates spatially study in the province because of the height factor for sea level, and the effect of heat on the crop will be a key element in determining the cultivation and growth in
the province.

Spatial analysis of the risks of floods for BASION tangro Valley in Sulaimaniyah province using remote sensing techniques and geographical information systems

خالد اکبر عبدالله الحمدانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 51-75

The study spatial analysis of the risks of floods for outdoor tangro Valley in Sulaimaniyah province using remote sensing techniques and geographical information systems as study depended primarily on space technologies and geographic visualization study research, characterized by the speed and accuracy of the data, the study concluded that there is a space prone to 942.7 km2 torrents and floods of total pond amounting 1865.4 km 2 problem of 50.54% of pond.

Morphometric Characteristics Analysis (Elevations and Slopes) for the Surface Anbar Province, Using the Geometrics Techniques.

علی خلیل خلف غضا الجابری; سعدون ظاهر خلف مشافی الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 76-114

The geometrics techniques (Arc GIS program - Arc Info V. 10, visual and radar D.EM) is considered a source of recent information on the Earth's surface properties in Anbar province with high accuracy and reliability and its difficult to access through conventional means.
The research problem is presented by the following two questions: What are the possibilities geometrics techniques that are presented in the Arc GIS program - Arc info V. 10 for modeling and analysis of surface properties of Al-Anbar province by visible radar D.E.M to discover morphometric characteristics (elevations and slope) of the surface of Anbar province? What are the characteristics of the surface of Al- Anbar province concerning with elevations and slope? The research hypotheses are assimilated in the following two hypotheses: geometrics techniques allows great potential in detecting morphometric surface properties of Al-Anbar province. thematic maps to flag landforms can be prepared to recognize the surface characteristics of the province, as well as the possibility of preparing a three-dimensional models that facilitate the analysis of the surface properties of the province. The surface properties of Anbar province can be varied in terms of elevations and slopes; as a result of differing factors and processes that have affected and still affect on the province surface.
The research aims to achieve the following: detection of the capabilities of geometrics techniques used in this research in the preparation of thematic maps and the earth models of the morphometric characteristics ofAl- Anbar province surface. The integration of these technologies leads to the results of geographic data with pinpoint precision so that they can be trusted and relied upon in the development planning of the province in the future and to identify the morphometric characteristics of Al-Anbar province various surface. This research is also considered as a practical guide to learn about the morphometric characteristics Al-Anbar province various surface, the problems resulting from it and the proposed solutions to overcome them, so it can be reliable by the workers in the field of geographic information systems for the study of the surface properties of any other region.
The research has concluded a number of conclusions, notably the following: the hypothesis of the research is right. It also concluded that the different morphometric characteristics of Al-Anbar province surface in terms of the elevation and slope, the less height is about 20 meters above sea level on the eastern bank of Razzazah Lake within Al-Anbar province, while the maximum height in the province is about 948 meters above sea level which is presented in Anza mountain at the Iraqi-Jordanian- Saudi Arabia triangle border, as well as the differing severe slopes where converging equal elevation lines from each to another to the flat lands where the slope decreases and the equal elevation lines diverge from each to another, Temperatures of surface maintain slope vary to reach a maximum of 29.9 ْ, as the surface of the province is differing in trends of the province surface slope. The surface of the province is going through stages of aging infrastructure cycle as shown by Alhpsomitri coefficient which emphasizes on the removal of 61% of the rock mass of the province. The research is summarized in a number of recommendations, most notably the following: the need to depend on the study of the landforms science in general and morphometric in particular to the use of geometrics techniques presented in: GIS and visualization of remote sensing with large spatial clarity as a successful alternative and great scientific feasibility comparing with traditional methods as well as the study of remote areas which are difficult to reach and was not taught before; in the sake of preparation of integrated geographic data in its data that have high accuracy and reliability of automatically great model and the attached descriptive data for each layer of its layers which provide information in a manner characterized by the ease and convenience and speed of decision-makers in order to make the right decisions to solve the problems of the geographical reality or planning to invest its resources in accordance with the constant development perspective. This does not mean rejection of traditional methods, but GIS with traditional methods is an integral system. The research recommends to establish a special center for geometrics technologies in Al-Anbar University which has the main tasks as: the production and updating the maps, training the university professors on these techniques and holding the scientific conferences for these techniques.

The physical and chemical merits to deserts soils in Heet spend .

خالد أکبر عبدالله الحمدانی; أحمد هلال حمود السلمانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 115-140

This study aims to identify the most important physical and chemical merits to desert soils in Heet spend in order to limit the degree of its suitability to different agricultural productions if it exploited side by which soil texture was studied and limit the most important types and parts of sand, alluvial and mud and geography distribution to all then within study place rather than the concentration on study of the most important chemical merits to desert soils and range effective reflection to the agricultural productions especially which related to asid and basicity degree (PH) and salt degree (EC) and content of soil from member ship calisiom, sulphurs (gypsum) with clarifying negative and positive effects to these elements in case it or increases of decreases on agricultural production

الحاجة والعجز من الاسکان فی مدینة الرمادی

محمد دلف أحمد الدلیمی; صباح مهدی جرو

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 140-167

Residential need means the assumption that every family in need of adequate residence for decent living. The family means having a husband and wife with unmarried boys, and the residence is considered for a lot of families as a basic need which is difficult to be met, particularly when used terms and concepts such as adequate residence or standard housing.
The economic situation of many families is not sufficient to achieve the right size, the suitable place and appropriate situation whether to own or rent this house. Keep searching for the right climate, which contributes to reduce costs and reduce the suffering of citizens with limited income, stays in consideration.
This research included three sections preceded by the introduction. The first section includes natural and human characteristics of the city of Ramadi, by identifying its location and the characteristics of its place as well as the human characteristics of the number of population and their density of either population or residence. The second section addressed the residence need and determined the level of residential neighborhoods in the city with the address to the most important main reasons for the residential need, as well as housing inventories and determine the suitable and available place for living. While the third section talked about the residence deficit in the city, whether qualitative or quantitative deficit with the most important aspects of its results. The research ended with the important conclusions and recommendations then the reference list.

التجاوزات على استعمالات الأرض لمدینة راوه عام 2013م

احمد حسن عواد الفهداوی; لطیف حسن عبد الله

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 168-195

Basic design is the geometry of the place, aims to create the perfect balance of functional and behavioral elements of urban fabric to provide comfort and safety for the inhabitants of the city.
The use of privacy and the spatial relationship must be consistent with the use of adjacent to preserve the pattern of land uses, and any change must take into account other land uses and the size of the population of the region and their workers to avoid damage caused by this change, taking into account the size and direction of traffic, in order to create a balance in traffic between neighborhoods, and preserve cultural heritage, and to avoid environmental damage such as air and water pollution, noise and distortion of the urban fabric of the city.
The design basis for the city's dynamic and flexible, so that is not necessarily a negative change but natural, healthy state in line with the development and growth of the city in terms of quality and quantity.
Must support update operations for abuse out of traditional development processes that focus on physical aspects alone, and the comprehensive development approach the physical aspects and complete economic, social and administrative.

Population fertility standards for judicial Fallujah and Hit for the period of 1997- 2013

حسین علی عبد الراوی; علی داود محمد سرحان

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 196-216

The main objective of geographic comes at a fertility study of discrimination spatial differences according to a sliding scale at the level of administrative units, has been used as the standard reflects the reality of population fertility judicial Fallujah and Hit the year in the fertility rate, and adopted respects as units cadastral a statement image contrast from one place to another, has divided the study to eight administrative units, and it adopted the study in addition to the questionnaires on the Central Bureau of Statistics data, derived from the general population census of 1997 the geographical and demographic surveys, newsletters, and the study was divided into two sections
I dealt with a study population and fertility standards by which they can identify the spatial variation of population fertility levels in the areas of study and address the second topic scale general fertility rate according to standard grades and show lower than average (145.3) per thousand in 1997 to (109.1) per thousand in 2013 according to the results of the field study,
The study found among the conclusions of the study were based on the findings of the conclusions of a number of recommendations, which see it as a solution to the problem of study.

المواد الخام الطبیعیة فی مدینتی العبیدی والعامریة

حسن کشاش عبد الجنابی; هاشم محمد کریدی محمد الهاشمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 217-230

Represents the cities of Ameria and Obeidi two administrators for two respects are following administrative division of the province of Anbar, and that's what made it a two urban in the Iraqi st andard, has been shown through the events that the development plan adopted by the State, which has worked to bring urban development did not pledge to each of the two cities after the establishment of residential complexes containing on various public and community services needed by local workers and expatriates who came with their families from different Iraqi provinces, to contribute to the achievement of a qualitative leap in it and affected by population growth not seen in all the cities of the province in recent history, increase in the number of residents of the two cities for more than five (5) times time period not exceeding 10 years, means that there are areas to attract development pushed the migration of skilled labor and unskilled toward the two cities in order to contribute to the operation of the new plants established in the original aim of transforming underdeveloped areas surrounding both cities to workshops staffed by Iraqis.

التوجهات المستقبلیة للتوسع المکانی لمدینة الکرمة

محمد دلف احمد الدلیمی; الاء اشرف عبد فرحان العانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 231-244

Al - Garma city is one of AL-Anbar government cities. It is a population (9502) people. It is area, according to the basic planning (146) Hectares. This study aims to analysis of affective variables, in the internal structure of the city, by knowing the geographical distribution, to different land uses, and the effect for formation Civilian life, and the efficiency of the functionality of those uses. The study tried to explore the reasons, that led to the distribution of land uses in its current form, study the problems faced and how to be in 2045. chapter included tow Investigation, the first it was to evaluate the scheme developed by the Department of Planning.

الاثار البیئیة للنشاط الصناعی فی ریف قضاء الرمادی

محمد طه نایل الحیانی; احمد حسین محمد الشجیری

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 245-274

In this research was the study of pollution caused by industrial activity in the countryside of Ramadi District, where the study included environmental pollution, industrial pollution, and the types of pollution caused by the industrial facilities (air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution), as well as the implications of during the field study by a researcher at industrial plants in the countryside of Ramadi District, and conclude Find the most important conclusions and recommendations as well as a list of sources relied upon search.

بدائل التنمیة المکانیة فی قضاء الرطبة

محمد دلف احمد الدلیمی; عبدالحمید ولی عبد العیساوی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 275-290

The conclusion that has been reached after showing the substitutes for spatial development, mentioned above, to a committee of specialized experts in development affairs (according to Delphy style) that: integrated development is the best substitute for its ability to pass the failure that one section development may face, with other substitutes keeping their relative importance in application. It got (90%) of unanimous resolution of the experts where industrial development comes second by getting (84%). Agricultural development of (70%), while tourist development comes last with (48%). After showing the same substitutes for the public to participate in making decision, as they are considered to be the means of development and its final goal, they went to what the experts had said, in arranging the substitutes of spatial development according to the relative importance in application with the difference in percentage and their closeness according to their local vision, which expresses their ambition and basic needs. Important conclusions that serve the polices of spatial development and achieve the goals pursued had been reached.

Trends in urban population growth in the provinces of Iraq during the period (1977 - 2009) and future outlook until 2019

بلال بردان علی الحیانی; إیاد محمد مخلف الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 291-319

The research aims to study the trends of urban growth in the provinces of Iraq during the period (1977 - 2009) and future outlook until 2019 and the factors influencing it, and detect changes that occurred to the growth trends of its population urban areas, and keep track of those changes that occurred during the temporal and spatial study and predict future trends for this change, the level of Iraq as a whole, according to the provinces, in order to draw a population policy, service and economic cope with demographic changes taking place at the level of urban areas, and that took different directions, as a result of political and economic conditions unstable, and change the population policy from a policy of raising the rate of population growth in the period (1977-1987) to a population policy based on non-interference in it, and leave it to the residents themselves after a year (1990), all of which greatly influenced the growth of the total population and the growth of urban population.
المقدمة:

Information Literacy for Academic community in Baghdad University: An Application Stud

وفاء احمد سعید البیاتی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 542-565

The term Information Literacy is one of the most modern terms in the world of information. This term has gained greater importance following the advent of the Internet, which is a prerequisite for the effective people in the knowledge and information societies.
Information occupies a senior place in societies. Society’s development is measured upon its ability in gathering, organizing, processing and issuing the information in a way that helps the users in different fields.
Information Literacy became the major cornerstone of developing the academic societies, where Iraqi universities and institutes called for developing the Information Literacy among their lecturers, researchers, students and even workers, so they can achieve balance between society’s culture and technology.
These universities and institutes are the largest institutions that face several challenges force them to change their traditional educational techniques and methods with students to provide them with the necessary scientific skills to improve and develop the community.
In this research, a survey through two questionnaires was carried out to collect data regarding information awareness among lecturers and researchers in Baghdad University, and then the data was analyzed by finding the weight percentile and the weighted average.
The research found a number of recommendations:
1- The educational institutions, especially universities, have to take an effective role in instilling principles of IT education and awareness, as they are the centers of thoughts and cultures and play a great role in giving a new generation to society.
2- The research emphasizes that Information Literacy is needed in our time, as it is very necessary to transfer the communities to the era of knowledge. The circle of economic knowledge cannot be completed without the Information Literacy, which requires cooperation of all the concerned parties to enrich the awareness in our society and to overcome all the obstacles that prevent the wide use of internet.

Use of Information technology in university libraries : A comparative study of the central libraries of Al-mustansyria and Damascus universities

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 2, Pages 566-585

The aim of research is to show the real state of information technology in central library of Al-mustansyria and Damascus library and make comparison about two libraries for Development, building, technology use, staff and resource collection.
The study ending with many results and recommendation such us the level of information technology services for two libraries do not befit with size of users property in two libraries.