Volume 2012, Issue 3, Winter 2012


تحلیل کفاءة الخدمات التعلیمیة فی ریف محافظة الانبار

محمد دلف احمد الدلیمی; بلال بردان علی الحیانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 1-22

That theefficiencyofeducational servicesis aprerequisitefor developmentin all forms,Andcameto study theefficiency ofeducational services in therural province ofAnbar,throughseveral axeswasanalyzed therelationshipof population distributionthe distribution ofeducational services,and then analyze theefficiency ofthe spatial distribution ofeducational servicesinrural areausing geographic information systems(GIS)As well asanalysis ofthe adoption ofefficiencyindicators,educational standards, planning and populationsatisfactionforthese serviceshasreachedFindcontrasttothe efficiency of theseservices from theadministrative unitto anotherand fromstandardorindexto another.

أثرالبنیة الجیولوجیة على خصائص المیاه الجوفیة فی(منطقة الجزیرة)محافظة الانبار

محمود إبراهیم متعب الجغیفی; قاسم أحمد رمل الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 23-41

Natural parameters have been reflected on the efficiency of ground water and its spatial distribution due to the widespread of instant Gypsum stone in the majority of the formations within regions besides. Structural phenomena have contributed in the increase of ground water depth variation and the change in their movement in different directions.
Relating results arrived at throughout the various stages of the study to each other has revealed four types of underground reservoirs as follows; the Euphrates, Al-Fatha, Injana and the Quaternary sedimentation that carry types of underground aguifers.

الجغرافیة الفلکیة العربیة دراسة لمراحلها التطویریة

محمد کریم إبراهیم االدلیمی; کمال عبد الله حسن الدلیمی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 42-65

The Arab Islamic geographical heritage contains many treasures for various branches of knowledge. Thus, it represents a continuous resource of information for students; each according to his/her specialization. Moreover, it has, sometimes been the source of inspiration and science and the candle that lights the darkness in the world. Among these disciplines, astronomy and astronomical geography have got their share from this resource. Since the existence of Man on earth, his determination has been associated with two directions; the first is linked with the sky and its contents, hence, the emergence of astronomy and astronomical geography, and the second the earth and its contents hence, the science of geography Civilizations in general, and the Arab Islamic Civilization in particular, have had their contributions fixed in the books history. These contributions reflect the experience of Man in his long move and his struggle to manipulate or exploit the unknown for his benefit. When the Arab Islamic Civilization has carried the torch of knowledge in the centuries of Hijra (B.C), sciences took incomparable steps; many scientists and scholars appeared who have made many additions to this knowledge that deserve all reverence and attribute.

The Dimenation Geopolitics For International Relationship (Specimen Kuwait-Iraq)

وداد حماد مخلف

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 64-79

Formed the background of the border problem between Iraq and Kuwait since the date of occurrence during the Ottoman rule of Iraq crisis by any standard of political, economic and social development has taken a new path to draw the current Arab situation, especially since the premises of American strategy in the use of force is now playing a primary role in international politics are used to achieve the national values and resolution of international disputes by force the military considered a manifestation of state sovereignty, As I let new U.S. policy in the Middle East the way for neighboring countries to interfere in the internal affairs of Iraq and then work to tear the social fabric and national unity through stoking sectarian and political divisions under the pretext of the war on terrorism, which was approved by the Council of the United Nations in decisions unfairly against the Iraqi front sight of the world, which put Iraq under the U.S. mandate to work on and then divided into mini-states under the name of federalism in order to control the property and its natural resources including oil and natural gas.
That Iraq's right to defend its territory is legitimate according to international rights, but the problem is the lack of balance of power between the defense of the Iraqi side and the attack by coalition forces, and formed the pretext of fighting terrorism used by the United States against any country in the world is not consistent with the interests and objectives of public The world is governed by a single authority is the United States of America, which requires to Iraq, but the Arab world as a whole taking the need for the establishment of legal rules to develop international action to combat the use of military force against any Arab country and even foreign and necessity of activating the cooperative organizations to counter the threat the monopoly of the economy by the Western countries and Asian and requires face the danger of fueling sectarianism, nationalism and tribalism in the Arab countries, whether in Iraq or Syria or in Egypt.
Was to shed light on the nature of political regimes in Iraq in the era of the nineties of the last century which was characterized by taking the political decisions of individual without reference to consultation with the Security Council and the Arab League has been the adoption of a systematic study of the history the nature of international relations between the two countries through the description and analysis of the strategy used to the situation in Iraq dilemma in the war with the United States and coalition countries in the framework of political dynamics, nationalism and ideology that control the course of international relations from the study of the historical dimensions to demarcate the border between Iraq and Kuwait and that the contents of the first axis.
They also touched on the impact of population factor in the relations between the two countries from unequal size of the population of Kuwait with Iraq's population, especially since most of Kuwait's population are from different nationalities are not obliged to defend the land of Kuwait in the event of war with neighboring countries, and the population of Iraq consists of multiple nationalities, including Arabs, Kurds and Turkmen, but the difference remains in the nature of their affiliation and loyalty to their homeland this Matnolh second axis.
The third theme focused on the impact of the economic factor on the relations between Iraq and Kuwait, McCann main reason for the outbreak of the war in Iraq with Kuwait, which was called into the United States to maintain its interests in Kuwait and building permanent military bases not only in Kuwait but in most Gulf countries in order to protect the most important source of funding for the U.S. war machine and the industries of oil and natural gas
And address the fourth axis dimensions geopolitical war on Iraq by the United States and Western countries as the aim is not to remove Iraq from Kuwait, but there are targets of a strategic dimensions of economic, political, painted on the long term to change the image of political and social system in order to keep Iraq under the mandate the U.S. and to remain subject to by extension, economic and political crises to resolve internal and external.
Generally there are many factors contributed to the independence of the field of international relations the most important of the continuous increase in the size of the economy between countries and at all levels of complexity and overlap and the overlap between the national interests of countries and the increase in dependence on each other is no longer a country that can contain the events of interactions rapid international .
The most important findings of our research are:
1 - U.S. hegemony on the world oil market and protect the value of the dollar, to ensure that an economic crisis in the United States.
2 - the destruction of infrastructure in Iraq has led to a decline in the economic, social and political.
3 - economic dependency that has intensified after 2003 was to rely on a lot of countries, whether Arab or Western in the rebuilding of the structure of the infrastructure.
4 - high unemployment as a result of market opening.

Al Sulaiman bin Ali And role of administrative

عبد الرحمن شاکر محمود; عبد الهادی محمد عباس

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 0-0

Is the family of Al-Suleiman, a family Abbasid characterized by its position as prestigious to the State of the Umayyad and continued this close relationship that took over the Caliphate Hisham ibn Abdul Malik year (105 e / 723 m) as it emerged: have made this relationship takes another direction, was arrested the father of Suleiman Ali bin Abdullah and whipped and jailed after he said that the Caliphate doomed to his sons, also led this family, the influential role and effective in the State of Bani Abbas, where occupied managerial positions was the adoption of the Abbasid Caliphs them in the management of regions of the State especially in the beginning of the Ncaha witnessed that period a lot of crises and unrest were the leaders need to be able to firm addressed these disturbances.

أبو زید البلخی(ت322هـ/934م) حیاته وسیرته العلمیة

جهاد عبد حسین العلوانی; جنان قحطان جمیل العانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 96-113

Abu Zaid Ahmed bin Sahl AL- Balkhi (died 322A.H/934AH. Is considered One of the men of the Islamic Arabic nation and of their wide minded scientists .
He has great cultural points concerning history . This was clear from his touches in his book "The begriming and History ".
In this simple paper we expose the following :His career ,his scientific life through the following section :
The First section is about his life : his name ,his surname and his origin , his bringing up. I also declare his scientific trips ,his personal characteristics .his sheiks ,his students and gas death.
The second section includes his scientific career .In this section I talked about AL- Balkhi Scientific ran; the Scientists' opinious and the import ant Sciences that AL- Balkhi tackled and write in

Jewish messianic movements in the light of Islam Shabtai Zvi movement model

هانى عبد العزیز السید سالم

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 114-138

The world has seen since the Islamic Ottoman rule, many of the Jewish messianic movements, where the Arab countries and the right is a breeding ground for such ideas, and was of those who appeared most notably in Yemen in the era of the Fatimid state. One of those movements, those known as the movement of Shabtai Zvi in Anatolia, a Jew who appeared in Izmir and claimed that there Messiah for the Jews, at the age of not more than 22 years.Zvi left Izmir with a group of his aides to Istanbul, but there is a prison by the Minister Ahmad Koprily bone. Under pressure from the Sultan Mohammed IV Zvi converted to Islam, and named Mohammed Effendi, the Sultan and given a monthly stipend, but continued in secret until his call to Dlskinwa denied in Albania, and died there.
However, the teachings of Shabtai had the largest influence a lot of Jews in the Levant countries, reaching its teachings to Cairo, where he has had agents, most notably the Jewish rich Raphael Joseph Chalabi, who gave the money to spend Shabtai to his aides.
Also when he learned of the Jews of Yemen movement through the Jews of Egypt, declared rebellion against the local authorities in Yemen, and by the leader of the Jewish community in Sanaa, and other men of Sana'a from the Jews for their support for the movement of Shabtai Zvi, sang and danced in the streets waving books of the Torah and drinking some alcohol intoxication,This; due to an optional subject to two reasons: first, a study of Jewish messianic movements in the East under Islam, and its impact on Jews in various countries of the Islamic Orient. It also falls within the framework of dialogue between Islam and the religions of other cultures, where this movement has emerged in modern times in light of Islam.
A significant impact on the Jewish community such as this, and Muslims in the Ottoman Empire in all its stages, and used by the Jews in raising the spirit of intolerance, and support what they call anti-Semitism. And then attempt to refute the views of the plaintiffs exposure to persecution of Jews.
The second reason is that this is the persecution of Jews in what is anti-Semitism has become the theme of the times, this is the part of; the other hand, because such issues do not support hatred of the Israeli (Jewish) to other humans, and established in the conscience of the Israeli love of the ego and its monopoly only, But they are popular and widely accepted at all levels in Israel, and taught in Israeli schools and universities, add to that that the majority of this elite group of Israeli historians are of the authors of history textbooks and university in its various stages in Israel, Of these, Menachem Stern, and Uriel Rbaburt, and Brorya Ben Baruch in eras Greek and Roman, and bit Zion Iraqi Klorman, Yisrael Jurscny in the period after the advent of Islam, Yisrael Yeshayahu in his book Jews of Yemen .
From this point favored the division of research for a number of detectives were as follows:
The first topic: the conditions of Jewish communities in the light of Islam
Section II: Jewish messianic movements in the Islamic Orient
The third topic: the movement of Shabtai Zvi model.
Find in the end conclude the search results include a conclusion and a list of sources and references

Scientific Aspects in Aljahidh Works (( Historical Study ))

نعمه شهاب جمعة

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 139-152

Al-Jahidh the scholar who composed the best of books. His books reached the 360 books and treatise. Our research tackles the scientific aspects which Al-Jahidh in his books and treatise. It was also a witness in his very eyes the aspects of Islamic civilization in that era. He was selective of the scientific aspects through what he has displayed in his books and treatise. He gives us a clear image of the Islamic civilization.
I depended on the texts of Al-Jahidh , especially those mentioned in Al-Bikhola, Al-Rsael and al-Haywaan. I tried to try to make the texts short and concise and what the live in the field of medicine, therapy and drugs and animal, plant and metal world. This benefit is displayed in the research and the scientific phenomena. This research is entitled "Scientific Aspects of Al-Jahidh 's Writings: Historical study". This is only a small part of Abi Othman Amro Ben Bahr Al-Jahidh.

تطور علم الریاضیات فی العراق والمشرق الإسلامی خلال العصر العباسی

محمود فیاض حمادی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 153-169

Mathematics was considered one of the most important sciences which the Arab Islam paid great attention . Because it is connected with the society life . Because this subject is very important in the development of society . We tried theoretically and practically to show how the Arab Islam society conld develop the humanitarian society . From ancient ages mathematics started from its simple beginnings till it reached its highest levels in the Abbasid Era . Specialists appeared in this faculty till it became very well-known along the society development and its promotion . Thus we tried through this paper to shed light on the role of Iraq and the east in the development of this science . We try to put the bases and the basic rules in the application of scientific situation .

الصناعات والحرف فی بلاد الشام من سنة132هـ/749م الى 334هـ/945م

فواز زحلف جزاع الدلیمی; عزیزة عبد جاسم محمد

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 0-0

The research deals with industries and crafts in Belad AL-Sham from the year 132AH-749AD to 334 AH-945 AD, and the encouragement of the Islamic religion to work, earn living and fight against unemployment, also markets and the best known markets, trade varieties and it's traders and also indicates the most important financial transactions that was forbidden in Islam and the research mentioned the industries and methods of conveying it from Belad AL-Sham and vice versa, and the negative impact of repeated invasions by Roman on the gaps regions which leaded to a shortage of labor and destruction of villages which was suitable for agriculture and was supplying the industry with raw materials, and also the research addresses the impact of redemption between Muslims and Roman, which was a positive factor in increasing the number of labor in country, and in case that Bela AL-Sham faced an external attack it could dispense with what was imported from abroad and didn't face a famine by the blessings that God gives them.

Mus Ottoman when combined in Andalusia.

Adnan Khalaf Khadem

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 0-0

Mus Quran is the book of God home to the Holy Props Miracle et and Prophet (Allah bless him and his family) and The Constitution of the Muslims and the basis of Islamic law, which does not accept uncertainty and difference 'has found considerable interest by Muslims throughout the ages starting from the era of the Prophet (Allah bless him and God him) 'to maintain it and publish a copy on the Muslims that they may grow educated and this is what was keen upon Arab countries Islamic as start copying the Koran at the beginning of the emergence of the first Arab country Islamic after the Holy Prophet (Allah bless him and his family) and specifically in the era of the Caliphs (God bless them ) and then took successive state role in this regard to witness our Constitution Sharif unrivaled attention in various parts of the Arab Islamic states
As this research highlights on the part of Arab states Islamic, a state monotheists in Andalusia, which increased from attention and interest Koran Sharif as well as the presence of the original and moving to the city to the other even became possession to preserve it is not a munitions rare immortalized Muslims over Ages So naturally be to copy the Koran special attention to their intake we discussed this. Department search two requirements addressing the first requirement definition and draw the Koran as well as copies of the Koran and promising this transcription as well as the reasons that called on Muslims to copy 'requirement
has been allocated to the State's interest Unitarian Koran Sharif and how binding. and where arrived as the original, which reached them' to conclude seal House most important conclusion reached by the search and margins and a list of sources and references t hat were relied upon in this research

demise of the status of Britain's global inter-war 1919 -1939

علی حسین علی العلوانی; محمد یحیى أحمد الجوعانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 197-216

That the choice of researchers Dr. Mohammed Yahya Ahmed Jawani /Lecturer in the Department of History, Faculty of Arts / University of Anbar, and Ali Hussein Ali / Assistant Professor in the Department of History- Faculty of Education for the Humanities/ University of Anbar,
Abstract
the subject of the demise of the status of Britain's global inter-war 1919 -1939, and that to reveal the reasons for this decline, which was raised by many of the signs are the results of political, economic and even social, which was a reflection of the decline is not expected for a superpower gone to great lengths and important in several areas in the production of all kinds, science and inventions, it’s sufficient to say that the first European country in which the flourished and the Industrial Revolution is Britain, so truly worthy of the subject to type and to highlight the hidden aspects and remove the question marks around that.

من رسائل ماری البدو وأشباه البدو (الاموریون ) فی بدایة الإلف الثانی قبل المیلاد.

زیاد عوید سویدان المحمدی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 245-260

This research discusses the term (Khana) which mentions in Mary's texts and the tribes that comes under this term. It studies the tribes settlement and their political role to draw the political map of the upper Euphrates and North of Syria. It also reveals the King's policy to control the tribes by granting them gifts or to provide them food and water for their cattle. The aim of this policy is to dominate over this area to show economic and humanitarian possibilities

Religion in the southern Arabian Peninsula and its relationship With two Religions Judaism and Christianity before Islam

Khaleel Ibrahim AL- Zaqroot

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 0-0

Through our Search (Religion in the Southern Arabian peninsula and itsrelationship with two Religions Judaism and Christianity before Islam) show the following:
The kingdoms of Southern Arabia was characterized by the multiplicity of religions and Continued to worship the gods Tuck Prevailing until the fourth Century AD where the began pantheon pagan disappearing and appeared in Place of the doctrine of Monotheistic new beginning of the fourth Century AD include worship (Rahman) described as the God of heaven and earth Then we see Judaism in the South of the Arabian peninsula as an extension of this trend is monotheistic so it is converting to no longer being a Continuation of those traditions even though in a new image at the same time was the embrace to Meet the need for a historical urgency dictated by objective Circumstances require Standardized Intellectually for a variety of ideas and beliefs in the Country helped to community cohesion Within the unity of political and religious one and Strengthened the jewish in the Southern Arabian peninsula and the Country became the scene of the conflict between two empires-" Byzantine Christianity and Sasanian Zoroastrianism." And use the religion a mask to Cover the purposes of expansion and domination of the Southern Arabian peninsula.
There were Christian religion along with judasim that were not monotheistic religion in the country but. Compete it, and after the occupation" Abyssinian" became the Christian. Religion is dominant in the country but in spite of the presence of followers of the religion of Christianity in the Country her art has. Not been accepted in society because of its relation with Romanian Empire and Abyssinian and the proof is that there ane no few Christian groups after the departure of Ethiopians has remained Committed to Christianity until the advent of Islam.
In the era of Abraha al_ Habashy improved relations with all Countries that have had Chan as big as Abyssinia, Byzantium and the "Khomeinist" then reinforced its position within the government and the oldest on the number of Campaigns to the north at the request of Byzantium such as the invasion of Mecca and total of these facts Indicate. The Consolidation and the Consolidation of ties and religious ties between South the Arabian peninsula and "Byzantium" during the rule of" Abraha. During the reign of "Saif Ibn Dhi Yazan"
we find the difference between the sources of Islamic religion that existed in the Southern Arabian peninsula is it pagan or Jewish? and after the departure of "Abyssinian" and the entry of Persian protection remained to the faithful Persian "Saif Ibn Dhi Yazan" until his death at the hands of "Abyssinian"
The conditions remained in the south of Arabian peninsula as it is form the rule of the Persians led by my name (Persian ears) which remind in power until the advent of Islam in the South of the Arabian peninsula.

Libraries of Mesopotamia Historical Study Its inception - types - Methods of organization

Raad Naji Abbud

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 0-0

This study libraries of Mesopotamia in terms of its inception - such as libraries and types of government records, and school libraries, and libraries ..... commercial transactions as well as the oldest library in history. ((Form library, a group, Seebara Library and the Library of Ashurbanipal)), which recorded information on clay tablets are the libraries of the oldest libraries in history. And through it we know the quality of the line and how to record information on these panels and tools used to write (pen) and how to dry the panels after the writing and the mechanism of storage and conservation of the organization known as the process of cataloging and classification. The research focused on the detection process by the archaeologists who proved that the Sumerians were the first known cuneiform writing and the first collection of records and save them .. All of these libraries confirming the status of scientific and cultural awareness of the inhabitants of Mesopotamia.

المقدمة

Guadalajara city scientists

Huda Nouri AL_mahdawi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 0-0

Demonstrated by the research and study, few sources were the main reason to avoid a lot of researchers to study that city (Guadalajara), also known in the vagina in the Arabs, has opened the commander (Tariq ibn Ziyad) in (92 AH / 710 AD) after opening the city of Toledo, the capital of Goths, has made no effort to go out and make that information scattered in the wombs of these sources in search of an independent guarantee the definition in Guadalajara, and the role of scientists such as the poet Abu Hatem Ahadjara and updated Ahmed bin Saeed Al Masada and of Abdullah Ibrahim Al-Canadian author of the book Almeshb in News the people of Morocco, and writer of Abdul Malik ibn Khushani branch, and others who contributed to the building that civilization.
The case of Al-Andalus by the Muslim Arab conquest can not be compared because they had reached after the Islamic conquest of the progress and prosperity.
The civilization of Andalusia was Arab-Islamic, derived origins of civilization in the Arab Mashreq, which not only transport but also adopted the innovation, creativity and overall appearance to the back of all aspects of life, even living in Andalusia became the Doha saturated cultural spirit of science and literature.
It was the princes of the Arabs a major role in supporting and opinions of the scientific movement, Vqrbua scientists and respect them in various areas of life science, especially science Koran and biography of the Prophet and Arabic language and literature, and their efforts in obtaining the most valuable and most precious books and Nuadrha which was issued in Baghdad and other urban centers, but was Many of the princes and kings in the forefront of Arab writers and scholars Kalmatmd Ibn Abbad's Seville, and this research confirms that the city of Guadalajara is part of the civilization of Andalusia .

فضائل آل بیت رسول الله  والصحابة فی کتب السنن (دراسة تاریخیة)

سجى فارس عبد الحمید محمد الراوی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 0-0

The books of Sunnis mentions numerous virtues for the family of Prophet and His followers. Those virtues are special traits to be honored for them which endowed by Almighty God and His Messenger Mohammed ( Pease be upon Him ).
One may ask a question about the significance of ( The virtues for the family of Prophet and His followers in the books of Sunnis ). The answer to this question is most significant since the apprehension of these virtues give us varied outcomes of unique human experiences on religious, social , administrative, leadership, developed , and humane level. Each trait which is mentioned in our paper can be benefited in putting a developed and humane plan. This developed and humane plan will give birth to unique and great leaders. There are traits , for example, which relate to love of Almighty God and His Prophet require exerted effort to be reached. There are also other traits such as ones that relate to administration and how to be successful , sacrifice , love of religion , nation and devotion. Some traits and virtues related to social aspect. Others related to scientific aspect and so on. Through the apprehension of these positive virtues and traits and put a programme for the sake of its application on society produce a very strong and identical society which is far from frustration, illiteracy and internal contradictions . the scientists of human development indicated that the leaders are made through the adaption of the virtues and traits that promote their abilities. Dr. Ibrahm Al- Faqi , the pioneer of human development referred to this fact saying ; " The leaders are made not born, they are made through exerted effort, this is the price which all of us should pay to achieve a worth mentioning aim. These virtues are methods which lead to succeed in life and life after death.

Search title Gender and poverty Socioanthropology study

Mohammed Ali Al- Fadam

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 0-0

The topic or phenomenon of sexism and pverty is one of the significant issues the drew much affection in all aspects and in all developed and advanced communicates through the problems accompanying this specific phenomenon. Of those problems are inequality marginalization and discrimination towards women.The result of these problems is cases of women unemployment and poverty .
The male cultural in heritage and the other societal obstacles had an obvious effect in setting the sterio typical image of discrimination towards woman which settled many of the social and economic obstacles resulting in material deprivation which is reflected in education and other services . Thus women turned out to be the poorest and the most marginalized in the societies .This study aimed to clarify the effect of sexism on poverty by means of data that had a relation to this phenomenon . For achieving the aims of this study , the researcher had chosen a sample of ( 200 ) people from Directorate of Health and Directorate of education in Al _ Anbar .
The data had been collected through the questionnaire form and the researcher depended on the analytic descriptive approach and the social survey approach finally , the study ended ended with a group of conclusions and recommendation which may contribute in a chering equality un marginalization that reflection of woman in order to a chive the important aim which is the collective development for all the members of society without and sex discrimination .

دور الإعلانات التلفزیونیة فی التأثیر على السلوک الشرائی للمرأة العراقیة (دراسة میدانیة على ربات البیوت فی قضاء الفلوجة)

عرسان یوسف عرسان

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 380-396

This research tactless the role of Television Advertisement in affecting the buying behavior of women through studying its impact housewives in falluja district . This research adopts survey and questionnaire procedures as a descriptive study . This research has been divided into six sections . The first section in traduces the framework of the research . The second section presents the advantages . drawbacks as a means of advertising . the third section tackles the procedure of presenting television advertisement .the forth section explains the aims of television advertisement .the fifth section tackles the psychology of advertising and its psychological aims .section six includes a survey study through presenting the items of questionnaire and the findings of the research , and among them the television advertisement which has no impact on the housewives in falluja .

أثر استخدام أنموذج أوزبورن . بارنس : الحل الإبداعی للمشکلات فی مهارات ما وراء المعرفة لدى طالبات الرابع العلمی فی مادة الریاضیات

احسان علیوی ناصر الدلیمی; مجبل حماد الجوعانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 397-410

The research aimed to findout the raings of importarce of Osborn- Parnes system in training of the four year pupils of secondary schools in mathematics. The system has increased ther skill in super knowledge that established between two groups Experirnerital(19) pupils and controlled (20) pupils , The results darified that the practical group was the superior . The authors recommerded deponding on the results that the Osborn- Parnes system should be necessarly corsidered and encouraging secondary school teachers to apply it in teaching mathemetics.

قوة الأنا وعلاقته بالالتزام الدینی لدى طلبة الجامعة

إخلاص علی حسین

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2012, Volume 2012, Issue 3, Pages 429-454

The power of the ego and its relation to religious commitment among the students of the university
The personal growth and development is affected by satisfying needs, as will satisfy the needs of that person becomes more balanced and productive and satisfied, and that this consent does not necessarily mean saturation full or excessive, but saturation balanced accepted that individual feels sufficient and make him feel frustrated just as entrusted Freud that the task of leading personal decency and management of the individual for the I (Ego) which is the process of reconciling the behaviors conflicting supported the principle of reality on the one hand and mechanisms of defense on the other hand, despite the importance of genetic factors in the formation of the ego (Ego), but that social factors have an important role in the formation of personal the individual because the individual prisoners for being involved with the cultural part of the religion, values and principles that have been targeted for the current research the following objectives:
1- To identify the bug ego strength among the students of the university
2- Understand the power of ego among the students of the university according to the variables (Type – Major).
3- To identify the religious commitment among the students of the university.
4- To identify the religious commitment among the students of the university according to variables (Type – Major).
5- Learn about the relationship between ego strength and commitment to religion.
The researcher reached the following results:
1. The university students have a good level of ego strength
2. There is no statistically significant differences in the strength of the ego according to the variables (Type – Major).
3. The university students have a good level of religious observance
4. Do not crowned statistically significant differences in religious observance according to the variables (Type – Major).
The researcher recommended the need for the attention of specialists, psychologists methods of psychological treatment of religion.
The proposed studies, including - a study of religious commitment variable with death anxiety.