Volume 2013, Issue 2, Winter 2013


The Social Variety of Iraq and its Role in the Military Institution Until 1958

علی محمد کریم

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 1-59

Iraq society is regarded as one of the oldest societies in history. It is one of the oldest civilizations in Middle East. The two rivers that penetrate from the north to south which prepared for the establishment of kingdoms like Assyrians, Akadean Sumerians and others. That was reflected on the spirit of the society.
Throughout all its history, Iraqi society was formed on the basis of racial, religious and sectarian variety. It was like a unique mosaic. And this type of variation had the impact on the variety and expansion of its mental horizons based on the importance of the study for the understanding of the history of Iraq. The choice of this topic (The Social Variety of Iraq and its Role in the Military Institution Until 1958) to be a theme that includes an introduction and a preface is devoted to determine the racial, religious and sectarian variety with a concentration on the population. We find it necessary for the service of the academic purpose not for sectarian.
The study tackled the evidences and proofs of homogeneity through the attempts of the British to undermine this harmony of the policy of (divide and prevail). The study also tackles the nature of the military institution and the effect of the social variety on that.
The Conclusion included the most important lessons and morals reached to in the study.

4th of February 1942 Incident in Egypt and British Direct

Suhad jassem Mohammed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 60-85

The subject of 4th of February 1942 incident in Egypt and the direct British inter considers one of the subjects that worthy to study. Hussein serri cabinet had faced many crises and stood unable to find necessary solutions and presented it's resignations to the king Farouq in February 1942,and his resignation considered a beginning of a dangerous and acrucial stage in Egypt's political history. When British ambassador Mayles Lampson knew about Hussein Seri's intention to resign, he asked him about anew candidate for the government, and he answered that Mustafa Al-Nahas must return, and Lampson said: ((this is what I was actually thin King about)) .
The King Farouq met with head of Egyptian parties in Abdeen palace on forming the cabinet, and the meeting ended without concluding any agreement.when British ambassador knew about this, he asked to meet the head of the royal court, Ahmed Hassnein and told him to advice King Farouq to vest Al-Nahas to form a wafedenian cabinet and threatened if the King refused he must surrender the throne.
Britian had taken all measures which could prepare to form the cabinet as invading Abdeen palace, and tens of tanks surrounded the palace from all directions, and destroyed the main gate of the palace which called(the royal gate).. and the British amabassaador entered and he tried to force the King to sign the document to surrender the throne, but the head of royal court Ahmed Hassanien inter fered. When the British amabassador left the King Farouq summoned the political leaders to meeting in which they agreed that Mustafa Al-Nahas assume to form the cabinet in 6th of February 1942.

Bismarck's Domestic Policy From Unity to Resignation

Hussein Hammad Abed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 86-111


Bismark's domestic policy after German unity in 1871 was aimed to establish a complete economic state superior to the other European states particularly Britian. This aim revealed itself through forming a new constitution for country which recognizing relations among German states engaged in the union . Bismark was able to make this constitution under his disposal after he became the chancellor controlling on Reichstag during the period of rule of Emperor William I and began to direct Empire to the military inclination that Prossia and the Empire was distinguished with which described in blood and iron and continued with it throughout William I period of rule. Bismark's domestic policy aimed into two things : Restricting power and influence of the church represented bu the catholic Centre party ehich continued from 1872 till 1880, when he realized that he should settle conflict with church and directing to the second aim represented by socialism and his attempt to eliminate it through many legislations since 1879 . but this policy was radically differed after theEmperor William I death and his successor Fredriek III and the Emperor William II got the power in 1880 where the conflict clearly began between the new Emperor and the old chancellor .
The domestic policy took anew turn, because the new Emperor refused to be directed by the chancellor Bismark while the latter refused to be a tool in the hand of the Emperor William II . The domestic events particularly labour strikes and the project of social care law and antisocialism law aswellas elections and the Emperor's sence in necessity for restricting the whole chancellor power were reasons for Bismark's resignation .

اسهام السنة النبویة فی تنمیة النشاط الزراعی من خلال صحیح البخاری

مقتدر حمدان عبد المجید

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 146-168

This paper deals with inter sayings of the Prophet, peace be upon God and peace that dealt with agricultural activity and strengthened as presented by Imam Bukhari in his Saheeh, and highlights the importance of the subject clearly if we know that Imam Bukhari is the modernists and their example. The Gap Imam Bukhari regions and cities, and cut long distances in pursuit of collecting the Hadith, and follow the scientific methodology rigorous when codification of those conversations, so he set conditions extremely accurate for people who tells them not narrate only trustworthy maintain.
In that light within Bukhari book "Sahih Bukhari" many sayings dishonest showed us many aspects of the impact of the Sunnah in Islamic economic thought on the theoretical and applied bands.

إسهامات قضاة الأندلس فی الحیاة السیاسیة والإداریة والعسکریة 92-422هـ/711-1030م.

احمد مخلف حسن; کریم عجیل حسین

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 169-184

The pages of this search to highlight the contributions of an important segment of society Andalusian and mean their judges Andalusia in political and military aspects, and that proved the high efficiency of what they enjoyed the qualifications of big in this area, and R to four main axes, we dealt with in the first of whichparking judges Andalusia general authority of governors and princes and caliphs and criticism with courage, and in the second axis we approached the role of judges Andalusia in advising governors and princes and caliphs, and dedicated third axis of positions of administrative and political assumed by judges Andalusia, the fourth axis agreed dealt by contributions judges Andalusia in military duties.

Feudalism Of The Cities in the Arabic lslamhc State With the end Of AL-Rashedy age

Samahr Muhiy Mussa

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 185-203

The understandable Feudalism in the economical Islam, differents in the form, topic and purpose. From the understandable term in the jurisprudence economical political. if its meaning in the economical political Submissyon and humiliation for the producer to his lord when he is doing the required things monetary or notable . then the manner of relationship in the economical Islam is not between the domination person and producer one who is the farmer, but it is between the under stand able and the producer on the basis place of the owner and it is not on the basis of uses and increase. But the aim is building the town and improvement the living .

In the Islamic Titles Lingual Historical Study

حسین علی محافظة; حسین یوسف قزق

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 204-227

This attempts to expose to the Islamic Littles in order to recgnize the gravin the earlyity of the Linguistic، political، intellectual and religious
Titles have been dealt with since its inception in the early of Islamic State formation of the Islamic era through the end of the Umayyad and Abbasid era.
The study concluded that the titles had led to political function commensurate with the Level of social and cultural developments of the Arab Muslim community

Projects proposed for the development of Hand Nukhayb

Meshaal Faisal Gdab Mawla; Lubna Ezzat Ahmed Ali al-Obeidi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 228-259

- Located hand Nukhayb South western Anbar province, one of the areas of administrative to eliminate wetlands, comprising the villages of Kasra and Habbariyah, and the Arar border port area, as well as other villages have been razed. An area (48 085) km 2, is also a percentage (51.4%) of the area of justice and moist and (35%) of the area of Anbar province, and (11%) of the area of Iraq.
- Represents an important part of the Northern Badia separated Valley to the latest Southern Badia, is also one of the major land ports of Iraq and Anbar province towards Saudi Arabia.

Spatial Analysis of the population of the Upper Euphrates region for the period 1977-2010

Hasan Kshash Abid Kshash Abid; Ahmed Hussein Farhan Al-Jughaify

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 260-274

characterized by the Upper Euphrates region in the west of Iraq and the north and north-east of the province of Anbar, which crossed the Euphrates River to high rates of population growth for the period 1977-2010. As groomed arrived in 2010 to more than 425,798 people spread over the cities and villages of the region in a linear fashion along the banks of the Euphrates River. The deviated from this pattern Kubaisa city, which lies on the Euphrates River 22 km with 18 villages out of 149 villages in the region. But provincial administrative units vary in population distribution according to the natural and economic conditions and existing development projects. Which calls for a Note Payment factors occurring in the presence spatial development as address population contrastive areas developmental experiences occurred in the same region units.

The Spatial Effect of the Agglomeration Economies in the Concentration of the Industrial Activities within Mosul City

یاسین حمید بدع المحمدی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 275-312

The Agglomeration economies form a factor of local attraction of the concentration of industrial activities within the specified region of the province to make use of the local advantages such as the low costs of production and the increase of economical revenues. The spatial Effect of the Agglomeration economies is manifested in Mosul city which includes the most industrial concentration on the governorate level for having (39) big industrial establishment, in percentage of( %83) out of the total industrial establishment in the governorate of (47) establishment in the year 2010. That concentration due to the effect of Agglomeration economies urban- industrial has caused a clear-cut variance in the spatial distribution of the industrial activities and has the greatest effect environmentally and developmentally speaking, and has also an effect on the organization and developing in the other economical and urban activities within the other areas of the governorate.

New Spatial Changes in Business Occupations in Ramadi City after 2003

Mohammed Taha Nael Al-Haiani

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 313-354

The research aims to clarify the importance of the business occupation in the City and impact on establishing and developing cities and analyzing new areas of business activities that appeared after 2003 in Ramadi City as a result of the changes in the area of the study represented by the foreign invasion and the social, economic, and demographic changes . Thus, the research is study effects of the natural and the human factors on the spatial distribution of land uses , the research is study of the area of the central businesses, its historical and trade , and we are selected of some streets and markets in the housing estates on the western and Eastern sides of the City have been selected.The movement into these places has been remarkable. From the Eastern part, Almustwda St., Khasha St., Twenty St., Slala St., Al-Bareed St., AlSoofia St., the south and north surrounding streets and Al-anduis District have been chosen. From the Western part, Al-Tameem District, Al-Farooq District and Othman Bin Affan St., (5 Kilo Region) have been chosen to evaluate and analyze the amount of these changes. Finally, its results and recommendations.

الوظیفة التعلیمیة لمدینة البغدادی

معن محیی محمد شریف

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 355-391

Educational services are the most important services that affect the life of the population. They represent active tools in the economic, social, health, cultural and technological structure. The distribution of parameters of the educational services, particularly, the educational organizations and their buildings, constitutes a problem for students to join these organizations. Also, it affects the efficiency of these facilities specially in these cities . The present study aims to analyze the educational services in ALbaghdade, quantatively and qualitatively, to depict the efficiency of these services throughout their stages of development in Anbar province to compare them with these in Iraq. Moreover, it aims to identify the recent and future need for these services in the cities .

CONSTRUCTIONAL INDUSTRY IN KIRKUK GOVERNORATE

Muhammad Taha Nail Al-Haiany; Subhy Ahmed Mukhlef Al-Dulaimy

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 416-443

Kirkuk is one of the oldest Iraqi governorates that had the first rise of the transformational and extraction industrial activities at the beginning of the last century. It considered as a nucleus for the later industrial developing, but the exceptional circumstances of wars and blockade then the occupation didn’t help to raise this important sector of industry in Kirkuk. So studying the real state of the constructional industry and its settlement in Kirkuk governorate with presentation its geographical characteristics is an essential matter to expose the important problems that face the industrial settlement in the governorate and find the best solutions. The geographical components «humanity & natural» that the governorate has are forming a very big importance for the constructional industry. Its exploitation is still less than the required. The study wants to show the humanity & natural components for the settlement of the constructional industry and exposing the state of the local distributing of it in the governorate then restricting the defect in this distributing. The study wants to discuss the following industries: cement, bricks, constructional materials, asphalt. The constructional industry occupied the second grad in classifying the transformational industries after the nutritious industry in Kirkuk governorate of industry projects number. It formed the ratio 22.5% including 7 projects which have 1658 workers formed 25.5 of the total workers in the transformational industries in Kirkuk governorate for the year 2012.

Cartographic representation of community services in Habbaniyah hand countryside

Ahmed Salman Hamadi Agricole

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 444-467

The preparation of maps, land uses rural, requires as is well known collection of data from various sources for the study area and then create the map foundation for are represented patterns, land uses in the form of symbols or colors using the methods and means of selected check Tulenko value cognitive and of the most important points to be attention by cartographic when numbers any map is to choose the way of representation appropriate its means and methods of display multiple, and increased need for cartography in all fields increased scientific and technical for this science, which culminated in the establishment of GIS (GIS), which has become a way to help and important in the preparation of maps and use appropriate representation method, created a digital database service private uses of the land in Habbaniyah hand countryside was chosen as the appropriate method to represent those uses.
المقدمة:

دور المعلم فی تنمیة التفکیر الإبداعی لدى الطلبة

محمد شکر محمود

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 468-490

The role of teacher on developing creative thinking
The teachers play a vital role on increasing thinking , jerwan(1999) says that the creative student are national wealth to which should society give a great concern and neglecting them is a big loosing. so that the problem study was defined in arousing the following question :
(What are the role of teacher on growing creative thinking for students ?)
From this question branches the following main axels:
- Meaning of creative thinking.
- Educational aims of creative thinking.
- Rationalization of qualifying teacher to play this role.
- Interest to developing creative thinking.
- Elements of successing operation of creative thinking.
- Conclusion and recommendation

ثر أسلوب العصف الذهنی فی تحصیل طلبة المرحلة الثالثة

باسمة هلال عبود الربیعی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 491-524

The aim of this project is to recognition the impact of the brainstorming upon the procurement of the students of the third stage in the subject of Islamic jurisprudence in the Quran Sciences Department and Islamic education.
Experimental method has been applied in this project that consists of (68) students with randomly selection (male and female), divided into two equal groups, the first group is the experimental group, while the other one represents the controlled group.
Results were processed by using different descriptive and statistical analyses to answer the question of the project . As a result , preference was for the experimental group with about (0.05) percent .
Finally, several recommendations have been set by the researcher.

اثر أنموذج دورة التعلم السباعیة فی التحصیل لدى طلاب الصف الثانی المتوسط فی مادة الریاضیات

غازی خمیس الحسنی; إنعام محمد علی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 525-550

Current research aims to know (after learning cycle model of Seven in achievement among students in second grade average in mathematics), but in order to check it formulated the following hypothesis:
* There is no statistically significant difference in the significance level (0.05)
between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied the learning cycle Model Seven and the average degrees of control group students
who studied in the traditional way in the achievement test.
Sample consisted of (56) students, by (28) students represent the experimental group, and (28) students represent the control group, was equal groups in variables (chronological age, degree of mathematics for the academic year before, the IQ test), have been chosen medium Liberation Boys Qsidia, affiliated to the Directorate of Education Anbar province, the researcher teaching groups first five chapters of the book Mathematics for Grade average, has continued experience an entire semester (first semester), have been prepared a test of the collection are from (40) paragraph objective of type ( multiple-choice), has been extracted characteristics Alsekoumtria, and after the completion of the experiment has been applied to the two sets of research, and then analyzed the results showed:
* The existence of a statistically significant difference at the level of (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group students who studied the learning cycle model Seven and the average degrees of control group students who studied in the traditional way in the achievement test, and in favor of the experimental group.

مشکلات الطفولة فی ظروف الأزمات نحو تنمیة تمکینیة للنهوض بواقع الطفل العراقی

معاذ احمد حسن

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 551-587

This paper targets the traumatized situations that Iraqi people witnessed during the last years, especially concerning children class who represents the essence of human development. We passed the most important problems facing Iraqi child, caused by the absence of societal security and stability. Among these problems, malnutrition and its danger on child future, which leads to the aggravation of pigmy among children, besides future problems reflecting on educational level. These crises affected on the levels of joining the primary education, reducing the number of preprimary students " kindergartens". The present paper showed the effect of family problems on precocious development of childhood, in addition to the problems of poverty and forced relegating that Iraqi society has passed, its graveness on children and their future. At the end, social policy is planned in order to develop the situation of childhood in the Iraqi society.
المقدمة

Arab revolutions:- In light of revolutionary thought

Ahmed Ali Mohammad

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2013, Volume 2013, Issue 2, Pages 588-619

This study addresses one of the most important and contemporary subject in Arab word, the Arab Revolutions which outbreak since December 2010 in Tunis and later in many other countries.
In this study we try to analysis these Revolutions in light of the arguments of Revolutionary thought.
The study divided into three topics as well as introduction and conclusion.
The first concerned with the definition of Revolution and the differences between Revolution and other types of violence.
The second focuses on the theory of Revolution.
The third deals with the post – Revolutions era.
Finally, the conclusion contains the most important findings and conclusions of the study.