Volume 2022, Issue 1 - Issue Serial Number 2 (Issue, Vol. 2, 2022), Winter 2022, Page 1-340


Evaluating the qualitative characteristics of groundwater in Anah district and their impact on agricultural production

Luay M. Hammad; Mahmoud I. Mataab

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 1-24

The research aims to demonstrate the efficiency of groundwater in the district of Anah, and its suitability in the areas of investment, through the hydrological and chemical indicators of well water and its spatial trends, and to compare these characteristics with international and local standards and standards to determine its validity for human, agricultural and industrial purposes, and to indicate the feasibility of that in investment, as it became clear Through this, the quality and quantity of groundwater varied according to the geological structure, which was reflected in the variation of the total salts between (1100-6200) mg / liter.

Hydrological Characteristics Analysis of Wadi Al-Sukran Basin Using (CN-SCS) Method

Ahmed M. I; Dalli K.H

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 25-49

The research relied on the (CN-SCS) method, which is one of the important methods used to estimate the water harvest, which was developed by the Soil Conservation Department of the United States Department of Agriculture (Soil Conservation (Service) in 1970 AD, and its famous formula was developed in 1986 AD The (SCS) method is a set of mathematical equations whose input depends on providing information about land covers and patterns of use, soil hydrology, type of vegetation cover, and amounts of rain falling to know the characteristics of flow and the possibility of water harvesting in the Sukran valley basin, through knowledge and analysis of the description of land cover and knowledge Types of hydrological soils in the region and determining the pre-condition of soil moisture After completing these three elements, the values of CN were obtained, which express the extent of soil permeability, the coefficient (S), which expresses the maximum potential for soil water retention, the coefficient (LA) which indicates the amount of lost rainwater before the onset of surface runoff, and the coefficients (Q). ) and (QV) which express the depth and quantity of runoff volume in the area.

Geographical analysis of the environmental pollutants of the Euphrates River in the district of Ramadi

Bushra A. Abas; Waleed H. Hamed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 50-71

The current research aims to determine the level of pollution of the water of the Euphrates River in the district of Ramadi, the center of Anbar Governorate, for the period (2019-2020), by conducting analyzes of water samples taken monthly from three sites distributed along the course of the river within the study area, Comprehensive analyzes of some of the pollution indicators were carried out at the beginning of the mentioned period. These analyzes included the following indicators: pH, turbidity degree, electrical conductivity, and total dissolved salts. It also included positive ions (sodium, calcium, potassium, magnesium), and negative ions (chlorides, sulfates, phosphates, nitrates), Based on the results of these analyzes, the indicators were tracked, as it was found through the results of the analysis of pollution indicators that all of these indicators were within the permissible limits, except for (degree of turbidity, electrical conductivity, total dissolved salts, and phosphates), as they were outside the permissible limit locally Globally, this is due to the effect of trocar and household waste. In addition to all this, the industrial wastewater discharged into the sewage network, and then into the river’s water.

Geographical analysis of crops (wheat, barley and maize) in Al-Obaidi Area for 2000-2020

Mayada S. Jassim; Amna J. Matar

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 71-86

Grains are strategic crops in the study area (wheat, barley, maize) that located between two latitudes (33/46 35-34 28/27) and two longitudes (41 10/39 36/49 east), exactly in the western part of Anbar province and Iraq, being one of the areas of al-Qaim district of 95,358 dunums (2.7%) at a rate of the area of al-Qaim district (3530,000) dunums. The area bordered to the west by the Syrian region of Albu Kamal, to the east and north-east, to the south and south-west by the Alratba district, where the area under cultivation of wheat crops for years reached (2000-2010-2020), (7732), (7,730), (9,417) dunums and at a rate of (31%) , (31%), (37.8%) Dunum, quantity of Production for the same years was (32064) (30253) and (65919)  and 25 tons.  ، (23,5%) ، (51,4%), the area cultivated of the barley crop for the years (2000-2010-2020), (290), (442), (261) dunums and (26.7%), (43.4%) (29.7%)  The amount of  production for the same years (4.9%) (83,5%) ،(11,4%) Tons, the area under cultivation of maize crops for years (2000-2010-2020), (887), (885), (1037) dunums and (31.5%) ،(31,5%)، (36,9%), Dunum, and production for the same years reached (13,845), (4,425), (25925) tons and at a rate of (3.3%) .(10%), (58.6 %) ton.

Spatial modelling of flood risk in the Wadi Al-Ratka basin in the western plateau of Iraq

Wassn Ali Kazim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 87-104

The research addressed the biological characteristics of flood risk in the Wadi Al-Tarka basin in the western plateau in Anbar province in western Iraq, and was based on satellite visuals and G I S programs and the degree of flood risk for the Wadi Al-Tarka basin and secondary basins was determined by applying special equations in estimating flood risk

Dimensions of Temporal Orientation and Its Relationship to Mental Health among Baghdad University Faculty Staff

Saif Muhammad Radif

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 105-136

The importance of the great role of the temporal orientation variable on mental health in the writing of (Mosing 1989) that there is an importance factor  for the high injury rate of implement illnesses for the contemporary which relates to consciousness . And thus one of the most importance manifestations of this process is the sense of Time and the way of interacting with it, and the ability individuals to adapt to the Time variables crucial to social life it is better for those who have an open horizon and are more resilience in the in Time perspectives which enhances the positive aspects of their personalities, therefore, the problem of the current research stem from disclosure on the relationship of dimensions of the temporal perspective to the mental health among the faculty staff of the University , and Knowing which of these Time orientations have statistically significant contribution to mental health.        
The aim of the current research is to measure the dimensions of temporal orientation (the pleasant present, the inevitable present, the positive past, the negative past, and the future) and measure mental health among the faculty staff of the University of Baghdad.
A sample of (160) faculty staff, consisting of (68) males and (92) females, and after analyzing the results using the T-score, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis.
The research concluded that the percentage of individuals who have a high level of orientation towards the present pleasant is less than the percentage of those who have a level of low, and that the proportion of individuals who have a high level of orientation towards the inevitable present is higher than those who have a low level, and that the proportion of individuals who have a high level of orientation towards the positive past is higher than those who have a weak orientation, and the proportion of individuals who have a low level A high level of negative orientation towards the past is lower than the percentage of those who have a weak orientation, while the percentage of those who have a high level of orientation towards the future is equal to the percentage of those who have a low level, and the level of mental health is low.
The result founded that there is a positive direct relationship between (the pleasant present, the positive past, and the future) and mental health, while it appeared that the relationship was inversely significant between the negative past and mental health, and the trend towards the future only appeared to directly contribute to mental health.

Speaking anxiety and its relationship to social interaction among middle school students

Salim Hameed Obaid

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 137-170

The current research aimed at the following:-
Knowing the level of feeling of speaking anxiety among middle school students and the significance of the statistical differences according to the gender variable (male-female).
And to identify the level of social interaction among middle school students and the significance of statistical differences according to the gender variable (male-female).
Is there a relationship between speaking anxiety and social interaction among middle school students? The current research was limited to middle school students of both sexes in Anbar Governorate, Ramadi District. The researcher adopted the steps of the descriptive correlative approach. The current research community consisted of (63605) students and the sample was chosen by random method. The research sample consisted of (120) male and female students. To achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher built a scale for speaking anxiety and a scale for social interaction. After processing the data by appropriate statistical means.
The results showed the following:
 1.The level of feeling anxious about speaking is less than the average among the sample members, and there are no differences attributed to gender
2.The level of social interaction is higher than the average among the sample members, and there are differences in favor of males.

Cognitive lockdown and its relationship to social isolation among middle school students

Ali Dawood Suleiman

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 171-203

The aim of the research is to identify the level of cognitive closure and its relationship to social isolation among middle school students, and the research sample consisted of (150) students who were randomly selected. -Jung, Van Tilburg, 1999)), and he translated it and prepared his current image, Muhammad (2000), and using appropriate statistical means, the following results were shown:
- The presence of a higher than average level of cognitive distraction among middle school students.
- There are statistically significant differences in the level of cognitive blockage among middle school students due to the benefit of females.
- The presence of a higher than average level of social isolation among middle school students.
- There are statistically significant differences in the level of social isolation among middle school students due to the benefit of females.
- The existence of a positive positive relationship between cognitive lockdown and social isolation.

Evaluating the level of administrative and academic performance of the College of Nursing from the students' point of view

Yasser N. Majeed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 204-234

The evaluation is a compilation guide and organizer of necessary data and information for decision-making and used by most educational institutions to assess their performance and to contribute to the improvement of programmes and policy. The concept of calendar satisfaction student and the feeling of happiness and joy and the realization for their college education services and administrative contribution in raising awareness of the importance of quality education, as well as is one of the components of total quality management in educational institutions that have essentially help students' collected knowledge, skills and success in, and measure student' satisfaction with the performance of enterprise is one of the most important indicators that show the level of quality of education, administration and help to develop its strategy and its plan to raise the educational level. the aim of the current research to evaluate the level of satisfaction of students of the college of nursing at the university of Mosul for the academic performance of college, has been applied to measure satisfaction student on a sample of (200) students from the four years, and was the most prominent results show that the overall level of satisfaction of students in the five areas ranges (good, middle, weak). The mean satisfaction students' academic and administrative higher than the theoretical average of the scale in terms statistical level (0.05), as shown a statistically significant difference between the mean male and female and in favor of females as the results showed the presence of statistically significant difference between the four stages and in favor of the first stage

Instructions, frameworks, agility, and teaching twenty-first century skills in the opinion of specialists, educational curricula as a model

Sanaa O. Essa; Yuslina Bent Mohammed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 235-259

This study aims to identify what the skills of the twenty-first century are, and the important frameworks related to these skills from the point of view of experts in teaching and learning and researchers in this era. the need to include these skills in the current curricula; To correspond with the development of modern educational skills and methods of teaching them. This study follows the critical descriptive approach, which came in order to achieve the objectives of the study and answer its questions. This is done by describing skills and classifying them according to their type, as well as the steps to achieve them with scientific graphic criticism. The study reflects on previous studies, authored books, and written documents regarding teaching skills in the twenty-first century. The study reached some results, the most important of which are: These skills are important for their presence in the textbook for the development of higher-order thinking skills among teachers and students at the university and school levels.

The degree of availability of e-learning skills for geography teachers and female teachers in secondary schools in Anbar province center from their point of view

Hamsa Emad Abdul Karim

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 260-282

The aim of the research is to identify the degree of availability of e-learning skills for male and female geography teachers in secondary schools in the center of Anbar Governorate from their point of view. 50) schools, and the researcher relied on the study of: (Hanawi and Rawan, 2019), and (Suhail and Mutasem, 2014) to prepare a research tool and it consisted in its final form of (25) paragraphs, with quintuple alternatives, and the appropriate statistical means were used, namely: arithmetic mean and deviation The standard and t-test for two independent samples, the researcher concluded that the degree of availability of e-learning skills for teachers of geography in secondary schools from their point of view was (high), and there is no difference for the gender variable (teachers) in the degree of availability of e-learning skills, and there is a difference Between male and female teachers in the degree of availability of e-learning skills according to the academic achievement variable (bachelor-graduate studies) and in favor of higher studies, and in light of the research result, the researcher recommended the necessity of training geography teachers and female teachers in secondary schools on the skills of e-learning. e-learning.

Scenarios for empowering the Arab child in the light of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Manal A. Fahmi; Fatema A. Abolhadeed

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 282-306

The Fourth Industrial Revolution imposed on governments the need to put in place advanced development policies, based on upbringing, educating and preparing individuals for what they are about to adapt to and coexist with its developments. In order for them to have a place in this era and mitigate the negative effects of the Fourth Industrial Revolution on them and the course of their lives. But it goes beyond that to the stage of empowerment; providing the child with cognitive and innovative skills and abilities and protecting him legally and socially; To be able to compete in a fierce world that knows only skill and mental strength, and innovative character, and does not recognize individuals with weak abilities, but these individuals will themselves be the victims of this age; This requires working on studying the means and requirements for empowering children in light of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. To be a young man who keeps pace with the era in which he lives
Here, the current study attempts to drew some alternative scenarios for child empowerment in light of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and places it in front of those responsible for setting policies and programs directed at children in Arab societies
The study followed the method of a written survey of literature, references and previous studies related to the subject of the study to reach the best scenarios for the policies of dealing with the Arab child in light of the Fourth Industrial Revolution
The study recommended to follow the transformational or radical scenario, to achieve the effective empowerment of the child in the face of the developments of the fourth industrial revolution

The mental image of the US government among the students of Anbar University

Mohammed H.A

Al-Anbar University Journal For Humanities, 2022, Volume 2022, Issue 1, Pages 307-340

The mental image is a simplified model of the individual's environment, arising from the individual receiving messages through direct and indirect contact, and from the environment in which he is raised, passing through many psychological filters, and this is done within a specific socio-cultural framework. The study seeks to know the mental image of the US government that the research community received through communication and its various means, as well as what the respondents received from the environment around them, and the extent of that image.