Volume 2011, Issue 3, Winter 2011, Page 1-297


The Situation of Nonconformists(Khawarig)in Arbitration of Ali Bin Abi Talib's ( May God be pleased with him ) Caliphate

وائل محمد سعید

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 187-200

The martyrdom of the calph, Othman Bin Afan (May God be pleased with him ), by the rebellious of Amsar has an important impact on creating critical collapses in Islamic Arab States . This event has led to a kind of dispute between the caliph, Ali Bin Abi Talib and others. The main reason behind this dispute is the situation, concerning the murderers of the caliph , Othman Bin Afan (May God be pleased with him ), as the caliph, Ali Bin Abi Talib's decision is to postpone their punishment, because of their strength and control over the city in this stage , on one side, and , Maawia, on the other side, (May God be pleased with him ) asks for vengeance. He connects between his homage for the caliph, Ali Bin Abi Talib (May God be pleased with him )and punishment of the murderers. This political congestion between the caliph Ali and Maawia (May God be pleased with them ) has led finally to military confrontation between Iraq under the leadership of the caliph, Ali Bin Abi Talib (May God be pleased with him) and Damascus under the leadership of Maawia in the battle of Safein. The fight broke out between the two sides. It has done after negotiation that attempted to solve the suspended issues between the two sides. These attempts failed and the fight broke out. After the fight between the two, the Iraqi army seemed to win the battle . This situation led Maawia Bin Abi Sufain (May God be pleased with him) and his assistant, Omur Bin Al-Iass (May God be pleased with him) to make significant progress. This step has changed the path of the battle by inviting the two fighters to the arbitration of Holy Quran. The caliph, Ali Bin Abi Talib (May God be pleased with him) refused the arbitration because he perceived the danger of this step and its critical dimension on the battle. The caliph's army exerted on him great pressure to accept the arbitration. They threatened him to kill if he wouldn't accept. This fact forced the caliph, Abi Talib (May God be pleased with him) to put an end for the fight and accept the arbitration. The great surprise happened after the caliph and Iraqi army came back to Kufa . Therefore , the army reacts against him . They consider the arbitration is something blemish in the policy of the caliph. The army has spilt and dwelt in Hrawraa. They are 12000 in number in so many sources and 6000 in some sources. Even those armies are dissenting among them . Some of them joined the caliph while the other started to kill, corrupt and made chaos . This encouraged the caliph to fight and kill them .

الأهمیة الإقلیمیة لمدینة الرطبة

Abdul Hameed Wali Abid; حبیب محمد فرحان

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 78-93

Al-Rutba City considered as an important cities which have the regional importance through the services gave to other areas around it like the employment and other social services . as well as the interacting with other urbanism centers . depending on the geographical position among the ways of transportation . where Al-Rutba considers as the center city of the north desert regional . and the borders position on the nearby of Iraq border with other Arabic countries like King of Saudia Arabia , Republic of Syrian , King of Hashimi Jordan . all that aquire the city more importance on the local side and international side .

Britsh Policy from the View Point of Lord Curzon 1903 to Arab Gulf

Fawaz Mutter Nasyif

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 155-165

At the beginning of twentieth century, the Arab Gulf had witnessed a competition between the two super-powers, great Britain and Russia, to get colonies and master the region. A although Russia was the main rival to Britain in the Middle East, its objection centered around the Arab Gulf. This is due to its strategic geographical position to achieve its goals. Great Britain had been reinforcing its dominance over India. It was keen to build good relation with the Arab Gulf an which is very close to India in order to make the Arab Gulf and its neighbors as a boundary against any possible invasion of European powers to India. Thus, the Arab Gulf represent a main concern in the strategic defense policy of Britain since Lord Corzen from which this study is initiated. In that year the strategic and political issues had been dominating over many more before. As such, Britain had tried to make a well-built boundary with neighborly states to India against any possible invasion from the European states. From this point, the study follows the Britain policy towards the Arab Gulf, since Britain had tried to get Russia away from the dominance over the region and to master the Arab Gulf .boundary The main goal of sending the Russia warships to the Arab Gulf in the beginning of the twentieth century was to show the British and the public via raising the Russian flag in the Arab Gulf that it is the right of all nations to sail in the Arab Gulf. This is, of course, against the British end over to .master the Gulf

محاولات إغتیال الرسول محمد  منذ طفولته الى هجرته

مجید محمود نایف; عبد الهادی محمد عباس

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 132-154

تعرض الرسول محمد  إلى العدید من محاولات الاغتیال التی کان الهدف منها القضاء على الدعوة الإسلامیة وإطفاء نور الله  ، الذی إضاءة فی جزیرة العرب . من اجل الحفاظ على المصالح الاقتصادیة والاجتماعیة والدنیویة الضیقة .فضلا عن الأعراف والتقالید والدیانات الباطلة التی کانت منتشرة فی تلک المدة .

أثـــر الإسلام فـــی نشـــوء دولـــة باکســـتان الحدیثــــــة

عصــام عبــد الغفــور عبــد الــرزاق

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 201-219

المقــــــــــدمـــــة باکستان , هی ترکیب مزجی معناها الدولة الطاهرة او الارض الطهر , فکلمة (باک) معناها طاهر وکلمة (ستان) معناها الدولة او الارض , وکل حرف من حروفها یرمز الى مقاطعة من المقاطعات المسلمة فی الهند التی تشکلت منها باکستان وخرجت کالاتی :_ (ب) من اقلیم البنجاب, (أ) من اقلیم باتان , (ک) من اقلیم کشمیر, (س) من اقلیم السند , (تان) من اقلیم بلوخستان (1) . انفصلت باکستان عن الهند قانونیاً فی 14 اب عام 1947 واصبح هذا الیوم هو العید الرسمی لدولة باکستان الاسلامیة ’ التی لم تشهد هذه الدولة الحدیثة العهد استقراراً سیاسیاً بالمعنى المتعارف علیه للاستقرار لاعتبارات داخلیة وخارجیة . لقد ولدت باکستان من رحم الهند لاعتبارات الصراع الدینی بین الهندوس والمسلمین ’ فقد اختارت الهند لتکون موطناً للهندوس وباکستان موطناً للهنود المسلمین ’ ویبدو ان الاخیرة لم تفلح فی اقامة نظام سیاسی علمانی مستقر’ فضلاً عن کونها شهدت حالة من التغییرات السیاسیة التی تولتها القیادات العسکریة ’ الامر الذی افضى الى دخولها اغلب الاحیان تحت مظلة الاحکام العرفیة .

The variation of agricultural crops concentration in Anah District

صلاح عثمان عبد; حسین علی عبد

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 27-51

The research study ((The variation of agricultural crops concentration in (( Anah District city for the season 2009 – 2010 depending on area unit and according to the regians of the study . Covers which are (13) in number through analyzing the most important lumen and natural component of the study area entertains and their effect on focus verging of agricultural crops between the parts of the distract . This is followed by an exposition of the most important suggestion and future proposals through which a geographical solid stage can be put for ward on light of the future development plans and programs in order to elevant plant production in the study area . The research eoutained two parts , the first one represents the most important geographical properties ( natural and human ) which contains the study area , while the second part studies the focus of agricultural crops in the study area a cording to agricultural distracts of the season 2009 – 2010 , while a parts of the research devoted to reach to the most important results of the research and put the most important solutions and suggestion in the light of the available components to develop the region in the study area a agriculturally in order to overcome the most significant problems and obstacles of the future elevation of agricultural production .

التغیر النسبی للترکیب العمریلسکان محافظة الأنبار للمدة ( 1977- 2007م )

ایاد محمد مخلف

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 116-131

 یعد السکان موضوعاً اقتصادیاً إلى جانب کونه موضوعاً سکانیاً للعلاقة العضویة بین السکان وخصائصه وتوزیعه الإقلیمی وبین التنمیة ومستلزماتها . ولما کان الترکیب العمری من ابرز الخصائص السکانیة , ودراسة التغیرات فیه ذات أهمیة فی تحدید الملامح السکانیة للمجتمع فی المستقبل , لذلک کان هدف البحث دراسة التغیرات التی حدثت فی الترکیب العمری لسکان محافظة الأنبار للمدة ( 1977- 2007م ) ومدى تباینها واتجاهاتها والتی کانت نحو الزیادة و النقصان ولم تأخذ اتجاهاً واحداً , مما أدى إلى عدم حصول تغیرات واضحة فی الترکیب العمری تنقله من مرحلة النمو السکانی التی یمر بها إلى مرحلة نمو سکانی أخرى , وذلک یرجع لتأثره بالأحداث التاریخیة التی مرت بها البلاد , والسیاسات السکانیة التی رسمتها الدولة فی بعض الفترات الزمنیة .

Encroachments in Ramadi City and Their Effects on Services

کمال صالح کزکوز العانی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 1-26

Encroachments on the basic design of the Iraqi city in general and Ramadi in particular is an outstanding violation of the system and law. This is dues to many reasons such as the weak awareness of the citizens who believe that their encroachment on public property is a restoration of their seized private ones. They try to give their allegation a false legitimacy as it is groundless. Such haphazard behaviour can result in many problems that threaten the level of services in the city and the beauty of its urban appearance.

أثر استخدام استراتیجیة التعلم المتمرکز حول المشکلة فی تحصیل مادة الریاضیات لدى طلاب الصف الخامس العلمی واتجاههم نحوها

عمار طعمه جاسم الساعدی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 220-243

یهدف البحث الحالی إلى معرفة:1. اثر استخدام إستراتیجیة التعلم المتمرکز حول المشکلة فی تحصیل مادة الریاضیات لدى طلاب الصف الخامس العلمی.2. اثر استخدام إستراتیجیة التعلم المتمرکز حول المشکلة فی الاتجاه نحو الریاضیات لدى طلاب الصف الخامس العلمی.ولتحقیق هدفی البحث، صاغ الباحث الفرضیتین الصفریتین الآتیتین:1. لا یوجد فرق ذو دلالة إحصائیة عند مستوى دلالة (0.05) بین متوسطی درجات تحصیل طلاب الصف الخامس العلمی الذین یدرسون باستخدام إستراتیجیة التعلم المتمرکز حول المشکلة (المجموعة التجریبیة) ودرجات طلاب الصف الخامس العلمی الذین یدرسون باستخدام الطریقة الاعتیادیة (المجموعة الضابطة) فی مادة الریاضیات.2. لا یوجد فرق ذو دلالة إحصائیة عند مستوى دلالة (0.05) بین متوسطی درجات طلاب الصف الخامس العلمی الذین یدرسون باستخدام إستراتیجیة التعلم المتمرکز حول المشکلة (المجموعة التجریبیة) ودرجات طلاب الصف الخامس العلمی الذین یدرسون باستخدام الطریقة الاعتیادیة (المجموعة الضابطة) فی مقیاس الاتجاه نحو الریاضیات.وقد تألف مجتمع البحث من مدارس کافة طلبة الصف الخامس العلمی فی محافظة میسان حیث طبق الباحث التجربة فیها. واختیرت ثانویة العمارة للبنین عشوائیاً والتی یوجد فیها ثلاث شعب للصف الخامس العلمی واختیرت شعبتین منها عشوائیاً تم توزیعهما إلى مجموعتین أحداهما تجریبیة والأخرى ضابطة. وقد کافئ الباحث بین المجموعتین (التجریبیة والضابطة) فی بعض المتغیرات مثل (العمر الزمنی، المعدل العام، التحصیل السابق فی الریاضیات، درجة الذکاء، المستوى التعلیمی للوالدین). وشملت المادة العلمیة للتجربة الفصول الثلاثة الأولى (اللوغاریتمات، المتتابعات، القطوع المخروطیة) من کتاب الریاضیات للصف الخامس العلمی المعتمد للعام الدراسی 2010 – 2011. وأعد الباحث نوعین من الخطط التدریسیة، الأولى للمجموعة الضابطة وفق الطریقة الاعتیادیة والثانیة للمجموعة التجریبیة التی درست على وفق إستراتیجیة التعلم المتمرکز حول المشکلة. وقد اعد الباحث أداتین للبحث هما الاختبار التحصیلی ومقیاس الاتجاه نحو الریاضیات. وقد أظهرت نتائج البحث وجود فرق ذو دلالة إحصائیة فی الاختبار التحصیلی وفی مقیاس الاتجاه نحو الریاضیات لصالح المجموعة التجریبیة. واستکمالاً للبحث، صاغ الباحث عدداًً من التوصیات والمقترحات.

التوجهات التنمویة المطلوبة لتنمیة القطاع الزراعی فی ریف قضاء القائم

احمد محمود علی; مشعل فیصل غضیب

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 94-115

المستخلص یعد ریف قضاء القائم والبالغة مساحته (7348,651)کم2 وبنسبة (5,3%) من مجموع مساحة محافظة الأنبار البالغة (137816)کم2 من المناطق المهمة التی تتصف بامتلاکها العدید من الإمکانات التی یمکن أن تساهم فی تحقیق أکبر قدر من الإنتاج الزراعی ، أذا ما استغلت بالطرق العلمیة الصحیحة ، إذ یعتمد الأساس الاقتصادی لمنطقة الدراسة بشکل کبیر على القطاع الزراعی ،فضلاً عن کونها الظهیر الزراعی لسکان قضاء القائم ، نظراً لسعة المساحة ألصالحه للزراعة والبالغة (116088) دونماً ، وتتمیز منطقة الدراسة بتنوع المقومات الطبیعیة والبشریة التی بالإمکان استثمارها

The effective of self-questioning strategy in the collection ofmaterial and geographic reflective thinking among students in fifth grade literature

Yasser Abdul Wahid Hamid Al-Kubaisi

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 269-297

Goal of research is to identify the impact of self-questioning strategy in the collection of material and geographic reflective thinking among students in fifth grade literature, two divisions were selected out of three divisions numbering 65 students, the total experimental group (20) students studied the strategy of self-questioning, and the group control (20) students studied in the usual way and was equivalent to the two groups in the variables (chronological age, intelligence, achievement in geography for the previous year, previous, reflective thinking), and the variables are all equal, and a promising two tests, one Thesela be (50), paragraph distributed six levels of Bloom's Taxonomy, and the other test to be contemplative of (40) a paragraph, and make of the validity and reliability tests were analyzed for the paragraphs of the difficulty and distinction. Find the results showed superiority of the experimental group who are studying the question of self-collecting strategy and reflective thinking and the magnitude of the impact of self-questioning strategy in each of the variable collection and reflective thinking using a large box ETA (η²),and recommended a researcher working on the training.

The Environmental Education and its Relation with the Egoistic Orientation of the University students

Saafa Hamid Turke AL- Rashed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 244-268

The aim of this research is: to find the relationship between the educational environment and the egoistic orientation of the university students. In applying the aims of the research the researcher has constructed two scales to measure the environmental education and the egoistic orientation. After finding their validity and stability and their discriminative power, the researcher has applied them on a sample of (200) male and female university students, who were selected by the randomly stratified sampling procedure of equal selection from four colleges of Al- Anbar University. After the data had been collected and statistically processed, the following results were arrived: There is positively correlational relationship between the environmental education and the egoistic orientation. In the light of these results, many recommendations and suggestions were concluded by the researcher himself: The interest of applying the largest amount possible of environmental knowledge in the educational curriculum of different stages of study. Further studies over the influence of the social and cultural variables on the environmental education.

The effect climate on the Geographical distribution of the diseases in the Iraqi Desert (Badia)

فراس فاضل مهدی البیاتی; جنان صکر عبد عزوز القره غولی

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2011, Volume 2011, Issue 3, Pages 56-68

The climate elements effect on the human health and his comfort where the climate effect on the geographic disease distribution. Some disease focus in some regions and reduce in other regions, also the climate elements on the proliferation and germs life caused to contagious disease. Its effect not just on the infection with diseases and its spray between the different stations or the climates but it effect in scope of spray the disease itself in different seasons year, so the climate on of the natural causes which infect the human with disease but doesn't feel with this cause directly. Most important study results is the spatial changes for the weather accompanies spatial changes in spray the disease, where it increases in region that available its geographical changes environment changes suit for life of causes disease and its transportations, so that we must determine direction for geographical distribution for disease and its time direction , and continue and private statics for infections disease it means necessity register these infections for long time and more than many centuries so as to harmony with state of the effect the climate factor related with it and time series at least.