Volume 2015, Issue 3, Winter 2015, Page 1-541


The Role of Woman in the Iraqi Ancient Civilization

أحمد حسین أحمد الجمیلی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 1-16

This research reviewed the role of woman in the Ancient Iraqi Culture. And it involved several pivots on the sociable, political, religions and economic level. And to confirm that the Ancients Iraqi were the first who inspired and applied the democracy idea and human rights. The ancient monuments immortalized woman either as a goddess in images and statues or as reverence and respect in Sharias and Laws. So woman was the most prominent figure for human and humanity together.

The Islamic conquest’s impact on religion and language realm in Shaam

کریم عجیل حسین; أسامة محمد عبد القادر

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 17-29

The Islamic conquests to Shaam impacted on the open country population, and this expanded to all life aspects, mostly on religion and language, this research is divided into two parts; the first is specified to studies about religion representing the spread of Islam in Shaam during the Islamic conquest in the era of Rashdeen and Amaween Caliphate.
Second part is specified to language studies representing the spread of Arabic language and the factors that facilitated the process of Arabization to the population of Shaam.

النشاط الفکری والأدبی فی مدینة نسف

عبد الهادی محمد عباس المحمدی; أنوار عبد الجبار محمد عباس النجار

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 30-51

The interest in religious science was the most important characteristic of intellectual movement in the city of torpedo included forensic science knowledge of the Quran and modern science and science of Hadith and Science illegal Arabic science and science literature, poetry and humanities, have seen a clear and prominent attention by city scientists blow up in that period or those who gave for the teaching and dissemination of science, they founded this infrastructure for their students who studied under them that science, Votmr the efforts of dedicated scientists diverse contributions dealt with the rest of the knowledge era and its Sciences and etiquette They left a bright and brilliant legacy, drafted the language of the Koran was so great merit in keeping Muslims constitution to keep the flame glowing illuminate the paths of science and particularly modern science and jurisprudence form of extreme importance aspired to be the second source of Islamic law after the Koran the book of God.

AL Amash 's Narratives in the biography of the prophet through the book of Sunan

عبد الجبار محمود شریمص الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 52-118

This research includes ALAmash narratives in the person of the prophet peace be upon him and it's narratives in the call and migration to AL –Madeenah AL- Manawarah, including its narratives in the financial transactions and the scientific narratives. Also the research includes the conclusion and sources list.

conttributions of the Omanis Scholars on the scientific movement in Basrah and Baghdad up to the fourth Century (A.D)

عثمان عبد العزیز صالح المحمدی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 119-148

After confessing Islam willingly in the reign of their two kings:Jefer and Abid I Ibin Jalindy and before the messenger(peace be upon him) had sent them the companions O mer Ibin Al a'as with a letter inviting them to confess the islam,they responded willingly.
From this time an waad a new riean for omanians startet that is to serre islam thringh gihad for they had an impertanb rde in the Islamic battles parbcularly in the peisian front basrah was their point of departare farthermde to strong link between them so many omenians headed for loking part in the Islamic battes they had a greater ale in opening kurasan karman atherhejan and ther cities for this reason we got the idea of explaining in this research paper the scientific impact of the Omanis scholars on the ideological life in basrah and Baghdad

المؤسسات التعلیمیة فی مدینة تونس وأثرها على الحرکة الفکریة (296-981ه/908-1572 م)

بدیع محمد ابراهیم الکربولی; منذر عطا الله شیحان الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 149-174

The city of Tunis had gained, since the Islamic Arab Opening, a great position which made the city get the forefront center during Al-Hufssi period, for it was considered as a capital of the country.
The caliphs of Islamic Arab country had a great role in developing the intellectual life in Tunis where they could disseminate the Islamic religion and the Arabic language. This was as a result of Islamic Arab Openings which were religious and cultural openings. These openings helped to disseminate the Islamic details represented by Al-Quran Al-Kareem. Therefor, the Arab Muslims paid a great attention in education. The mosques and Al-Katateeb had a great role in developing the city in this aspect till instituting the schools in Al-Hufssi period. So the city had witnessed cultural developments and educational activity which made it an intellectual and cultural center admitting all the travelers who visited it.

Missed Texts from Nassf History Book For Abu Al-Abbas Jaffer Bin Mohammed AL Musstagfry (432 AH) (Collecting, Studying, and Editing )

لطیف خلف محمد الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 175-235

The Islamic orient distinguished by cultural and intellectual prosperity which was culminated during early third Hijiri century. It witnessed a development in historical notation, emerging many historians in various areas who began competing notation both in translation, affinities or incidents, Abu Al-Abbas Al-Musstagfry Al-Hafidh (432 AH) the topic of study. If we try to research and conduct his missing entitle book (Nassf History) that is considered one of the important sources in studying affinities, in general, and Nassf city in particular because it included details events about the city and its scientists. Collect his scattered sayings from the cores of books. This is an attempt the wiped out book and became forgotten, in line with the calls on the revival of glorious heritage.

The Political and Intellectual Impact of the women of the Ayoubi House in the Levant and Egypt

مظهر عبد علی جاسم الجغیفی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 236-277

The research tackles the political and intellectual impact of the women of the Ayoubi Home in the Levant and Egypt. The study of the characters in the Islamic history is considered of important issues, for the important role these characters played in the political and intellectual life of Arab Islamic state, especially women of sultans and princes who ruled the Islamic countries in various territories. The women had a prominent role and contribution in the course of Life through their participations in various aspects of that life. They had great achievements which could be proud of. The importance of these achievements and business was the reason behind the selection for this study of the women of the Ayoubi House. This is because of the important roles the women played, although history did not do justice to their achievements but only mentioned few signals for some of these achievements, both in the women's personal lives or in their political or intellectual impact. In addition, there were no study specialized in mentioning the roles of the women of the Ayoubi House, thus, our research is marked The Political and Intellectual impact of the women of the Ayoubi House in the Levant and Egypt to show the roles played by the women of the Ayoubi House, whether from the Ayoubian descent, or is wives of one of the Ayoubian sultans or princes.
The research adopted the scholar historical approach in the treatment of the subject taking into account the historical sequence in the search, and pursuing the scientific method of dealing with historical narrations. It envisaged the accuracy in identifying the narrations that expressed the roles of the women of the Ayoubi House, trying to take the closest narrations to the historical event in time and place because this has an important impact on the sincerity of the narration.
As for the difficulties, the researcher has faced the problem of lack of information presented in the references. These references did not mean and did not pay great importance to the achievements made by those honorable women who had a big role in running the governmental affairs and who played important political roles in a critical historical era, as well as they had a role in the energizing the scientific movement in their days. The information was too limited, despite of its littleness, the information demonstrates their importance and makes us respect those achievements and be proud of them.
The study is divided into three sections, in the first section, I tackled the biography of the women of the Ayoubi house and also discussed a part of the political impact of many of these women in the governance. I presented some reference to the biography and personal lives of these women, and this has a significant impact reflected on the political and intellectual activities in the community. The second section dealt with the intellectual impact of these women through creating the educational schools where the finest scholars of the Islamic world had taught. These schools had contributed in raising the Muslim community with scientific and wide results of knowledge. I treated in the third section the impact of the women of the Ayoubi House in establishing Khanqahat, Al-Robet and AL-Torab (places and institutions for education and worship) as part of their intellectual activities. These institutions with other schools had a significant impact in education and worship and also in presenting services for the Islamic community at that time. The research is ended with a conclusion included the most important findings of the research, presenting the primary references relevant. I hope I have been able to highlight an important aspect of the Islamic nation and its civilizational achievements in the research of the heritage and legacy of the Ayoubian period.

النشاط الاقتصادی فی مملکة الحیرة قبل الاسلام

احمد حسین احمد الجمیلی; عصام نجم عبد الله المحمدی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 299-321

Kingdom of confusion arose in the history of civilized ancient region, and its capital (confusion) is located on a caravan trade routes between East and west. Moreover, confusion has arisen in the same area and abundant water and fertile soil, which helped the prosperity of agriculture. The kingdom has been perplexing the state of the buffer between the two empires two major Sassanid Empire and the Byzantine Empire, it was natural that the confusion be one cultural interaction data between Arab civilization and cultural data to neighboring countries in various fields of life centers.

بین الجاهلیة والاسلام عبر ومواقف المطعم بن عدی وابنه جبیر أنموذجا

قحطان عدنان بکر المولى

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 322-341

We will discuss in this research positions Restaurant son Uday and his son Jubair of Islam and the Prophet, by tracking the positions of Jubair anti-prophet of the day that came with a delegation of Quraish infidel time to negotiate Abu Talib handed over the Prophet against to give him Architecture Bin Al Waleed Anad boy in the Quraish instead of him, and keep track of its positionthe siege of Muslims and a newspaper siege, and leasing of the Prophet day that he returned from his call in Taif, and then highlight the positions of his son Jubair of the Islamic Dawa and try to kill the Prophet to disperse blood between the tribes and other positive attitudes and Bisharat prophetic by standing on the historical sources of reliable after logical analysis rightwithout distortion or embellishment of the facts.

The Role of the African Unity Organization in Settlement of Senegal-Mauritania Conflict 1989-1991

جاسم محمد عبد; باسم محمد زغیر هندی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 342-376

During the period of its activity about 39 years, the organization of African Unity worked for achieving several aims. The most prominent of these aims are working for unity of African continent people, completing the liberation of other African Countries occupied by European colonialism, choosing a suitable procedure to settle the conflicts that might be arise among African Countries, and then realization of political and economic stability in continent. But the organization faced many difficulties and didn`t succeed to achieve its aims and principles that it called for the organization failed to settle many conflicts among African countries regarding the borders. One of these border Conflicts was between Mauritania and Senegal .The failure was because the organization didn`t have an active procedure to intervene in inner African conflicts, which affected negatively on security and stability in African continent and had been an obstacle to develop and unite African Continent.

الحیاةُ الثَّقافیَّةُ فی سُوریة (1920_ 1946م)

محمَّد یحیى أَحمد عبَّاس; بارق عبَّاس عبید عبَّاس

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 377-405

Syria witnessed during the period of French mandate (1920 – 1946) cultural movement in different fields such as education, newspapers and magazine, presses, cinema and theater, out of it cinema and theater were the results of French mandate. Others were the result of educated class in Syrian society by the aid national governments which established after the establishment of constituent association in 1928.
French mandate authorities has practiced along the period of mandate upon Syria (1920 – 1946) arbitrary policy against any cultural movement aimed at educating Syrian society and fighting these movements in order to get rid of Arabian culture and attempting to spread the French culture among chasses of the society; therefore they fought all kinds and stages of education, from other side they neglected establishing official schools, issued rules and regulations limited the liberty of education while they opened and support foreign schools, and the aim was creation of new educated generation with French culture did not contradict with its existence and trends in Syria.
French authorities restricted the freedom of press by issuing special laws and rules restricted press specially daily national newspapers which worked to develop the national feeling, also the same procedures were adopted against press, cinema and theater which restricted by arbitrary laws to prevent their to practice their cultural role in Syrian society.
The French policy during the period of mandate (1920 – 1946) was from cultural point of view aiming at opposing any Syrian cultural activities, and working on spreading French language and culture among the Syrian people and connect them with French culture during the period of mandate.

موقف العراق من الحلف الإسلامی عام 1966م

فهمی احمد فرحان الجنابی; أحمد راشد جریذی علی الفهداوی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 438-454

We can see that the Iraqi position to wards the Islamic alliance cortorms with that of some Arab conntrie part coladly Lebanon. Naver the We should printent that the position of Iraq and Lebanon did not change from a prior corpintion between them in the some degree it opposes adopt and the nature of the ruling. It might instigate plot as traled in the political change witnessed and dispute between Iraq and Iran on the reglution of Iran being a member in the Islamic alliance.

تأمیم النفط الایرانی – وأزمة الاتفاق النفطی 1951 – 1954

إیاد ناظم جاسم

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 455-478

Mossadegh government achieved the largest step on the internal level, which is the nationalization of the Iranian oil and achieve the aspirations of the Iranian people, but it was not bear in mind that the nationalization will enter the great economic crisis on the internal and external level, events pass and formed a major political turning point on the external level, and formed a global crisis because of the Iranian government refusal for intervention of British oil companies in their internal affairs. The Iranian oil issue raised the zeal of Iranian people to continue challenging the Anglo-Iranian company and prevent it from working in Iran, but the company brought the case to the International Court of Justice in the Hague, which acknowledged that it an interior issue and can not deal with it, which gave great courage to Mossadegh to continue to work towards the Iranian oil independence from British domination, and Britain does not stand idly but alluded to military action in the beginning, but it realized that military action would force the intervention of third parties, including Russia, so it stayed on the diplomatic policy and the use of reason and logic in solution to this crisis, and tried to achieve their interests to send delegations and proposals that would resolve the issue but in front of the Iranian rejection that stunned the British. The United States of America intervened and it want to share their companies in the Iranian oil and to convince the Iranian government for a waiver of certain conditions, but with the departure of Mossadegh from the political stage and the return of the Shah to power and the formation of the first government, Britain has breathed sigh of relief and realized that the crisis is nearing the breakthrough but did not realize that the Iranian patriotism remained even with the departure of Mossadegh from the government and the Iranian government did not waive its right of national wealth, but in front of the economic crisis that the country suffered and the US encouragement to supply the Iranian government loans as well as Britain's agreement to resume negotiations between them and the Iranian side but it astonished with the conditions put forward by the Iranian delegation and realized that Iranian oil remained elusive but its recent attempts and American encouragement in the establishment of the consortium and the participation of foreign companies in Iranian oil for compensation Anglo-Iranian company by these companies gave hope for Britain and its company for approval of the Iranian conditions and do not forget the role played by Ali Amini commander of the negotiating team, who waive of certain conditions and insisted on the other gave a breakthrough to the crisis by signing the agreement between the two sides on the consent of all parties.

موقف جامعة الدول العربیة من مشکلة الصحراء الغربیة

عبد حسین عبد محسن سوسه

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 479-505

Western desert or sahrah is a region in Morocco; more definitely, western parts of Morocco. This desert has been under the influence of Spanish invasion for decades spanning to 1976. This sahrah is extremely rich. This richness is demonstrated by, firstly, minerals like phosphate. Secondly, the geographical location, being near the Atlantic ocean this makes it important due to the marine riches especially fish. This location also has a strategic significance in local policies of western part of Arab homeland as well as international policies.
The western part of Arab homeland comprises Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania, Libya and Tunisia. The European assault has resulted in feeble small countries as well as problems in boundaries designation. These countries struggling to obtain economic, politic and regional profits, even at the expense of the other party, neglecting the unity of Arab land and the united Islamic identity.
The political organizations are the outcome of policies of conflicting countries. Nevertheless, each country attempts are the outcome of the countries struggling policies. Nevertheless, each country attempts gain the desert or a part of it. This position can be utilized to interfere in any expected or possibly happening development this, in turn, is an interference in the interior affaires of Morocco: the desert looks like a public garden, open and free to all. These organizations has been taken the forms of troops supporting the owner of the desert and trying to isolate this piece of land as an independent entity.
Arab League and Arab countries take a hesitating and feeble attitude. They try as much as possible to satisfy all parties as if saying “I make nobody mad of me at all”. tracing the political development, one can notice that the European countries have never recognized the Sahrah Republic. On the other hand, some other countries, that declared that recognition, have take it back being quite sure such Republic is utterly unreal and can not established.

Change Of Agriculchral Land Use In Ameriya District During The Period 2003-2013.

أسماعیل محمد خلیفة العیساوی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 336-357

This research delt with the study of changing agricultural land uses set for planting vintages during the period 2003-2013 depending on the changeover proportion equation .this ratio is discrepent according to quality and quantity from one vintage to anether and from district to anether.
This study showed that the region witnessed appositive change according to planted area between the base year of 2003 and the comparative year of 2013 wich reached 5.26% with an absolout change reached to 5951 hectare.
Also it has been observed that the searvice Situation and security deterioration dunhg this penod have aclear impact in discrepent the changeover proportion on the district,s level positively and hegetirely.
Amakter of much consideration that the changeover proportion which the different agncuttuaral vintate area witnessed in the study area was done randomly without previous planning and this is true for both positive and negative ratios.

أثر التعلیم الإلکترونی فی التحصیل وتنمیة مهارات ما وراء المعرفة لدى طلبة المرحلة الثالثة فی مادة المناهج وطرائق التدریس

سعادة حمدی سویدان; حیدر عبد الکریم محسن الزهیری

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 358-406

The goal of current research to know (the impact of e-learning in the development of knowledge beyond the skills of students in the third phase of the curriculum and teaching methods) material; and through the verification of hypotheses Elsafreeten following cases:
1- There is no difference statistically significant at the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied education and e-average grades to the control group students who studied in the traditional way in achievement test.
2- There is no difference statistically significant at the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied education and e-average grades to the control group students who studied in the traditional manner at a scale beyond the knowledge skills.
The sample of the research (70) students from the third phase students in sections of mathematics and geography in the faculties (Education Pure Sciences, and Education for the Humanities) / University of Anbar, and distributed to the experimental groups consisted of 37 students, and an officer consisted of (33) students, were equal groups in variables: (chronological age, test prior information, the IQ test, scale beyond the tribal knowledge skills); was prepared by researchers achievement test, and may be of (40) items of type (multiple-choice), and the measure of skills beyond knowledge is of (24) with alternatives five-paragraph (always, often, sometimes, rarely, never), has been extracted validity and reliability of both; he has one of the researchers taught the two groups, and after the end of the experiment, it was the application of the two tools search on the two sets of research; it was The results showed:
1- The presence of a statistically significant difference in the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied education and e-average grades to the control group students who studied in the traditional way in achievement test, for the experimental group.
2- The presence of a statistically significant difference in the significance level (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied education and e-average grades to the control group students who studied in the traditional way in a scale beyond the skills of knowledge, for the experimental group

الألم النفسی لدى أعضاء هیئة التدریس فی جامعة الانبار

عبد الکریم عبید جمعة; عمار عوض فرحان

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 407-440

The current study aims at identifying the level of psychological pain of the college members at the University of Anbar, and also, to identify the differences in psychological pain according to gender (male - female), and academic specialization (scientific - literary). To achieve the aims of the study, a sample has been chosen to be (252) instructors (165 male and 87female) distributed to six colleges at Anbar University. The researchers have built a psychological pain scale which consists of (38) items in its final form, and extracted several types of validity and reliability of the scale. The findings of the study include the following:
1- The level of psychological pain for the college members is statistically high.
2- There are differences in the level of psychological pain due to the gender and for the favor of males.
3- There are no differences in the level of psychological pain due to the academic specialization.
In light of the findings the researchers set numbers of recommendations and suggestions.

دور الدراما التلفزیونیة الترکیة فی تشکیل تصورات الشباب الجامعی عن واقع المجتمع الترکی

یوسف حسن محمود

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2015, Volume 2015, Issue 3, Pages 513-541

The research Name: the role of Turkish drama in shaping perceptions of university students about the reality of Turkish society .
The research aims at: This research aims to :
1- reveal the extent of forming perceptions of university students about their reality of Turkish society, this drama that offered by the various Arab satellite channels,
2- we want to know the differences between males and females in the formation of these perceptions, as well as differences between scientific and humanitarian sections.
Research Methodology and appointed: This research descriptive used the survey method, our sample from the University of Tikrit, it's 400 students, distributors by 100 students and 100 students from the Faculty of Arts and matched that number itself from the Faculty of Dentistry, researcher has conducted his questionnaire in the time period from 10 / 4 until 5/10/2013.
the researcher came to the following results:
1- The highest percentage answer with respect to the subject (theirs poor pupils in Turkey) from the males side of the humanitarian which is 97.83 %, as well as females of the same section by 95.75 %.
2- The highest percentage answer with respect to the subject (prevalence of alcohol outside the framework of the Turkish family) of the females side of the human section which is 90.43 %, as well as 82.61 % from the males of the same section
3- The highest percentage answer with respect to the subject (Women's Freedom in Turkey) by the females of scientific section which is 87.80 %, as well as the male of the same section by 85,71 %.
4- The highest percentage answer with respect to the subject (the prevalence of sexual relationship outside marriage in Turkey) from the females side of the human section which is 85.11 %, followed by males of scientific section by 82.86 %.